Executive Order 9066 – Japanese Americans Incarceration

Japanese American Internment was the relocation and internment by the United States government in 1942 of about 110,000 Japanese Americans and Japanese who lived along the Pacific coast of the United States to camps called “War Relocation Camps,” in the wake of Imperial Japan‘s attack on Pearl Harbor.  The internment of Japanese Americans was applied unequally throughout the United States. All who lived on the West Coast of the United States were interned, while in Hawaii, where the 150,000-plus Japanese Americans composed over one-third of the population, an estimated 1,200 to 1,800 were interned.  Of those interned, 62% were American citizens.

Executive Order 9066, issued February 19, 1942, which allowed local military commanders to designate “military areas” as “exclusion zones,” from which “any or all persons may be excluded.” This power was used to declare that all people of Japanese ancestry were excluded from the entire Pacific coast, including all of California and much of Oregon, Washington and Arizona, except for those in internment camps.

Many internees lost irreplaceable personal property due to the restrictions on what could be taken into the camps. Some Japanese-American farmers were able to find families willing to tend their farms for the duration of their internment. In other cases Japanese-American farmers had to sell their property in a matter of days, usually at great financial loss. These losses were compounded by theft and destruction of items placed in governmental storage.  A number of persons died or suffered for lack of medical care, and several were killed by sentries.

Loyalty questions and segregation
Some Japanese Americans did question the American government, after finding themselves in internment camps. Several pro-Japan groups formed inside the camps, particularly at the Tule Lake location. When the government passed a law that made it possible for an internee to renounce American citizenship, 5,589 internees opted to do so; 5,461 of these were at Tule Lake. Of those who renounced their citizenship, 1,327 were repatriated to Japan. Many of these individuals would later face stigmatization in the Japanese-American community, after the war, for having made that choice, although even at the time they were not certain what their futures held were they to remain American, and remain interned.

These renunciations of American citizenship have been highly controversial, for a number of reasons. Some apologists for internment have cited the renunciations as evidence that “disloyalty” or anti-Americanism was well represented among the interned peoples, thereby justifying the internment. Many historians have dismissed the latter argument, for its failure to consider that the small number of individuals in question were in the midst of persecution by their own government at the time of the “renunciation”:

[T]he renunciations had little to do with “loyalty” or “disloyalty” to the United States, but were instead the result of a series of complex conditions and factors that were beyond the control of those involved. Prior to discarding citizenship, most or all of the renunciants had experienced the following misfortunes: forced removal from homes; loss of jobs; government and public assumption of disloyalty to the land of their birth based on race alone; and incarceration in a “segregation center” for “disloyal” ISSEI or NISEI…

Minoru Kiyota, who was among those who renounced his citizenship and swiftly came to regret the decision, has stated that he wanted only “to express my fury toward the government of the United States,” for his internment and for the mental and physical duress, as well as the intimidation, he was made to face.

[M]y renunciation had been an expression of momentary emotional defiance in reaction to years of persecution suffered by myself and other Japanese Americans and, in particular, to the degrading interrogation by the FBI agent at Topaz and being terrorized by the guards and gangs at Tule Lake.

Civil rights attorney Wayne M. Collins successfully challenged most of these renunciations as invalid, owing to the conditions of duress and intimidation under which the government obtained them. Many of the deportees were Issei (first generation Japanese immigrants) who often had difficulty with English and often did not understand the questions they were asked. Even among those Issei who had a clear understanding, Question 28 posed an awkward dilemma: Japanese immigrants were denied US citizenship at the time, so when asked to renounce their Japanese citizenship, answering “Yes” would have made them stateless persons.

When the government circulated a questionnaire seeking army volunteers from among the internees, 6% of military-aged male respondents volunteered to serve in the U.S. Armed Forces. Most of those who refused tempered that refusal with statements of willingness to fight if they were restored their rights as American citizens. 20,000 Japanese American men and many Japanese American women served in the U.S. Army during World War II.

The 442nd Regimental Combat Team, which was composed primarily of Japanese Americans, served with uncommon distinction in the European Theatre of World War II. Many of the US soldiers serving in the unit had their families interned at home while they fought abroad.

The famed 442nd Regimental Combat Team, which fought in Europe, was formed from those Japanese Americans who did agree to serve. This unit was the most highly decorated US military unit of its size and duration. Most notably, the 442nd was known for saving the 141st (or the “lost battalion”) from the Germans. The 1951 film Go For Broke! was a fairly accurate portrayal of the 442nd, and starred several of the RCT’s veterans.

In 1980, President Jimmy Carter conducted an investigation to determine whether putting Japanese Americans into internment camps was justified well enough by the government. He appointed the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians to investigate the camps. The commission’s report, named “Personal Justice Denied,” found little evidence of Japanese disloyalty at the time and recommended the government pay reparations to the survivors. They formed a payment of $20,000 to each individual internment camp survivor. These were the reparations passed by President Ronald Reagan.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_American_internment

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Manzanar – Historical Resource Study/Special History Study (Epilogue)

Excerpt:

On the 34th anniversary of the issuance of Executive Order 9066, President Gerald R. Ford formally rescinded the presidential proclamation, stating “We know now what we should have known then: not only was evacuation wrong, but Japanese-Americans were and are loyal Americans.” On November 25, 1978, the first “Day of Remembrance” program was conducted at Camp Harmony, Washington, site of the former Puyallup Assembly Center.

In late January 1979, the JACL National Redress Committee met with Hawaii Senators Daniel Inouye and Spark Matsunaga and California Congressmen Norman Mineta and Robert Matsui to discuss strategies for obtaining redress. A study commission was proposed. Finally, on July 31, 1980, President Jimmy Carter signed into law the Commission on Wartime Relocation and Internment of Civilians (CWRIC) Act. Between July 14 and December 9, 1981, the CWRIC held twenty days of hearings in nine cities during which more than 750 witnesses testified. In December 1982, the CWRIC released its report, Personal Justice Denied, concluding that Executive Order 9066 was “not justified by military necessity” and was the result of “race prejudice, war hysteria, and a failure of political leadership.”

In June 1983, the CWRIC issued five recommendations for redress to Congress. First, it called for a joint congressional resolution acknowledging and apologizing for the wrongs initiated in 1942. Second, it recommended a presidential pardon for persons who had been convicted of violating the several statutes establishing and enforcing the evacuation and relocation program. Third, it urged Congress to direct various parts of the government to deal liberally with applicants for restitution of status and entitlements lost because of wartime prejudice and discrimination, such as the less than honorable discharges that were given to many Japanese American soldiers in the weeks after Pearl Harbor. Fourth, it recommended that Congress appropriate money to establish a special foundation to sponsor research and public educational activities “so that the causes and circumstances of this and similar events may be illuminated”.

For the entire article: http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/manz/hrse.htm

President Barack Obama signed S.1055, a bill to grant the Congressional Gold Medal, collectively, to the 100th Infantry Battalion and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, in recognition of their dedicated service during World War II. October 5, 2010

President Barack Obama signed S.1055, a bill to grant the Congressional Gold Medal, collectively, to the 100th Infantry Battalion and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, in recognition of their dedicated service during World War II. October 5, 2010

Day of Remembrance: Japanese-Americans show support for Muslims, Sikhs

2/18/2013 08:13:12 AM PST By Lisa M. Krieger – mercurynews

SAN JOSE — For older Japanese-Americans, the discrimination and attacks on Muslims and Sikhs are opening afresh an old wound that never healed.

To show support for Arab-Americans, the South Bay’s Japanese-American community held a somber candlelight ceremony and procession at San Jose Buddhist Church on Sunday evening, linking diverse faiths through similar fears.

The “Day of Remembrance” is an annual commemoration of Feb. 19, 1942, a day that changed the lives of Japanese-Americans forever. Citing concerns about wartime sabotage and espionage, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an order that led to the internment of more than 110,000 people of Japanese ancestry at 10 camps scattered across seven states.

Diverse communities come together at a candlelight procession on the corner of 5th and Jackson Street during the San Jose's 33rd annual Day of Remembrance on Sunday, Feb. 17. (Josie Lepe / Mercury News)

Diverse communities come together at a candlelight procession on the corner of 5th and Jackson St during the San Jose’s 33rd annual Day of Remembrance on Feb. 17. (Josie Lepe / Mercury News)

But the gathering evoked memories of more recent horrors, such as the murder of the six worshipers at a Sikh temple in Oak Creek, Wisc., and the burning of a mosque in Joplin, Mo.

“We have common issues in terms of justice, equity and fair treatment under the Constitution,” said Congressman Mike Honda, D-San Jose, who was interned in Colorado as a child.

There is no justification for racism or denial of civil liberties, not in 1942 and not in 2013, said Honda. He also urged the acceptance of Latinos, gays and lesbians and others suffering from discrimination.

 .

US Minorities Civil Rights Timeline 1863-1963 (ProPresObama.org Civil Rights Timelines ™)

US Minorities Civil Rights Timeline 1964-2009 (ProPresObama.org Civil Rights Timelines ™)

43 Responses to Executive Order 9066 – Japanese Americans Incarceration

  1. CR says:

    WH

    Tuesday, February 19, 2013

    All Times Eastern

    7:00 AM
    8:00 AM
    9:00 AM
    9:45 AM
    President Obama receives the presidential daily briefing

    10:00 AM
    10:45 AM
    President Obama Speaks on Sequester Impacts to happen on March 1
    The White House

    11:00 AM
    11:30 AM
    White House Press Secretary Jay Carney briefs the press.

    12:00 PM
    1:00 PM
    2:00 PM
    3:00 PM

    3:30 PM
    Open For Questions: Efforts to Reduce Gun Violence with Vice Presdient Biden

    4:00 PM
    5:00 PM
    6:00 PM
    7:00 PM
    8:00 PM
    9:00 PM
    10:00 PM

  2. CR says:

    Executive Order 9066 – Japanese Americans Incarceration

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    • CR says:

      Japanese American Internment

      Japanese American Internment was the relocation and internment by the United States government in 1942 of about 110,000 Japanese Americans and Japanese who lived along the Pacific coast of the United States to camps called “War Relocation Camps,” in the wake of Imperial Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor. The internment of Japanese Americans was applied unequally throughout the United States. All who lived on the West Coast of the United States were interned, while in Hawaii, where the 150,000-plus Japanese Americans composed over one-third of the population, an estimated 1,200 to 1,800 were interned. Of those interned, 62% were American citizens.

      Executive Order 9066, issued February 19, 1942, which allowed local military commanders to designate “military areas” as “exclusion zones,” from which “any or all persons may be excluded.” This power was used to declare that all people of Japanese ancestry were excluded from the entire Pacific coast, including all of California and much of Oregon, Washington and Arizona, except for those in internment camps.

      Many internees lost irreplaceable personal property due to the restrictions on what could be taken into the camps. Some Japanese-American farmers were able to find families willing to tend their farms for the duration of their internment. In other cases Japanese-American farmers had to sell their property in a matter of days, usually at great financial loss. These losses were compounded by theft and destruction of items placed in governmental storage. A number of persons died or suffered for lack of medical care, and several were killed by sentries.

      For more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_American_internment

    • CR says:

      An Awe-Inspiring Chapter of America’s History

      Jesse Lee October 05, 2010 03:26 PM EST

      japanese_amer_vets

      This afternoon the President signed legislation to grant the Congressional Gold Medal, collectively, to the 100th Infantry Battalion and 442nd Regimental Combat Team in recognition of their dedicated service during World War II.

      The 100th Infantry Battalion, which was later incorporated into the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, was made up of predominantly Nisei (second generation Americans of Japanese ancestry) members of the Hawaii Provisional Infantry Battalion. The 442nd became the most decorated unit in United States military history for its size and length of service. Combined, the 100th Battalion and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team received 7 Presidential Unit Citations, 21 Medals of Honor, 29 Distinguished Service Crosses, 560 Silver Stars, 4,000 Bronze Stars, 22 Legion of Merit Medals, 15 Soldier’s Medal, and over 4,000 Purple Hearts. From the government, the President was joined by Secretary Eric Shinseki of the Department of Veterans Affairs, Senator Daniel Inouye — himself a member of the 442nd — and several other Members of Congress.

      For more: http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2010/10/05/awe-inspiring-chapter-americas-history

      • CR says:

        AJA soldiers to get top medal in November

        Sep 21, 2011 By William Cole – staradvertiser

        A Congressional Gold Medal ceremony honoring Japanese-American troops for their bravery in World War II will be held Nov. 2 in Washington, D.C., U.S. Rep Mazie Hirono’s office said today.

        The nation’s highest civilian award will be bestowed, collectively, on the U.S. Army’s 100th Infantry Battalion, the 442nd Regimental Combat Team and the Military Intelligence Service for their extraordinary accomplishments at a time when the nation questioned nisei loyalties.

        Hirono and U.S. Rep. Colleen Hanabusa voted today in favor of Senate Concurrent Resolution 28, which will allow the use of Emancipation Hall in the Capitol Visitor Center for the commemoration.

        U.S. Sen. Daniel K. Inouye introduced the measure in the U.S. Senate last month where it passed on Sept. 8.

        “This recognition of valor and heroism is long overdue,” Hanabusa said. “Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, these remarkable heroes volunteered to defend a country that declared them to be ‘enemy aliens.’ ”

        The Japanese-Americans “clamored for permission to fight for a nation that sent many of their family members and friends to internment camps,” Hanabusa added. “This ceremony will give us the opportunity to thank these veterans for their service and sacrifice — and honor those who are not with us to witness this extraordinary moment.”

        On Oct. 5, 2010, President Barack Obama signed legislation collectively granting the Congressional Gold Medal to members of 100th Battalion, 442nd Regimental Combat Team and Military Intelligence Service for their decorated service.

        Many of the Japanese-American soldiers were from Hawaii.

        For the entire article: http://www.staradvertiser.com/news/breaking/130329083.html

    • CR says:

      OutcaststoHeroes.wmv

      Uploaded by emileeblake on Apr 25, 2010

      Story of the Japanese-American people during WWII – From the evacuation to internment camps to the heroic actions of the 100th/442nd regiment.

    • CR says:

      WWII Veteran Fought To Cast His Last Vote

      October 27, 2012

      This is the time of a long election season when voters can begin to feel weary. You can’t watch the World Series without seeing ads so scolding and snarling you may want to shoo away your children. They can make voting seem like a nasty chore.

      When 93-year-old Frank Tanabe of Honolulu moved into the home of his daughter, Barbara, earlier this year, he had liver cancer and knew he was going to die. But his family said he was determined to hold on long enough to vote.

      Frank Tanabe grew up in Washington State. He was 22 years old and a college man when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor. A Japanese-American, he was sent to an internment camp.

      He volunteered to serve in the U.S. Army’s Military Intelligence Service, where he interrogated Japanese prisoners in India and China.

      “I wanted to do my part to prove that I was not an enemy alien,” he said years later in a documentary film. “And if we ever got the chance, we would do our best to serve our country. And we did.”

      Congress awarded the Congressional Gold Medal last year to all who served in the MIS and other Japanese-American units. Frank Tanabe was able to come to Washington, D.C., stand tall, and have the medal draped around his neck.

      As his illness made inroads, his family said Frank Tanabe made living long enough to vote his last goal. He used a magnifying glass to read the newspaper each day and exercised in his bed.

      Barbara Tanabe said, “I would let him know, ‘Hey, the ballots are coming next week. Just hang in there.’”

      Frank Tanabe’s absentee ballot arrived last week, and Barbara said she hurried into his room to say, ‘OK, I’m going to read you the names and you just nod yes or no.’”

      For the entire article and audio interview: http://www.npr.org/2012/10/27/163761795/wwii-veteran-fights-to-live-long-enough-to-cast-last-ballot

    • CR says:

      Japanese Americans Mark WWII Incarceration in SF
      The Day of Remembrance to be held Sunday in San Francisco’s Japantown

      February 17, 2012 nbcbayarea

      Japanese Americans in the San Francisco Bay Area prepare to commemorate the incarceration of thousands during World War II during a Day of Remembrance this Sunday in San Francisco’s Japantown.

      The Day of Remembrance, an annual event to be held in memory of the internment camps that held around 120,000 men, women and children of Japanese descent, features the words and memories of survivors, but organizers said it is as much about the present as the past. They say it is important to realize the same thing could happen today.

      In Los Angeles, Day of Remembrance events were held on Saturday, at the Japanese American National Museum.

      Rev. Michael Yoshii, pastor of the Buena Vista United Methodist Church in Alameda, said many in the Japanese community see parallels between the internment camps of World War II and the treatment of those in the South Asian and Arab communities in the years since 9/11. “Our story is connected to the stories of other communities as well,” said Yoshii, who has worked to build alliances with the Muslim community.

      “We need to be vigilant about protecting civil liberties.” While Japanese Americans felt deep sympathy for the victims of those terrorist attacks, they also felt the need to speak up for those who were vulnerable, said Yoshii, who will receive the 2013 Dr. Clifford I. Uyeda Peace and Humanitarian Award at Sunday’s event.

      “For us, there was another narrative,” Yoshii said. “We had seen something different because of what happened to our families in World War II.”

      For more: http://www.nbcbayarea.com/news/local/Japanese-Americans-Mark-WWII-Incarceration-Sunday-191547701.html

    • CR says:

      Day of Remembrance: Japanese-Americans show support for Muslims, Sikhs

      2/18/2013 08:13:12 AM PST By Lisa M. Krieger – mercurynews
      SAN JOSE — For older Japanese-Americans, the discrimination and attacks on Muslims and Sikhs are opening afresh an old wound that never healed.

      To show support for Arab-Americans, the South Bay’s Japanese-American community held a somber candlelight ceremony and procession at San Jose Buddhist Church on Sunday evening, linking diverse faiths through similar fears.

      The “Day of Remembrance” is an annual commemoration of Feb. 19, 1942, a day that changed the lives of Japanese-Americans forever. Citing concerns about wartime sabotage and espionage, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed an order that led to the internment of more than 110,000 people of Japanese ancestry at 10 camps scattered across seven states.

      But the gathering evoked memories of more recent horrors, such as the murder of the six worshipers at a Sikh temple in Oak Creek, Wisc., and the burning of a mosque in Joplin, Mo.

      “We have common issues in terms of justice, equity and fair treatment under the Constitution,” said Congressman Mike Honda, D-San Jose, who was interned in Colorado as a child.

      There is no justification for racism or denial of civil liberties, not in 1942 and not in 2013, said Honda. He also urged the acceptance of Latinos, gays and lesbians and others suffering from discrimination.

      For more: http://www.mercurynews.com/bay-area-news/ci_22612000/day-remembrance-japanese-americans-show-support-muslims-sikhs

  3. CR says:

    Vice President Biden participates in a Facebook Town Hall on gun violence on Monday, February 19.

  4. CR says:

    Getting to Work: What Students and Employers Need from Higher Education

    February 19, 2013 icw

    On February 19, ICW will be collaborating with the youth advocacy organization, Young Invincibles, to bring together business and student leaders. “Getting to Work” will include a discussion on the need for the two groups to learn from and engage with one another to improve the pathway from education to employment to help close the skills gap.

    For more: http://icw.uschamber.com/event/getting-work-what-students-and-employers-need-higher-education

  5. CR says:

    Obama to appear with emergency responders to push Republicans on sequester

    2/19/13 By Rachel Rose Hartman, Yahoo! News | The Ticket – 58 mins ago

    President Barack Obama on Tuesday morning will stand with emergency responders at the White House, according to a White House official, to issue yet another warning to congressional Republicans ahead of across-the-board, automatic spending cuts known as the sequester. The cuts total $85 billion and are set to go into effect if a budget is not passed by March 1.

    The president is scheduled to deliver his remarks at 10:45 a.m. ET. He will discuss the impact of federal cuts on emergency first responders, as well as the effect of the sequester on other jobs and the middle class, according to the official.

    Obama has urged Congress to pass a short-term budget fix in the absence of a complete budget resolution. The alternative, the White House says, will derail the economy.

    The White House accuses Republicans of preferring a sequester over closing tax loopholes for the nation’s wealthiest. Many Republicans, including House Speaker John Boehner, have voiced their disapproval of the sequester (even though Boehner and a majority of Republicans voted for the fiscal cliff plan that maintained it), and have pushed the president and Democrats to offer a concrete alternative that tackles debt and deficit problems.

  6. CR says:

    Next Up..

    10:45 AM ET
    President Obama Speaks on Sequester Impacts to happen on March 1
    The White House

    WhiteHouse.gov http://www.whitehouse.gov/live

    ABC News http://abcnews.go.com/Live/

    CSPAN http://www.c-span.org/Events/President-to-Discuss-Sequestration/10737438183/

    • CR says:

      February 19, 2013

      Remarks by the President on the Sequester

      South Court Auditorium

      10:50 A.M. EST

      THE PRESIDENT: Good morning, everybody. (Applause.) Please have a seat. Well, welcome to the White House.

      As I said in my State of the Union address last week, our top priority must be to do everything we can to grow the economy and create good, middle-class jobs. That’s our top priority. That’s our North Star. That drives every decision we make. And it has to drive every decision that Congress and everybody in Washington makes over the next several years.

      And that’s why it’s so troubling that just 10 days from now, Congress might allow a series of automatic, severe budget cuts to take place that will do the exact opposite. It won’t help the economy, won’t create jobs, will visit hardship on a whole lot of people.

      Here’s what’s at stake. Over the last few years, both parties have worked together to reduce our deficits by more than $2.5 trillion. More than two-thirds of that was through some pretty tough spending cuts. The rest of it was through raising taxes — tax rates on the wealthiest 1 percent of Americans. And together, when you take the spending cuts and the increased tax rates on the top 1 percent, it puts us more than halfway towards the goal of $4 trillion in deficit reduction that economists say we need to stabilize our finances.

      Now, Congress, back in 2011, also passed a law saying that if both parties couldn’t agree on a plan to reach that $4 trillion goal, about a trillion dollars of additional, arbitrary budget cuts would start to take effect this year. And by the way, the whole design of these arbitrary cuts was to make them so unattractive and unappealing that Democrats and Republicans would actually get together and find a good compromise of sensible cuts as well as closing tax loopholes and so forth. And so this was all designed to say we can’t do these bad cuts; let’s do something smarter. That was the whole point of this so-called sequestration.

      Unfortunately, Congress didn’t compromise. They haven’t come together and done their jobs, and so as a consequence, we’ve got these automatic, brutal spending cuts that are poised to happen next Friday.

      Now, if Congress allows this meat-cleaver approach to take place, it will jeopardize our military readiness; it will eviscerate job-creating investments in education and energy and medical research. It won’t consider whether we’re cutting some bloated program that has outlived its usefulness, or a vital service that Americans depend on every single day. It doesn’t make those distinctions.

      For more: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2013/02/19/remarks-president-sequester

  7. CR says:

    David Axelrod Joins NBC News, MSNBC As Analyst

    FEBRUARY 19, 2013 DAVID TAINTOR 10:27 AM EST – TPM

    Former White House aide and Obama campaign adviser David Axelrod has joined NBC News and MSNBC as a senior political analyst, NBC announced on Tuesday.

    Former White House spokesman and campaign adviser Robert Gibbs has also joined the network as a contributor.

  8. CR says:

    Please join me in lighting a candle for the President, First Family and the Nation.

    http://www.gratefulness.org/candles/candles.cfm?l=eng&gi=PBO

  9. CR says:

    Now Streaming…

    3:30 PM ET
    Open For Questions: Efforts to Reduce Gun Violence with Vice President Biden

    WhiteHouse.gov http://www.whitehouse.gov/live

    ABC News http://abcnews.go.com/Live/

    • CR says:

      Open for Questions: Vice President Biden on Reducing Gun Violence

      Published on Feb 19, 2013

      Vice President Biden answers questions about the Obama administration’s proposals to reduce gun violence. February 19, 2013.

  10. CR says:

    High court to look at unlimited campaign contributions

    2/19/13 03:44 PM ET By Sam Baker – TheHill

    The Supreme Court signaled Tuesday that it’s willing to take another look at well-established limits on how much money individuals can donate to political campaigns.

    The court agreed to hear a case — filed by a Republican donor and the Republican National Committee — that seeks to overturn limits on how much money a person can donate in any two-year period.

    If they’re successful, the cap on total individual contributions could skyrocket from $117,000 to more than $3 million per cycle.

    “It’s a case of great potential significance … it has the potential to be a game-changer,” said Stefan Passantino, who leads the political law practice at the firm McKenna, Long & Aldridge.

    Advocates who want to limit the role of money in politics were unhappy with the court’s decision to take the case. The court doesn’t often hear fresh challenges to its own past decisions unless there’s a strong willingness among some justices to overturn a previous ruling.

    “The outcome of this case is potentially disastrous,” said Tara Malloy, senior counsel at the Campaign Legal Center.

    The case involves limits on the total amount one person can spend in a single election cycle. An individual can’t make more than $117,000 in donations in a two-year period — $46,200 to candidate committees, and $70,800 to other campaign committees.

    Congress imposed those limits in the wake of the Watergate scandal, and the Supreme Court upheld the individual limits in the 1976 case Buckley v. Valeo.

    Read more: http://thehill.com/homenews/news/283735-supreme-court-to-hear-rnc-backed-suit-challenging-campaign-finance-limits

  11. CR says:

    Obama reaches out to Senate Republicans

    2/19/13 5:13 PM EST By DONOVAN SLACK – POLITICO44

    President Obama on Tuesday called Republican Sens. Lindsey Graham, John McCain and Marco Rubio “to discuss their shared commitment to bipartisan, commonsense immigration reform and to commend the Senators for the bipartisan progress that continues to be made by the Gang of 8 on this important issue,” the White House said in a statement.

    “During the calls, which build on conversations that have taken place at the staff level, the president reiterated that he remains supportive of the effort underway in Congress, and that he hopes that they can produce a bill as soon as possible that reflects shared core principles on reform,” the statement said. “The president has made clear that he believes commonsense reform needs to include strengthening border security, creating an earned path to citizenship, holding employers accountable, and streamlining legal immigration.

    “As the president made clear when he met with Democratic Senators involved in the process last week, that while he is pleased with the progress and supportive of the effort to date, he is prepared to submit his own legislation if Congress fails to act. He thanked the Senators for their leadership, and made clear that he and his staff look forward to continuing to work together with their teams to achieve needed reform.”

    For more: http://www.politico.com/politico44/2013/02/obama-reaches-out-to-senate-republicans-157352.html

  12. CR says:

    WH

    Wednesday, February 20, 2013

    All Times Eastern

    7:00 AM
    8:00 AM
    9:00 AM
    10:00 AM
    10:30 AM
    President Obama and Vice President Biden receive the presidential daily briefing

    11:00 AM
    12:00 PM
    12:30 PM
    President Obama and Vice President Biden meet for lunch.

    White House Press Secretary Jay Carney briefs the press

    1:00 PM
    1:30 PM
    Vice President Biden hosts a Medal of Valor ceremony with Attorney General Eric Holder at the White House.

    2:00 PM
    President Obama is interviewed by regional television outlets.

    3:00 PM
    4:00 PM
    President Obama and Vice President Biden meet with State Secretary Kerry

    5:00 PM
    6:00 PM
    7:00 PM
    8:00 PM
    9:00 PM
    10:00 PM

  13. CR says:

    February 19, 2013

    ojp.usdoi.gov

    VICE PRESIDENT JOE BIDEN, ATTORNEY GENERAL ERIC HOLDER AND ACTING ASSISTANT ATTORNEY GENERAL MARY LOU LEARY TO DELIVER REMARKS AT A WHITE HOUSE MEDAL OF VALOR CEREMONY

    WASHINGTON – Vice President Joe Biden will host a Medal of Valor ceremony with Attorney General Eric Holder and Acting Assistant Attorney General for the Office of Justice Programs Mary Lou Leary TOMORROW, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 2013, at 1:30 p.m. EST. The Medal of Valor is awarded to public safety officers who have exhibited exceptional courage, regardless of personal safety, in the attempt to save or protect others from harm.

    Source: http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/newsroom/pressreleases/2013/ojppr021913.pdf

    • CR says:

      Biden to host Medal of Valor ceremony amid sequestration, gun control battles

      2/20/13 06:00 AM ET By Justin Sink – TheHill

      Vice President Biden and Attorney General Eric Holder will speak Wednesday at an event honoring 18 recipients of the Medal of Valor, the nation’s highest honor awarded to public safety officers.

      The ceremony comes amid simultaneous pushes by the Obama administration to both avoid the looming sequestration cuts that could see public-sector first-responders furloughed or laid off, and an effort — spearheaded by Biden — to pass new regulations on firearms.

      Recipients of the award to be honored at Wednesday’s event are primarily public-safety officials who demonstrate bravery in the face of armed suspects and assailants. They include a Minnesota policewoman who was shot — and saw her partner killed — responding to an estranged ex-husband who had broken into a woman’s apartment, a Florida corrections officer who disarmed an inmate who had taken a fellow officer hostage, and an Arkansas wildlife officer who inserted himself into the midst of a violent firefight to save the life of fellow officers.

      Read more: http://thehill.com/homenews/administration/283869-biden-to-host-medal-of-valor-ceremony-amid-sequestration-gun-control-battles

  14. CR says:

    Michelle Obama Will Kick Off National Tour For Third Anniversary Of Let’s Move! Campaign On Jimmy Fallon Show

    FEBRUARY 19, 2013 obamafoodorama

    First Lady begins celebration on Friday, Feb. 22 in New York…

    First Lady Michelle Obama will appear on NBC’s Late Night with Jimmy Fallon on Friday, Feb. 22, for her “first sit-down interview” with host Jimmy Fallon, to “kick off a national tour celebrating the third anniversary of Let’s Move!,” production company Universal Television announced on Tuesday. Mrs. Obama will travel to New York for the interview; she welcomed Fallon to the White House last February for a fitness challenge as part of her celebration for the second anniversary of Let’s Move!.

    For more: http://obamafoodorama.blogspot.com/2013/02/michelle-obama-will-kick-off-national.html

  15. CR says:

    World Day of Social Justice, recognized by the UN

    World Day of Social Justice

    Social justice is an underlying principle for peaceful and prosperous coexistence within and among nations. We uphold the principles of social justice when we promote gender equality or the rights of indigenous peoples and migrants. We advance social justice when we remove barriers that people face because of gender, age, race, ethnicity, religion, culture or disability.

    For the United Nations, the pursuit of social justice for all is at the core of our global mission to promote development and human dignity. The adoption by theInternational Labour Organization of the Declaration on Social Justice for a Fair Globalization is just one recent example of the UN system’s commitment to social justice. The Declaration focuses on guaranteeing fair outcomes for all through employment, social protection, social dialogue, and fundamental principles and rights at work.

    The General Assembly proclaimed 20 February as World Day of Social Justice in 2007, inviting Member States to devote the day to promoting national activities in accordance with the objectives and goals of theWorld Summit for Social Development and the twenty-fourth session of the General Assembly. Observance of World Day of Social Justice should support efforts of the international community in poverty eradication, the promotion of full employment and decent work, gender equity and access to social well-being and justice for all.

    For more: http://www.un.org/en/events/socialjusticeday/

  16. CR says:

    U.S. Secretary of State Kerry Picks U.Va. as Site for His First Policy Speech

    FEBRUARY 14, 2013 MCGREGOR MCCANCE – virginia.edu

    Secretary of State John F. Kerry will make his first public remarks regarding U.S. foreign policy and diplomacy on Feb. 20 at the University of Virginia, the State Department announced today.

    Kerry will deliver his remarks at about 11 a.m. in Old Cabell Hall.

    “The University of Virginia is honored to host Secretary Kerry as he begins his tenure as our country’s new Secretary of State,” said U.Va. President Teresa A. Sullivan.

    For more: http://news.virginia.edu/content/us-secretary-state-kerry-picks-uva-site-his-first-policy-speech

  17. CR says:

    Postal Service to launch clothing line in 2014

    2/19/13 By Olivier Knox, Yahoo! News | The Ticket – 5 hrs ago

    Chanel. Dior. Armani. Vera Wang. U.S. Postal Service?

    The cash-strapped Postal Service announced Tuesday that it has inked a licensing deal with an Ohio-based clothing company to produce a line of apparel dubbed “Rain Heat & Snow.” The attire aims to reach well beyond T-shirts and baseball caps to include “wearable electronics”—like jackets with iPod controls built into the sleeve, USPS spokesman Roy Betts explained to Yahoo News.

    “If you like your iPod, you can plug it right into your jacket, regulate the volume and make your selections right on your sleeve,” Betts said in a phone interview. There will also be shirts that help wick off sweat, he said.

    For more: http://news.yahoo.com/blogs/ticket/postal-launch-clothing-line-2014-223202293–politics.html

  18. COS says:

    Hey CR, this is a great and informative thread. I am looking forward to SOS Kerry’s first policy speech. Glad to hear about the PO new clothing line. Thank you.

  19. CR says:

    Obama to sit for 8 local interviews on sequester

    2/20/13 6:00 AM EST By JENNIFER EPSTEIN – POLITICO44

    President Obama will sit for interviews with eight local reporters on Wednesday, as he continues to ratchet up his pressure on lawmakers to take action to prevent automatic spending cuts from taking effect on March 1.

    “The president will take the case directly to the American people in markets across the country about how their leaders in Congress must act to protect our nation from a self-inflicted wound that would hurt our recovery and the middle class,” the White House said in a statement.

    Picking up where he left off Tuesday with a brief speech delivered with first responders joining him on stage, Obama “will make clear that the only reason that these devastating cuts would hit is if congressional Republicans choose to protect loopholes that benefit the wealthy and big corporations rather than compromise to reduce the deficit in balanced way and protect American families.”

    The White House sees the interviews as an effective way to reach people across the country who don’t pay much attention to national news but who do keep up with what’s happening in their hometowns. It’s a strategy the White House used throughout the presidential campaign and also employed in December as Obama rallied Americans to support him and to push Republicans to act as the fiscal cliff loomed.

    For more: http://www.politico.com/politico44/2013/02/obama-to-sit-for-local-interviews-on-sequester-157377.html

  20. CR says:

    U.S. Single-Family Home Starts Rise to Four-Year High

    Feb 20, 2013 5:49 AM PT By Shobhana Chandra – POLITICO44

    Builders broke ground in January on the most U.S. single-family homes in more than four years and permits for future construction rose, an indication the industry’s momentum carried over into 2013.

    Work began on 613,000 one-family houses at an annual rate last month, the most since July 2008 and up 0.8 percent from December’s 608,000, Commerce Department figures showed today in Washington. Total housing starts dropped to a 890,000 rate, less than forecast and restrained by a slump in construction of multifamily units, which is often volatile.

    Faster hiring and easier access to credit are needed to help complement historically low mortgage rates and stoke a sustained real-estate rebound. Rising sales at builders such as PulteGroup Inc. and Lennar Corp. indicate housing will keep contributing to growth this year after emerging as a bright spot in the economy in 2012.

    “The fact that single-family starts are up is very encouraging, it is more important to the economy in terms of employment and growth” than the multifamily area, said Gus Faucher, a senior economist at PNC Financial Services Group Inc. in Pittsburg, who projected total starts would drop to a 895,000 pace. “The housing market recovery is continuing and will be an important contributor to economic growth. Permits look very solid, and that is a great sign.”

    For more: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-02-20/work-begins-on-most-u-s-single-family-homes-in-four-years.html

  21. CR says:

    “Amazon tax” payoff starts to arrive in some U.S. states

    2/20/13 By Nanette Byrnes | Reuters – 4 hrs ago

    (Reuters) – Sales tax from Internet commerce, a prize pursued for years by U.S. state governments, is starting to arrive in California and a few other states, providing millions of dollars in new revenue, though not as much as a benchmark study once forecast.

    After fighting hard to get e-tailers such as Amazon.com Inc to start charging sales tax, and eventually passing a law requiring collection, the California Board of Equalization reported last week it took in $96.4 million in September-December 2012, its first full quarter of collections.

    Coinciding with the holiday shopping season, that result put the state well on its way to meeting its forecast budget of $107 million in new e-taxes for the fiscal year that began July 1, 2012, as set by the California Department of Finance.

    For more: http://news.yahoo.com/amazon-tax-payoff-starts-arrive-u-states-100436698.html

  22. CR says:

    Now Streaming…

    11:00 AM ET
    University of Virginia
    Secretary of State John Kerry Remarks

    ABC News http://abcnews.go.com/Live/

    CSPAN http://www.c-span.org/Events/Sec-of-State-Kerry-to-Give-First-Policy-Speech-at-UVA/10737438192/

    • CR says:

      Address at the University of Virginia

      John Kerry
      Secretary of State

      University of Virginia
      Charlottesville, VA

      February 20, 2013

      Thank you. Thank you very, very much. Thank you. Good morning. Thank you for an extraordinarily warm welcome, Charlottesville. I am really honored to be here.
      Senator Tim Kaine, thank you very, very much for your generous words of introduction. Tim, as he mentioned, has only been on the Foreign Relations Committee, I guess now for a total of a few weeks, but I can, based on his testimony a moment ago, positively commend him on his voting record. (Laughter and applause.) He’s really – he’s found himself new job security too, because here in Virginia you have a single-term governor for four years, so he has traded one single four-year term for a six-year term with potential extension. (Laughter.) So given the fact that I traded the several extensions for a four-year term and then I’m finished, maybe he knows something and I ought to be listening to him. (Laughter.) I could learn a thing or two from him.

      We didn’t overlap for long, but I want to tell everybody here that we know each other pretty well from service as a Lieutenant Governor and when he was Governor of the state. I was Lieutenant Governor of my state, so we have that in common before being senators.

      I’ll tell you a quick story. And I don’t know what you do in Virginia as Lieutenant Governor, but in Massachusetts, once upon a time Calvin Coolidge was Lieutenant Governor. And he was at a dinner party, and his dinner partner turned to him and said, “What do you do?” And he said, “Well, I’m Calvin Coolidge. I’m Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts.” And she said, “Oh wow, that must be really interesting. Tell me all about the job.” And he said, “I just did.” (Laughter.) So I trust, because they embraced you and me, we made something more out of it.

      But I have huge admiration for the path that Tim Kaine has followed. I know his sense of what America means to the world was forged in the early days that Congressman Hurt referred to about his missionary work, the Catholic missionary working in Honduras, just helping other people to live healthier lives. And I know, because two weeks after the election, Tim called me and he asked if he could serve on the Foreign Relations Committee. Well, in the Senate, I will tell you, you don’t always get those calls. People who step forward and volunteer in that way on a committee that doesn’t have the opportunity to bring bacon back home and perhaps deliver it as easy a reelection. So I know that in Tim Kaine, Virginia has a senator who’s going to make his mark on that committee, and he’s going to make the mark for your commonwealth and our country, and we’re grateful for your service, Tim. Thank you very, very much. (Applause.)

      For the entire transcript and video: http://www.state.gov/secretary/remarks/2013/02/205021.htm

  23. CR says:

    1:30 PM ET
    Vice President Biden hosts a Medal of Valor ceremony with Attorney General Eric Holder at the White House.

    WhiteHouse.gov http://www.whitehouse.gov/live

    ABC News http://abcnews.go.com/Live/

    • CR says:

      Vice President Biden Honors Public Safety Officers with Medal of Valor

      Colleen Curtis February 20, 2013 06:11 PM EST

      Vice President Joe Biden today recognized 18 public safety officers for exhibiting exceptional courage in a Medal of Valor ceremony at the White House. The Medal of Valor is the highest national award for valor by a public safety officer, and it is bestowed on those whose heroic actions were above and beyond the call of duty.

      The Vice President, who was joined by Attorney General Eric Holder, highlighted the bravery of the men and women who were being honored, and paid tribute to the spouses of the recipients who had lost their lives in the line of duty. He also talked about the special qualities that are unique to those who put themselves in danger to save others:

      “My association with firefighters and police has been… the essence of my public life. And as many of these things that I do, I still grapple with what makes you do what you do? I’m just thankful that you do.

      You can’t explain it, but you know it when you see it. I see it in the shield over someone’s heart. I see it in the men and women who are sitting here before us today…Thank God for you. You’re from different backgrounds, but you’re the glue that literally binds communities together at times of stress. You’re that face that shows up for a woman on the second floor of a burning building just when she thinks it’s all over for her… The amazing thing about all of you is that the very things you do when you’re on duty to save people’s lives, you do when you’re off duty. There’s no separation.”

      Watch a video of the ceremony: http://www.whitehouse.gov/photos-and-video/video/2013/02/20/vice-president-biden-hosts-medal-valor-ceremony

  24. CR says:

    Please join me in lighting a candle for our President, First Family and the Nation.

    http://www.gratefulness.org/candles/candles.cfm?l=eng&gi=PBO

  25. CR says:

    3:15 PM ET
    Launch of the Administration’s Strategy to Mitigate the Theft of U.S. Trade Secrets
    The White House

    • CR says:

      Mitigating the Theft of U.S. Trade Secrets

      Published on Feb 20, 2013

      The White House Office of the U.S. Intellectual Property Enforcement Coordinator launches the administration’s strategy to mitigate the theft of U.S. trade secrets.

  26. CR says:

    ********************
    THIS POST IS NOW CLOSED NBLB

    Come on over to my newest post titled: “Public Safety Officer Medal of Valor”

    ********************

    To get to the newest post click on “HOME” at the top of the thread

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