Mar 3 - Civilization Fund Act encouraged activities of benevolent societies in providing education for Native Americans and authorized an annuity to stimulate the “civilization process”
Mar 11 – U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs Agency, established
Kamehameha III rules the Hawai’ian Kingdom
May 28 - Indian Removal Act of 1830 aka The Trail of Tears was the forced relocation and movement of Native American nations (Cherokee, Muscogee (Creek), Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw nations, among others) from southeastern parts of the United States. Many suffered from exposure, disease, starvation and death.
Nonintercourse Act is the collective name given to six statutes passed by the United States Congress in 1790, 1793, 1796, 1799, 1802, and 1834. The Act regulates commerce between Native Americans and non-Indians.
Apr 9 - Civil Rights Act of 1866 is a U.S. federal law declaring that everyone born(except certain Native Americans) in the U.S. and not subject to any foreign power is a citizen, without regard to race, color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude.
Major Crimes Act places 7 major crimes under federal jurisdiction if they are committed by a Native American against another Native American in Native territory.
Dawes Act adopted by Congress, authorized the President of the US to survey Indian tribal land, divide it into allotments for individual Indians and opeining up any ”excess land” for settlement by non-Indians.
Jan 17 - Overthrow of the Hawai’ian Kingdom - local businessmen and politicians, composed primarily of American and European residents, overthrew the Queen Lili’uokalani, her cabinet and her marshal, and took over the government of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi
Curtis Act of 1898 an amendment to the United States Dawes Act that brought about the allotment process of lands of the Five Civilized Tribes of Indian Territory: the Choctaw, Chickasaw, Muscogee, Cherokee, and Seminole.
Nelson Act of 1889 United States federal law intended to relocate all the Anishinaabe people in Minnesota to the White Earth Indian Reservation in the western part of the state, and to expropriate the vacated reservations for sale to European Americans.
Burke Act designed to correct certain defects in the General Allotment Act (“GAA”)
May 17 - Alaska Native Allotment Act permitted individual Alaska Natives to acquire title to up to 160 acres
Former Indian reservations in Oklahoma The US Federal government broke up collective tribal landholdings through the allotment process before the establishment of Oklahoma as a state in 1907. Instead of reservations, Oklahoma Indian tribes have tribal jurisdictional areas, with Osage Nation being the one exception.
Mar 2 - Lacey Act of 1907 revised federal Indian Law to provide for the allotment of tribal funds to certain classes of Indians.
Dec 18 - Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act the largest land claims settlement in US history was signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon
Jul 9 - Hawai’ian Homelands the US federal government set aside as approximately 200,000 acres in the Territory of Hawai’i as a land trust for homesteading by Native Hawai’ians.
Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 granted full U.S. citizenship to America’s indigenous peoples
Meriam Report commissioned by the Institute for Government Research (IGR, better known later as the Brookings Institution) and funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. The IGR appointed Lewis Meriam as the technical director of the survey team, to compile information and report of the conditions of American Indians across the country
Apr 16 - Johnson–O’Malley Act subsidize education, medical attention, and other services provided by states to Native Americans, especially those not living on reservations. It was effective only in Minnesota.
Jun 18 - The Indian Reorganization Act sometimes known as the Indian New Deal, was U.S. federal legislation that secured certain rights to Native Americans (known in law as American Indians or Indians), including Alaska Natives. These include actions that contributed to the reversal of the Dawes Act‘s privatization of communal holdings of American Indian tribes and a return to local self-government on a tribal basis. The Act also restored to Indians the management of their assets (being mainly land) and included provisions intended to create a sound economic foundation for the inhabitants of Indian reservations.
Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act a United States federal law that extended the 1934 Wheeler-Howard or Indian Reorganization Act to include those tribes within the boundaries of the state of Oklahoma.
Aug 1 – House concurrent resolution 108 declared it to be the sense of Congress that it should be policy of the United States to abolish federal supervision over American Indian tribes as soon as possible and to subject the Indians to the same laws, privileges, and responsibilities as other US citizens.
Aug 15 - Public Law 280 (Pub.L. 83–280, August 15, 1953, codified as 18 U.S.C. § 1162, 28 U.S.C. § 1360, and 25 U.S.C. §§ 1321–1326, is a federal law of the United States establishing “a method whereby States may assume jurisdiction over reservation Indians,” as stated in McClanahan v. Arizona State Tax Commission. 411 U.S. 164, 177 (1973).
Indian Relocation Act of 1956 - Public Law 959 or the Adult Vocational Training Program) was a United States law intended to encourage Native Americans in the United States to leave Indian reservations, acquire vocational skills, and assimilate into the general population.
Jan 3 – Alaska becomes the 49th State of the United States of America
Aug 21 - Hawai`i becomes the 50th State of the United States Of America
Oct 26 - Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 simplifed and reorganized the system of providing housing assistance to Native American communities to help improve the unsatisfactory conditions of infrastructure in Indian country. The legislation proposed to accomplish this reform by reducing the regulatory strictures that burdened tribes attempting to use their housing grants, and created a new program division of theDepartment of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) that combined several previously used programs into one block grant program committed to the task of tribal housing.
Dec 22 - Menominee Restoration Act returned federally recognized sovereignty to the Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin.
Jan 4 - Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975 (Public Law 93-638) authorized the Secretaries of the Department of Interior, Health, Education and Welfare and some other government agencies to enter into contracts with, and make grants directly to, federally recognized Indian tribes. The tribes would have authority for how they administered the funds, which gave them greater control over their welfare.
Aug 11 - American Indian Religious Freedom Act Public Law No. 95-341, 92 Stat. 469, enacted to protect and preserve the traditional religious rights and cultural practices of American Indians,Eskimos, Aleuts, and Native Hawai’ians.
Sept 30 - Rhode Island Claims Settlement Act Aboriginal title claim
Nov 8 - Indian Child Welfare Act (Pub.L. 95–608, 92 Stat. 3069, codified at 25 U.S.C. §§ 1901–1963.) is a Federal law that governs jurisdiction over the removal of Native American (Indian) children from their families.
Oct 10 - Maine Indian Claims Settlement Act - Aboriginal title claim
Indian Claims Limitations Act The Indian Claims Limitations Act of 1982 (ICLA) is a United States federal statute of limitations that governs some types of claims by Native American tribes and claims by the federal government on behalf of tribes.
Dec 31 - Florida Indian (Miccosukee) Land Claims Settlement - Aboriginal title claim
Oct 18 - Connecticut Indian Land Claims Settlement - Aboriginal title claim
Oct 27 - Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians Supplementary Claims Settlement Act - Aboriginal title claim
Aug 18 - Massachusetts Indian Land Claims Settlement - Aboriginal title claim
Florida Indian (Seminole) Land Claims Settlement - Aboriginal title claim
Aleut Restitution Act of 1988 a reparation settlement passed by the United States Congress in 1988, in response to the internment of Aleut people living in the Aleutian Islands during World War II.
Indian Gaming Regulatory Act established the jurisdictional framework that governs Indian gaming
Jun 21 - Washington Indian (Puyallup) Land Claims Settlement - Aboriginal title claim
Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-644) is a truth-in-advertising law that prohibits misrepresentation in marketing of American Indian or Alaska Native arts and crafts products within the United States.
Oct 30 - Native American Languages Act of 1990 Public Law 101-477 of 1990 gave historical importance as repudiating past policies of eradicating Indian Languages by declaring as policy that Native Americans were entitled to use their own languages.
Nov 3 - Seneca Nation (New York) Land Claims Settlement - Aboriginal title claim
Nov 16 - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act requires federal agencies and institutions that receive federal funding to return Native American ”cultural items” to lineal descendants and culturally affiliated Indian tribes and Native Hawai’ian organizations.
Nov 26 - Aroostock Band of Micmacs Settlement Act - Aboriginal title claim
Nov 23 – President Bill Clinton (D) signs legislation apologizing for the U.S. role in the 1893 overthrow of the Hawai’ian monarchy. The apology, known as the Apology Resolution , meant as a means of reconciliation with Native Hawai’ians, acknowledges the historic significance of the event—but the apology does not provide federal recognition to Native Hawai’ians as other federal laws provide to American Indian tribes.
Oct 19 - Mohegan Nation (Connecticut) Land Claims Settlement - Aboriginal title claim
Nov 2 - Crow Boundary Settlement - Aboriginal title claim
Nov 1 - Santo Domingo Pueblo Claims Settlement - Aboriginal title claim
Dec 27 - Torres-Martinez Desert Cahiilla Indian Claims Settlement - Aboriginal title claim
Dec 13 - Cherokee, Choctaw, and Chickasaw Nation Claims Settlement - Aboriginal title claim
Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act of 2004 established the legal framework for the distribution of the “Western Shoshone Judgement Funds” stemming from docket 326-K before the Indian Claims Commission
Esther Martinez Native American Languages Preservation Act Public Law No: 109-394, It authorized funding for new programs for tribes to prevent the loss of heritage and culture
Sept 27 - Pueblo De San Ildefonso Claims Settlement - Aboriginal title claim
Apr 30 -U.S. Senate passed a resolution apologizing to all Native Peoples on behalf of the United States for a long history of official depredations and ill-conceived policies by the Federal Government regarding Indian tribes
May 8 – President Barack Obama (D) signed a law repealing the Bennett Freeze section10(f) of Public Law 93-531
Nov 5 – President Barack Obama hosts the first White House Tribal Nations Conference
Mar 23- President Obama (D) signed into law the The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA),commonly called Obamacare thus making The Indian Health Care Improvement Act (IHCIA), the cornerstone legal authority for the provision of health care to American Indians and Alaska Natives permanent
Dec 8 – President Obama (D) signed into law the Claims Resolution Act which includes the Cobell, Keepseagle, and other settlement agreements
Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 signed into effect by President Obama (D) that expands the punitive abilities of tribal courts across the nation. The law allows tribal courts operating in Indian country to increase jail sentences handed down in criminal cases. This was a major step toward improving enforcement and justice in Indian country. Before this law, tribal courts were limited in the scope of punishment they could hand down in criminal cases, giving them the impression of a lower, less serious court. They now possess the power under the Tribal Law and Order Act to pass increased sentences in order to incarcerate defendants longer.
Mar 5 – Federal Agencies Announce Action Plan to Guide Protection of Indian Sacred Sites
Nov 8 - Interior Expands Land Buy-Back Process Across Indian Country
Source: Wikipedia, HawaiiHisotry.org, USA.gov & WhiteHouse.gov
List of Prominent Native Americans of the United States
List of Prominent Native Hawaiians
To learn more about what President Obama is doing for our Native American population: http://www.whitehouse.gov/nativeamericans