United States v. The Amistad

cinque-addressing-compatriots-amistad

The Amistad, also known as United States v. Libellants and Claimants of the Schooner Amistad40 U.S. 518 (1841), was a United States Supreme Court case resulting from the rebellion of Africans on board the Spanish schooner La Amistad in 1839. It was an unusual freedom suit that involved international issues and parties, as well as United States law. The historian Samuel Eliot Morison in 1965 described it as the most important court case involving slavery before being eclipsed by that of Dred Scott.

The schooner was traveling along the coast of Cuba on its way to a port for re-sale of the slaves. The African captives, who had been kidnapped in Sierra Leone and illegally sold into slavery and shipped to Cuba, escaped their shackles and took over the ship. They killed the captain and the cook; two other crew members escaped in a lifeboat. The Africans directed the survivors to return them to Africa. The crew tricked them, sailing north at night. The Amistad was later apprehended near Long Island, New York, by the United States Revenue Cutter Serviceand taken into custody. The widely publicized court cases in the United States federal district and Supreme Court, which addressed international issues, helped the abolitionist movement.

In 1840, a federal district court found that the transport of the kidnapped Africans across the Atlantic on the slave ship Tecora was in violation of laws and treaties against the international slave trade by Great Britain, Spain and the United States. The captives were ruled to have acted as free men when they fought to escape their illegal confinement. The Court ruled the Africans were entitled to take whatever legal measures necessary to secure their freedom, including the use of force. Under international and sectional pressure, the President Martin Van Buren ordered the case appealed to the US Supreme Court. It affirmed the lower court ruling on March 9, 1841, and authorized the return of the Africans to their homeland.

Supporters arranged for temporary housing of the Africans in Farmington, Connecticut as well as funds for travel. In 1842 they transported by ship those who wanted to return to Africa, together with American missionaries.

For more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_v._The_Amistad

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National Archives
The Amistad Case from the National Archives.

National Park Service
* Amistad Story
* Slave Trade
* Conneticut Abolistionist
* Conneticut Freedom Trail
* Timeline of Events

Amistad Research Center at Tulane University

Slaves and the Courts, 1740-1860 – Library of Congress

Solomon Northup

  • Twelve Years a Slave, in National Archives : Docs Teach
  • The Solomon Northup Trail, LSU’s Acadiana Historical project’s maps and descriptions of sites mentioned in Northup’s memoir, based on Eakin’s and Logsdon’s 1968 research.

Born in Slavery: Slave Narratives from the Federal Writers’ Project, 1936-1938 collection contains more than 2,300 first-person accounts of slavery.
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15 Responses to United States v. The Amistad

  1. CR says:

    WH

    Monday, March 10, 2014

    All Times Eastern

    President Obama receives the presidential daily briefing

    7:00 AM
    8:00 AM
    8:30 AM
    Vice President Biden and Chilean President-elect Michelle Bachelet hold a bilateral meeting
    Presidential Palace – Santiago, Chile

    9:00 AM
    9:30 AM
    Vice President Biden meets with Chilean President Sebastián Piñera
    Presidential Palace – Santiago – Chile

    10:00 AM
    11:00 AM
    11:15 AM
    President Obama participates in an ambassador credentialing ceremony

    12:00 PM
    White House Press Secretary Jay Carney briefs the press

    1:00 PM
    2:00 PM
    3:00 PM
    4:00 PM
    5:00 PM
    President Obama hosts the 2012 and 2013 Division I Men’s and Women’s NCAA National Champions
    South Lawn

    6:00 PM
    Vice President Biden meets with Peruvian President Ollanta Humala
    Presidential Palace – Santiago, Chile

    7:00 PM
    8:00 PM
    9:00 PM
    10:00 PM

  2. CR says:

    United States v. The Amistad

    The Amistad, also known as United States v. Libellants and Claimants of the Schooner Amistad40 U.S. 518 (1841), was a United States Supreme Court case resulting from the rebellion of Africans on board the Spanish schooner La Amistad in 1839. It was an unusual freedom suit that involved international issues and parties, as well as United States law. The historian Samuel Eliot Morison in 1965 described it as the most important court case involving slavery before being eclipsed by that of Dred Scott.

    The schooner was traveling along the coast of Cuba on its way to a port for re-sale of the slaves. The African captives, who had been kidnapped in Sierra Leone and illegally sold into slavery and shipped to Cuba, escaped their shackles and took over the ship. They killed the captain and the cook; two other crew members escaped in a lifeboat. The Africans directed the survivors to return them to Africa. The crew tricked them, sailing north at night. The Amistad was later apprehended near Long Island, New York, by the United States Revenue Cutter Serviceand taken into custody. The widely publicized court cases in the United States federal district and Supreme Court, which addressed international issues, helped the abolitionist movement.

    For more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_v._The_Amistad

  3. CR says:

    US soccer<br />

    March 10, 2014
    U.S. Women vs. Denmark Women
    10:40 a.m. ET
    Estadio Municipal
    Albufeira, Portugal

    • CR says:

      March 10, 2014
      U.S. Women vs. Denmark Women
      10:40 a.m. ET
      Estadio Municipal
      Albufeira, Portugal

      Final Score: Denmark Women defeats US Women 3-5

  4. vitaminlover says:

    How interesting!

  5. CR says:

    us-chile-flags

    Vice President Biden Travel to Chile

    February 13, 2014

    WASHINGTON, DC – The Vice President and Dr. Jill Biden will travel to the Republic of Chile and the Dominican Republic in the second week of March. In Chile, the Vice President will lead the U.S. delegation to the Inauguration of Her Excellency Michelle Bachelet. In Santo Domingo, the Vice President will meet with President Danilo Medina to discuss a broad range of bilateral issues, as well as regional cooperation.

    • CR says:

      March 07, 2014

      Background Press Briefing by Senior Administration Officials on the Vice President and Dr. Jill Biden’s Trip to Chile and the Dominican Republic

      Via Teleconference

      11:00 A.M. EST

      MS. TROTTER: Good morning, everyone, and thanks for joining us. This conference call is to discuss the Vice President and Dr. Jill Biden’s trip next week to Chile and the Dominican Republic.

      This call is on background and all of our speakers should be referred to as senior administration officials. They’ll speak for a few minutes and then take some of your questions. And with that I will turn it over to our first senior administration official.

      SENIOR ADMINISTRATION OFFICIAL: Thanks, everybody, for joining the call. I’m just going to take a couple of minutes to give some broad outlines, and then turn it over to my colleague to go into the substance, and then we’ll look forward to taking a few of your questions.

      The Vice President and Dr. Biden will travel to Chile and the Dominican Republic from March 9th to the 12th. In Chile, the Vice President will attend the inauguration of Michelle Bachelet, who he met back in March of 2009, in Santiago, first, to underscore the historically close ties between the United States and Chile; and, second, because this inauguration represents an important gathering of leaders from across the region and provides an opportunity for him to engage with a broad range of presidents and other senior officials on some of the most important issues facing the Americas today.

      For more: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/03/07/background-press-briefing-senior-administration-officials-vice-president

    • CR says:

      March 10, 2014

      FACT SHEET: The United States and Chile

      Today, Vice President Joe Biden is in Chile to attend the inauguration of President-Elect Michelle Bachelet. The Vice President’s visit will underscore the long-standing close ties between the United States and Chile, and highlight our cooperation in the following areas:

      Free Trade Agreement: The U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement continues to benefit both nations. Bilateral trade in goods grew to $28 billion in 2013, which makes Chile our 29th largest goods trading partner overall and our fourth largest export partner in the Americas. U.S. goods exports to Chile totaled $17.6 last year, representing an increase of 548 percent since the Agreement was signed in 2004.

      Trans-Pacific Partnership: The United States and Chile are two of the twelve participants negotiating the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), which will be a comprehensive, high-standard, next-generation trade agreement. Once concluded, the TPP will cover roughly 40 percent of global gross domestic product (GDP). All of the participants stand to benefit from a successful and speedy conclusion of TPP negotiations.

      Multilateral Issues: The United States looks forward to consulting closely with Chile as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council and member of the UN Human Rights Council. President Obama and President-Elect Bachelet launched our Trilateral Development Cooperation initiative in 2009, and we’ve worked together in countries as diverse as El Salvador, Guatemala and the Dominican Republic on matters as diverse as agriculture, assisting at-risk youth, and security cooperation.

      Visa Waiver Program: On February 28th, Chile was designated the 38th country to participate in the U.S. Visa Waiver Program. Chile’s designation is a testament to our strong relations and its participation will have a tremendous impact in creating even stronger people-to-people ties between our countries. It should also facilitate other potential initiatives to expedite trade and travel. During his visit, the Vice President announced the implementation would be moved up from May 1st to March 31st.

      100,000 Strong in the Americas: During his March 2011 visit to Chile, President Obama launched the “100,000 Strong in the Americas” initiative to increase educational exchange across the Americas. Chile has already created three partnerships between U.S. and Chilean universities to increase student exchange. There are currently more than 3,000 U.S. students studying in Chile and more than 2,000 Chileans at American universities. In January, the Vice President launched the initiative’s #InvestintheFuture campaign to start an online conversation between students, governments, and business about international education.

    • CR says:

      March 10, 2014

      Remarks by Vice President Joe Biden at a Bilateral Meeting with Chilean President Sebastián Piñera

      Palacio de la Moneda
      Santiago, Chile

      PRESIDENT PIÑERA: Good morning. I would like to give the most warm in the world’s welcome to the Vice President of the United States, Mr. Joe Biden.

      You know that he was elected senator when he was only 29 years of age (inaudible) the youngest senator in the history of the United States. He performed as a U.S. senator for more than 36 years, and now he’s the Vice President of the United States.

      Welcome to Chile.

      THE VICE PRESIDENT: Thank you.

      PRESIDENT PIÑERA: We consider yourself and the country a very good and loyal friend of my country. So — and I know that you have a very important voice to give and we are very pleased to have you here. Welcome to Chile once again, and I give you —

      THE VICE PRESIDENT: Well, thank you, Mr. President. I — despite some of the crises that are going on around the world, the President and I agreed that it was important that I be here in Chile because this — our commitment to this relationship is real. It’s deep, and you’ve deepened in your term, Mr. President.

      I had a great meeting with President-elect Bachelet this morning, and I’m looking forward to meeting with you after this brief comments to the press here. And I also look forward to meeting the other leaders in the region from Colombia, Peru, Mexico and elsewhere. So it’s an opportunity for me meet others as well.

      For more: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/03/10/remarks-vice-president-joe-biden-bilateral-meeting-chilean-president-seb

  6. CR says:

    11:15 AM ET
    President Obama participates in an ambassador credentialing ceremony

  7. CR says:

    5:00 PM ET
    President Obama hosts the 2012 and 2013 Division I Men’s and Women’s NCAA National Champions
    South Lawn

    WhiteHouse.gov http://www.whitehouse.gov/live

    • CR says:

      President Obama Honors 2012-2013 NCAA Division 1 Champions

      Published on Mar 10, 2014

      President Obama hosts the 2012-2013 NCAA Division I Men’s and Women’s Champions at the White House to congratulate student athletes from schools across the country on their accomplishments in the classroom and on the playing field.

  8. CR says:

    *******************
    THIS POST IS NOW CLOSED NBLB

    Come on over to my newest post titled: ” ‘Victims Protection Act’ Passes Senate″

    ********************

    To get to the newest post click on “HOME” at the top of the thread

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