The Security and Privacy in Your Car (SPY Car) Act

Automobile wifi

Sens. Markey, Blumenthal Introduce Legislation to Protect Drivers from Auto Security, Privacy Risks with Standards & “Cyber Dashboard” Rating System

Tuesday, July 21, 2015 markey.senate.gov

Washington (July 21, 2015) – As both Congress and the federal government struggle to develop a strategy for the Internet of Things and responding to the increasing use of connected devices, including automobiles, Senators Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) and Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.), members of the Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee, today introduced legislation that would direct the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to establish federal standards to secure our cars and protect drivers’ privacy. The Security and Privacy in Your Car (SPY Car) Act also establishes a rating system — or “cyber dashboard”— that informs consumers about how well the vehicle protects drivers’ security and privacy beyond those minimum standards.

Last year, Senator Markey released the report Tracking & Hacking: Security & Privacy Gaps Put American Drivers at Risk, which detailed major gaps in how auto companies are securing connected features in cars against hackers. For example, only two of the 16 car companies had developed any capability to detect and respond to a hacking attack in real time and, and most customers don’t even know that their information is being collected and sent to third parties.

“Drivers shouldn’t have to choose between being connected and being protected,” said Senator Markey. “We need clear rules of the road that protect cars from hackers and American families from data trackers. This legislation will set minimum standards and transparency rules to protect the data, security and privacy of drivers in the modern age of increasingly connected vehicles. I look forward to working with Senator Blumenthal to ensure auto safety and security in the 21st century.”

“Rushing to roll out the next big thing, automakers have left cars unlocked to hackers and data-trackers,” said Senator Blumenthal. “This common-sense legislation protects the public against cybercriminals who exploit exciting advances in technology like self-driving and wireless connected cars. Federal law must provide minimum standards and safeguards that keep hackers out of drivers’ private data lanes. Security and safety need not be sacrificed for the convenience and promise of wireless progress. I thank Senator Markey for his leadership and profoundly significant fact-finding in protecting consumers. The road to new auto technology is wide enough for both progress and privacy.”

For more: http://www.markey.senate.gov/news/press-releases/sens-markey-blumenthal-introduce-legislation-to-protect-drivers-from-auto-security-privacy-risks-with-standards-and-cyber-dashboard-rating-system

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The Ghost In The Car May Be A Hacker

JULY 21, 2015 1:49 PM ET npr

Andy Greenberg was minding his own business, driving a Jeep Cherokee on the highway in St. Louis when the SUV’s air vents suddenly started blasting cold air. Then the radio switched stations and began blaring hip-hop at full volume. Spinning the radio control knobs did nothing. Soon, the windshield wipers turned on and wiper fluid obscured Greenberg’s view.

Then things started getting really interesting.

Let’s stop the story for a moment. Greenberg is a senior writer for Wired and he knew he was taking part in a demonstration by Charlie Miller and Chris Valasek. For years, the two researchers have been hacking cars’ onboard computers to show that modern autos are vulnerable to various cyber exploits.

You may remember that NPR’s Steve Henn reported on their experiments in 2013. Back then, Miller and Valasek demonstrated that they could jerk the wheel of a Prius or kill the brakes of a Ford Escape — using laptops wired to the cars’ computer systems.

This time, though, they didn’t have to be in the car — or anywhere near it — to wreak havoc on the controls. From miles away, the researchers were able to use a cellular connection to access the Jeep with Greenberg behind the wheel.

Now, back to Greenberg’s 70 mph drive from hell:

“As the two hackers remotely toyed with the air-conditioning, radio, and windshield wipers, I mentally congratulated myself on my courage under pressure. That’s when they cut the transmission.

“Immediately my accelerator stopped working. As I frantically pressed the pedal and watched the RPMs climb, the Jeep lost half its speed, then slowed to a crawl. This occurred just as I reached a long overpass, with no shoulder to offer an escape. The experiment had ceased to be fun… .

“Cars lined up behind my bumper before passing me, honking. I could see an 18-wheeler approaching in my rearview mirror.

For entire article and audio interview: http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2015/07/21/424988397/the-ghost-in-the-car-may-be-a-hacker

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Six Major Rulings from the Supreme Court

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Here Are the Six Major Rulings We’ll Get From the Supreme Court This Week

Jun 24, 2015 12:14 PM PDT Greg Shohr – bloomberg

The U.S. Supreme Court is saving the best for last.

The nation’s top court will issue a series of major rulings over the next several days as it closes its nine-month term. In addition to landmark gay-marriage and Obamacare cases, the court will decide on potentially far-reaching disputes involving housing discrimination, redistricting, air pollution and lethal injection.

“Almost all of the remaining rulings have huge implications and promise to be closely divided,” said Tom Goldstein, a Washington appellate lawyer whose Scotusblog website tracks the court.

The first of seven rulings will come at 10 a.m. Washington time Thursday, with more scheduled for Friday and Monday. The court doesn’t say in advance which decisions are being released which day, but it almost always resolves all its pending cases by the end of June.

Before they pack up, the justices will also say whether they will supplement the session that starts in October with new cases on abortion, affirmative action and union fees.

Here’s what’s coming from the Supreme Court over the next week:

  • Gay Marriage

No case is bigger than the one that could legalize same-sex weddings nationwide. Only 11 years after Massachusetts became the first gay-marriage state, the court would be putting the capstone on the biggest civil rights transformation in a half-century.

 The cases are: Obergefell v. Hodges (Ohio), Tanco v. Haslam (Tennessee), DeBoer v. Snyder (Michigan), and Bourke v. Beshear (Kentucky).

  • Health Care

Three years after upholding President Barack Obama’s signature health-care [Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act] law against a broad constitutional challenge, the court will decide whether a four-word phrase will severely undercut the measure.

The case: King v. Burwell

  • Housing Discrimination

The biggest race case of the term may produce a long-sought legal victory for lenders and insurers, as well as social conservatives. The court is poised to say whether people suing under the U.S. Fair Housing Act can win their case without showing intentional discrimination.

The case:  Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project

  • Lethal Injection

The April 29 argument over lethal injection methods might have been the most heated of the term, with one justice accusing death penalty opponents of waging a “guerrilla war” and another saying she couldn’t trust a state lawyer.

The case: Glossip v. Gross

Supreme Court says Okla. lethal injection doesn’t violate Constitution

  • Clean Air

The utility industry and a group of states are trying to topple an Environmental Protection Agency rule that would cut mercury and other hazardous emissions from 460 coal-fired power plants.

The case: Michigan v. Environmental Protection

  • Redistricing

The court may deal a fresh blow to efforts to make federal elections more competitive by barring states from setting up independent commissions to draw congressional district boundaries. The issue is whether an Arizona commission strips state lawmakers of power reserved to them by the U.S. Constitution.

The case: Arizona State Legislature v. Arizona Independent Redistricting Commission

For more: http://www.bloomberg.com/politics/articles/2015-06-24/marriage-obamacare-highlight-decision-week-at-u-s-high

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US Supreme Court www.supremecourt.gov

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Veterans’ Access to Care through Choice, Accountability, and Transparency Act of 2014

President Barack Obama shakes hands and thanks Soldiers of 1st Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division
President Barack Obama shakes hands and thanks Soldiers of 1st Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division

The Veterans’ Access to Care through Choice, Accountability, and Transparency Act of 2014 (H.R. 3230) is a bill that is intended to address the ongoing Veterans Health Administration scandal of 2014. The bill would expand the number of options veterans have for receiving care and grant the United States Secretary of Veterans Affairs more power to fire senior executives. The Veterans Health Administration scandal of 2014 began with the discovery that there was on-going systematic lying by the Veterans Health Administration about the wait times veterans experienced waiting to be seen by doctors. By June 5, 2014, Veterans Affairs internal investigations had identified a total of 35 veterans who had died while waiting for care in the Phoenix VHA system. Another audit determined that “more than 57,000 veterans waited at least 90 days to see a doctor, while another 63,000 over the last decade never received an initial appointment.”

For more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Veterans%27_Access_to_Care_through_Choice,_Accountability,_and_Transparency_Act_of_2014

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CONGRESS PASSES EMERGENCY VA FUNDING BILL

EIGHT MEMBERS VOTE AGAINST VETERANS

August 01, 2014

The Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States is relieved that Congress finally did what they were elected to do and passed an emergency funding bill at the last minute to help the Department of Veterans Affairs overcome a nationwide crisis in care and confidence. The House of Representatives on Wednesday passed H.R. 3230, the Veterans Access, Choice and Accountability Act of 2014, by a vote of 420-5, and on Thursday, the Senate did likewise, by a vote of 91-3. The bill now heads to the president for his signature.

“This legislation will help new VA Secretary Robert McDonald to fix what’s broken, hold people accountable, and restore the faith that veterans must have in their VA,” said VFW National Commander John W. Stroud, of Hawthorne, Nev. “The VFW salutes House VA Committee Chairman Jeff Miller (R-Fla.), Senate VA Committee Chairman Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), their staffs and supporters for making this happen.”

The $15 billion emergency funding bill expands access to non-VA health care facilities for veterans experiencing excessive appointment waiting times, or who reside 40 miles or more away from a VA medical facility; hires more doctors, nurses and other health care practitioners; adds 27 new or expanded VA outpatient clinics; enhances care for victims of Military Sexual Trauma and those suffering from Traumatic Brain Injuries; and provides instate tuition rates for all Post-9/11 GI Bill recipients, regardless of residency requirements. The legislation also gives the VA secretary far more latitude in firing senior executives who fail in their primary mission of taking care of America’s veterans.

“Holding people appropriately accountable is critical to mission accomplishment in both the public and private sector, which is why that same rule must also apply to the three senators and five congressmen who voted against H.R. 3230,” said Stroud.

Voting against the legislation were Sens. Tom Coburn (R-Okla.), Bob Corker (R-Tenn.) and Jeff Sessions (R-Ala.), and Reps. Rick Crawford (R-Ark.), Jack Kingston (R-Ga.), Walter Jones (R-N.C.), Mark Sanford (R-S.C.), and Steve Stockman (R-Texas). The hypocrisy of their “no” votes, according to the VFW national commander, is virtually all of them voted for hundreds of billions in supplemental war funding with little concern about corresponding offsets or oversight about how or where the money would be spent; and one was even the governor of a state that experienced tremendous active, Guard and Reserve deployments, as well as combat casualties.

For more: http://www.vfw.org/News-and-Events/Articles/2014-Articles/CONGRESS-PASSES-EMERGENCY-VA-FUNDING-BILL/

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Thursday, August 7, 2014
President Obama signs
H.R. 3230 – Veterans’ Access to Care through Choice, Accountability, and Transparency Act of 2014
Fort Belvoir, VA

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STOP Angery Tantrums. START Passing Laws to Help Middleclass

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Obama to GOP: Stop hating

7/30/14 By KENDALL BREITMAN – POLITICO

President Barack Obama had some blistering words for congressional Republicans during a speech Wednesday in Kansas City, saying they need to stop “hating all the time.” “We could do so much more if Congress would just come on and help out a little bit,” Obama said. “Stop being mad all the time. Stop just hating all the time. Lets get some work done together.”

The president’s speech comes on the day that the House is set to vote on whether they will be moving forward in a lawsuit against Obama.

“Now everybody knows this is a political stunt,” Obama said of the lawsuit, “but it’s worse than that because every vote they’re taking like that means a vote they’re not taking to help you. And by the way, you know who is paying for this suit they are going to file? You!” “The main vote that they scheduled for today is whether or not they decide to sue me for doing my job,” Obama told the laughing audience. “So, you know, they’re mad because I’m doing my job. And by the way, I’ve told them, I said ‘I’d be happy to do with with you. So the only reason I’m doing it on my own is because you don’t do anything.’”

Read more: http://www.politico.com/story/2014/07/obama-gop-stop-hating-109543.html?hp=l3 .

Update: “House Republicans Just Voted to Sue President Obama”

Ezra Mechaber July 30, 2014 07:02 PM EDT

The House of Representatives just took a vote — and it wasn’t to raise the minimum wage, put in place equal pay, create jobs, or reform our broken immigration system.

Instead, the Republican-controlled House of Representatives just voted to sue the President for using his executive authority. This lawsuit will waste valuable time and potentially millions of taxpayer dollars.

This is the least productive Congress in decades. And instead of doing their job, they are suing the President for doing his.

The President is committed to making a difference for the millions of hardworking Americans trying to do right by their families and communities. While Republicans in Congress continue to waste taxpayer money, this President is going to keep doing his job. President Obama remains ready and willing to work with Republicans in Congress if they decide to get serious and do something for the American people. But he is also committed to acting even as Congress won’t. You’ve seen that time and time again this year — from raising the federal minimum wage on new federal government contracts, to expanding apprenticeship opportunities and making student loan payments more affordable.

The President is not going to back away from his efforts to use his authority to solve problems and help American families. In fact, the day after the vote, President Obama will announce his next executive action to crack down on federal contractors who put workers’ safety and hard-earned pay at risk. It’s just the next in a series of steps this Administration will be taking this year to make sure that American workers are getting a fair deal, and he has pledged to take executive action to deal with our broken immigration system in the months ahead.

For more:  http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2014/07/30/dan-pfeiffer-house-republicans-just-voted-sue-president-obama

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This Congress poised to be least productive in history

Yahoo Finance

This session of Congress, the 113th, is currently the least productive Congress ever. With only 125 public laws enacted since it began nearly two years ago and an August recess coming up leading straight into midterm elections, it seems like the record for least done is all but won.

“Even by [congress’] terrible standards, they’re going to underwhelm,” says Douglas Holtz-Eakin, former director of the Congressional Budget Office and chief economic policy advisor to U.S. Senator John McCain.

“Our nation has many deep needs for permanent reforms, whether they’re immigration, or education, or entitlements taxes. You look around and there’s big legislation that’s really necessary. Congress is doing none of that,” says Holtz-Eakin, now president of American Action Forum. “They can’t even get the little things done like … the annual spending bills.”

So will this Congress be able to get anything done before the next one starts? Holtz-Eakin has little hope for any big initiatives but he does think there will be some tax extenders, and possibly reauthorization of terrorism risk insurance and the Export-Import Bank.

President Obama has publicly lambasted the 113th Congress saying, “This has become the least productive Congress in modern history, recent memory. And that’s by objective measures – just basic activity.”

Of course quality comes before quantity, and a Congress that passed a few very important bills could be more noteworthy than a Congress that passed a large number of smaller bills. The 113th Congress, however, hasn’t been able to do that either, says Holtz-Eakin. “They’re not going to get anything major done … get ready for the 114th Congress and see you in January.”

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3 big issues Congress will likely punt for now

July 29, 2014 By REBECCA KAPLAN – CBS NEWS

Congress is getting ready to leave Washington for a five-week summer recess and, despite progress on reforming the VA and a short-term fix to prevent the Highway Trust Fund from running dry, there are a host of difficult issues that will be left hanging until they return.

The biggest items lawmakers are punting to the fall include the crisis of child migrants flooding across the southern border, a host of foreign policy crises, and a long-term fix to the nation’s crumbling infrastructure.

Part of the problem is the looming midterm elections, where, according to a CBS News/New York Times analysis, Republicans are narrowly projected to capture the Senate in November.

“The kind of Republican mindset right now is, ‘we’re on a roll heading into this election: don’t give Barack Obama any signing ceremonies’ and so the incentives to cut deals across House and Senate are very limited,” American Enterprise Institute congressional scholar Norm Ornstein told CBS News. ”

At the same time we have [Senate Majority Leader Harry] Reid looking very hard to get as many confirmations through as he can. Each one is being filibustered, and that means even thought he has the votes for them it soaks up a lot of floor time.”

For more: http://www.cbsnews.com/news/3-big-issues-congress-will-likely-punt-for-now/  .

GOP_Elephant_WRONG_WAY_smallWHAT GOP CONGRESS HAS DONE in 2014 FOR 99% OF  AMERICANS

 

. 2014 Year of Action

President Obama is Taking Action

In his 2014 State of the Union address, President Obama affirmed that this would be “A Year of Action” to help ensure opportunity for all Americans.

Since January, the President has taken more than 20 actions on his own to help build real, lasting economic security for the middle class and expand opportunities for every hardworking American to get ahead.

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President Obama speaks on expanding opportunity for more Americans

Uptown Theater in Kansas City, Missouri Jul 30, 2014

“Let’s really fight to make sure that everybody gets a chance and, by the way, that everybody plays by the same rules. (Applause.) We could do so much more if we got that kind of economic patriotism that says we rise or fall as one nation and as one people. And that’s what Victor believes.

When Victor wrote me his letter, he said, “I believe, regardless of political party, we can all do something to help our citizens to have a chance at a job, have food in their stomachs, have access to great education and health care.” That’s what economic patriotism is. (Applause.) That’s what we should all be working on.

Instead of tax breaks for folks who don’t need them, let’s give tax breaks to working families to help them pay for child care and college. Don’t reward companies shipping jobs overseas; let’s give tax breaks to companies investing right here in Missouri, right here in the Midwest. (Applause.) Let’s give every citizen access to preschool and college and affordable health care. And let’s make sure women get a fair wage. (Applause.) Let’s make sure anybody who is working full-time isn’t living in poverty. (Applause.) These are not un-American ideas; these are patriotic ideas. This is how we built America. (Applause.)

So just remember this: The hardest thing to do is to bring about real change. It’s hard. You’ve got a stubborn status quo. And folks in Washington, sometimes they’re focused on everything but your concerns. And there are special interests and there are lobbyists, and they’re paid to maintain the status quo that’s working for somebody. And they’re counting on you getting cynical, so you don’t vote and you don’t get involved, and people just say, you know what, none of this is going to make a difference. And the more you do that, then the more power the special interests have, and the more entrenched the status quo becomes.

You can’t afford to be cynical. Cynicism is fashionable sometimes. You see it all over our culture, all over TV; everybody likes just putting stuff down and being cynical and being negative, and that shows somehow that you’re sophisticated and you’re cool. You know what — cynicism didn’t put a man on the moon. Cynicism didn’t win women the right to vote. Cynicism did not get a Civil Rights Act signed. Cynicism has never won a war. Cynicism has never cured a disease. Cynicism has never started a business. Cynicism has never fed a young mind. (Applause.)

I do not believe in a cynical America; I believe in an optimistic America that is making progress. (Applause.) And I believe despite unyielding opposition, there are workers right now who have jobs who didn’t have them before because of what we’ve done; and folks who got health care who didn’t have it because of the work that we’ve done; and students who are going to college who couldn’t afford it before; and troops who’ve come home after tour after tour of duty because of what we’ve done. (Applause.)

You don’t have time to be cynical. Hope is a better choice. (Applause.) That’s what I need you for.”

 

 

. Contact your legislator Contact your Congress person to TELL THEM TO START WORKING WITH PRESIDENT OBAMA TO HELP AMERICA’S RECOVERY!!

U.S. Senators

U.S. Representatives

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FINALLY: Some Sensibility & Responsibility in Congress – HR 2775 Passed

Shame on Congress

House Representatives finally took off the tin foil hats of the Tea Party Pirates and lo and behold they could finally think and see clearly.

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The sad thing is that President Obama asked Congress to pass a continuing resolution long ago but because of  Congress’ manufactured crisis  then waiting until the last minute to do their job properly the credibility of the USA has been scrutinized, which has cost the nation at least $24 billion,  the  people have had to suffer and President Obama had to cancel meetings with global leaders and thus lost opportunities to increase American trade with other countries .

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Now Congress needs to focus on:

* Passing  The “Continuing Appropriations Act 2014 ” HR 2775 which provides fiscal year 2014 appropriations for projects and activities of the Federal Government through Wednesday, January 15, 2014… to stop the shutdown of the US Government (UPDATE: 10/16/13 The Senate passes HR 2775, the House also passes the act and President Obama has signed into law the act). 

 . Highlights of HR 2775:

  • Shutdown: Workers return, agencies financed until Jan 15, 2014
  • Debt Ceiling: Authority to borrow money extended to Feb 7, 2014
  • Health Care Law: Dept of Health & Human Services must certify it can verify income eligibility of people seeking subsidies
  • Congress: No pay raise for members of Congress in 2014
  • Wildfires: Allocates $636 million for firefighting for the Interior Dept & the Forest Service
  • Kentucky: Increases to $2.9 billion the funding for dams on the Lower Ohio River.
  • Veterans: Sets aside $294 million for Veterans Affairs to reduce backlogs of benefit claims.
Source: AP & Washington Post

* Raise the debt ceiling (which simply means paying for debt already incurred)

* Pass bills to help the middle-class Americans

* Work on bills to invest funds in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) so that Americans can compete with the rest of the world 

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Vote The Tea Party Pirates Out From Congress in Nov! 

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People's hopes and dreams are what matters

Because we’ve all got a lot of work to do on behalf of the American people – and that includes the hard work of regaining their trust.  Our system of self-government doesn’t function without it.  And now that the government is reopened, and this threat to our economy is removed, all of us need to stop focusing on the lobbyists, and the bloggers, and the talking heads on radio, and the professional activists who profit from conflict, and focus on what the majority of Americans sent us here to do – and that’s grow this economy, create good jobs, strengthen the middle class, lay the foundation for broad-based prosperity, and get our fiscal house in order for the long haul.

10/17/13 President Obama speaking on  reopening the Government 

President Obama’s plan to help rebuild America:

* Economy

* Education

* Energy & Environment

Health Care

Immigration

* Technology

* Veterans

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US Govt & Indigenous Peoples Timeline 1819-2015

Native Alaskan head wareNative Hawaiian War HelmetNative American indian head ware

US Govt & Indigenous Peoples Timeline 1819-2015

ProPresObama.org Civil Rights Timelines ™

1819 – Mar 3  Civilization Fund Act encouraged activities of benevolent societies in providing education for Native Americans and authorized an annuity to stimulate the “civilization process”
1820 – Protestant missionaries arrive to the Hawai’ian Kingdom
1824 – Mar 11  U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs Agency established,
1830  – May 28 Indian Removal Act of 1830 aka The Trail of Tears was the forced relocation and movement of Native American nations  (CherokeeMuscogee (Creek)SeminoleChickasaw, and Choctaw nations, among others) from southeastern parts of the United States.  Many suffered from exposure, disease, starvation and death.
1832 – Aug 1 – Battle of Bad Axe
1834 – Nonintercourse Act is the collective name given to six statutes passed by the United States Congress in 1790, 1793, 1796, 1799, 1802, and 1834. The Act regulates commerce between Native Americans and non-Indians.
1840 – The Constitution of The Hawai’ian Kingdom is formed, Oct 24 Colorado River Massacre
1843 – Hawai‘ian Kingdom’s independence recognized; Great Britain and France sign a reciprocal agreement in which both nations formally recognize the independence and sovereignty of the Hawaiian Kingdom.
1846 – Mar – Sacramento River Massacre
1847 – Feb 3–4 Storming of Pueblo de Taos
1848 – Hawai’ian King Kamehameha III divides land; paves way for foreign ownership
1850 – May 15 – Bloody Island MassacreKingdom of Hawai‘i – U.S. treaty ratified 
1851 – Feb 27 – Appropriation Bill for Indian Affairs allocated funds to move western tribes onto reservations
1853 – Before Dec 31 – “Ox” Incident Massacre
1854 – Aug 19 – Grattan Massacre
1855 – Sep 2 – Harney Massacre
1860 – Dec 18 Pease River Massacre
1861 – Jan 27 Bascom Affair a key event triggering the 25-year-long 1860s Apache Wars
1862 – Aug–Sep – Dakota War of 1862
1863 – Jan 29 – Bear River Massacre, Apr 19 – Keyesville Massacre
1864 – Nov 29 – Sand Creek Massacre
1865 – Mar 14 – Mud Lake Massacre
1866 – Apr 9 Civil Rights Act of 1866 is a U.S. federal law declaring that everyone born(except certain Native Americans) in the U.S. and not subject to any foreign power is a citizen, without regard to race, color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude, Jul 2 – Kidder Massacre
1867 – Aug 1  United States purchases Alaska from Russia
1868 – Nov 27 – Washita Massacre
1870 – Jan 23 – Marias Massacre
1872 – Dec 28 – Skeleton Cave Massacre
1875 – Apr 10 – Sappa Creek Massacre
1877 – Aug 8 – Big Hole Massacre
1879 – Jan 9–21  Fort Robinson Massacre
1879 – May 12 U.S. Federal Court rules that an Indian is a man with rights
1882 – The U.S. Navy shells Alaska Native villages
1883 – President Chester Arthur visits the Shoshoni and Arapaho Indians in Wind River, Wyoming
1884 –  After military abuses, the U.S. establishes a government in Alaska
1885 – Major Crimes Act  places 7 major crimes under federal jurisdiction if they are committed by a Native American against another Native American in Native territory.
1887 – Dawes Act adopted by Congress, authorized the President of the US to survey Indian tribal land, divide it into allotments for individual Indians and opeining up any “excess land” for settlement by non-Indians, Hawaiian King Kalākaua was forced to sign the 1887 Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaii, which stripped the king of much of his authority.
1887 – Jul 6 ‘Bayonet Constitution’ takes Kingdom of Hawaii’s Native’s rights
1890 – Businessmen plan for Hawai‘ian Kingdom’s annexation, Dec 29 Wounded Knee Massacre
1891 – Hawai‘ian Kingdom’s last monarch Queen Liliʻuokalani is crowned 
1893 – Businessmen call on U.S. military to invade Kingdom of Hawai‘i
1893 – Jan 17  Overthrow of the Hawai’ian Kingdom – local businessmen and politicians, composed primarily of American and European residents, overthrew the Queen Lili’uokalani, her cabinet and her marshal, and took over the government of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi
1896 – Hawai’ian language restricted
1898 – U.S. annexes Hawai‘i; seizes land; suppresses healers 
1898 – Curtis Act of 1898 an amendment to the United States Dawes Act that brought about the allotment process of lands of the Five Civilized Tribes of Indian Territory: the ChoctawChickasawMuscogeeCherokee, and SeminoleNelson Act of 1889  United States federal law intended to relocate all the Anishinaabe people in Minnesota to the White Earth Indian Reservation in the western part of the state, and to expropriate the vacated reservations for sale to European Americans.
During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the U.S. government attempted to control the travel of Native Americans off Indian reservations. Since Native Americans did not obtain U.S. citizenship until 1924, they were considered wards of the state and were denied various basic rights, including the right to travel.
1900 –  Native Hawaiians oppose U.S. annexation 
1905 – Native Hawai’ian healing practices are outlawed 
1906 – Burke Act designed to correct certain defects in the General Allotment Act (“GAA”), May 17 Alaska Native Allotment Act permitted individual Alaska Natives to acquire title to up to 160 acres, Former Indian reservations in Oklahoma The US Federal government broke up collective tribal landholdings through the allotment process before the establishment of Oklahoma as a state in 1907. Instead of reservations, Oklahoma Indian tribes have tribal jurisdictional areas, with Osage Nation being the one exception, June 8 Antiquities Act passed meant for the preservation of American antiquities
1907 – Mar 2  Lacey Act of 1907 revised federal Indian Law to provide for the allotment of tribal funds to certain classes of Indians.
1915 – Alaska Natives must renounce cultures to become citizens
1917 – Dec 18  Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act  the largest land claims settlement in US history was signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon
1919 – Nov 6  The Act of November 6, 1919, Indian who had fought with honorable discharge after World War I was also considered a citizen
1921 – Jul 9  Hawai’ian Homelands  the US federal government set aside as approximately 200,000 acres  in the Territory of Hawai’i as a land trust for homesteading by Native Hawai’ians.
 1923 –  President Warren Harding visits Indian Country in Alaska
1924 – Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 granted full U.S. citizenship to America’s indigenous peoples
1927 – President Calvin Coolidge visits the Oglala Lakota dancers at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota
1928 – Meriam Report commissioned by the Institute for Government Research (IGR, better known later as the Brookings Institution) and funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. The IGR appointed Lewis Meriam as the technical director of the survey team, to compile information and report of the conditions of American Indians across the country
1934  – President Franklin D. Roosevelt  visited the Blackfeet Tribe, Montana, Apr 16  Johnson–O’Malley Act subsidize education, medical attention, and other services provided by states to Native Americans, especially those not living on reservations. It was effective only in Minnesota, Jun 18 The Indian Reorganization Act  sometimes known as the Indian New Deal, was U.S. federal legislation that secured certain rights to Native Americans (known in law as American Indians or Indians), including Alaska Natives.  These include actions that contributed to the reversal of the Dawes Act‘s privatization of communal holdings of American Indian tribes and a return to local self-government on a tribal basis. The Act also restored to Indians the management of their assets (being mainly land) and included provisions intended to create a sound economic foundation for the inhabitants of Indian reservations.
1936 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt  visited  The Cherokee Tribe, North Carolina, Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act a United States federal law that extended the 1934 Wheeler-Howard or Indian Reorganization Act to include those tribes within the boundaries of the state of Oklahoma.
1936 – Federal recognition extended to Alaska Native villages
1937 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited Quinault People, Washington State
1940 – Nationality Act of 1940 – Congress reaffirmed Native people’s citizenship
1941 – Hawai‘i under martial law; U.S. military takes sacred lands 
1944 – National Congress of American Indians established 
1945 – Alaska’s territorial legislature adopts Anti-Discrimination Act of 1945 
1952 –  President Harry S. Truman  stopped over at the Fort Peck Reservation, Montana
1953 – Aug 1 House concurrent resolution 108 declared it to be the sense of Congress that it should be policy of the United States to abolish federal supervision over American Indian tribes as soon as possible and to subject the Indians to the same laws, privileges, and responsibilities as other US citizens, Aug 15  Public Law 280 (Pub.L. 83–280, August 15, 1953, codified as 18 U.S.C. § 116228 U.S.C. § 1360, and 25 U.S.C. §§ 13211326, is a federal law of the United States establishing “a method whereby States may assume jurisdiction over reservation Indians,” as stated in McClanahan v. Arizona State Tax Commission. 411 U.S. 164, 177 (1973).
1956 – Indian Relocation Act of 1956 – Public Law 959 or the Adult Vocational Training Program was a United States law intended to encourage Native Americans in the United States to leave Indian reservations, acquire vocational skills, and assimilate into the general population.
1959 – Jan 3  Alaska becomes the 49th State of the United States of America, Aug 21 Hawai`i becomes the 50th State of the United States Of America
1966 Oct 15 National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 intended to preserve historical and archaeological sites in the US
1968 – Indian Civil Rights Act (ICRA) in 1968, also called the Indian Bill of Rights, Native Americans were guaranteed many civil rights they had been fighting for’
1971 – Alaska Native Claims Settlement ActAmerican Indian Religious Freedom Act (ANCSA) was signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon on December 18, 1971, the largest land claims settlement in United States history
1972 – The Indian Education Act empowers parents; funds student programs
1972 Native Hawai’ian group calls for reparations from U.S. 
1973 Feb 27- May 8  200+ Oglala Lakota and followers of the American Indian Movement (AIM) seized and occupied the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation to protest the corruption and abuse of of tribal president Richard Wilson and demand his impeachment.
1973 – Dec 22  Menominee Restoration Act returned federally recognized sovereignty to the Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin.
1975 – Jan 4  Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975 (Public Law 93-638) authorized the Secretaries of the Department of InteriorHealth, Education and Welfare and some other government agencies to enter into contracts with, and make grants directly to, federally recognized Indian tribes. The tribes would have authority for how they administered the funds, which gave them greater control over their welfare.
1976 – Tobeluk vs. Lind was a landmark case in Alaskan Native education. The 27 teenage plaintiffs brought suit against the State of Alaska, claiming that Native American boarding schools were discriminatory and unjust.
1978 – Aug 11 American Indian Religious Freedom Act Public Law No. 95-341, 92 Stat. 469, enacted to protect and preserve the traditional religious rights and cultural practices of American Indians,EskimosAleuts, and Native Hawai’ians., Sept 30 Rhode Island Claims Settlement Act  Aboriginal title claim, Nov 8  Indian Child Welfare Act (Pub.L. 95–608, 92 Stat. 3069, codified at 25 U.S.C. §§ 19011963.) is a Federal law that governs jurisdiction over the removal of Native American (Indian) children from their families.
1979 – 0ct 31 Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979 regulated access to archaeological resources on federal and Indian lands
1980 – Oct 10  Maine Indian Claims Settlement Act – Aboriginal title claim
1982 – Indian Claims Limitations Act The Indian Claims Limitations Act of 1982 (ICLA) is a United States federal statute of limitations that governs some types of claims by Native American tribes and claims by the federal government on behalf of tribes, Dec 31 Florida Indian (Miccosukee) Land Claims Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim
1983 – Oct 18  Connecticut Indian Land Claims Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim
1983 – U.S. denies responsibility for overthrow of Hawai’ian monarchy , First Gathering of Nations Pow-wow 
1985 –  President Ronald Reagan met with trival leaders in Albuquerque, New Mexico,
1986- Oct 27  Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians Supplementary Claims Settlement Act  – Aboriginal title claim
1987 – Aug 18  Massachusetts Indian Land Claims Settlement – Aboriginal title claim, Dec.31 Florida Indian (Seminole) Land Claims Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim
1988 – Aleut Restitution Act of 1988 a reparation settlement passed by the United States Congress in 1988, in response to the internment of Aleut people living in the Aleutian Islands during World War IIIndian Gaming Regulatory Act established the jurisdictional framework that governs Indian gaming
1989 – Jun 21  Washington Indian (Puyallup) Land Claims Settlement   – Aboriginal title claim
1990 – Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-644) is a truth-in-advertising law that prohibits misrepresentation in marketing of American Indian or Alaska Native arts and crafts products within the United States, Oct 30 – Native American Languages Act of 1990 Public Law 101-477 of 1990 gave historical importance as repudiating past policies of eradicating Indian Languages by declaring as policy that Native Americans were entitled to use their own languages., Nov 3 – Seneca Nation (New York) Land Claims Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim, Nov 16 – Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act  requires federal agencies and institutions that receive federal funding  to return Native American “cultural items” to lineal descendants and culturally affiliated Indian tribes and Native Hawai’ian organizations, Nov 26 – Aroostock Band of Micmacs Settlement Act – Aboriginal title claim
1993 – Nov 23  President Bill Clinton (D) signs legislation apologizing for the U.S. role in the 1893 overthrow of the Hawai’ian monarchy. The apology, known as the Apology Resolution , meant as a means of reconciliation with Native Hawai’ians, acknowledges the historic significance of the event—but the apology does not provide federal recognition to Native Hawai’ians as other federal laws provide to American Indian tribes, Nov 16 President Bill Clinton (D) signs The Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993,  Pub. L. No. 103-141, 107 Stat. 1488; the Supreme Court soon struck down RFRA as an unconstitutional exercise of Congressional powers in City of Boerne v. Flores
1994 – Oct 19  Mohegan Nation (Connecticut) Land Claims Settlement – Aboriginal title claim, Nov 2  Crow Boundary Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim
1996 – Oct 26  Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 simplifed and reorganized the system of providing housing assistance to Native American communities to help improve the unsatisfactory conditions of infrastructure in Indian country. The legislation proposed to accomplish this reform by reducing the regulatory strictures that burdened tribes attempting to use their housing grants, and created a new program division of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) that combined several previously used programs into one block grant program committed to the task of tribal housing.
1996 – U.S. Court recognizes land rights of Venetie Tribe of Neetsaii’ Gwich’in Indians 
1997 – Jun 5 – Secretarial Order #3206 American Indian Tribal Rights, Federal-Tribal Trust Responsibilities, and the Endangered Species Act.
1998 – Former Indian reservations in Oklahoma are the Indian reservations in the lands that are now the state of Oklahoma. Prior to statehood, both Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory contained suzerain Indian Nations that had legally established boundaries,  Supreme Court overturns Neetsaii’ Gwich’in tax levy
1999 -President Bill Clinton visits the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, Montana
2000 – Nov 1  Santo Domingo Pueblo Claims Settlement – Aboriginal title claim, Dec 20 Native American Code Talkers Receive Congressional Gold Medal, Dec 27  Torres-Martinez Desert Cahiilla Indian Claims Settlement – Aboriginal title claim, President Bill Clinton visits the Navajo Nation in Shiprock, New Mexico
2002 – Dec 13  Cherokee, Choctaw, and Chickasaw Nation Claims Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim
2001 – Jan 19 – Secretarial Order # 3225 Endangered Species Act and Subsistence Uses in Alaska (Supplement to Secretarial Order 3206)
2004 – Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act of 2004 established the legal framework for the distribution of the “Western Shoshone Judgement Funds” stemming from docket 326-K before the Indian Claims Commission
2005 – May 23  Secretarial Orde #3261 Realignment of Functions Relating to the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
2006- Esther Martinez Native American Languages Preservation Act Public Law No: 109-394,  It authorized funding for new programs for tribes to prevent the loss of heritage and culture, Sept 27 Pueblo De San Ildefonso Claims Settlement – Aboriginal title claim
2007 – Sep 13 United Nations adopted The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
2009 – Apr 30 U.S. Senate passed a resolution apologizing to all Native Peoples on behalf of the United States for a long history of official depredations and ill-conceived policies by the Federal Government regarding Indian tribes, May 8  President Barack Obama (D) signed a law repealing the Bennett Freeze section10(f) of Public Law 93-531, Nov 5  President Barack Obama hosts the first White House Tribal Nations Conference 
2010 – Mar 23 President Obama (D) signed into law the The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA),commonly called Obamacare  thus  making The Indian Health Care Improvement Act (IHCIA), the cornerstone legal authority for the provision of health care to American Indians and Alaska Natives permanent, Jul 29  Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 signed into effect by President Obama (D) that expands the punitive abilities of tribal courts across the nation. The law allows tribal courts operating in Indian country to increase jail sentences handed down in criminal cases. This was a major step toward improving enforcement and justice in Indian country. Before this law, tribal courts were limited in the scope of punishment they could hand down in criminal cases, giving them the impression of a lower, less serious court. They now possess the power under the Tribal Law and Order Act to pass increased sentences in order to incarcerate defendants longer, Dec 8 President Obama (D)  signed into law the Claims Resolution Act which includes the Cobell, Keepseagle, and other settlement agreements, Dec 16 President Obama (D) endorses the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples2010 White House Tribal Nations Conference
2011 – Jul 5 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act rule 10.11 moderated requirements for cultural affiliation causing museums to consult with tribes that request the repatriation of culturally unidentifiable human remains. Dec 2  White House Tribal Nations Conference
2012 – Dec 5  White House Tribal Nations Conference
2013 – Mar 5  Federal Agencies Announce Action Plan to Guide Protection of Indian Sacred Sites, Mar 7 Pres Obama signs VAWA 2013 and Tribal Jurisdiction Over Crimes of Domestic Violence ,Nov 8 Interior Expands Land Buy-Back Process Across Indian Country, Nov 13 –  White House Tribal Nations Conference, Nov 20  Native American Code Talkers Receive Congressional Gold Medal
 2014 – Jan 6 Native Language Immersion Student Achievement Act, S. 1948. The legislation “would establish a grant program to fund Native language educational programs, May 9 Jewell announces $700K in tribal energy grants, May 28  Sandia Pueblo Settlement Technical Amendment Act is a bill that would transfer to the Sandia Pueblo of New Mexico some land from the United States Forest Service, provided that land remains an “open space in its natural state.”, Jun 8 Attorney General Eric Holder office consults with tribes to increase voting access for American Indians and Alaska Natives, Jun 13  President Obama visits the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, Cannon Ball, North Dakota, Jun 18 Washington Redskins football team’s trademark registration for its nickname was canceled by a U.S. Patent and Trademark Office appeals board, Jun 18 The Interior Department issued a press release announcing it is taking “a first step to consider reestablishing a government-to-government relationship between the United States and the Native Hawaiian community, Jul 16 Senators introduce Tribal Adoption Parity Act,  Aug 20 Secretary Jewell Issues Secretarial Order Affirming American Indian Trust Responsibilities, Sep 8 USDA appoints members to Native Farming, Ranching Council,  Sep 26  “Tribal General Welfare Exclusion Act of 2014,”  excludes Indian general welfare benefits from gross income in calculating income tax; and establishes a Tribal Advisory Committee to advise the Treasury Department on matters relating to the taxation of Indians and “Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe – Fish Springs Ranch Settlement Act,” which ratifies a water settlement agreement between the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe and Fish Springs Ranch,  Dec 16 President Obama designated the pristine waters of Bristol Bay as off limits to consideration for oil and gas leasing, Dec 18 President Obama signed into law S. 1474, Alaska Safe Families and Villages Act of 2014, which repeals current law limitation on jurisdiction of Indian tribes in the State of Alaska over domestic violence,
2015 – Jan 13 Jodi Gillette, Special Assistant to President Obama for Native American Affairs, responds to the White House Petition “Stop Apache Land Grab, Feb 2 President Obama takes  historic step in recognizing and reaffirming true government-to-government relations and in honoring the trust responsibility to American Indian tribes pursuant to treaties and the U.S. Constitution., Feb 28 Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell, on behalf of the U.S., signed an historic agreement guaranteeing the water rights of the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes in NevadaRevised Guidelines of Indian Child Welfare Act, Mar 23 Tribes Get $6 Million in Federal Funds for Energy Efficiency Projects, Apr 29 Obama Administration designates  Pine Ridge Indian Reservation of the Oglala Sioux Tribe a Promise Zone,
Jun 12 US State Department launches initiatives to provide technical assistance and support to civil society organizations responding to hate crime and bias-motivated violence targeting LGBT persons globally, Jul 9 White House Youth Tribal Gathering, Jul 15 President Obama visits The Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
.Source: Wikipedia, HawaiiHisotry.org, IndianCountryTodayMediaNetwork.comUSA.gov & WhiteHouse.gov

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Timeline by Region

List of Prominent Native Americans of the United States 

List of Prominent Native Hawaiians Trace Indian Ancestry Tribal Leaders Directory

Native American Tribes A-Z

List of Native American Tribe Websites A-Z

 National Museum of the American Indian

US Department of the Interior: Indian Affairs Obama_Biden_thumbnail

Enough Posturing. Get Serious – #JustVote

GOP SHOULD ACCEPT REALITY AND RESPONSIBILITY. ENOUGH TALK OF ELIMINATING OBAMACARE, IT’S THE LAW.  DO YOUR JOB & JUST VOTE!

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“As reckless as a government shutdown is, as many people as are being hurt by a government shutdown, an economic shutdown that results from default would be dramatically worse. In a government shutdown, Social Security checks still go out on time. In an economic shutdown, if we don’t raise the debt ceiling, they don’t go out on time.

In a government shutdown, disability benefits still arrive on time. In an economic shutdown, they don’t. In a government shutdown, millions of Americans — not just federal workers — everybody faces real economic hardship. In an economic shutdown, falling pensions and home values and rising interest rates on things like mortgages and student loans — all those things risk putting us back into a bad recession, which will affect this company and those workers and all of you. That’s not my analysis. That’s — every economist out there is saying the same thing. We’ve never done it before.

And the United States is the center of the world economy. So if we screw up, everybody gets screwed up. The whole world will have problems, which is why generally nobody has ever thought to actually threaten not to pay our bills. It would be the height of irresponsibility. And that’s why I’ve said this before — I’m going to repeat it: There will be no negotiations over this. The American people are not pawns in some political game. You don’t get to demand some ransom in exchange for keeping the government running. You don’t get to demand ransom in exchange for keeping the economy running. You don’t get to demand ransom for doing your most basic job.

And the sooner that the Republicans in Congress heed the warnings not just of me or Democrats like Chris and John, but heed the warnings of the Chamber of Commerce, and CEOs, and economists, and a whole lot of Republicans outside of Congress — they’re all saying, do not do this. They’re all saying to Congress, do your job; and the sooner you do your job, the less damage you’ll do to our economy and to businesses like this one.

So pass a budget, end the government shutdown. Pay our bills. Prevent an economic shutdown. Just vote and end this shutdown. And you should do it today so we can get back to growing this economy, creating jobs and strengthening our middle class.”

10/3/13 President Obama

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Day 7 - Boehner JUST VOTE

Boehner #JustVote_med

GOP’s New Strategy: Avert Default But Keep Government Shut

OCTOBER 10, 2013, 11:46 AM EDT1829 SAHIL KAPUR – tpm

Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) announced Thursday that the House will move forward with a six-week debt limit extension after pitching the idea to his Republican conference during a closed-door meeting.

The plan would sustain the government shutdown — now in its 10th day — while temporarily averting a catastrophic debt default by authorizing continued borrowing through Nov. 22. Conservative activists like Heritage Action’s chief and RedState blogger Erick Erickson paved the way for this plan this week by calling on the GOP to wage their fight against Obamacare on the government funding measure, rather than the debt ceiling.

“We’re going to offer legislation that will offer a temporary increase in the debt ceiling,” said Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers (WA), the No. 4 House Republican, after the meeting. “That will allow us some time to continue this conversation.”

The legislation hasn’t been finalized yet. It’s expected to omit unrelated policy measures and may include language about negotiating a long-term solution, according to one source. And the U.S. would not be permitted to take extraordinary measures to borrow after Nov. 22.

For more: http://talkingpointsmemo.com/dc/house-republicans-mull-short-term-debt-limit-hike

TELL BOEHNER  JUST VOTE ON A CLEAN CR !

Landline: (202) 225-0600

Twitter:  @SpeakerBoehner

Email: http://www.speaker.gov/contact

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(UPDATE: 10/16/13 The Senate passes HR 2775, the House also passes the act and President Obama has signed into law the act). 

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