End of Segregation in the U.S. Armed Forces – 67th Anniversary

http://www.history.army.mil/html/topics/afam/index.html
http://www.history.army.mil/html/topics/afam/index.html

Military History of African Americans spans from the arrival of the first black slaves during the colonial history of the United States to the present day. There has been no war fought by or within the United States in which African Americans did not participate, including the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, the Mexican-American War, the Civil War, the Spanish American War, the World Wars, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, the Gulf War, and the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, as well as other minor conflicts.

African-Americans as slaves and free blacks served on both sides during the war. Black soldiers served in northern militias from the outset, but this was forbidden in the South, where slave-owners feared arming slaves. Lord Dunmore, the Royal Governor of Virginia, issued an emancipation proclamation in November 1775, promising freedom to runaway slaves who fought for the British; Sir Henry Clinton issued a similar edict in New York in 1779. Over 100,000 slaves escaped to the British lines, although possibly as few as 1,000 served under arms. Many of the rest served as orderlies, mechanics, laborers, servants, scouts and guides, although more than half died in smallpox epidemics that swept the British forces, and many were driven out of the British lines when food ran low. Despite Dunmore’s promises, the majority were not given their freedom. Many Black Loyalists’ descendants now live in Canada.

In response, and because of manpower shortages, Washington lifted the ban on black enlistment in the Continental Army in January 1776. All-black units were formed in Rhode Island and Massachusetts; many were slaves promised freedom for serving in lieu of their masters; another all-African-American unit came from Haiti with French forces. At least 5,000 African-American soldiers fought as Revolutionaries, and at least 20,000 served with the British.

List of African American Medal of Honor recipients

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_history_of_African_Americans

.Asian Pacific Americans Military - banner

http://www.history.army.mil/html/topics/apam/index.html
http://www.history.army.mil/html/topics/apam/index.html

Military History of Asian Americans  have fought and served on behalf of the United States since the War of 1812. During the American Civil War Asian Americans fought for both the Union and the Confederacy.  Afterwards Asian Americans served primarily in the U.S. Navy until the Philippine-American War.

At the beginning of the 20th century, Asian Americans began to attend U.S. military academies, and the first Asian Americans were awarded the Medal of Honor. World War I saw Asian Americans serving as “non-whites” in the National Army. After World War I, Asian American service fell into obscurity until World War II when significant contributions by Japanese, Chinese, Filipino, and Korean Americans were documented.

With the desegregation of the U.S. military in 1948, segregated Asian American units ceased to exist, and Asian Americans served in integrated armed forces. Asian American combatants in the Korean and Vietnam conflicts were awarded the Medal of Honor, and Asian Americans have continued to serve until the present day.

List of Asian American Medal of Honor recipients

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military_history_of_Asian_Americans

http://www.history.army.mil/html/topics/hispam/index.html
http://www.history.army.mil/html/topics/hispam/index.html

Hispanic-Americans in the U.S. Military

Hispanics and Latinos have participated in the military of the United States and in every major military conflict from the American Revolution onward. Tens of thousands of Latinos are deployed in the Iraq War, the Afghanistan War, and U.S. military missions and bases elsewhere. Hispanics and Latinos have not only distinguished themselves in the battlefields but also reached the high echelons of the military, serving their country in sensitive leadership positions on domestic and foreign posts. Up to now, 43 Hispanics and Latinos have been awarded the nation’s highest military distinction, the Medal of Honor (also known as the Congressional Medal of Honor).

List of Hispanic Medal of Honor recipients

Sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hispanic_and_Latino_Americans#Militaryhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Hispanic_Medal_of_Honor_recipients

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http://www.history.army.mil/html/topics/natam/index.html
http://www.history.army.mil/html/topics/natam/index.html

Native Americans in the U.S. Army

A Long Tradition Of Participation

American Indians have participated with distinction in United States military actions for more than 200 years. Their courage, determination, and fighting spirit were recognized by American military leaders as early as the 18th century.

Many tribes were involved in the War of 1812, and Indians fought for both sides as auxiliary troops in the Civil War. Scouting the enemy was recognized as a particular skill of the Native American soldier. In 1866, the U.S. Army established its Indian Scouts to exploit this aptitude. The Scouts were active in the American West in the late 1800s and early 1900s, accompanying Gen. John J. Pershing’s expedition to Mexico in pursuit of Pancho Villa in 1916. They were deactivated in 1947 when their last member retired from the Army in ceremonies at Ft. Huachuca, Arizona. Native Americans from Indian Territory were also recruited by Teddy Roosevelt’s Rough Riders and saw action in Cuba in the Spanish-American War in 1898. As the military entered the 20th century, American Indians had already made a substantial contribution through military service and were on the brink of playing an even larger role.

Sources: http://www.history.army.mil/html/topics/natam/index.html

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A Brief History of American Indian Military Service

5/28/12 Konnie LeMay – indiancountrytodaymedianetwork
Read more at http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2012/05/28/brief-history-american-indian-military-service-115318

Ask about Americans Indians serving in the U.S. military service and World War II generally comes to mind with the Navajo code talkers or perhaps Marine Cpl. Ira Hayes (Pima) in the photo of the U.S. flag raising at Iwo Jima. But the history of Native Americans in military services stretches in the past and the present much farther and deeper.

Basically from the time of European arrival on this continent, the indigenous people have taken sides and taken up arms in conflicts – though not always supporting the United States’ cause and sometime in conflicts against other tribal nations.

For more: http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/2012/05/28/brief-history-american-indian-military-service-115318
 

Native American Medal of Honor Recipients

Exec_Order_9981_End_Military_Discrimination

President Harry S. Truman signs Executive Order 9981 issued on July 26, 1948.

Executive Order 9981 is an executive order issued on July 26, 1948 by President Harry S. Truman (D). It abolished racial discrimination in the armed forces and eventually led to the end of segregation in the services.

In 1947, A. Philip Randolph, along with colleague Grant Reynolds, renewed efforts to end discrimination in the armed services, forming the Committee Against Jim Crow in Military Service and Training, later renamed the League for Non-Violent Civil Disobedience Against Military Segregation.

Truman’s Order expanded on Executive Order 8802 by establishing equality of treatment and opportunity in the Armed Services for people of all races, religions, or national origins.

The Order’s operative statement is:

It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion or national origin. This policy shall be put into effect as rapidly as possible, having due regard to the time required to effectuate any necessary changes without impairing efficiency or morale.

The order also established a committee to investigate and make recommendations to the civilian leadership of the military to implement the policy.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Executive_Order_9981

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Independence Day 2015

WH_July_4th_Celebration

July 4, 1776, the United States Declaration of Independence was adopted by the Continental Congress which announced that the thirteen American colonies then at war with Great Britain were now independent states. Written primarily by Thomas Jefferson, the Declaration is a formal explanation of why Congress had voted on July 2 to declare independence from Great Britain, more than a year after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War. The birthday of the United States of America—Independence Day—is celebrated on July 4, the day the wording of the Declaration was approved by Congress.

We celebrate the 238th anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence and the beginning of American democracy.

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Salute to the Military

President Obama and First Lady Michelle will celebrate the Fourth of July by hosting military heroes and their families with a Seventh Annual “Salute to the Military” USO Concert  at the White House.  The celebration includes a barbeque, USO concert and a view of fireworks on the South Lawn.

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8:10 PM EDT: USO Concert
8:45 PM EDT President Obama Delivers Remarks at a Fourth of July Celebration
9:15 PM EDT: National  Capital fireworks display

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Live Stream: http://www.whitehouse.gov/live

White House App.

http://www.militarywithptsd.org
http://www.militarywithptsd.org
US Women's National Soccer Team  - 2015 FIFA World Cup Women's Champions
US Women’s National Soccer Team
– 2015 FIFA World Cup Women’s Champions

Happy July 4th America

First Lady Michelle Obama Travels to the U.K. & Italy

First Lady Michelle Obama to Travel to the United Kingdom and Italy First Lady Michelle Obama will travel to London, Milan, and Vicenza from June 15-21, 2015.  Accompanying Mrs. Obama on this trip will be her mother, Mrs. Marian Robinson, and daughters, Malia and Sasha Obama. As part of the Let Girls Learn initiative and following her recent visits to Japan and Cambodia, the First Lady will visit London where she will meet with students and discuss how the UK and the U.S. are working together to expand access to girls education around the world – supporting adolescent girls in completing their education. As part of the First Lady’s Let’s Move! initiative, the First Lady will lead a Presidential Delegation to the Milan Expo 2015 representing our steadfast commitment to a healthier nation.  The Presidential Delegation will tour the USA Pavilion, “American Food 2.0: United to Feed the Planet,” and participate in activities to lift up efforts to support healthier families and communities. And as part of the Joining Forces initiative, Mrs. Obama will visit members of the military and their families stationed in Vicenza, Italy.  The First Lady will also visit cultural sites in Venice before returning to Washington, DC.

U.S. First Lady Michelle Obama, speaks as Justine Greening the Secretary of State for International Development  and Bina Contreras, look on - Mulberry School for Girls, London (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
U.S. First Lady Michelle Obama, speaks as Justine Greening the Secretary of State for International Development and Bina Contreras, look on – Mulberry School for Girls, London (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
http://www.usaid.gov/letgirlslearn
http://www.usaid.gov/letgirlslearn

LetGirlsLearn statistics1

First Lady Michelle Obama @ USAPavilion2015
First Lady Michelle Obama @ USAPavilion2015
USAPavilion2015
USAPavilion2015
We is not only me. A worldwide network of women to
We is not only me.
A worldwide network of women to “feed the planet
Michelle Obama 1,400-year-old Olive Tree, Salento, Italy
Michelle Obama 1,400-year-old Olive Tree, Salento, Italy
http://www.letsmove.gov
http://www.letsmove.gov

First Lady Michelle Obama’s UK & Italy Itinerary

Monday, June 15th

First Lady Michelle Obama, Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama travel to London

Tuesday, June 16th
First Lady Michelle Obama, Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama arrive in London
Stanstead Airport, London, England

Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama visit with students
Mulberry School for Girls, London, England

First Lady Obama delivers remarks on the ‘Let Girls Learn’ Initiative
Mulberry School for Girls, London, England

First Lady Michelle Obama hosts a roundtable discussion with representatives from the Research for Equitable Access and Learning Centre, Peace Corps, former prime minister of Australia Julia Gillard and students on expanding access to girls education around the world
Mulberry School for Girls, London, England

First Lady Michelle Obama meets with British Prime Minister David Cameron and his wife Samantha
Downing Street, London, England

First Lady Michelle Obama meets with The Prince Henry of Wales
Kensington Palace, London, England

Wednesday, June 17th

First Lady Michelle Obama, Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama travel to Milan
First Lady Michelle Obama, Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama arrive in Milan

First Lady Obama meets with Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi and his wife
Milan, Italy

First Lady Obama and the Presidential Delegation to the Milan Expo 2015 tour the expo exhibit
Expo 2015, Milan, Italy

First Lady Obama and the Presidential Delegation to tour the expo exhibit at the USA Pavilion
Expo 2015, Milan, Italy

First Lady Obama and The Presidential Delegation participate in activities to lift up efforts to support healthier families and communities
Expo 2015, Milan, Italy

Thursday, June 18th

First Lady Obama, Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama tour Milan with Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi and his wife
Milan, Italy

First Lady Michelle Obama’s Italy Itinerary

Friday, June 19th

First Lady Michelle Obama, Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama travel to Vicenza

First Lady Michelle Obama visits the US Army North to meet American military families
Vicenza, Italy

First Lady Michelle Obama, Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama travel to Venice

First Lady Michelle Obama, Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama arrive in Venice

First Lady Michelle Obama, Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama tour the canal-crossed UNESCO World Heritage site
Venice, Italy

Saturday, June 20th

First Lady Michelle Obama, Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama depart Venice

Follow First Lady Michelle‘s UK & Italy Travels: http://www.whitehouse.gov/LetGirlsLearn

#flotusinItaly

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William Shemin & Henry Johnson – Medal of Honor Recipients

The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States government. It is bestowed by the President in the name of Congress on members of the United States Armed Forces who distinguish themselves through “conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his or her life above and beyond the call of duty while engaged in an action against an enemy of the United States.

Members of all branches of the armed forces are eligible to receive the medal, and there are three versions; one for the Army, one for the Air Force, and one for the Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard. The Medal of Honor is bestowed upon an individual by the passing of a Joint Resolution in the Congress; and is then personally presented to the recipient or, in the case of posthumous awards, to next of kin, by the President of the United States, on behalf of the Congress, representing and recognizing the gratitude of the American people as a whole.

Medal of Honor

Sgt William Shemin

William Shemin was born in Bayonne, New Jersey, Oct. 14, 1896. During his teenage years, Shemin played semi-pro baseball. He graduated from the New York State Ranger School in 1914, and went on to work as a forester in Bayonne. After the United States entered World War I, Shemin enlisted in the Army, Oct. 2, 1917. Upon completion of basic training at Camp Greene, North Carolina, he was assigned as a rifleman to Company G, 47th Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry Division, American Expeditionary Forces, in France.

During Shemin’s service, he participated in the Aisne-Marne Offensive, where he took shrapnel and was wounded by a machine gun bullet that pierced his helmet and was lodged behind his left ear. Following his injuries, Shemin was hospitalized for three months and later received light duty as part of the Army occupation in Germany and Belgium until he completed his tour.

For the injuries he sustained during combat, Shemin received the Purple Heart. He was also awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for battlefield valor, Dec. 29, 1919.

For more: http://www.army.mil/medalofhonor/shemin/

Sgt Henry Johnson

Born William Henry Johnson in Winston Salem, North Carolina, Johnson moved to New York as a teenager. He worked various jobs – as a chauffeur, soda mixer, laborer in a coal yard, and a redcap porter at Albany’s Union Station. He enlisted in the U.S. Army, June 5, 1917, and was assigned to Company C, 15th New York (Colored) Infantry Regiment – an all-black National Guard unit that would later become the 369th Infantry Regiment.

The 369th Infantry Regiment was ordered into battle in 1918, and Johnson and his unit were brigaded with a French army colonial unit in front-line combat. Johnson served one tour of duty to the western edge of the Argonne Forest in France’s Champagne region, from 1918-1919.

For his battlefield valor, Johnson became one of the first Americans to be awarded the French Croix de Guerre avec Palme, France’s highest award for valor.

For more: http://www.army.mil/medalofhonor/johnson/

.369th_US_Infantry_HarlemHell_Fighters

The 369th Infantry Regiment, formerly known as the 15th New York National Guard Regiment, was an infantry regiment of the United States Army that saw action in World War I and World War II. The Regiment consisted of African-Americans and African Puerto Ricans and was known for being the first African-American regiment to serve with the American Expeditionary Force during World War I. Before the 15th New York National Guard Regiment was formed, any African American that wanted to fight in the war either had to enlist in the French or Canadian armies. The regiment was nicknamed the Harlem Hellfighters, the Black Rattlers and the Men of Bronze, which was given to the regiment by the French. The nickname “Hell Fighters” was given to them by the Germans due to their toughness and that they never lost a man through capture, lost a trench or a foot of ground to the enemy. The “Harlem Hellfighters” were the first all black regiment that helped change the American public’s opinion on African American soldiers and helped pave the way for future African American soldiers.

Two Medals of Honor and many Distinguished Service Crosses were awarded to members of the regiment. The most celebrated man in the 369th was (then) Pvt. Henry Lincoln Johnson, a former Albany, New York, rail station porter, who earned the nickname “Black Death” for his actions in combat in France. In May 1918 Johnson and Pvt. Needham Roberts fought off a 24-man German patrol, though both were severely wounded. After they expended their ammunition, Roberts used his rifle as a club and Johnson battled with a bolo knife. Reports suggest that Johnson killed at least four German soldiers and might have wounded 30 others. Usually black achievements and valor went unnoticed, despite that fact over 100 men from the 369th were presented with American and/or French medals. Among those honors Johnson was the first American to receive the Croix de Guerre awarded by the French government. This award signifies extraordinary valor. By the end of the war, 171 members of the 369th were awarded the Legion of Honor or the Croix de Guerre.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/369th_Infantry_Regiment_(United_States)#Honoring_the_369th_Infantry_Regiment

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June 2, 2015
President Barack Obama awards Army Sergeant William Shemin
and Army Sergeant Henry Johnson the Medal of Honor posthumously
White House

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Memorial Day 2015

Memorial Day History

Three years after the Civil War ended, on May 5, 1868, the head of an organization of Union veterans — the Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) — established Decoration Day as a time for the nation to decorate the graves of the war dead with flowers. Maj. Gen. John A. Logan declared that Decoration Day should be observed on May 30. It is believed that date was chosen because flowers would be in bloom all over the country.

The first large observance was held that year at Arlington National Cemetery, across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C.

The ceremonies centered around the mourning-draped veranda of the Arlington mansion, once the home of Gen. Robert E. Lee. Various Washington officials, including Gen. and Mrs. Ulysses S. Grant, presided over the ceremonies. After speeches, children from the Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Orphan Home and members of the GAR made their way through the cemetery, strewing flowers on both Union and Confederate graves, reciting prayers and singing hymns.

Memorial Day is a United States federal holiday observed on the last Monday of May.

For more: http://www.va.gov/opa/speceven/memday/history.asp

Memorial_Day

National Memorial Day Observances
Monday, May 25th – 3:00 pm Local Time

Arlington National Cemetery
Arlington National Cemetery

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1st Lt. John L. Dougherty’s gravesite  The Netherlands Bert Caris and his group from the Netherlands tends to the graves of American Soliders at the Margraten Memorial Center. Please visit their website “Fallen Not Forgotten
1st Lt. John L. Dougherty’s gravesite, The Netherlands
Bert Caris and his group tend to the graves of American Soliders at the Margraten Memorial Center, The Netherlands. Visit their website “Fallen Not Forgotten “.

List of American military cemeteries, federal memorials, monuments and markers located in foreign countries

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WH petition for Gen George Washington’s Culper Ring

We The People Petition

I have started a petition on the White House ‘We The People” webpage to:

Award The Medal of Freedom to The Culper Ring, Gen Washington’s Revolutionary War intelligence group.

There should be a Medal of Freedom or a postage stamp issued in recognition of the efforts of The Culper Ring, General Washington’s Revolutionary War intelligence group based in Setauket, Long Isand. You may have read the Alexander Rose’s book Washington’s Spies: The Story of America’s First Spy Ring (2007) or seen AMC’s Turn: Washington’s Spies. Until I discovered the findings of Mr. Rose’s research I thought that America became it’s own nation when independence was declared on July 7, 1776 by the Continental Congress. There real facts are that General Washinton and his troops were still fighting (and loosing to embedded British forces).

The Culper Ring consisted of a close group of childhood friends whose covert efforts was a major factor in helping General Washington to defeat the British forces in America. The Culper Ring members appeared to be regular towns people going about their everyday lives, but they were also observing and reporting the movements of the British troops. They risked their lives to give General Washington timely and important information so that he could strategize, anticipate and eventually defeat the British forces in 1779.

I would really appreciate it if you could help me to get the word out. I have until June 30 to get 100,000 signatures in order for it to be reviewed by the White House. Until the petition has 150 signatures, it will only be available from the following URL and will not be publicly viewable on the Open Petitions section. If USPS can feature cartoon character stamps shouldn’t we have a postage stamp featuring real American heroes who helped to form The United States of America?

Please sign the petitionhttp://wh.gov/iKYAW

Aloha,

CR of ProPresObama.org

Culper Spy Ring map route
Culper Spy Ring map route

The Culper Ring was a spy ring organized by American Major (later Colonel) Benjamin Tallmadge under orders from General George Washington in the summer of 1778 during British occupation of New York City at the height of the American Revolutionary War. The “Culper” name was suggested by Washington who devised it from Culpeper County, Virginia. The two main members of the Ring, Abraham Woodhull and Robert Townsend, used “Samuel Culper, Sr.” and “Samuel Culper, Jr.” respectively, as aliases. Tallmadge was in direct contact with and control of the Ring but Washington often directed its operations. Tallmadge was referred to by the alias of “John Bolton.”

The Ring’s task was to send messages to General Washington about the activities of the British Army in New York City, the British headquarters and base of operations. The members of the Ring operated mostly in New York City, Long Island, and Connecticut. The Ring’s covert operations started in about late October 1778 and continued through the British evacuation of New York in 1783, but its heyday was between 1778 and 1781.

The Culper Ring provided valuable information to General Washington including that the British planned a surprise attack on the newly allied French forces under Lieutenant General Rochambeau at Newport, Rhode Island before the French could fully recover and set up defenses after their arduous sea journey to America; that the British planned to counterfeit American currency on the actual paper used for the Continental dollars, prompting the Continental Congressto retire the bills; that British Major General William Tryon’s raid in Connecticut in July 1779 was a diversion to induce Washington to divide his forces so British Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton could attack them piecemeal; and that a high ranking American officer, soon shown to be American Major General Benedict Arnold, had been plotting with British Major John Andre to surrender the garrison and to turn over the vitally important American fort at West Point, New York on the Hudson River to the British.

For more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culper_Ring

A page from the Culper Ring's code book, with noteworthy people and place names listed side-by-side with numeric representations
A page from the Culper Ring’s code book, with noteworthy people and place names listed side-by-side with numeric representations

George Washington – Profile

George Washington Papers

George Washington, Goodfellow, Women’s History and Agent “355”

The Founding Fathers of American Intelligence

Spies of the Revolution

Manuscripts of Benjamin Tallmadge

Caleb Brewster – Revolutionary War Hero

Caleb Brewster, General George Washington’s Spy in Black Rock

Break the Code

“TURN” THE UNTOLD STORY OF AMERICA’S FIRST SPY RING

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Please sign the petitionhttp://wh.gov/iKYAW

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~~~~~~~~~~~

Sorry but ProPresObama thread comments &
WH daily schedule not available 5/13/19 -5/19/15

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Victory Europe Day – 70th Anniversary

ve-day-lg

Victory in Europe Day, generally known as V-E DayVE Day, or simply V Day was the public holiday celebrated on 8 May 1945 (7 May in Commonwealth realms) to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany‘s unconditional surrender of its armed forces. It thus marked the end of World War II in Europe.

On 30 April, Adolf Hitler, the Nazi leadercommitted suicide during the Battle of Berlin. Germany’s surrender, therefore, was authorized by his successor, Reichspräsident Karl Dönitz. The administration headed by Dönitz was known as the Flensburg Government. The act of military surrender was signed on 7 May in ReimsFrance and on 8 May in Berlin, Germany.

For more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victory_in_Europe_Day

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Belligerents Commanders Casualties and losses

Allies
Soviet Union (1941-45)
United States (1941-45)
United Kingdom
China (at war 1937-45)
France
Poland
Canada
Australia
New Zealand
South Africa South Africa
Belgium (1940-45)
Netherlands (1940-45)
Yugoslavia (1941-45)
Greece (1940-45)
Norway (1940-45)
and others
Axis and Axis-aligned
Germany
Japan (at war 1937-45)
Italy (1940-43)
Hungary (1940-45)
Romania (1941-44)
Finland (1941-44)
Bulgaria (1941-44)
Independent State of Croatia (1941-45)
Slovakia Slovakia
France Vichy France (1940-44)
Thailand (1941-45)
Manchukuo
and others
Allied leaders
Soviet Union Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
United States Franklin D. Roosevelt
United States George Marshall
United Kingdom Winston Churchill
United Kingdom Alan Brooke
Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek
Free French Forces Charles de Gaulle
Democratic Federal Yugoslavia Josip Broz Tito
and others
Axis leaders
Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Nazi Germany Wilhelm Keitel
Empire of Japan Hirohito
Empire of Japan Hideki Tōjō
Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946) Benito Mussolini
Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1946) Miklós Horthy
Kingdom of Romania Ion Antonescu
France Philippe Pétain
Finland C.G.E. Mannerheim
and others
Military dead:
Over 16,000,000
Civilian dead:
Over 45,000,000
Total dead:
Over 61,000,000 (1937-45)
further details
Military dead:
Over 8,000,000
Civilian dead:
Over 4,000,000
Total dead:
Over 12,000,000 (1937-45)
further details

Military history of the United States during World War II.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II

The Veterans Administration http://www.va.gov/

1st Lt. John L. Dougherty’s gravesite, The Netherlands Bert Caris and his group tends to the graves of American Soliders at the Margraten Memorial Center,  The Netherlands  Visit their website “Fallen Not Forgotten
1st Lt. John L. Dougherty’s gravesite, The Netherlands
Bert Caris and his group tend to the graves of American Soliders at the Margraten Memorial Center, The Netherlands Visit their website “Fallen Not Forgotten “.

List of American military cemeteries, federal memorials, monuments and markers located in foreign countries

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WH 70th VE Day

Statement by the President on the 70th Anniversary of V-E Day

Seventy years ago today, the Allied Forces declared victory in Europe over tyranny during World War II.  After more than five years of brutal fighting that took the lives of some 40 million people across the continent—including six million Jews and millions of others murdered by the Nazi regime—the forces of freedom triumphed over oppression in Europe.  The war was not yet won; it would be three more months of fighting in the Pacific.  But V-E Day represented, at long last, a hope for peace.

Today, we salute the more than 16 million Americans who left everything they knew—their families, their homes—to serve in World War II, and then came home to help build the America we know today.  We honor the memory of the more than 400,000 Americans who made the ultimate sacrifice so that we might live free.  We rededicate ourselves—on this day and every day—to the freedoms for which they fought, and to the American Dream for which they died.  We stand with our allies, in Europe and around the world, in defending the liberty and human rights of all people.  And we honor our brave men and women in uniform and their families who continue to defend the freedom that was won 70 years ago today.

5/8/15 National Security Advisor Susan E. Rice remarks at the V-E Day Commemoration

#VEDAY70