U.N. Security Council, U.S. & Intl Community Fight against ISIL

UN Sec Council.

What is the Security Council?


The UN Charter established six main organs of the United Nations, including the Security Council. It gives primary responsibility for maintaining international peace and security to the Security Council, which may meet whenever peace is threatened.

According to the Charter, the United Nations has four purposes:

  • to maintain international peace and security;
  • to develop friendly relations among nations;
  • to cooperate in solving international problems and in promoting respect for human rights;
  • and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.

All members of the United Nations agree to accept and carry out the decisions of the Security Council. While other organs of the United Nations make recommendations to member states, only the Security Council has the power to make decisions that member states are then obligated to implement under the Charter.

Maintaining Peace and Security

When a complaint concerning a threat to peace is brought before it, the Council’s first action is usually to recommend that the parties try to reach agreement by peaceful means. The Council may:

  • set forth principles for such an agreement;
  • undertake investigation and mediation, in some cases;
  • dispatch a mission;
  • appoint special envoys; or
  • request the Secretary-General to use his good offices to achieve a pacific settlement of the dispute.

For more: http://www.un.org/en/sc/about/.

12/17/15 UN Security Council moves to cut off all funding sources for ISIL and other terrorist groups


“… our strategy to counter ISIL has been a whole-of-government approach, including military, diplomatic, intelligence, law enforcement, as well as financial efforts to address all aspects of this very dangerous threat.

One critical piece has been our work to cut off ISIL’s financing. That is going to be a focus, as Josh noted, of the U.N. Security Council meeting tomorrow, a historic meeting, where Secretary Lew will chair a meeting of finance ministers at the U.N. I believe it’s the first time in the history of the Security Council that finance ministers have sat in the chairs around the table.

The goal of the meeting is to bolster our international efforts to get at ISIL sources of revenue, to isolate them from the international financial system, and to counter-financing of terrorism more broadly, even beyond ISIL. So, first, I want to speak briefly about the work that’s ongoing to target ISIL’s financing both within the U.S. government and with our international partners, and then I want to turn to the resolution that we expect to be introduced tomorrow.

On our ISIL efforts, of course ISIL presents an extremely challenging financial target because of its ability to extract revenues from the territory that it controls. But ISIL’s need to control territory is also a vulnerability. ISIL requires large and steady streams of income to pay salaries, procure weapons, maintain infrastructure and a semblance of government. And ISIL needs access to the international financial system. They are not entirely self-reliant. They need to be able to move money, whether that’s with respect to importing oil infrastructure, oil pieces; whether it’s with respect to procuring weapons or communications equipment, or whether it’s with respect to moving money to their off-shore affiliates.

We’ve targeted both ISIL’s ability to generate funds and its ability to use and transfer funds through the international financial system. On the revenue side, the most important pieces, of course, are military — working with coalition partners to target the entire oil supply chain, from the oil fields and wellheads, to the refineries and processing plants, to the tanker trucks themselves. And we’ve all seen the impact that that’s been having over recent weeks.

Second, in terms of accessing the international financial system, we’ve been targeting, using our sanctions tool, to get at ISIL’s key financial facilitators and their leaders and companies. We’ve designated more than 30 of their senior leaders and financiers this year alone. We’re working through international forums, like the Counter-ISIL Finance Group, which is co-chaired by Saudi Arabia, Italy and the United States. It includes more than 30 jurisdictions worldwide, and it’s a platform for us to be sharing information, both targeted and more systemic, about ISIL’s revenue streams and flows, and then work together to collaborate to cut them off.

And we’re working, of course, very intensively with our regional partners. In Iraq, we saw the central government cut off over 90 bank branches that were in ISIL-controlled territory from the Central Bank, and therefore from access to any international financial platform. And we’ve also worked with the governments in Jordan, the governments in Turkey to intensify the scrutiny and the oversight of less formal financial channels, like money service businesses and exchange houses, which we believe ISIL is using to smuggle cash to and then place them in order to move the funds. All of this work will only intensify in the coming months.

Let me now turn to the upcoming U.N. Security Council meeting that, as I said, will take place in New York tomorrow. We expect that the Security Council will be adopting a new resolution to focus its longstanding al Qaeda sanctions regime equally on the threat posed by ISIL. As a word of background, the al Qaeda sanctions regime has been the principal U.N. sanctions tool to direct asset freezes against terror groups. And what we’ll be doing is elevating ISIL, putting it on that same level, and turning those tools and that same experience that we’ve built up internationally against ISIL.

The resolution will add a designation prong, making it a sanctionable offense as it were to associate with ISIL, and giving us more flexibility to go after those who are helping ISIL, whether to move funds, to store funds, or to earn funds. The resolution will also include a number of new broader measures to strengthen our international efforts against terror groups across the board. Specifically, we’ll be calling on all countries to fully criminalize the financing of terrorism and terrorist fighters for any purpose, even in the absence of a link to a specific terrorist act.

And further, we’re going to be calling on countries to expand and intensify information-sharing, both across governments, within governments, and with the private sector. That last piece may sound mundane, but I can tell you, having worked in the counterterrorist financing arena basically since 2002, that’s where the rubber meets the road. It’s about when banks see a suspicious transaction, are they flagging that for financial authorities. And if they are, and that system is working well, is that information then accessible to law enforcement, and can it married with travel data, can it be married with intelligence data so that we can have the best possible chance of disrupting the next attack.”

12/16/15 Adam Szubin – Director of the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC), White House Press Briefing.

US & Intl Community_defeating_isil_abroad.jpg

US Leads 65 Partners to destroy ISIL terrorists

President Obama has a strategy to defeat ISIL, fight terrorism, and protect the homeland

The President is pursuing a comprehensive strategy that draws on every aspect of American power. Here’s an up-to-date look at what we’re doing to combat the threat of terrorism abroad and here at home:

Relentlessly Pursuing ISIL’s Leadership and Shrinking ISIL’s Safehavens

Since the tragic terrorist attacks in Paris on November 13, the United States, along with our 65 partners in the Global Coalition to Counter ISIL, have intensified our efforts to degrade and destroy ISIL in Iraq and Syria.

Here are some of the actions we’ve taken:

  • Since the November 13 attacks in Paris a number of Coalition partners, including Belgium, Germany, Kuwait, Tunisia, made arrests to break up ISIL and ISIL-inspired terrorist cells
  • Since November 17, Coalition airstrikes destroyed 283 ISIL oil tanker trucks, 120 ISIL oil storage tanks, and a significant amount of oil field infrastructure in eastern Syria.
  • On November 17, Canada announced it would increase its trainers in northern Iraq.
  • On December 2, the United States announced that, in full coordination and consultation with the government of Iraq, it plans to deploy an Expeditionary Targeting Force to assist Iraqi and Kurdish partners, including by launching raids against ISIL targets, gathering intelligence, and capturing ISIL leadership.
  • On December 3, the United Kingdom began striking ISIL targets in Syria.
  • On December 4, the German Parliament approved plans to commit up to 1,200 troops to the counter ISIL fight, including potentially deploying surveillance and tanker aircraft.
  • Italy announced plans to increase its presence in Iraq to 750 trainers.
  • France deployed aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle to the eastern Mediterranean to intensify strikes against ISIL targets in Iraq and Syria, particularly around ar-Raqqah.
  • The U.S. and Coalition partners have conducted a total of 8,863 strikes – 5,826 strikes in Iraq and 3,037 strikes in Syria.
  • 31 Coalition airstrikes destroyed 75 ISIL targets across 11 locations in Syria and Iraq. The countries that have participated in the strikes include:
    • In Iraq: (1) Australia, (2) Belgium, (3) Canada, (4) Denmark, (5) France, (6) Jordan, (7) The Netherlands, and (8) UK
    • In Syria: (1) Australia, (2) Bahrain, (3) Canada, (4) France, (5) Jordan, (6) Saudi Arabia, (7) Turkey and (8) UAE
  • 1/15/16 FACT SHEET: Maintaining Momentum in The Fight against ISIL

For more: https://www.whitehouse.gov/isil-strategy



2015 G20 Leader’s Summit – Anatalya, Turkey

G20 Turkey 2015

The Group of Twenty (G20) is the premier forum for its members’ international economic cooperation and decision-making. Its membership comprises 19 countries plus the European Union. Each G20 president invites several guest countries each year.

G20 leaders meet annually. In addition, Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors meet regularly during the year to discuss ways to strengthen the global economy, reform international financial institutions, improve financial regulation and implement the key economic reforms that are needed in each member economy. Underpinning these meetings is a year-long program of meetings among senior officials and of working groups coordinating policy on specific issues.

The G20 started in 1999 as a meeting of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors in the aftermath of the Asian financial crisis. In 2008, the first G20 Leaders’ Summit was held, and the group played a key role in responding to the global financial crisis. Its decisive and coordinated actions boosted consumer and business confidence and supported the first stages of economic recovery. G20 leaders have met eight times since 2008.

The G20 is an apt model for global cooperation in today’s world. Its response to the global financial crisis is a testament to the impact G20 members can make when working together. The G20 introduced trillions of dollars in fiscal stimulus packages worldwide, which saved or created millions of jobs that would otherwise have been destroyed. It also put in place measures to limit the collapse of financial markets and helped maintain consumer and business confidence.

For more: https://g20.org/about-g20/


G20 Turkey - family photo

President Obama’s Travel Itinerary

Sunday, November 15th

President Obama arrives in Turkey
Antalya International Airport

President Obama and Turkey President Erdogan hold a bilateral meeting
Regnum Carya Resort, Istanbul, Turkey

President Obama attends a G20 Welcome Ceremony
Regnum Carya Resort, Anatalya, Turkey

President Obama takes an official G20 family photo
Regnum Carya Resort, Anatalya, Turkey

President Obama participates in a G-20 Leaders working lunch session on development and climate change
Regnum Carya Resort, Anatolia, Turkey

President Obama participates in a G-20 Leaders session on global economy focusing on growth strategies and employment
Regnum Carya Resort, Anatolia, Turkey

President Obama participates in a G20 working dinner
Regnum Carya Resort, Antalya, Turkey

President Obama overnights in Anatalya
Regnum Carya Resort, Anatalya, Turkey


Monday, November 16th

President Obama participates in a G20 session on resilience in financial institutions, international tax, anti-orruption and IMF reform
Regnum Carya Resort, Anatolia, Turkey

President Obama participates in a G20 working lunch on trade, energy and the adoption of the communiquė
Regnum Carya Resort, Anatolia, Turkey

President Obama holds bilateral meetings with British Prime Minister David Cameron, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius and Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi
Regnum Carya Resort, Anatolia, Turkey

President Obama holds a Press Conference
Regnum Carya Resort, Anatolia, Turkey

President Obama departs Turkey en route to the Philippines

10th G20

November 15 – 16, 2015
Regnum Carya Resort, Anatalya, Turkey


G20 Facebook
G20 Twitter
G20 Instagram
G20 YouTube

Live Stream:



Jean Jullien - Peace for Paris
Jean Jullien – Peace for Paris

Pres Obama to veto $612 billion defense policy bill H.R. 1735

Obama to veto $612 billion defense policy bill over budget dispute with GOP-led Congress

OCTOBER 21, 2015 — 6:30PM Associated Press

WASHINGTON — The White House says President Barack Obama will veto a sweeping $612 billion defense policy bill, citing objections over how the measure is funded.

Obama will veto the bill Thursday afternoon in the Oval Office.

Obama also disapproves of provisions in the bill that would complicate his pledge to close the U.S. detention facility at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.

It’s the first time Obama has rejected the measure. Presidents have signed the bipartisan bill into law annually for more than 50 years.

The move will force Congress to revise the bill or try to settle a larger budget dispute that led Obama to veto it.

The bill would increase defense spending by adding $38 billion to a separate war-fighting account. The White House says that’s a “funding gimmick.”

Presidential veto

Press Briefing by White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest

October 15, 2015  Excerpts:

Question by  Mark from the Press Corps:

Where do things stand on the defense authorization bill?” 

Answer by White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest:

The last I heard is that the White House had not yet received the defense authorization bill.  But the President’s intention to veto that legislation still stands, primarily because the bill includes this slush fund tactic that’s an irresponsible way to fund our most basic national security priorities.  And, again, slush fund is not just the appropriate word that I’ve used but that’s actually the description that some Republicans have used for this tactic.

There are also concerns in that legislation about the obstacles to closing the prison at Guantanamo Bay that are included once again in the NDAA bill.  I’ll just point out that based on the vote in the House of Representatives, that there is sufficient support for the President’s position in the House to sustain his veto.  And that’s not something we’ve seen in the past, but it is something that we see this time.


History on The Closing of Guantánamo Bay Naval Base

In January 2009, President Obama signed executive orders directing the CIA to shut what remains of its network of “secret” prisons and ordering the closing of the Guantánamo detention camp within a year. However, he postponed difficult decisions on the details for at least six months. On 7 March 2011, President Obama issued an executive order that permits ongoing indefinite detention of Guantánamo detainees. The National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 would have authorized indefinite detention of suspected terrorists, but enforcement of the relevant section was blocked by a federal court ruling in the case of Hedges v. Obama on 16 May 2012, a suit brought by a number of private citizens, including Chris HedgesDaniel EllsbergNoam Chomsky, and Birgitta Jónsdóttir. The government sidestepped the ruling, however, saying “The government construes this Court’s Order as applying only as to the named plaintiffs in this suit.” [President Obama said in his 2014 State of the Union Speech: “this needs to be the year Congress lifts the remaining restrictions on detainee transfers and we close the prison at Guantanamo Bay“].  As of September 2015, the U.S. government has yet to close the detention camp.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guantanamo_Bay_Naval_Base#Detention_camp


Remarks by the President at Veto Signing of National Defense Authorization Act

Oval Office

3:52 P.M. EDT

THE PRESIDENT:  As President and Commander-in-Chief, my first and most important responsibility is keeping the American people safe.  And that means that we make sure that our military is properly funded, and that our men and women in uniform get the support, the equipment, the support for their families that they need and deserve when they protect our freedom and our safety.

The bill that has been presented to me authorizing our defense — excuse me — the bill that’s before me, authorizing our defense spending for this year, does a number of good things.  It makes sure that our military is funded.  It has some important provisions around reform for our military retirement system, which is necessary to make sure that it is stable and effective.  It’s got some cybersecurity provisions that are necessary for an increasing threat.

Unfortunately, it falls woefully short in three areas.  Number one, it keeps in place the sequester that is inadequate for us to properly fund our military in a stable, sustained way and allows all of our armed forces to plan properly.  I have repeatedly called on Congress to eliminate the sequester and make sure that we’re providing certainty to our military so they can do out-year planning, ensure military readiness, ensure our troops are getting what they need.  This bill instead resorts to gimmicks that does not allow the Pentagon to do what it needs to do.

Number two, unfortunately it prevents a wide range of reforms that are necessary for us to get our military modernized and able to deal with the many threats that are presenting themselves in the 21st century.  We have repeatedly put forward a series of reforms eliminating programs that the Pentagon does not want — Congress keeps on stepping back in, and we end up wasting money.  We end up diverting resources from things that we do need to have the kind of equipment and training and readiness that are necessary for us to meet all potential threats.

And the third thing is that this legislation specifically impeded our ability to close Guantanamo in a way that I have repeatedly argued is counterproductive to our efforts to defeat terrorism around the world.  Guantanamo is one of the premiere mechanisms for jihadists to recruit.  It’s time for us to close it.  It is outdated; it’s expensive; it’s been there for years. And we can do better in terms of keeping our people safe while making sure that we are consistent with our values.

So I’m going to be vetoing this authorization bill.  I’m going to be sending it back to Congress.  And my message to them is very simple:  Let’s do this right.  We’re in the midst of budget discussions — let’s have a budget that properly funds our national security as well as economic security.  Let’s make sure that we’re able, in a constructive way, to reform our military spending to make it sustainable over the long term, and let’s make sure that, in a responsible way, we can draw down the populations in Guantanamo, make sure that the American people are safe, and make sure that we’re not providing the kinds of recruitment tools to terrorists that are so dangerous.

3:57 P.M. EDT

October 22, 2015
President Obama vetoes a major defense policy bill H.R. 1735
Oval Office


United Nations General Assembly 70th Session

United States President Barack Obama chairs a United Nations Security Council meeting at U.N. Headquarters in New York, N.Y., Sept. 24, 2009.
United States President Barack Obama chairs a United Nations Security Council meeting at U.N. Headquarters in New York, N.Y., Sept. 24, 2009.

The General Assembly (GA) is the main deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the UN. Decisions on important questions, such as those on peace and security, admission of new members and budgetary matters, require a two-thirds majority. Decisions on other questions are by simple majority. Each country has one vote.  Some Member States in arrear of payment may be granted the right to vote.  See the list of countries in arrears in the payment of their financial contributions. The Assembly has adopted its own rules of procedure and elects its President for each session.

Functions and powers of the General Assembly

Forum for multilateral negotiation

Established in 1945 under the Charter of the United Nations, the General Assembly occupies a central position as the chief deliberative, policymaking and representative organ of the United Nations. Comprising all 193 Members of the United Nations, it provides a unique forum for multilateral discussion of the full spectrum of international issues covered by the Charter.

It also plays a significant role in the process of standard-setting and the codification of international law. The Assembly meets in regular session intensively from September to December each year, and thereafter as required.

For more: http://www.un.org/en/ga/about/background.shtml



General Assembly, Adopting Work Programme for Session, Discusses New Items, Endorses General Debate Schedule of 28 September to 3 October

Seventieth Session,

2nd Meeting (AM)

Acting on the recommendations of its General Committee, the General Assembly this morning adopted the work programme and agenda for its seventieth session, which contained 173 items, and endorsed the recommendation that its general debate would be held from 28 September to 3 October.

That information, and other organizational matters concerning the Assembly, is contained in the General Committee’s first report (document A/70/250).

Among the topics to be considered in the current Assembly session were several new ones, including follow-up to the outcome document of the high-level plenary meeting — the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples; joint ad-hoc meeting of the First (Disarmament and International Security) and Fourth Committees (Special Political and Decolonization) on possible challenges to space security and sustainability; and global awareness of the tragedies of irregular migrants in the Mediterranean Basin with specific emphasis on Syrian asylum seekers.

Agenda of the 70th regular session


Monday, 28 September 2015

All indicated times are New York time (GMT-4)

09:00 am
Press Conferences and Media Opportunities – Updated list:
General Assembly: 12th and 13th plenary meetings – General Debate (28 September – 3 October 2015).
10:00 am
High-Level Side Sessions on Achieving SDG2: National Strategies for Farmer Empowerment and Inclusive Business and Regional Food Security Strategy and Public-Private Partnerships.
01:15 pm
Innovative financing: showcasing solutions to implement the Global Goals for Sustainable Development.
03:00 pm
Leaders’ Summit on Peace Operations.
Linking Landlocked Developing Countries to Global Opportunities.
04:00 pm
Oceans 14: Implementing the Samoa Pathway and Sustainable Development Goal 14 by the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) through Public-Private Partnerships.
High level event of the leading group on social and solidarity economy.
04:30 pm
Somalia High Level Event (Opening remarks only).
06:30 pm
Implementing the New Development Framework in Countries Affected by Conflict and Fragility.

PBO @ UN General Assembly - lrg

.President Obama’s New York Itinerary 

Sunday, September 27, 2015

President Obama departs White House
South Lawn

President Obama arrives New York
John F. Kennedy International Airport

President Obama delivers remarks at the Closing Session: Post-2015 Development Agenda
U.N. Headquarters, General Assembly Hall, New York, NY

President Obama participates in a USUN Mission meet and greet with employees and their families
U.S. Mission to the United Nations, U.N. Headquarters, New York, NY

President Obama delivers remarks at a DNC LGBT Gala
Gotham Hall, New York, NY

President Obama overnights in New York


Monday, September 28, 2015

President Obama speaks at the Opening Session of the 70th United Nations General Assembly
U.N. Headquarters, New York, NY

President Obama holds a bilateral meeting with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi
U.N. Headquarters, General Assembly Hall, New York, NY

President Obama meets with Sam Kutesa, President of the United Nations General Assembly
U.N. Headquarters, New York, NY

President Obama meets with United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
U.N. Headquarters, New York, NY

President Obama attends a luncheon hosted by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon
U.N. Headquarters, New York, NY

President Obama chairs a United Nations Peacekeeping Summit
U.N. Headquarters, New York, NY

President Obama holds a bilateral meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin
U.N. Headquarters, New York, NY

President Obama and the First Lady Michelle Obama hosts a reception for visiting Heads of State and Government
Lotte New York Palace, New York City

Tuesday, September 29, 2015

President Obama speaks at the Leaders’ Summit on Countering ISIL and Violent Extremism
U.N. Headquarters, New York, NY

President Obama holds a bilateral meeting with Cuban President Raul Castro
U.N. Headquarters, New York, NY

President Obama holds a bilateral meeting with Kazakhstian President Nursultan Nazarbayev
U.N. Headquarters, New York, NY


70th Session of the United Nations General Assembly
Presiding Chair: President Obama
U.N. Headquarters, New York, N.Y


Live Stream: http://webtv.un.org/




9/11 Patriot Day 2015

In the United States, Patriot Day occurs on September 11 of each year, designated in memory of the 2,993 killed in the September 11, 2001 attacks. Most Americans refer to the day as “Nine-Eleven (9/11),” “September Eleventh,” or some variation thereof. U.S. House of Representatives Joint Resolution 71 was approved by a vote of 407-0 on October 25, 2001. It requested that the President designate September 11 of each year as “Patriot Day.”

On this day, President Obama asks Americans to observe a moment of silence at 8:46 AM ET and calls upon all departments, agencies, and instrumentalities of the United States to display the flag of the United States at half-staff on Patriot Day and National Day of Service and Remembrance in honor of the individuals who lost their lives on September 11, 2001.

President Obama urges Americans to we mark each September 11th as a National Day of Service and Remembrance.

United We Serve http://www.serve.gov/sept11.asp

9/11 Memorial

National September 11 Memorial and Museum

The Pentagon Memorial

Flight 93 National Memorial

Beyond the 11th

National Fallen Firefighters Foundation

Better Business Bureau Human Service Charities http://www.bbb.org/charity-reviews/national/human-services/

Better Business Bureau Police and Fire Fighters Charities http://www.bbb.org/charity-reviews/national/police-and-firefighter/


Friday, September 11

8:39 AM ET
9/11 Memorial – http://www.911memorial.org/watch-911-anniversary-ceremony
Live webcast of the September 11, 2001 anniversary ceremony. The observance of the 12th anniversary
9/11 Memorial Plaza, New York, NY

8:46 AM ET
President Obama, Vice President Biden, First Lady Michelle, Dr. Jill Biden and White House staff observe a moment of silence to mark the 12th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks
South Lawn of the White House

9:45 AM ET
Memorial for the passengers and crew aboard United Flight 93
Shanksvillle, PA

3:00 PM ET
President Obama holds a town hall with service members
Defense Media Activity, Fort Meade, Maryland


Sorry but ProPresObama thread comments &
WH daily schedule not available 9/10/15 – 9/19/15

End of WWII – 70th Anniversary

Top L: Battle of Wanjialing, Top R: First Battle of El Alamein, Mid L: Battle of Stalingrad, Mid R: German dive bombers over East Front winter 1943-1944, Bottom L: Wilhelm Keitel signing German Instrument of Surrender, Bottom R: Invasion of Lingayen Gulf
Top L: Battle of Wanjialing, Top R: First Battle of El Alamein, Mid L: Battle of Stalingrad, Mid R: German dive bombers over East Front winter 1943-1944, Bottom L: Wilhelm Keitel signing German Instrument of Surrender, Bottom R: Invasion of Lingayen Gulf

World War II, or the Second World War was a global military conflict lasting from 1939 to 1945 which involved most of the world’s nations, including all of the great powers, organised into two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, with more than 100 million military personnel mobilised. In a state of “total war“, the major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by significant action against civilians, including the Holocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it was the deadliest conflict in human history, and it has been estimated that it resulted in fifty million to over seventy million fatalities.

The war is generally accepted to have begun on 1 September 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany and subsequent declarations of war on Germany by France and most of the countries of the British Empire and Commonwealth. China and Japan were already at war by this date, whereas other countries that were not initially involved joined the war later in response to events such as the German invasion of the Soviet Union and the Japanese attacks on the U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor and on British overseas colonies, which triggered declarations of war on Japan by the United States, the British Commonwealth, and the Netherlands.

The war ended with the disintegration of the German war effort and the unconditional surrender of the Empire of Japan by 1945. World War II left the political alignment and social structure of the world significantly altered. While the United Nations was established to foster international cooperation and prevent future conflicts, the Soviet Union and the United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the stage for the Cold War, which would last for the next forty-six years. Meanwhile, the United States’ strong advocacy of the principle of self-determination accelerated decolonization movements in Asia and Africa, while Western Europe began moving toward economic recovery and increased political integration.

The exact date of the war’s end is also not universally agreed upon. It was generally accepted at the time that the war ended with the armistice of 14 August 1945 (V-J Day), rather than the formal surrender of Japan (2 September 1945); it is even claimed in some European histories that it ended on V-E Day (8 May 1945).[citation needed] A peace treaty with Japan was signed in 1951 to formally tie up any loose ends such as compensation to be paid to Allied prisoners of war who had been victims of atrocities. A treaty regarding Germany’s future allowed the reunification of East and West Germany to take place in 1990 and resolved other post-World War II issues.

Belligerents Commanders Casualties and Losses

Soviet Union (1941-45)
United States (1941-45)
United Kingdom
China (at war 1937-45)
New Zealand
South Africa South Africa
Belgium (1940-45)
Netherlands (1940-45)
Yugoslavia (1941-45)
Greece (1940-45)
Norway (1940-45)
and others
Axis and Axis-aligned
Japan (at war 1937-45)
Italy (1940-43)
Hungary (1940-45)
Romania (1941-44)
Finland (1941-44)
Bulgaria (1941-44)
Independent State of Croatia (1941-45)
Slovakia Slovakia
France Vichy France (1940-44)
Thailand (1941-45)
and others
Allied leaders
Soviet Union Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
United States Franklin D. Roosevelt
United States George Marshall
United Kingdom Winston Churchill
United Kingdom Alan Brooke
Republic of China Chiang Kai-shek
Free French Forces Charles de Gaulle
Democratic Federal Yugoslavia Josip Broz Tito
and others
Axis leaders
Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Nazi Germany Wilhelm Keitel
Empire of Japan Hirohito
Empire of Japan Hideki Tōjō
Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946) Benito Mussolini
Kingdom of Hungary (1920–1946) Miklós Horthy
Kingdom of Romania Ion Antonescu
France Philippe Pétain
Finland C.G.E. Mannerheim
and others
Military dead:
Over 16,000,000
Civilian dead:
Over 45,000,000
Total dead:
Over 61,000,000 (1937-45)
further details
Military dead:
Over 8,000,000
Civilian dead:
Over 4,000,000
Total dead:
Over 12,000,000 (1937-45)
further details

Military history of the United States during World War II

The Veterans Administration http://www.va.gov/


Aug 14-16, 2015  http://www.spiritof45.org


#WWII70    #VJDay70

G7 Summit 2015


The Group of 7 (G7) is a group consisting of the finance ministers and central bank governors of seven major advanced economies as reported by the International Monetary FundCanadaFranceGermanyItalyJapan, the United Kingdom, and the United States meeting to discuss primarily economic issues. The European Union is also represented within the G7. The G7 are the seven wealthiest major developed nations by national net wealth, representing more than 64% of the net global wealth ($263 trillion) according to the Credit Suisse Global Wealth Report October 2014. The IMF’s Managing Director usually participates. Recent G7 meetings include that of May 2013 in Aylesbury, United Kingdom with an emergency meeting in The Hague, Netherlands on March 24, 2014. Most recently, there was a meeting in Brussels on June 4, 2014.

The G7’s precursor was the ‘Group of Six’, founded ad hoc in 1975, consisting of finance ministers and central bank governors from FranceWest GermanyItalyJapan, the United Kingdom and the United States, when Giscard d’Estaing invited them for an “informal gathering at the chateau of Rambouillet, near Paris […] in a relaxed and private setting”.  The intent was “to discuss current world issues (dominated at the time by the oil crisis) in a frank and informal manner”.  Canada became the seventh member in 1976, after which the name ‘Group 7’ or G7 was used.  During 1986–87 the G7 with its finance ministers and central bank governors superseded the G5 as the main policy coordination group, particularly following the Louvre Accord of February 1987, agreed by the G5 plus Canada and endorsed by the G7.

For more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/G7


Leaders of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK, US, European Council & European Commission
Leaders of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK, US, European Council & European Commission

G7 Summit 2015 
Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany

The heads of state and government of the Group of Seven (G7) will be meeting at Schloss Elmau in Upper Bavaria on 7 and 8 June 2015. In addition to the global economy and foreign, security and development policy, they will be discussing the UN conferences to be held in 2015 as well as the post-2015 agenda.

Other key issues they will be addressing include:

  • Protection of the marine environment, marine governance and resource efficiency,
  • Antibiotic resistance, neglected and poverty-related diseases, and Ebola,
  • Retail and supply chain standards, and
  • Empowering self-employed women and women in vocational training.

The leaders of the G7 countries will also discuss energy security, including as part of the Rome G7 Energy Initiative. In addition, they will continue the ongoing G7 process in regard to development policy.

A community of shared values
The G7 countries have a special responsibility when it comes to shaping our planet’s future. As a community of shared values, the G7 must work towards establishing peace and security and ensuring people can live a self-determined life. Freedom and human rights, democracy and the rule of law, peace and security, prosperity and sustainable development are core principles agreed by the G7.

“The heads of state and government of the G7 do not accept the Russian Federation’s illegal annexation of Crimea. As a community of values, they have therefore decided to hold their meetings without Russia until further notice.”

Foreign and security policy
The G7’s commitment to pursue a common foreign and security policy is extremely important given the numerous political crises the world over. In March 2014 the G7 declared that a meaningful discussion was currently not possible with Russia in the context of the G8. Since then meetings have continued within the G7 process.

Sustainable economic growth and free trade
The G7 countries are key actors in international economic relations, and as such they carry great responsibility for creating reliable, sustainable and viable global economic conditions. Dynamic and sustainable growth in industrialised, newly industrialising and developing countries is easier to achieve if those countries are agreed on basic issues around economic development, cross-border trade and an effective, prudent financial market architecture.

That is why the G7 will continue to work towards establishing an enabling environment that is stable in the long term in order to promote dynamic, sustainable economic growth. Sound finances, open global markets and a well-functioning labour market have a key role to play in that. The G7 states will together continue to promote international trade.

For more: http://www.g7germany.de/Webs/G7/EN/Home_en/home_node.html

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President Obama’s Europe Intinerary

Saturday, June 6

President Obama travels to Munich, Germany for the G7 Summit

Sunday, June 7

President Obama arrives in Munich, Germany

President Obama travels to Krün, Germany

President Obama joins German Chancellor Merkel in meeting with the citizens of the town of Krün
Krün, Germany

President Obama participates in a walk with German Chancellor Angela Merkel
Krün, Germany

President Obama holds a bilateral meeting with German Chancellor Merkel
Krün, Germany

President Obama attends a G7 welcome ceremony
Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany

President Obama joins other leaders in G7 sessions focusing on the global economy, growth and values
Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany

President Obama joins other leaders in G7 sessions focusing on trade and standards
Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany

President Obama joins other leaders in G7 family photo
Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany

President Obama and Prime Minister Cameron of the United Kingdom hold a bilateral meeting
Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany

President Obama joins other leaders in attending a cultural performance for the leaders
Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany

President Obama joins other leaders in a working dinner
Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany

Monday, June 8

President Obama meets with French President Hollande
Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany

President Obama joins other leaders in G7 sessions focusing on energy and climate
Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany

President Obama joins other leaders in G7 sessions focusing on terrorism
Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany

President Obama joins other leaders in a working lunch on development issues
Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany

President Obama and Iraqi Prime Minister Haider Al-Abadi  hold a bilateral meeting
Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany

President Obama holds a press conference
Schloss Elmau, Bavaria, Germany

President Obama departs Krün, Germany