Brown v. Board of Education


Brown v Board of Education

Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. The decision overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision of 1896, which allowed state-sponsored segregation, insofar as it applied to public education. Handed down on May 17, 1954, the Warren Court‘s unanimous (9–0) decision stated that “separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.” As a result, de jure racial segregation was ruled a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. This ruling paved the way for integration and was a major victory of the civil rights movement.

For much of the sixty years preceding the Brown case, race relations in the U.S. had been dominated by racial segregation. This policy had been endorsed in 1896 by the United States Supreme Court case of Plessy v. Ferguson, which held that as long as the separate facilities for the separate races were equal, segregation did not violate the Fourteenth Amendment (“no State shall… deny to any person… the equal protection of the laws.”).

For more: .


Federal Government records pertaining to the Brown v. Board of Education, held by the National Archives and Records Administration. Information in these materials, such as the Introduction to these records, can enrich youths’ historical comprehension of this landmark case.

Library of Congress’s resources from their Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, online exhibit. Dig even deeper into the history with the NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund Brown at 60 site and learn more about “The Doll Test.”

5/16/14 First Lady Michelle Obama talks to Head of Interpretation & Education Brown v BOE Historic Site Stephanie Kyzariazis, Topeka Kansas

5/16/14 First Lady Michelle Obama talks to Head of Interpretation & Education Brown v BOE Historic Site Stephanie Kyzariazis, Topeka Kansas


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WH daily schedule not available 5/13/19 -5 /19/15


WH petition for Gen George Washington’s Culper Ring


We The People Petition

I have started a petition on the White House ‘We The People” webpage to:

Award The Medal of Freedom to The Culper Ring, Gen Washington’s Revolutionary War intelligence group.

There should be a Medal of Freedom or a postage stamp issued in recognition of the efforts of The Culper Ring, General Washington’s Revolutionary War intelligence group based in Setauket, Long Isand. You may have read the Alexander Rose’s book Washington’s Spies: The Story of America’s First Spy Ring (2007) or seen AMC’s Turn: Washington’s Spies. Until I discovered the findings of Mr. Rose’s research I thought that America became it’s own nation when independence was declared on July 7, 1776 by the Continental Congress. There real facts are that General Washinton and his troops were still fighting (and loosing to embedded British forces).

The Culper Ring consisted of a close group of childhood friends whose covert efforts was a major factor in helping General Washington to defeat the British forces in America. The Culper Ring members appeared to be regular towns people going about their everyday lives, but they were also observing and reporting the movements of the British troops. They risked their lives to give General Washington timely and important information so that he could strategize, anticipate and eventually defeat the British forces in 1779.

I would really appreciate it if you could help me to get the word out. I have until June 30 to get 100,000 signatures in order for it to be reviewed by the White House. Until the petition has 150 signatures, it will only be available from the following URL and will not be publicly viewable on the Open Petitions section. If USPS can feature cartoon character stamps shouldn’t we have a postage stamp featuring real American heroes who helped to form The United States of America?

Please sign the petition


CR of

Culper Spy Ring map route

Culper Spy Ring map route

The Culper Ring was a spy ring organized by American Major (later Colonel) Benjamin Tallmadge under orders from General George Washington in the summer of 1778 during British occupation of New York City at the height of the American Revolutionary War. The “Culper” name was suggested by Washington who devised it from Culpeper County, Virginia. The two main members of the Ring, Abraham Woodhull and Robert Townsend, used “Samuel Culper, Sr.” and “Samuel Culper, Jr.” respectively, as aliases. Tallmadge was in direct contact with and control of the Ring but Washington often directed its operations. Tallmadge was referred to by the alias of “John Bolton.”

The Ring’s task was to send messages to General Washington about the activities of the British Army in New York City, the British headquarters and base of operations. The members of the Ring operated mostly in New York City, Long Island, and Connecticut. The Ring’s covert operations started in about late October 1778 and continued through the British evacuation of New York in 1783, but its heyday was between 1778 and 1781.

The Culper Ring provided valuable information to General Washington including that the British planned a surprise attack on the newly allied French forces under Lieutenant General Rochambeau at Newport, Rhode Island before the French could fully recover and set up defenses after their arduous sea journey to America; that the British planned to counterfeit American currency on the actual paper used for the Continental dollars, prompting the Continental Congressto retire the bills; that British Major General William Tryon’s raid in Connecticut in July 1779 was a diversion to induce Washington to divide his forces so British Lieutenant General Sir Henry Clinton could attack them piecemeal; and that a high ranking American officer, soon shown to be American Major General Benedict Arnold, had been plotting with British Major John Andre to surrender the garrison and to turn over the vitally important American fort at West Point, New York on the Hudson River to the British.

For more:

A page from the Culper Ring's code book, with noteworthy people and place names listed side-by-side with numeric representations
A page from the Culper Ring’s code book, with noteworthy people and place names listed side-by-side with numeric representations

George Washington – Profile

George Washington Papers

George Washington, Goodfellow, Women’s History and Agent “355”

The Founding Fathers of American Intelligence

Spies of the Revolution

Manuscripts of Benjamin Tallmadge

Caleb Brewster – Revolutionary War Hero

Caleb Brewster, General George Washington’s Spy in Black Rock

Break the Code



Please sign the petition



Sorry but ProPresObama thread comments &
WH daily schedule not available 5/13/19 -5/19/15


US-GCC Summit


US-GCC Summit

US-GCC Summit Dates Announced

Published: April 17, 2015 Patrick W. Ryan | SUSRIS

The White House today announced May 13-14, 2015 as the dates for the US-GCC Summit proposed by President Obama. Gulf Cooperation Council leaders — Kuwait, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, UAE and Oman — will meet on May 13 at the White House and May 14 at Camp David, Maryland. The summit was mentioned by President Obama in his April 2, 2015 Rose Garden remarks where he announced the P5+1 and Iran framework agreement.

The summit comes as the United States and its GCC allies face mounting regional security challenges. The U.S. and most of the GCC states are involved in two international coalitions cobbled together, first an American-led campaign begun last summer to push back and destroy the ISIS threat in Iraq and Syria and second a Saudi-led intervention in Yemen launched March 26th to stop the Houthi rebels. The United States agreed to provide “logistical and intelligence support” in the case of Yemen. In announcing that support the White House noted, “The United States coordinates closely with Saudi Arabia and our GCC partners on issues related to their security and our shared interests.”

For more: .


United States-GCC Summit
May 13 – 14, 2015
White House, Washington D.C.
& Camp David, Catoctin Mountain Park, Maryland


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Pres Obama @ Summit on Overcoming Poverty


PBO @ GU Poverty Summit


MAY 7, 2015 – PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA WILL PARTICIPATE in a unique Catholic-Evangelical Leadership Summit on Overcoming Poverty at Georgetown next week that addresses key questions related to the moral, human and economic costs of poverty in the United States.

The President will discuss the topic of poverty and opportunity May 12 with well-known Harvard public policy professor Robert Putnam and Arthur Brooks, president of the American Enterprise Institute.

“Georgetown University is privileged to host this unprecedented and timely summit of Catholic, evangelical and other religious leaders coming together to make overcoming poverty a clear moral imperative and urgent national priority,” says Georgetown President John J. DeGioia. “The university is particularly honored to welcome President Obama to join this unique dialogue with Robert Putnam and Arthur Brooks.”

Washington Post columnist and McCourt School of Public Policy adjunct professor E.J. Dionne Jr. will moderate the discussion, and the conversation will be webcast at


Sen. Tim Scott (R-South Carolina) will address the summit after the discussion.

The May 11-13 summit is organized by Georgetown’s Initiative on Catholic Social Thought and Public Life and the National Association of Evangelicals.

“As Pope Francis has placed a preference for the poor at the center of public life,” DeGioia adds, “we bring our resources as a Catholic and Jesuit university in the nation’s capital to engage in dialogue and scholarship that supports the betterment of humankind and the common good.”


More than 120 leaders from evangelical, Catholic and broader religious communities, as well as key policy makers, researchers and community organizers, have been invited to the summit.

“With this summit, Catholic and evangelical leaders hope to create a new sense of urgency, new allies and new ideas to help overcome the political paralysis and moral scandal of too much poverty and too little opportunity in our nation,” says John Carr, the Georgetown initiative’s director. “We are honored that President Obama has chosen to join us in addressing this urgent moral imperative.”

Carr says the summit is a “direct response” to Pope Francis’ “challenge to place the lives and dignity of the poor at the center of religious and public life.”

Key partners and participants for the summit include the Circle of Protection, the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Bread for the World, World Vision, the Salvation Army, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Catholic Charities USA, Oxfam America, Sojourners, PICO National Network and the Annie E. Casey Foundation.

For more:


The White House would like to hear how the issues discussed at the summit are playing out in your community, and how you think we can continue expanding opportunity for more Americans

May 12, 2015
11:30 AM ET
President Obama joins leaders from faith groups, public and private organizations in a panel discussion at the
Catholic-Evangelical Leadership Summit on Overcoming Poverty
Georgetown University, Washington DC




WH Emerging Global Entrepreneurs Event

Presidential Ambassadors for Global Entrepreneurship

President Obama to Recognize Emerging Global Entrepreneurs

WASHINGTON, DC – On Monday, May 11th, the White House will bring together emerging entrepreneurs from across the United States and around the world to highlight the importance of investing in women and young entrepreneurs to create innovative solutions to some of the world’s toughest challenges, including poverty, climate change, extremism, as well as access to education and healthcare. This event comes ahead of the President’s travel to this summer’s  and provides a unique opportunity to galvanize global attention on emerging women and young entrepreneurs.

The event will recognize the impact made by a number of U.S. government-led initiatives. In 2014, the Administration set a goal for its best entrepreneurship programs, now to be led under the umbrella of the Spark initiative, to generate over a billion dollars in private investment for emerging entrepreneurs by the end of 2017, with half of this goal to be raised for women and young entrepreneurs.  The White House will name nine more top American entrepreneurs to be named as Presidential Ambassadors for Global Entrepreneurship to contribute to this goal. The world’s brightest entrepreneurs still require further support through the commitments and collaboration of governments, investors, businesses, organizations and individuals. The event will also recognize the creation of the Spark Global Entrepreneurship coalition to further these objectives.

For more:


About the Presidential Ambassadors for Global Entrepreneurship

The Presidential Ambassadors for Global Entrepreneurship (PAGE) initiative is a first-of-its-kind collaboration between celebrated American entrepreneurs, the White House, the Department of Commerce, and our Department of State, U.S. Agency for International Development and Small Business Administration partners. Our goal is to harness their energy, ideas, and experience to help develop the next generation of entrepreneurs both at home and abroad. The initiative is organized around three pillars: Providing opportunities and pathways to access capital; access talent and education; and access opportunity and inspiration.

President Obama launched and established PAGE in April 2014 and the initiative is chaired by U.S. Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker. As part of their commitment to entrepreneurship, PAGE members develop Signature Entrepreneurship Initiatives designed to inspire entrepreneurs, expand networks and global exposure of existing entrepreneurs, or increase deal-flow between investors and entrepreneurs. They also participate in public events and lend their voices and platforms to connect with entrepreneurs at home and abroad.

In the initiative’s first year, PAGE members have actively delivered on the mission. Domestically, Steve Case launched the “Rise of the Rest” – a bus tour that has championed and invested $1 million in startups in nine cities across the country. Tory Burch’s Elizabeth Street Capital initiative partnered with Bank of America to increase mentorship opportunities and loans to female entrepreneurs. Hamdi Ulukaya announced the launch of a food incubator in Brooklyn. On the global stage, Nina Vaca traveled with Secretary Pritzker to Accra, Ghana for two days of mentorship and workshops with entrepreneurs. Alexa von Tobel and Steve Case addressed the Young African Leaders Initiative (YALI) Fellowship Summit. Von Tobel, Ulukaya and Daphne Koller travelled to the Global Entrepreneurship Summit in Marrakesh, Morocco. Rich Barton took part in a Tech Connect sponsored by the Global Innovation through Science and Technology initiative. Koller announced that Coursera would produce an entrepreneurship specialization in partnership with the University of Maryland—an online course that teaches entrepreneurship fundamentals accessible to anyone with an internet connection around the world.

For more:

3:30 PM ET
President Obama delivers remarks at the White House Emerging Global Entrepreneurs Event
South Court Auditorium


Happy Mother’s Day

Toya Graham and her son Michael

Toya Graham and her son Michael

Happy Mother’s Day to Toya Graham 

April 29, 2015

White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest’s remarks on the topic of Baltimore resident Toya Graham’s interaction with her son Michael

James S. Brady Press Briefing Room

Q One last thing. The President often has talked, when issues of racial tension have come up, about how he perceives things, or tries to look at things as a father. Toya Graham is being talked about as sort of a hero mom for her specific and videotaped interaction with her son in some of the more intense moments that occurred in Baltimore. I’m just curious — has the President seen any of that? Does he have any evaluation of it? Does he believe it is something that adds to our understanding about the role of parents in situations like this?

MR. EARNEST: I haven’t spoken to the President about this specific thing. I do feel confident in hazarding a guess that he has seen the video. The President, as he alluded to in the Rose Garden yesterday, does believe that there is a role for parents to play there in terms of setting guidelines and doing right by their kids. He also pointed out that there are certain policies and certain situations where it’s virtually impossible for parents to do right by their kids. And trying to confront those obstacles to responsible parenting is one thing that we all need to take responsibility for and not just pin that responsibility on police officers who already have a very difficult job.

But the President, even dating back to his first presidential campaign — and you covered some of these events — remember that the President, in rather colorful fashion on occasion, talked about how important it is for parents to impose some guidelines and to impose some structure on their kids, and that that was going to be critical to their success, and that there is a lot, there’s a significant role for the government to play in terms of putting in place policies — like good schools, economic opportunity, early childhood education, even making sure that kids have good access to health care I think are in line with the kinds of things that the government can do to try to address some of these endemic problems.

But the President also believes that we should not overlook the critically important role that parents can play in setting some guidelines and setting some structure for their kids to give them a chance to succeed.

Q Based on your memory and my memory of that particular speech — and you, I’m sure, have seen the video, you have a hunch the President has seen it. Without saying whether or not the President would have acted in a similar way or endorse Michelle asking in a similar way, do you think he would generally be okay with what he saw and this ultimate result, which was to discourage her son from participating further in the activity?

MR. EARNEST: Well, I think what I — why don’t I just say it this way. I think what resonated with me is — and he has got a lot more experience being a parent than I do, but let me just say what resonated with me —

Q As do I. (Laughter.)

MR. EARNEST: As do you. So maybe we should hear what resonated with you. But let me just say that the thing that resonated with me was her expression that she was concerned about her son facing the same fate as Freddie Gray. And while I’m sure that it was not the immediate reaction of her son to feel like she was looking out for his best interest, there is no doubting that her reaction was one that was rooted in her concern for his safety and his well-being and her love for her child. And I think that is a very powerful expression about the role that parents can play, that that expression of love was very conspicuous and one that I think will serve as a powerful influence on that young man’s life.

And that same kind of passion and concern and love for the well-being of one’s child I do think is the kind of thing that can contribute to a young man or woman having the kind of opportunity to succeed that a lot of other kids don’t get.

WH Mothers Day 2015

Happy Mother’s Day


POTUS @ Lake Area Tech & FLOTUS @ Tuskegee U


LakeAreaTech PBO


APRIL 13, 2015

WATERTOWN, SD Lake Area Technical Institute is honored and privileged to join the White House in announcing that President Barack Obama will be Lake Area Tech’s commencement speaker to the graduating class of 2015.

The White House announced today its intentions for President Obama to speak at the ceremony. The release noted that Lake Area Technical Institute is one of the top community colleges in the nation, and is recognized for rigorously preparing its students with the skills they need to compete in the 21st Century economy. With graduation rates among the highest in the nation, Lake Area Technical Institute focuses on providing its graduates smooth pathways to high skilled careers with private-sector businesses.

For more:


Friday, May 8, 2015, 5:00 PM ET
President Obama delivers the commencement address
to the Class of 2015
Lake Area Technical Institute

Watertown Civic Arena, Watertown, South Dakota

Streamed Live:


TuskegeeU FLOTUS

First Lady of the United States Michelle Obama to deliver commencement speech at niversity Saturday, May 9


First Lady Michelle Obama TUSKEGEE, Ala. (April 21, 2015) — First Lady Michelle Obama will deliver the address at Tuskegee University’s 130th Spring Commencement Ceremony. Mrs. Obama will address approximately 500 graduates as well as their friends, family and members of the university community on Saturday, May 9, 2015, at 11 a.m. CST in the Gen. Daniel “Chappie” James Arena.

For more:


Saturday, May 9, 2015 at 12:00 PM ET
First Lady Michelle Obama delivers the commencement address to the Class of 2015
Tuskegee University, Daniel “Chappie” James Center, Tuskegee, Alabama

Streamed Live:



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