Six Major Rulings from the Supreme Court


Here Are the Six Major Rulings We’ll Get From the Supreme Court This Week

Jun 24, 2015 12:14 PM PDT Greg Shohr – bloomberg

The U.S. Supreme Court is saving the best for last.

The nation’s top court will issue a series of major rulings over the next several days as it closes its nine-month term. In addition to landmark gay-marriage and Obamacare cases, the court will decide on potentially far-reaching disputes involving housing discrimination, redistricting, air pollution and lethal injection.

“Almost all of the remaining rulings have huge implications and promise to be closely divided,” said Tom Goldstein, a Washington appellate lawyer whose Scotusblog website tracks the court.

The first of seven rulings will come at 10 a.m. Washington time Thursday, with more scheduled for Friday and Monday. The court doesn’t say in advance which decisions are being released which day, but it almost always resolves all its pending cases by the end of June.

Before they pack up, the justices will also say whether they will supplement the session that starts in October with new cases on abortion, affirmative action and union fees.

Here’s what’s coming from the Supreme Court over the next week:

  • Gay Marriage

No case is bigger than the one that could legalize same-sex weddings nationwide. Only 11 years after Massachusetts became the first gay-marriage state, the court would be putting the capstone on the biggest civil rights transformation in a half-century.

 The cases are: Obergefell v. Hodges (Ohio), Tanco v. Haslam (Tennessee), DeBoer v. Snyder (Michigan), and Bourke v. Beshear (Kentucky).

  • Health Care

Three years after upholding President Barack Obama’s signature health-care [Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act] law against a broad constitutional challenge, the court will decide whether a four-word phrase will severely undercut the measure.

The case: King v. Burwell

  • Housing Discrimination

The biggest race case of the term may produce a long-sought legal victory for lenders and insurers, as well as social conservatives. The court is poised to say whether people suing under the U.S. Fair Housing Act can win their case without showing intentional discrimination.

The case:  Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project

  • Lethal Injection

The April 29 argument over lethal injection methods might have been the most heated of the term, with one justice accusing death penalty opponents of waging a “guerrilla war” and another saying she couldn’t trust a state lawyer.

The case: Glossip v. Gross

Supreme Court says Okla. lethal injection doesn’t violate Constitution

  • Clean Air

The utility industry and a group of states are trying to topple an Environmental Protection Agency rule that would cut mercury and other hazardous emissions from 460 coal-fired power plants.

The case: Michigan v. Environmental Protection

  • Redistricing

The court may deal a fresh blow to efforts to make federal elections more competitive by barring states from setting up independent commissions to draw congressional district boundaries. The issue is whether an Arizona commission strips state lawmakers of power reserved to them by the U.S. Constitution.

The case: Arizona State Legislature v. Arizona Independent Redistricting Commission

For more:


US Supreme Court


Veterans’ Access to Care through Choice, Accountability, and Transparency Act of 2014

President Barack Obama shakes hands and thanks Soldiers of 1st Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division
President Barack Obama shakes hands and thanks Soldiers of 1st Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division

The Veterans’ Access to Care through Choice, Accountability, and Transparency Act of 2014 (H.R. 3230) is a bill that is intended to address the ongoing Veterans Health Administration scandal of 2014. The bill would expand the number of options veterans have for receiving care and grant the United States Secretary of Veterans Affairs more power to fire senior executives. The Veterans Health Administration scandal of 2014 began with the discovery that there was on-going systematic lying by the Veterans Health Administration about the wait times veterans experienced waiting to be seen by doctors. By June 5, 2014, Veterans Affairs internal investigations had identified a total of 35 veterans who had died while waiting for care in the Phoenix VHA system. Another audit determined that “more than 57,000 veterans waited at least 90 days to see a doctor, while another 63,000 over the last decade never received an initial appointment.”

For more:,_Accountability,_and_Transparency_Act_of_2014




August 01, 2014

The Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States is relieved that Congress finally did what they were elected to do and passed an emergency funding bill at the last minute to help the Department of Veterans Affairs overcome a nationwide crisis in care and confidence. The House of Representatives on Wednesday passed H.R. 3230, the Veterans Access, Choice and Accountability Act of 2014, by a vote of 420-5, and on Thursday, the Senate did likewise, by a vote of 91-3. The bill now heads to the president for his signature.

“This legislation will help new VA Secretary Robert McDonald to fix what’s broken, hold people accountable, and restore the faith that veterans must have in their VA,” said VFW National Commander John W. Stroud, of Hawthorne, Nev. “The VFW salutes House VA Committee Chairman Jeff Miller (R-Fla.), Senate VA Committee Chairman Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), their staffs and supporters for making this happen.”

The $15 billion emergency funding bill expands access to non-VA health care facilities for veterans experiencing excessive appointment waiting times, or who reside 40 miles or more away from a VA medical facility; hires more doctors, nurses and other health care practitioners; adds 27 new or expanded VA outpatient clinics; enhances care for victims of Military Sexual Trauma and those suffering from Traumatic Brain Injuries; and provides instate tuition rates for all Post-9/11 GI Bill recipients, regardless of residency requirements. The legislation also gives the VA secretary far more latitude in firing senior executives who fail in their primary mission of taking care of America’s veterans.

“Holding people appropriately accountable is critical to mission accomplishment in both the public and private sector, which is why that same rule must also apply to the three senators and five congressmen who voted against H.R. 3230,” said Stroud.

Voting against the legislation were Sens. Tom Coburn (R-Okla.), Bob Corker (R-Tenn.) and Jeff Sessions (R-Ala.), and Reps. Rick Crawford (R-Ark.), Jack Kingston (R-Ga.), Walter Jones (R-N.C.), Mark Sanford (R-S.C.), and Steve Stockman (R-Texas). The hypocrisy of their “no” votes, according to the VFW national commander, is virtually all of them voted for hundreds of billions in supplemental war funding with little concern about corresponding offsets or oversight about how or where the money would be spent; and one was even the governor of a state that experienced tremendous active, Guard and Reserve deployments, as well as combat casualties.

For more:


Thursday, August 7, 2014
President Obama signs
H.R. 3230 – Veterans’ Access to Care through Choice, Accountability, and Transparency Act of 2014
Fort Belvoir, VA


FINALLY: Some Sensibility & Responsibility in Congress – HR 2775 Passed

Shame on Congress

House Representatives finally took off the tin foil hats of the Tea Party Pirates and lo and behold they could finally think and see clearly.


The sad thing is that President Obama asked Congress to pass a continuing resolution long ago but because of  Congress’ manufactured crisis  then waiting until the last minute to do their job properly the credibility of the USA has been scrutinized, which has cost the nation at least $24 billion,  the  people have had to suffer and President Obama had to cancel meetings with global leaders and thus lost opportunities to increase American trade with other countries .


Now Congress needs to focus on:

* Passing  The “Continuing Appropriations Act 2014 ” HR 2775 which provides fiscal year 2014 appropriations for projects and activities of the Federal Government through Wednesday, January 15, 2014… to stop the shutdown of the US Government (UPDATE: 10/16/13 The Senate passes HR 2775, the House also passes the act and President Obama has signed into law the act). 

 . Highlights of HR 2775:

  • Shutdown: Workers return, agencies financed until Jan 15, 2014
  • Debt Ceiling: Authority to borrow money extended to Feb 7, 2014
  • Health Care Law: Dept of Health & Human Services must certify it can verify income eligibility of people seeking subsidies
  • Congress: No pay raise for members of Congress in 2014
  • Wildfires: Allocates $636 million for firefighting for the Interior Dept & the Forest Service
  • Kentucky: Increases to $2.9 billion the funding for dams on the Lower Ohio River.
  • Veterans: Sets aside $294 million for Veterans Affairs to reduce backlogs of benefit claims.
Source: AP & Washington Post

* Raise the debt ceiling (which simply means paying for debt already incurred)

* Pass bills to help the middle-class Americans

* Work on bills to invest funds in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) so that Americans can compete with the rest of the world 

 .TeaBagger Flag

Vote The Tea Party Pirates Out From Congress in Nov! 


People's hopes and dreams are what matters

Because we’ve all got a lot of work to do on behalf of the American people – and that includes the hard work of regaining their trust.  Our system of self-government doesn’t function without it.  And now that the government is reopened, and this threat to our economy is removed, all of us need to stop focusing on the lobbyists, and the bloggers, and the talking heads on radio, and the professional activists who profit from conflict, and focus on what the majority of Americans sent us here to do – and that’s grow this economy, create good jobs, strengthen the middle class, lay the foundation for broad-based prosperity, and get our fiscal house in order for the long haul.

10/17/13 President Obama speaking on  reopening the Government 

President Obama’s plan to help rebuild America:

* Economy

* Education

* Energy & Environment

Health Care


* Technology

* Veterans


US Govt & Indigenous Peoples Timeline 1819-2015

Native Alaskan head wareNative Hawaiian War HelmetNative American indian head ware

US Govt & Indigenous Peoples Timeline 1819-2015 Civil Rights Timelines ™

1819 – Mar 3  Civilization Fund Act encouraged activities of benevolent societies in providing education for Native Americans and authorized an annuity to stimulate the “civilization process”
1820 – Protestant missionaries arrive to the Hawai’ian Kingdom
1824 – Mar 11  U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs Agency established,
1830  – May 28 Indian Removal Act of 1830 aka The Trail of Tears was the forced relocation and movement of Native American nations  (CherokeeMuscogee (Creek)SeminoleChickasaw, and Choctaw nations, among others) from southeastern parts of the United States.  Many suffered from exposure, disease, starvation and death.
1832 – Aug 1 – Battle of Bad Axe
1834 – Nonintercourse Act is the collective name given to six statutes passed by the United States Congress in 1790, 1793, 1796, 1799, 1802, and 1834. The Act regulates commerce between Native Americans and non-Indians.
1840 – The Constitution of The Hawai’ian Kingdom is formed, Oct 24 Colorado River Massacre
1843 – Hawai‘ian Kingdom’s independence recognized; Great Britain and France sign a reciprocal agreement in which both nations formally recognize the independence and sovereignty of the Hawaiian Kingdom.
1846 – Mar – Sacramento River Massacre
1847 – Feb 3–4 Storming of Pueblo de Taos
1848 – Hawai’ian King Kamehameha III divides land; paves way for foreign ownership
1850 – May 15 – Bloody Island MassacreKingdom of Hawai‘i – U.S. treaty ratified 
1851 – Feb 27 – Appropriation Bill for Indian Affairs allocated funds to move western tribes onto reservations
1853 – Before Dec 31 – “Ox” Incident Massacre
1854 – Aug 19 – Grattan Massacre
1855 – Sep 2 – Harney Massacre
1860 – Dec 18 Pease River Massacre
1861 – Jan 27 Bascom Affair a key event triggering the 25-year-long 1860s Apache Wars
1862 – Aug–Sep – Dakota War of 1862
1863 – Jan 29 – Bear River Massacre, Apr 19 – Keyesville Massacre
1864 – Nov 29 – Sand Creek Massacre
1865 – Mar 14 – Mud Lake Massacre
1866 – Apr 9 Civil Rights Act of 1866 is a U.S. federal law declaring that everyone born(except certain Native Americans) in the U.S. and not subject to any foreign power is a citizen, without regard to race, color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude, Jul 2 – Kidder Massacre
1867 – Aug 1  United States purchases Alaska from Russia
1868 – Nov 27 – Washita Massacre
1870 – Jan 23 – Marias Massacre
1872 – Dec 28 – Skeleton Cave Massacre
1875 – Apr 10 – Sappa Creek Massacre
1877 – Aug 8 – Big Hole Massacre
1879 – Jan 9–21  Fort Robinson Massacre
1879 – May 12 U.S. Federal Court rules that an Indian is a man with rights
1882 – The U.S. Navy shells Alaska Native villages
1883 – President Chester Arthur visits the Shoshoni and Arapaho Indians in Wind River, Wyoming
1884 –  After military abuses, the U.S. establishes a government in Alaska
1885 – Major Crimes Act  places 7 major crimes under federal jurisdiction if they are committed by a Native American against another Native American in Native territory.
1887 – Dawes Act adopted by Congress, authorized the President of the US to survey Indian tribal land, divide it into allotments for individual Indians and opeining up any “excess land” for settlement by non-Indians, Hawaiian King Kalākaua was forced to sign the 1887 Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaii, which stripped the king of much of his authority.
1887 – Jul 6 ‘Bayonet Constitution’ takes Kingdom of Hawaii’s Native’s rights
1890 – Businessmen plan for Hawai‘ian Kingdom’s annexation, Dec 29 Wounded Knee Massacre
1891 – Hawai‘ian Kingdom’s last monarch Queen Liliʻuokalani is crowned 
1893 – Businessmen call on U.S. military to invade Kingdom of Hawai‘i
1893 – Jan 17  Overthrow of the Hawai’ian Kingdom – local businessmen and politicians, composed primarily of American and European residents, overthrew the Queen Lili’uokalani, her cabinet and her marshal, and took over the government of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi
1896 – Hawai’ian language restricted
1898 – U.S. annexes Hawai‘i; seizes land; suppresses healers 
1898 – Curtis Act of 1898 an amendment to the United States Dawes Act that brought about the allotment process of lands of the Five Civilized Tribes of Indian Territory: the ChoctawChickasawMuscogeeCherokee, and SeminoleNelson Act of 1889  United States federal law intended to relocate all the Anishinaabe people in Minnesota to the White Earth Indian Reservation in the western part of the state, and to expropriate the vacated reservations for sale to European Americans.
During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the U.S. government attempted to control the travel of Native Americans off Indian reservations. Since Native Americans did not obtain U.S. citizenship until 1924, they were considered wards of the state and were denied various basic rights, including the right to travel.
1900 –  Native Hawaiians oppose U.S. annexation 
1905 – Native Hawai’ian healing practices are outlawed 
1906 – Burke Act designed to correct certain defects in the General Allotment Act (“GAA”), May 17 Alaska Native Allotment Act permitted individual Alaska Natives to acquire title to up to 160 acres, Former Indian reservations in Oklahoma The US Federal government broke up collective tribal landholdings through the allotment process before the establishment of Oklahoma as a state in 1907. Instead of reservations, Oklahoma Indian tribes have tribal jurisdictional areas, with Osage Nation being the one exception, June 8 Antiquities Act passed meant for the preservation of American antiquities
1907 – Mar 2  Lacey Act of 1907 revised federal Indian Law to provide for the allotment of tribal funds to certain classes of Indians.
1915 – Alaska Natives must renounce cultures to become citizens
1917 – Dec 18  Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act  the largest land claims settlement in US history was signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon
1919 – Nov 6  The Act of November 6, 1919, Indian who had fought with honorable discharge after World War I was also considered a citizen
1921 – Jul 9  Hawai’ian Homelands  the US federal government set aside as approximately 200,000 acres  in the Territory of Hawai’i as a land trust for homesteading by Native Hawai’ians.
 1923 –  President Warren Harding visits Indian Country in Alaska
1924 – Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 granted full U.S. citizenship to America’s indigenous peoples
1927 – President Calvin Coolidge visits the Oglala Lakota dancers at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota
1928 – Meriam Report commissioned by the Institute for Government Research (IGR, better known later as the Brookings Institution) and funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. The IGR appointed Lewis Meriam as the technical director of the survey team, to compile information and report of the conditions of American Indians across the country
1934  – President Franklin D. Roosevelt  visited the Blackfeet Tribe, Montana, Apr 16  Johnson–O’Malley Act subsidize education, medical attention, and other services provided by states to Native Americans, especially those not living on reservations. It was effective only in Minnesota, Jun 18 The Indian Reorganization Act  sometimes known as the Indian New Deal, was U.S. federal legislation that secured certain rights to Native Americans (known in law as American Indians or Indians), including Alaska Natives.  These include actions that contributed to the reversal of the Dawes Act‘s privatization of communal holdings of American Indian tribes and a return to local self-government on a tribal basis. The Act also restored to Indians the management of their assets (being mainly land) and included provisions intended to create a sound economic foundation for the inhabitants of Indian reservations.
1936 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt  visited  The Cherokee Tribe, North Carolina, Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act a United States federal law that extended the 1934 Wheeler-Howard or Indian Reorganization Act to include those tribes within the boundaries of the state of Oklahoma.
1936 – Federal recognition extended to Alaska Native villages
1937 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited Quinault People, Washington State
1940 – Nationality Act of 1940 – Congress reaffirmed Native people’s citizenship
1941 – Hawai‘i under martial law; U.S. military takes sacred lands 
1944 – National Congress of American Indians established 
1945 – Alaska’s territorial legislature adopts Anti-Discrimination Act of 1945 
1952 –  President Harry S. Truman  stopped over at the Fort Peck Reservation, Montana
1953 – Aug 1 House concurrent resolution 108 declared it to be the sense of Congress that it should be policy of the United States to abolish federal supervision over American Indian tribes as soon as possible and to subject the Indians to the same laws, privileges, and responsibilities as other US citizens, Aug 15  Public Law 280 (Pub.L. 83–280, August 15, 1953, codified as 18 U.S.C. § 116228 U.S.C. § 1360, and 25 U.S.C. §§ 13211326, is a federal law of the United States establishing “a method whereby States may assume jurisdiction over reservation Indians,” as stated in McClanahan v. Arizona State Tax Commission. 411 U.S. 164, 177 (1973).
1956 – Indian Relocation Act of 1956 – Public Law 959 or the Adult Vocational Training Program was a United States law intended to encourage Native Americans in the United States to leave Indian reservations, acquire vocational skills, and assimilate into the general population.
1959 – Jan 3  Alaska becomes the 49th State of the United States of America, Aug 21 Hawai`i becomes the 50th State of the United States Of America
1966 Oct 15 National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 intended to preserve historical and archaeological sites in the US
1968 – Indian Civil Rights Act (ICRA) in 1968, also called the Indian Bill of Rights, Native Americans were guaranteed many civil rights they had been fighting for’
1971 – Alaska Native Claims Settlement ActAmerican Indian Religious Freedom Act (ANCSA) was signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon on December 18, 1971, the largest land claims settlement in United States history
1972 – The Indian Education Act empowers parents; funds student programs
1972 Native Hawai’ian group calls for reparations from U.S. 
1973 Feb 27- May 8  200+ Oglala Lakota and followers of the American Indian Movement (AIM) seized and occupied the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation to protest the corruption and abuse of of tribal president Richard Wilson and demand his impeachment.
1973 – Dec 22  Menominee Restoration Act returned federally recognized sovereignty to the Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin.
1975 – Jan 4  Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975 (Public Law 93-638) authorized the Secretaries of the Department of InteriorHealth, Education and Welfare and some other government agencies to enter into contracts with, and make grants directly to, federally recognized Indian tribes. The tribes would have authority for how they administered the funds, which gave them greater control over their welfare.
1976 – Tobeluk vs. Lind was a landmark case in Alaskan Native education. The 27 teenage plaintiffs brought suit against the State of Alaska, claiming that Native American boarding schools were discriminatory and unjust.
1978 – Aug 11 American Indian Religious Freedom Act Public Law No. 95-341, 92 Stat. 469, enacted to protect and preserve the traditional religious rights and cultural practices of American Indians,EskimosAleuts, and Native Hawai’ians., Sept 30 Rhode Island Claims Settlement Act  Aboriginal title claim, Nov 8  Indian Child Welfare Act (Pub.L. 95–608, 92 Stat. 3069, codified at 25 U.S.C. §§ 19011963.) is a Federal law that governs jurisdiction over the removal of Native American (Indian) children from their families.
1979 – 0ct 31 Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979 regulated access to archaeological resources on federal and Indian lands
1980 – Oct 10  Maine Indian Claims Settlement Act – Aboriginal title claim
1982 – Indian Claims Limitations Act The Indian Claims Limitations Act of 1982 (ICLA) is a United States federal statute of limitations that governs some types of claims by Native American tribes and claims by the federal government on behalf of tribes, Dec 31 Florida Indian (Miccosukee) Land Claims Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim
1983 – Oct 18  Connecticut Indian Land Claims Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim
1983 – U.S. denies responsibility for overthrow of Hawai’ian monarchy , First Gathering of Nations Pow-wow 
1985 –  President Ronald Reagan met with trival leaders in Albuquerque, New Mexico,
1986- Oct 27  Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians Supplementary Claims Settlement Act  – Aboriginal title claim
1987 – Aug 18  Massachusetts Indian Land Claims Settlement – Aboriginal title claim, Dec.31 Florida Indian (Seminole) Land Claims Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim
1988 – Aleut Restitution Act of 1988 a reparation settlement passed by the United States Congress in 1988, in response to the internment of Aleut people living in the Aleutian Islands during World War IIIndian Gaming Regulatory Act established the jurisdictional framework that governs Indian gaming
1989 – Jun 21  Washington Indian (Puyallup) Land Claims Settlement   – Aboriginal title claim
1990 – Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-644) is a truth-in-advertising law that prohibits misrepresentation in marketing of American Indian or Alaska Native arts and crafts products within the United States, Oct 30 – Native American Languages Act of 1990 Public Law 101-477 of 1990 gave historical importance as repudiating past policies of eradicating Indian Languages by declaring as policy that Native Americans were entitled to use their own languages., Nov 3 – Seneca Nation (New York) Land Claims Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim, Nov 16 – Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act  requires federal agencies and institutions that receive federal funding  to return Native American “cultural items” to lineal descendants and culturally affiliated Indian tribes and Native Hawai’ian organizations, Nov 26 – Aroostock Band of Micmacs Settlement Act – Aboriginal title claim
1993 – Nov 23  President Bill Clinton (D) signs legislation apologizing for the U.S. role in the 1893 overthrow of the Hawai’ian monarchy. The apology, known as the Apology Resolution , meant as a means of reconciliation with Native Hawai’ians, acknowledges the historic significance of the event—but the apology does not provide federal recognition to Native Hawai’ians as other federal laws provide to American Indian tribes, Nov 16 President Bill Clinton (D) signs The Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993,  Pub. L. No. 103-141, 107 Stat. 1488; the Supreme Court soon struck down RFRA as an unconstitutional exercise of Congressional powers in City of Boerne v. Flores
1994 – Oct 19  Mohegan Nation (Connecticut) Land Claims Settlement – Aboriginal title claim, Nov 2  Crow Boundary Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim
1996 – Oct 26  Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 simplifed and reorganized the system of providing housing assistance to Native American communities to help improve the unsatisfactory conditions of infrastructure in Indian country. The legislation proposed to accomplish this reform by reducing the regulatory strictures that burdened tribes attempting to use their housing grants, and created a new program division of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) that combined several previously used programs into one block grant program committed to the task of tribal housing.
1996 – U.S. Court recognizes land rights of Venetie Tribe of Neetsaii’ Gwich’in Indians 
1997 – Jun 5 – Secretarial Order #3206 American Indian Tribal Rights, Federal-Tribal Trust Responsibilities, and the Endangered Species Act.
1998 – Former Indian reservations in Oklahoma are the Indian reservations in the lands that are now the state of Oklahoma. Prior to statehood, both Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory contained suzerain Indian Nations that had legally established boundaries,  Supreme Court overturns Neetsaii’ Gwich’in tax levy
1999 -President Bill Clinton visits the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, Montana
2000 – Nov 1  Santo Domingo Pueblo Claims Settlement – Aboriginal title claim, Dec 20 Native American Code Talkers Receive Congressional Gold Medal, Dec 27  Torres-Martinez Desert Cahiilla Indian Claims Settlement – Aboriginal title claim, President Bill Clinton visits the Navajo Nation in Shiprock, New Mexico
2002 – Dec 13  Cherokee, Choctaw, and Chickasaw Nation Claims Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim
2001 – Jan 19 – Secretarial Order # 3225 Endangered Species Act and Subsistence Uses in Alaska (Supplement to Secretarial Order 3206)
2004 – Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act of 2004 established the legal framework for the distribution of the “Western Shoshone Judgement Funds” stemming from docket 326-K before the Indian Claims Commission
2005 – May 23  Secretarial Orde #3261 Realignment of Functions Relating to the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
2006- Esther Martinez Native American Languages Preservation Act Public Law No: 109-394,  It authorized funding for new programs for tribes to prevent the loss of heritage and culture, Sept 27 Pueblo De San Ildefonso Claims Settlement – Aboriginal title claim
2007 – Sep 13 United Nations adopted The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
2009 – Apr 30 U.S. Senate passed a resolution apologizing to all Native Peoples on behalf of the United States for a long history of official depredations and ill-conceived policies by the Federal Government regarding Indian tribes, May 8  President Barack Obama (D) signed a law repealing the Bennett Freeze section10(f) of Public Law 93-531, Nov 5  President Barack Obama hosts the first White House Tribal Nations Conference 
2010 – Mar 23 President Obama (D) signed into law the The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA),commonly called Obamacare  thus  making The Indian Health Care Improvement Act (IHCIA), the cornerstone legal authority for the provision of health care to American Indians and Alaska Natives permanent, Jul 29  Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 signed into effect by President Obama (D) that expands the punitive abilities of tribal courts across the nation. The law allows tribal courts operating in Indian country to increase jail sentences handed down in criminal cases. This was a major step toward improving enforcement and justice in Indian country. Before this law, tribal courts were limited in the scope of punishment they could hand down in criminal cases, giving them the impression of a lower, less serious court. They now possess the power under the Tribal Law and Order Act to pass increased sentences in order to incarcerate defendants longer, Dec 8 President Obama (D)  signed into law the Claims Resolution Act which includes the Cobell, Keepseagle, and other settlement agreements, Dec 16 President Obama (D) endorses the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples2010 White House Tribal Nations Conference
2011 – Jul 5 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act rule 10.11 moderated requirements for cultural affiliation causing museums to consult with tribes that request the repatriation of culturally unidentifiable human remains. Dec 2  White House Tribal Nations Conference
2012 – Dec 5  White House Tribal Nations Conference
2013 – Mar 5  Federal Agencies Announce Action Plan to Guide Protection of Indian Sacred Sites, Mar 7 Pres Obama signs VAWA 2013 and Tribal Jurisdiction Over Crimes of Domestic Violence ,Nov 8 Interior Expands Land Buy-Back Process Across Indian Country, Nov 13 –  White House Tribal Nations Conference, Nov 20  Native American Code Talkers Receive Congressional Gold Medal
 2014 – Jan 6 Native Language Immersion Student Achievement Act, S. 1948. The legislation “would establish a grant program to fund Native language educational programs, May 9 Jewell announces $700K in tribal energy grants, May 28  Sandia Pueblo Settlement Technical Amendment Act is a bill that would transfer to the Sandia Pueblo of New Mexico some land from the United States Forest Service, provided that land remains an “open space in its natural state.”, Jun 8 Attorney General Eric Holder office consults with tribes to increase voting access for American Indians and Alaska Natives, Jun 13  President Obama visits the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, Cannon Ball, North Dakota, Jun 18 Washington Redskins football team’s trademark registration for its nickname was canceled by a U.S. Patent and Trademark Office appeals board, Jun 18 The Interior Department issued a press release announcing it is taking “a first step to consider reestablishing a government-to-government relationship between the United States and the Native Hawaiian community, Jul 16 Senators introduce Tribal Adoption Parity Act,  Aug 20 Secretary Jewell Issues Secretarial Order Affirming American Indian Trust Responsibilities, Sep 8 USDA appoints members to Native Farming, Ranching Council,  Sep 26  “Tribal General Welfare Exclusion Act of 2014,”  excludes Indian general welfare benefits from gross income in calculating income tax; and establishes a Tribal Advisory Committee to advise the Treasury Department on matters relating to the taxation of Indians and “Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe – Fish Springs Ranch Settlement Act,” which ratifies a water settlement agreement between the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe and Fish Springs Ranch,  Dec 16 President Obama designated the pristine waters of Bristol Bay as off limits to consideration for oil and gas leasing, Dec 18 President Obama signed into law S. 1474, Alaska Safe Families and Villages Act of 2014, which repeals current law limitation on jurisdiction of Indian tribes in the State of Alaska over domestic violence,
2015 – Jan 13 Jodi Gillette, Special Assistant to President Obama for Native American Affairs, responds to the White House Petition “Stop Apache Land Grab, Feb 2 President Obama takes  historic step in recognizing and reaffirming true government-to-government relations and in honoring the trust responsibility to American Indian tribes pursuant to treaties and the U.S. Constitution., Feb 28 Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell, on behalf of the U.S., signed an historic agreement guaranteeing the water rights of the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes in NevadaRevised Guidelines of Indian Child Welfare Act, Mar 23 Tribes Get $6 Million in Federal Funds for Energy Efficiency Projects, Apr 29 Obama Administration designates  Pine Ridge Indian Reservation of the Oglala Sioux Tribe a Promise Zone,
Jun 12 US State Department launches initiatives to provide technical assistance and support to civil society organizations responding to hate crime and bias-motivated violence targeting LGBT persons globally
.Source: Wikipedia,, &


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List of Prominent Native Americans of the United States 

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Enough Posturing. Get Serious – #JustVote



“As reckless as a government shutdown is, as many people as are being hurt by a government shutdown, an economic shutdown that results from default would be dramatically worse. In a government shutdown, Social Security checks still go out on time. In an economic shutdown, if we don’t raise the debt ceiling, they don’t go out on time.

In a government shutdown, disability benefits still arrive on time. In an economic shutdown, they don’t. In a government shutdown, millions of Americans — not just federal workers — everybody faces real economic hardship. In an economic shutdown, falling pensions and home values and rising interest rates on things like mortgages and student loans — all those things risk putting us back into a bad recession, which will affect this company and those workers and all of you. That’s not my analysis. That’s — every economist out there is saying the same thing. We’ve never done it before.

And the United States is the center of the world economy. So if we screw up, everybody gets screwed up. The whole world will have problems, which is why generally nobody has ever thought to actually threaten not to pay our bills. It would be the height of irresponsibility. And that’s why I’ve said this before — I’m going to repeat it: There will be no negotiations over this. The American people are not pawns in some political game. You don’t get to demand some ransom in exchange for keeping the government running. You don’t get to demand ransom in exchange for keeping the economy running. You don’t get to demand ransom for doing your most basic job.

And the sooner that the Republicans in Congress heed the warnings not just of me or Democrats like Chris and John, but heed the warnings of the Chamber of Commerce, and CEOs, and economists, and a whole lot of Republicans outside of Congress — they’re all saying, do not do this. They’re all saying to Congress, do your job; and the sooner you do your job, the less damage you’ll do to our economy and to businesses like this one.

So pass a budget, end the government shutdown. Pay our bills. Prevent an economic shutdown. Just vote and end this shutdown. And you should do it today so we can get back to growing this economy, creating jobs and strengthening our middle class.”

10/3/13 President Obama


Day 7 - Boehner JUST VOTE

Boehner #JustVote_med

GOP’s New Strategy: Avert Default But Keep Government Shut

OCTOBER 10, 2013, 11:46 AM EDT1829 SAHIL KAPUR – tpm

Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) announced Thursday that the House will move forward with a six-week debt limit extension after pitching the idea to his Republican conference during a closed-door meeting.

The plan would sustain the government shutdown — now in its 10th day — while temporarily averting a catastrophic debt default by authorizing continued borrowing through Nov. 22. Conservative activists like Heritage Action’s chief and RedState blogger Erick Erickson paved the way for this plan this week by calling on the GOP to wage their fight against Obamacare on the government funding measure, rather than the debt ceiling.

“We’re going to offer legislation that will offer a temporary increase in the debt ceiling,” said Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers (WA), the No. 4 House Republican, after the meeting. “That will allow us some time to continue this conversation.”

The legislation hasn’t been finalized yet. It’s expected to omit unrelated policy measures and may include language about negotiating a long-term solution, according to one source. And the U.S. would not be permitted to take extraordinary measures to borrow after Nov. 22.

For more:


Landline: (202) 225-0600

Twitter:  @SpeakerBoehner



(UPDATE: 10/16/13 The Senate passes HR 2775, the House also passes the act and President Obama has signed into law the act). 


GOP Wants A Government Shutdown Costing Billions

Tom Toles cartoon
Tom Toles editorial cartoon.

TeaBagger Flag

80 in House: Shutdown is better than ‘Obamacare’


WASHINGTON (AP) — More than one-third of House Republicans are urging their leader to trigger a government shutdown rather than fund “Obamacare.”

Eighty Republicans on Thursday asked Speaker John Boehner (BAY’-nur) to resist any spending bills that would help implement the new health care law.

It’s virtually certain that President Barack Obama and Senate Democrats would reject such demands. A partial government shutdown probably would result.

With 80 of the House’s 233 Republicans signing the letter, a solid majority has refrained from trying to limit Boehner’s options. That presumably would allow him to push a bipartisan bill that funds the health law and is supported by a “majority of the majority” of his fellow Republicans. That’s a Boehner priority.

But Boehner would need more than 60 Democratic votes to pass such a bill.


Shutdown Would Cost U.S. Economy $300 Million a Day, IHS Says

Sep 30, 2013 6:18 PM PT By Jeanna Smialek & Ian Katz – bloomberg

A partial shutdown of the federal government would cost the U.S. at least $300 million a day in lost economic output at the start, according to IHS Inc.

While that is a small fraction of the country’s $15.7 trillion economy, the daily impact of a shutdown is likely to accelerate if it continues as it depresses confidence and spending by businesses and consumers.

Lexington, Massachusetts-based IHS estimates that its forecast for 2.2 percent annualized growth in the fourth quarter will be reduced 0.2 percentage point in a weeklong shutdown. A 21-day closing like the one in 1995-96 would cut growth by 0.9 to 1.4 percentage point, according to Guy LeBas, chief fixed income strategist at Janney Montgomery Scott LLC in Philadelphia.

“Greater uncertainty will create hesitancy on the part of businesses to embark on new projects” and encourage consumers to save rather than spend, LeBas said in a research note. “An extended government shutdown has the potential to reverse a good portion of the Federal Reserve’s low-interest rate stimulus.”

The Fed on Sept. 18 unexpectedly refrained from reducing the $85 billion pace of bond purchases intended to boost growth, saying it needs more time to assess the economy’s progress. Federal Reserve Bank of New York President William C. Dudley said last week the budget showdown in Washington is among the risks to the outlook.

The U.S. government is poised at midnight for its first partial shutdown in 17 years. Republicans and Democrats remained at odds over whether to tie any changes to the 2010 Affordable Care Act to a short-term extension of government funding.

For more:


Shutdown Report: How to Play Chicken and Lose

SEPTEMBER 18, 2013 ROBERT KUTTNER – AmericanProspect

In past budget showdowns, the GOP has forced Obama to blink first. Not this time.

Republicans are likely to incur serious political damage in their effort to hold hostage continued funding of the government in exchange for deep spending cuts. This routine has become an annual ritual, and in the past President Barack Obama has been the first one to cave. The 2011 Budget Control Act, which includes the automatic sequester, is one bitter fruit of the president’s past failure to hang tough in the face of Republican extremist demands.

But this time is different.

The Tea Party Republicans, who dominate the GOP House Caucus, are demanding that President Obama de-fund the Affordable Care Act in exchange for their willingness to fund ordinary government spending in the new fiscal year, which begins October 1. But they picked the wrong demand. In the past, Obama was willing to make deep cuts in federal spending in order to get a budget deal with Republicans. The Affordable Care Act, however, is a nonnegotiable for the president. It’s his personal crown jewel, the centerpiece of his legacy. For Tea Party Republicans, however, Obamacare is evil itself, and opposition to it is a loyalty test.

For more:


How Congress reached this point

Mon Sep 30, 2013 9:01 AM EDT By Steve Benen – maddowblog

Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.) appeared on “Face the Nation” yesterday and made clear that he’s confused about the federal budget process. Noting that the House and Senate have passed competing spending measures intended to keep the government’s lights on, the Republican senator asked, “Why don’t we have a conference committee on this?”

It fell to Senate Majority Whip Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) to patiently try to explain the details Rand Paul must have missed: “We’ve been trying for more than six months to get Republicans to approve a conference committee on the budget.”

I mention this exchange because I imagine there are quite a few Americans wondering how in the world we ended up, once again, with the prospect of an imminent government shutdown. It’s worth taking a moment to remember that this crisis isn’t an accident — congressional Republicans created it on purpose several months ago.

In the early spring, both the House and Senate approved competing budget resolutions, and under the American system of government, both sides were supposed to go to a conference committee to hash out the differences. This year, Republicans refused. Consider this Washington Post piece from early May, which is all the more amazing nearly five months later.

[The shrinking deficit] might seem like good news, but it is unraveling Republican plans to force a budget deal before Congress takes its August break. Instead, the fiscal fight appears certain to bleed into the fall, when policymakers will face another multi-pronged crisis that pairs the need for a higher debt limit and the fresh risk of default with the threat of a full-scale government shutdown, which is also looming Oct. 1.

In the meantime, Republicans face a listless summer, with little appetite for compromise but no leverage to shape an agreement. Without that leverage, House Budget Committee Chairman Paul Ryan (R-Wis.) said Tuesday, there is no point in opening formal budget negotiations between the House and the Senate, because Democrats have no reason to consider the kind of far-reaching changes to Medicare and the U.S. tax code that Republicans see as fundamental building blocks of a deal.

This is critically important to understanding what’s happening on Capitol Hill right now. If the House and Senate had gone to a conference committee back in the spring to work out their budget differences, Republicans would have been expected to compromise to reach a broader agreement — but Republicans don’t want to compromise.

So they decided to abandon the budget process they themselves had asked for so they could do precisely what they’re doing now — use extortion instead of compromise to try to get what they want.

Continue reading this entry:


Shutdown of the Federal Government: Causes, Processes, and Effects
August 6, 2013
Clinton T. Brass, Coordinator
Specialist in Government Organization and Management


When federal agencies and programs lack appropriated funding, they experience a funding gap. Under the Antideficiency Act, they must cease operations, except in certain emergency situations or when law authorizes continued activity. Failure of the President and Congress to reach agreement on interim or full-year funding measures occasionally has caused government shutdowns, the longest of which lasted 21 days, from December 16, 1995, to January 6, 1996. Government shutdowns have necessitated furloughs of several hundred thousand federal employees, required cessation or reduction of many government activities, and affected numerous sectors of the economy. This report discusses the causes, processes, and effects of federal government shutdowns, including potential issues for Congress.

For the entire article:


UPDATE:  GOP’s New Strategy: Avert Default But Keep Government Shut

OCTOBER 10, 2013, 11:46 AM EDT1829 SAHIL KAPUR – tpm

Speaker John Boehner (R-OH) announced Thursday that the House will move forward with a six-week debt limit extension after pitching the idea to his Republican conference during a closed-door meeting.

The plan would sustain the government shutdown — now in its 10th day — while temporarily averting a catastrophic debt default by authorizing continued borrowing through Nov. 22. Conservative activists like Heritage Action’s chief and RedState blogger Erick Erickson paved the way for this plan this week by calling on the GOP to wage their fight against Obamacare on the government funding measure, rather than the debt ceiling.

“We’re going to offer legislation that will offer a temporary increase in the debt ceiling,” said Rep. Cathy McMorris Rodgers (WA), the No. 4 House Republican, after the meeting. “That will allow us some time to continue this conversation.”

The legislation hasn’t been finalized yet. It’s expected to omit unrelated policy measures and may include language about negotiating a long-term solution, according to one source. And the U.S. would not be permitted to take extraordinary measures to borrow after Nov. 22.

For more:

GOP Shutdown -

Boehner #JustVote - lrgContact your legislator Contact your Congress person to TELL THEM TO START WORKING WITH PRESIDENT OBAMA TO HELP AMERICA’S RECOVERY!!

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(UPDATE: 10/16/13 The Senate passes HR 2775, the House also passes the act and President Obama has signed into law the act). 

Cutting Into The Bone

Judges urge Congress to avoid more sequestration cuts

August 15, 2013 By Mark Sherman, washingtonpost

Top federal judges in 49 states are urging lawmakers to avoid another round of automatic spending cuts that they say would have a “devastating and long-lasting impact” on the federal courts.

The unusual letter from the chief judges of trial courts in every state but Nevada says that the $350 million reduction in the judiciary’s lower budget for this year has dramatically slowed court proceedings and jeopardized public safety. The judges say there are fewer probation and other law enforcement officers to deal with record numbers of convicts who have been released from prison or given alternative sentences.

The letter was sent this week to congressional leaders in both parties in the House and the Senate. Congress is not in session in August.

“We had to let people know that we’ve cut so far past the fat and so far past the muscle that we’re into the bone,” Chief Judge Loretta Preska of the U.S. District Court in Manhattan said Thursday.

For more:



80 in House: Shutdown is better than ‘Obamacare’


WASHINGTON (AP) — More than one-third of House Republicans are urging their leader to trigger a government shutdown rather than fund “Obamacare.”

Eighty Republicans on Thursday asked Speaker John Boehner (BAY’-nur) to resist any spending bills that would help implement the new health care law.

It’s virtually certain that President Barack Obama and Senate Democrats would reject such demands. A partial government shutdown probably would result.

With 80 of the House’s 233 Republicans signing the letter, a solid majority has refrained from trying to limit Boehner’s options. That presumably would allow him to push a bipartisan bill that funds the health law and is supported by a “majority of the majority” of his fellow Republicans. That’s a Boehner priority.

But Boehner would need more than 60 Democratic votes to pass such a bill.


Farm Bill passes in House, without food stamp funding

July 11 at 3:40 pm By Ed O’Keefe – washingtonpost

House Republicans successfully passed a Farm Bill Thursday by splitting apart funding for food stamps from federal agricultural policy, a move that infuriated the White House and congressional Democrats who spent most of the day trying to delay a final vote.

Lawmakers voted 216 to 208 make changes to federal agricultural policy and conservation programs and end direct subsidy payments to farmers. But the measure says nothing about funding for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or food stamps, which historically constitutes about 80 percent of the funding in a Farm Bill.

No House Democrat voted for the measure. Twelve Republicans also opposed it. House Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) voted in favor of it, even though speakers traditionally don’t vote.

The vote made clear that Republicans intend to make significant reductions in food stamp money and handed Republican leaders a much-needed victory three weeks after conservative lawmakers and rural state Democrats revolted and blocked the original version of the bill that included food stamp money.

For more:

=>  9/16/13 UPDATEHouse GOP moves forward with $40 billion cut to food stamps <=


Obama threatens veto on farm bill

7/11/13 6:48 AM EDT By TAL KOPAN – POLITICO44

The White House late Wednesday night responded to a new farm bill posted by House Republicans, threatening to veto it in part over it not including food stamps.

The House Rules Committee held a hearing on the new version of the so-called farm bill, the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, beginning at 9 p.m. on Wednesday night and posted the more-than 600 page bill not long thereafter, with a vote expected Thursday.

The White House statement decried the last-minute move in its veto threat late Wednesday, saying “because the 608 page bill was made available only this evening, the administration has had inadequate time to fully review the text of the bill. It is apparent, though, that the bill does not contain sufficient commodity and crop insurance reforms and does not invest in renewable energy, an important source of jobs and economic growth in rural communities across the country.”

The veto threat was widely expected because of the bill’s lack of renewal of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or food stamps, an amendment on which was a major sticking point in the failure of the House’s last attempt to pass the bill.


W.H. aides: Obama prepared for shutdown if necessary


White House aides went to the Hill Thursday morning to reassure House Democratic leaders that President Obama won’t give in on negotiations the debt ceiling and certainly not defunding Obamacare—even if that means a shutdown he really doesn’t want.

The meeting between House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi and other Democratic leaders with White House deputy chief of staff Rob Nabors and director of legislative affairs Miguel Rodriguez was meant to get the minority conference on the same page as the White House ahead of what’s expected to be a brutal couple of weeks. But the meeting ended with one of the leaders’ biggest questions unanswered: Whether the president was prepared to actively use the bully pulpit to shield House Democrats from political blowback if everybody’s bluffs get called and a shutdown actually happens.

Nabors said he was aware that they’d need the president’s active rhetorical support to keep the advantage over the Republicans. But he didn’t promise them they’d get it.

Asked about the meeting, a White House official said the focus of the meeting wasn’t about a shutdown or not. The president’s fine with signing a continuing resolution, free of extraneous conditions, that would buy Congress some more time to work out a deal, the official said, but Nabors and Rodriguez “made clear that there is absolutely no negotiating over the debt limit, and any delay or defunding of ACA is unacceptable.”

Republican leaders have largely backed away from shutdown threats, though White House press secretary Jay Carney was still goading them from the podium Thursday.

“The leaders in Congress of the Republican Party have made clear that they understand that allowing a shutdown would inflict harm on the economy and I think cause political problems for them,” Carney said. “And I assume that the combination of those two incentives would compel them to come up with a solution, so that we can fund the government responsibly, and not engage in these games that inflict unnecessary wounds on our economy.”


The Five Year Anniversary of the Financial Crisis: A Look Back at the Progress We’ve Made

Amy Brundage September 15, 2013 09:41 PM EDT

Five years ago this week, a financial crisis unlike any in generations rocked Wall Street, turning a recession that was already hammering Main Street into the worst economic crisis since the Great Depression. In the months before President Obama took office, the economy was shrinking at a rate of over 8%, businesses were shedding 800,000 jobs a month, lending to families and small businesses dried up, and the American auto industry was on the brink of collapse.

Upon taking office, Obama acted with unprecedented speed to respond to the crisis and its impact on American families – taking actions to stabilize the financial system, rescue the auto industry, and boost the economy by providing tax relief to working families and keeping teachers and first responders on the job. Within six months, he had signed the Recovery Act into law, announced a framework for a new financial stability plan and implemented its key elements, and taken action to support GM and Chrysler while requiring the companies to retool. Now, on the five-year anniversary of the crisis, the Administration has prepared a report that describes 15 key elements of the response to the financial crisis and where we find ourselves today.
For example, it shows that:

· Contrary to Initial Expectations, the Response to the Financial Crisis Is Expected to Yield A Return to the Taxpayer

· Treasury Has More Than Recovered Its Investments in Banks and AIG

· The Stress Tests – A Signature Element of the Response – Has Built Confidence in the Banking System Without Putting New Taxpayer Funds at Risk

· The Auto Industry Is Recovering

· The Housing Market Is Coming Back


The Employment Situation in August

Posted by Jason Furman on September 06, 2013 at 09:50 AM EDT
Over the last four years, we’ve cleared away the rubble from the financial crisis and begun to lay a new foundation for stronger, more durable economic growth. With continued solid job gains, today’s employment report is another sign of progress, but we must continue to pursue policies that move our economy forward and restore middle class security.


1. Private sector employment has risen for 42 consecutive months, with businesses adding a total of 7.5 million jobs over that period. Today we learned that total non-farm payroll employment rose by 169,000 in August, with the private sector accounting for 152,000 of that gain. Private sector job growth was revised down for June (to 194,000) and July (to 127,000), so that over the past three months, private sector employment has risen by an average of 158,000 per month. The monthly change is shown below.


2. The overall unemployment rate ticked down 0.1 percentage point to 7.3 percent, the lowest since December 2008, with long-term unemployment remaining elevated. Although the unemployment rate remains too high, it has been trending down steadily since late 2009. The lingering elevation in the unemployment rate primarily reflects a large number of long-term unemployed (those unemployed for more than 27 weeks), while the share of the labor force that has been unemployed for less than 27 weeks has mostly returned to its average during the 2001-07 expansion period. That’s why the administration continues to push for measures to spur job creation now and put the long term unemployed back to work.


3. The economy has been consistently adding jobs at a pace of more than 2 million per year. Over the twelve months ending August 2013, total non-farm payroll employment rose by 2.2 million, similar to the gain in the year-earlier period. While the month-to-month figures can be volatile, the year-over-year changes indicate that the recovery has been durable in the face of several headwinds that have emerged in recent years. The separate household survey is more volatile month-to-month, but over a longer period, it tells the same story. When adjusted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to be comparable to the concept of employment used in the payroll measure, household employment has risen by 2.4 million over the twelve months ending August 2013.


4. CEA estimates that if state and local government employment had held steady during the recovery, the unemployment rate would currently be below 7 percent. Unlike previous recoveries in which state and local government employment- like teachers, fire fighters and first responders– expanded, public payrolls have declined in the current recovery (see chart). During the current 42-month consecutive streak of increasing private sector employment, state and local government employment has fallen by 507,000, including the loss of 267,000 education positions.


5. The number of persons working part-time for involuntary “economic reasons” has fallen by 152,000 over the past twelve months. Budget cuts due to sequestration led to an increase of 77,000 in the number of federal government employees at work part-time for economic reasons, so the number of persons part-time for economic reasons in private sector and non-federal government positions is down by an even larger 229,000 (see chart, based on not seasonally adjusted data). Measures of part-time employment can be volatile month-to-month, but the seasonally-adjusted 334,000 drop in persons working part-time for economic reasons in August almost entirely reversed the increase over the preceding two months.

” Incoming economic data broadly suggest that the recovery continues to make progress. It is therefore essential that policymakers avoid “self-inflicted wounds” that could derail the recovery and stay focused on policies that will help sustain and boost the pace of job creation.”

For more:

Learn About President Obama’s plan for Growing Our Economy, US Job Creation, Reform & Fiscal Responsibility, Supporting The Middle Class and Supporting US Businesses:

Contact your legislator Contact your Congress person to TELL THEM TO START WORKING WITH PRESIDENT OBAMA TO HELP AMERICA’S RECOVERY!!

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