Umpqua Community College Shooting

On October 1, 2015, a gun man fatally shot nine people and injured nine others on the campus of Umpqua Community College, near Roseburg, Oregon


Excluding the gunman, nine people were killed in the shooting. They were identified as:

  • Lucero Alcaraz, 19
  • Treven Taylor Anspach, 20
  • Rebecka Ann Carnes, 18
  • Quinn Glen Cooper, 18
  • Kim Saltmarsh Dietz, 59
  • Lucas Eibel, 18
  • Jason Dale Johnson, 33
  • Lawrence Levine, 67 (professor)
  • Sarena Dawn Moore, 44


Candle light


James S. Brady Press Briefing Room

6:22 P.M. EDT

THE PRESIDENT:  There’s been another mass shooting in America — this time, in a community college in Oregon.

That means there are more American families — moms, dads, children — whose lives have been changed forever.  That means there’s another community stunned with grief, and communities across the country forced to relieve their own anguish, and parents across the country who are scared because they know it might have been their families or their children.

I’ve been to Roseburg, Oregon.  There are really good people there.  I want to thank all the first responders whose bravery likely saved some lives today.  Federal law enforcement has been on the scene in a supporting role, and we’ve offered to stay and help as much as Roseburg needs, for as long as they need.

In the coming days, we’ll learn about the victims — young men and women who were studying and learning and working hard, their eyes set on the future, their dreams on what they could make of their lives.  And America will wrap everyone who’s grieving with our prayers and our love.

But as I said just a few months ago, and I said a few months before that, and I said each time we see one of these mass shootings, our thoughts and prayers are not enough.  It’s not enough.  It does not capture the heartache and grief and anger that we should feel.  And it does nothing to prevent this carnage from being inflicted someplace else in America — next week, or a couple of months from now.

We don’t yet know why this individual did what he did.  And it’s fair to say that anybody who does this has a sickness in their minds, regardless of what they think their motivations may be.  But we are not the only country on Earth that has people with mental illnesses or want to do harm to other people.  We are the only advanced country on Earth that sees these kinds of mass shootings every few months.

Earlier this year, I answered a question in an interview by saying, “The United States of America is the one advanced nation on Earth in which we do not have sufficient common-sense gun-safety laws — even in the face of repeated mass killings.”  And later that day, there was a mass shooting at a movie theater in Lafayette, Louisiana.  That day!  Somehow this has become routine.  The reporting is routine.  My response here at this podium ends up being routine.  The conversation in the aftermath of it.  We’ve become numb to this.

We talked about this after Columbine and Blacksburg, after Tucson, after Newtown, after Aurora, after Charleston.  It cannot be this easy for somebody who wants to inflict harm on other people to get his or her hands on a gun.

And what’s become routine, of course, is the response of those who oppose any kind of common-sense gun legislation.  Right now, I can imagine the press releases being cranked out:  We need more guns, they’ll argue.  Fewer gun safety laws.

Does anybody really believe that?  There are scores of responsible gun owners in this country –they know that’s not true.  We know because of the polling that says the majority of Americans understand we should be changing these laws — including the majority of responsible, law-abiding gun owners.

There is a gun for roughly every man, woman, and child in America.  So how can you, with a straight face, make the argument that more guns will make us safer?  We know that states with the most gun laws tend to have the fewest gun deaths.  So the notion that gun laws don’t work, or just will make it harder for law-abiding citizens and criminals will still get their guns is not borne out by the evidence.

We know that other countries, in response to one mass shooting, have been able to craft laws that almost eliminate mass shootings.  Friends of ours, allies of ours — Great Britain, Australia, countries like ours.  So we know there are ways to prevent it.

And, of course, what’s also routine is that somebody, somewhere will comment and say, Obama politicized this issue.  Well, this is something we should politicize.  It is relevant to our common life together, to the body politic.  I would ask news organizations — because I won’t put these facts forward — have news organizations tally up the number of Americans who’ve been killed through terrorist attacks over the last decade and the number of Americans who’ve been killed by gun violence, and post those side-by-side on your news reports.  This won’t be information coming from me; it will be coming from you.  We spend over a trillion dollars, and pass countless laws, and devote entire agencies to preventing terrorist attacks on our soil, and rightfully so.  And yet, we have a Congress that explicitly blocks us from even collecting data on how we could potentially reduce gun deaths.  How can that be?

This is a political choice that we make to allow this to happen every few months in America.  We collectively are answerable to those families who lose their loved ones because of our inaction.  When Americans are killed in mine disasters, we work to make mines safer.  When Americans are killed in floods and hurricanes, we make communities safer.  When roads are unsafe, we fix them to reduce auto fatalities.  We have seatbelt laws because we know it saves lives.  So the notion that gun violence is somehow different, that our freedom and our Constitution prohibits any modest regulation of how we use a deadly weapon, when there are law-abiding gun owners all across the country who could hunt and protect their families and do everything they do under such regulations doesn’t make sense.

So, tonight, as those of us who are lucky enough to hug our kids a little closer are thinking about the families who aren’t so fortunate, I’d ask the American people to think about how they can get our government to change these laws, and to save lives, and to let young people grow up.  And that will require a change of politics on this issue.  And it will require that the American people, individually, whether you are a Democrat or a Republican or an independent, when you decide to vote for somebody, are making a determination as to whether this cause of continuing death for innocent people should be a relevant factor in your decision.  If you think this is a problem, then you should expect your elected officials to reflect your views.

And I would particularly ask America’s gun owners — who are using those guns properly, safely, to hunt, for sport, for protecting their families — to think about whether your views are properly being represented by the organization that suggests it’s speaking for you.

And each time this happens I’m going to bring this up.  Each time this happens I am going to say that we can actually do something about it, but we’re going to have to change our laws.  And this is not something I can do by myself.  I’ve got to have a Congress and I’ve got to have state legislatures and governors who are willing to work with me on this.

I hope and pray that I don’t have to come out again during my tenure as President to offer my condolences to families in these circumstances.  But based on my experience as President, I can’t guarantee that.  And that’s terrible to say.  And it can change.

May God bless the memories of those who were killed today.  May He bring comfort to their families, and courage to the injured as they fight their way back.  And may He give us the strength to come together and find the courage to change.

Thank you.

6:35 P.M. EDT

List of US School Shootings

Deaths from gun violence vs. deaths from terrorism chart


Now is the time to do something about gun violence….

Congress must urgently introduce legislation to:

  • Require background checks for all gun sales
  • Require background checks for all gun sales
  • Pass a new, stronger ban on assault weapons
  • Limit ammunition magazines to 10 rounds
  • Finish the job of getting armor-piercing bullets off the streets
  • Give law enforcement additional tools to prevent and prosecute gun crime
  • End the freeze on gun violence research
  • Make our schools safer with new resource officers and counselors, better emergency response plans, and more nurturing school climates
  • Ensure quality coverage of mental health treatment, particularly for young people

Learn more:


Contact your legislator Contact your Congress person to TELL THEM TO START WORKING with PRESIDENT OBAMA on FIREARM REFORM!!

U.S. Senators

U.S. Representatives

Tweet a Message to Your Representatives

Light a Candle

Please join me in lighting a candle for Oregon tonight


Friday, October 9, 2015
President Obama meets with families of the Umpqua Community College shooting
Roseburg, Oregon



GOP House Kicks Duties Down the Road & Skips Town for Early Vacation

GOP Congress Vacation

GOP Repeal ObamaCare cartoon

SCORE CARD: Republicans Vote to Repeal Obamacare for 57th Time
SCORE CARD: Republicans Vote to Repeal Obamacare for 57th 61st Time

GOP Congress Vote to Repeal Obamacare for 57th Time  – Is this good use of YOUR taxpayer dollars??

GOP Congress Vote to Repeal Obamacare for 58th Time 

6/18/15 GOP Congress Vote to Repeal Obamacare for 59th Time 

6/23/15 GOP Congress Vote to Repeal Obamacare for 60th Time 

9/25/15 GOP Congress Vote to Repeal Obamacare for 61st Time 


7/30/15 Statement by White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest:

“You’ve often heard me stand at this podium and express some frustration about the tendency of House Republicans to wait until the last minute before doing something.  We had these conversations when we were talking about funding for the Department of Homeland Security, when we talked about the need to confirm the President’s nominee to be Attorney General, or when it came to making sure our intelligence professionals have the tools they need to keep us safe.  Time and again, Republicans have waited until the last minute, and in some cases, even past the last minute, before acting. Well the good news is that last night they finally agreed to do something ahead of schedule. Unfortunately, the thing that they decided to do is start their August recess. Now, setting aside that the so called August recess is poorly named – it starts at the end of July and ends in September. There you go – “District Work Period”. The real problem is that House Republicans have skipped town and started their vacation even though they have a lot of import work to do.

First, they left town without reauthorizing the Export-Import Bank, this is actually work that they failed to do before their last vacation and it is the first time in history that the authorization for the bank has lapsed, even though it enjoys strong bi-partisan support. As a resort thousands of small and medium sized U.S. businesses will be spending the rest of the summer at a significant disadvantage as they try to do business overseas.

Second, House Republicans merely kicked the can down the road yet again on the Transportation Bill. These repeated short-term extensions, that they have used dozens of times, makes it very hard for officials to coordinate the planning for large, multi-year infrastructure projects when they are only being funded for one or two or three months at a time. That means that our economy and our workers are missing out.

Finally, despite having been in session since January, Republicans in congress will return in September without a path forward on a stalled budget process, even though the deadline to keep the government open will be a mere three weeks away. That’s right, Republican leaders who wrote a Wall Street Journal op-ed [Paul Ryan and Ted Cruz] vowing to get congress moving again, and vowing to never shut down the government again, will be just a few weeks away from doing it for the second time in two years.

Meanwhile, Republican leaders steadfastly refuse to sit down to negotiate with Democrats who along with the President, have laid out a specific proposal and are ready to find common ground on these issues and most importantly make sure that we are focused on investing on our economy and national security. So I do hope that Republicans will do more than just relax during their 39-day vacation, because when they finally do show up again in September, there won’t be a whole lot of patience or sympathy for the claim that they don’t have time to do their job. “


The Security and Privacy in Your Car (SPY Car) Act

Automobile wifi

Sens. Markey, Blumenthal Introduce Legislation to Protect Drivers from Auto Security, Privacy Risks with Standards & “Cyber Dashboard” Rating System

Tuesday, July 21, 2015

Washington (July 21, 2015) – As both Congress and the federal government struggle to develop a strategy for the Internet of Things and responding to the increasing use of connected devices, including automobiles, Senators Edward J. Markey (D-Mass.) and Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.), members of the Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee, today introduced legislation that would direct the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) to establish federal standards to secure our cars and protect drivers’ privacy. The Security and Privacy in Your Car (SPY Car) Act also establishes a rating system — or “cyber dashboard”— that informs consumers about how well the vehicle protects drivers’ security and privacy beyond those minimum standards.

Last year, Senator Markey released the report Tracking & Hacking: Security & Privacy Gaps Put American Drivers at Risk, which detailed major gaps in how auto companies are securing connected features in cars against hackers. For example, only two of the 16 car companies had developed any capability to detect and respond to a hacking attack in real time and, and most customers don’t even know that their information is being collected and sent to third parties.

“Drivers shouldn’t have to choose between being connected and being protected,” said Senator Markey. “We need clear rules of the road that protect cars from hackers and American families from data trackers. This legislation will set minimum standards and transparency rules to protect the data, security and privacy of drivers in the modern age of increasingly connected vehicles. I look forward to working with Senator Blumenthal to ensure auto safety and security in the 21st century.”

“Rushing to roll out the next big thing, automakers have left cars unlocked to hackers and data-trackers,” said Senator Blumenthal. “This common-sense legislation protects the public against cybercriminals who exploit exciting advances in technology like self-driving and wireless connected cars. Federal law must provide minimum standards and safeguards that keep hackers out of drivers’ private data lanes. Security and safety need not be sacrificed for the convenience and promise of wireless progress. I thank Senator Markey for his leadership and profoundly significant fact-finding in protecting consumers. The road to new auto technology is wide enough for both progress and privacy.”

For more:


The Ghost In The Car May Be A Hacker

JULY 21, 2015 1:49 PM ET npr

Andy Greenberg was minding his own business, driving a Jeep Cherokee on the highway in St. Louis when the SUV’s air vents suddenly started blasting cold air. Then the radio switched stations and began blaring hip-hop at full volume. Spinning the radio control knobs did nothing. Soon, the windshield wipers turned on and wiper fluid obscured Greenberg’s view.

Then things started getting really interesting.

Let’s stop the story for a moment. Greenberg is a senior writer for Wired and he knew he was taking part in a demonstration by Charlie Miller and Chris Valasek. For years, the two researchers have been hacking cars’ onboard computers to show that modern autos are vulnerable to various cyber exploits.

You may remember that NPR’s Steve Henn reported on their experiments in 2013. Back then, Miller and Valasek demonstrated that they could jerk the wheel of a Prius or kill the brakes of a Ford Escape — using laptops wired to the cars’ computer systems.

This time, though, they didn’t have to be in the car — or anywhere near it — to wreak havoc on the controls. From miles away, the researchers were able to use a cellular connection to access the Jeep with Greenberg behind the wheel.

Now, back to Greenberg’s 70 mph drive from hell:

“As the two hackers remotely toyed with the air-conditioning, radio, and windshield wipers, I mentally congratulated myself on my courage under pressure. That’s when they cut the transmission.

“Immediately my accelerator stopped working. As I frantically pressed the pedal and watched the RPMs climb, the Jeep lost half its speed, then slowed to a crawl. This occurred just as I reached a long overpass, with no shoulder to offer an escape. The experiment had ceased to be fun… .

“Cars lined up behind my bumper before passing me, honking. I could see an 18-wheeler approaching in my rearview mirror.

For entire article and audio interview:


Cars Become Target for Identity Theft as Shopping Hits Dashboard

August 27, 2015 — 5:00 AM PDT   Keith Naughton  Olga Kharif – bloomberg
Hackers can already take control of a car. And as vehicles become rolling shopping malls, cybercriminals will have an opportunity to snatch your identity, too.
Eager for a cut of drivers’ purchases of fast food, gas and more, automakers have big plans to bring e-commerce to the dashboard. Ford Motor Co. already has an app that lets drivers dictate an order to Domino’s Pizza using voice controls and a smartphone. General Motors Co. this year began offering AtYourService, which alerts drivers to deals at Dunkin’ Donuts or lets them book a hotel room on using voice commands. By 2020, as many as 40 percent of new vehicles sold worldwide will let drivers shop from behind the wheel, predicts Thilo Koslowski, vice president of the auto practice at Gartner.
Connected cars present a rich target, akin to retailers or banks, where hackers can troll for credit card numbers, home addresses, e-mail information and all the other personal details required for identity theft.
“Today the motivation for hacking a car is mischief, with an objective of hurting people or car companies,” Koslowski said. Once drivers can shop with impunity as they roll down the highway, “the car will definitely be viewed as a vulnerable device.
Most cars sold today lack the technology for drivers to pay for items they purchase (unless they use a smartphone). But by 2022, 82.5 million autos worldwide will be connected to the Internet, more than triple the number now, according to researcher IHS Automotive. In the next two to five years, “buy buttons” connected to smartphone mobile wallets will start appearing on dashboards, according to Richard Crone, who runs payment adviser Crone Consulting LLC. That means motorists will soon be able to buy a pizza, fill up the tank or preorder a half caf skinny macchiato from Starbucks without pulling out their phone.



Six Major Rulings from the Supreme Court


Here Are the Six Major Rulings We’ll Get From the Supreme Court This Week

Jun 24, 2015 12:14 PM PDT Greg Shohr – bloomberg

The U.S. Supreme Court is saving the best for last.

The nation’s top court will issue a series of major rulings over the next several days as it closes its nine-month term. In addition to landmark gay-marriage and Obamacare cases, the court will decide on potentially far-reaching disputes involving housing discrimination, redistricting, air pollution and lethal injection.

“Almost all of the remaining rulings have huge implications and promise to be closely divided,” said Tom Goldstein, a Washington appellate lawyer whose Scotusblog website tracks the court.

The first of seven rulings will come at 10 a.m. Washington time Thursday, with more scheduled for Friday and Monday. The court doesn’t say in advance which decisions are being released which day, but it almost always resolves all its pending cases by the end of June.

Before they pack up, the justices will also say whether they will supplement the session that starts in October with new cases on abortion, affirmative action and union fees.

Here’s what’s coming from the Supreme Court over the next week:

  • Gay Marriage

No case is bigger than the one that could legalize same-sex weddings nationwide. Only 11 years after Massachusetts became the first gay-marriage state, the court would be putting the capstone on the biggest civil rights transformation in a half-century.

 The cases are: Obergefell v. Hodges (Ohio), Tanco v. Haslam (Tennessee), DeBoer v. Snyder (Michigan), and Bourke v. Beshear (Kentucky).

  • Health Care

Three years after upholding President Barack Obama’s signature health-care [Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act] law against a broad constitutional challenge, the court will decide whether a four-word phrase will severely undercut the measure.

The case: King v. Burwell

  • Housing Discrimination

The biggest race case of the term may produce a long-sought legal victory for lenders and insurers, as well as social conservatives. The court is poised to say whether people suing under the U.S. Fair Housing Act can win their case without showing intentional discrimination.

The case:  Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project

  • Lethal Injection

The April 29 argument over lethal injection methods might have been the most heated of the term, with one justice accusing death penalty opponents of waging a “guerrilla war” and another saying she couldn’t trust a state lawyer.

The case: Glossip v. Gross

Supreme Court says Okla. lethal injection doesn’t violate Constitution

  • Clean Air

The utility industry and a group of states are trying to topple an Environmental Protection Agency rule that would cut mercury and other hazardous emissions from 460 coal-fired power plants.

The case: Michigan v. Environmental Protection

  • Redistricing

The court may deal a fresh blow to efforts to make federal elections more competitive by barring states from setting up independent commissions to draw congressional district boundaries. The issue is whether an Arizona commission strips state lawmakers of power reserved to them by the U.S. Constitution.

The case: Arizona State Legislature v. Arizona Independent Redistricting Commission

For more:


US Supreme Court


Veterans’ Access to Care through Choice, Accountability, and Transparency Act of 2014

President Barack Obama shakes hands and thanks Soldiers of 1st Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division
President Barack Obama shakes hands and thanks Soldiers of 1st Brigade Combat Team, 10th Mountain Division

The Veterans’ Access to Care through Choice, Accountability, and Transparency Act of 2014 (H.R. 3230) is a bill that is intended to address the ongoing Veterans Health Administration scandal of 2014. The bill would expand the number of options veterans have for receiving care and grant the United States Secretary of Veterans Affairs more power to fire senior executives. The Veterans Health Administration scandal of 2014 began with the discovery that there was on-going systematic lying by the Veterans Health Administration about the wait times veterans experienced waiting to be seen by doctors. By June 5, 2014, Veterans Affairs internal investigations had identified a total of 35 veterans who had died while waiting for care in the Phoenix VHA system. Another audit determined that “more than 57,000 veterans waited at least 90 days to see a doctor, while another 63,000 over the last decade never received an initial appointment.”

For more:,_Accountability,_and_Transparency_Act_of_2014




August 01, 2014

The Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States is relieved that Congress finally did what they were elected to do and passed an emergency funding bill at the last minute to help the Department of Veterans Affairs overcome a nationwide crisis in care and confidence. The House of Representatives on Wednesday passed H.R. 3230, the Veterans Access, Choice and Accountability Act of 2014, by a vote of 420-5, and on Thursday, the Senate did likewise, by a vote of 91-3. The bill now heads to the president for his signature.

“This legislation will help new VA Secretary Robert McDonald to fix what’s broken, hold people accountable, and restore the faith that veterans must have in their VA,” said VFW National Commander John W. Stroud, of Hawthorne, Nev. “The VFW salutes House VA Committee Chairman Jeff Miller (R-Fla.), Senate VA Committee Chairman Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), their staffs and supporters for making this happen.”

The $15 billion emergency funding bill expands access to non-VA health care facilities for veterans experiencing excessive appointment waiting times, or who reside 40 miles or more away from a VA medical facility; hires more doctors, nurses and other health care practitioners; adds 27 new or expanded VA outpatient clinics; enhances care for victims of Military Sexual Trauma and those suffering from Traumatic Brain Injuries; and provides instate tuition rates for all Post-9/11 GI Bill recipients, regardless of residency requirements. The legislation also gives the VA secretary far more latitude in firing senior executives who fail in their primary mission of taking care of America’s veterans.

“Holding people appropriately accountable is critical to mission accomplishment in both the public and private sector, which is why that same rule must also apply to the three senators and five congressmen who voted against H.R. 3230,” said Stroud.

Voting against the legislation were Sens. Tom Coburn (R-Okla.), Bob Corker (R-Tenn.) and Jeff Sessions (R-Ala.), and Reps. Rick Crawford (R-Ark.), Jack Kingston (R-Ga.), Walter Jones (R-N.C.), Mark Sanford (R-S.C.), and Steve Stockman (R-Texas). The hypocrisy of their “no” votes, according to the VFW national commander, is virtually all of them voted for hundreds of billions in supplemental war funding with little concern about corresponding offsets or oversight about how or where the money would be spent; and one was even the governor of a state that experienced tremendous active, Guard and Reserve deployments, as well as combat casualties.

For more:


Thursday, August 7, 2014
President Obama signs
H.R. 3230 – Veterans’ Access to Care through Choice, Accountability, and Transparency Act of 2014
Fort Belvoir, VA


FINALLY: Some Sensibility & Responsibility in Congress – HR 2775 Passed

Shame on Congress

House Representatives finally took off the tin foil hats of the Tea Party Pirates and lo and behold they could finally think and see clearly.


The sad thing is that President Obama asked Congress to pass a continuing resolution long ago but because of  Congress’ manufactured crisis  then waiting until the last minute to do their job properly the credibility of the USA has been scrutinized, which has cost the nation at least $24 billion,  the  people have had to suffer and President Obama had to cancel meetings with global leaders and thus lost opportunities to increase American trade with other countries .


Now Congress needs to focus on:

* Passing  The “Continuing Appropriations Act 2014 ” HR 2775 which provides fiscal year 2014 appropriations for projects and activities of the Federal Government through Wednesday, January 15, 2014… to stop the shutdown of the US Government (UPDATE: 10/16/13 The Senate passes HR 2775, the House also passes the act and President Obama has signed into law the act). 

 . Highlights of HR 2775:

  • Shutdown: Workers return, agencies financed until Jan 15, 2014
  • Debt Ceiling: Authority to borrow money extended to Feb 7, 2014
  • Health Care Law: Dept of Health & Human Services must certify it can verify income eligibility of people seeking subsidies
  • Congress: No pay raise for members of Congress in 2014
  • Wildfires: Allocates $636 million for firefighting for the Interior Dept & the Forest Service
  • Kentucky: Increases to $2.9 billion the funding for dams on the Lower Ohio River.
  • Veterans: Sets aside $294 million for Veterans Affairs to reduce backlogs of benefit claims.
Source: AP & Washington Post

* Raise the debt ceiling (which simply means paying for debt already incurred)

* Pass bills to help the middle-class Americans

* Work on bills to invest funds in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) so that Americans can compete with the rest of the world 

 .Tea Party Extremest

Vote The Tea Party Pirates Out From Congress in Nov! 


People's hopes and dreams are what matters

Because we’ve all got a lot of work to do on behalf of the American people – and that includes the hard work of regaining their trust.  Our system of self-government doesn’t function without it.  And now that the government is reopened, and this threat to our economy is removed, all of us need to stop focusing on the lobbyists, and the bloggers, and the talking heads on radio, and the professional activists who profit from conflict, and focus on what the majority of Americans sent us here to do – and that’s grow this economy, create good jobs, strengthen the middle class, lay the foundation for broad-based prosperity, and get our fiscal house in order for the long haul.

10/17/13 President Obama speaking on  reopening the Government 

President Obama’s plan to help rebuild America:

* Economy

* Education

* Energy & Environment

Health Care


* Technology

* Veterans


U.S. Govt & Indigenous Peoples Timeline 1819-2015

Native Alaskan head wareNative Hawaiian War HelmetNative American indian head ware

US Govt & Indigenous Peoples Timeline 1819-2015 Civil Rights Timelines ™

1819 – Mar 3  Civilization Fund Act encouraged activities of benevolent societies in providing education for Native Americans and authorized an annuity to stimulate the “civilization process”
1820 – Protestant missionaries arrive to the Hawai’ian Kingdom
1824 – Mar 11  U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs Agency established,
1830  – May 28 Indian Removal Act of 1830 aka The Trail of Tears was the forced relocation and movement of Native American nations  (CherokeeMuscogee (Creek)SeminoleChickasaw, and Choctaw nations, among others) from southeastern parts of the United States.  Many suffered from exposure, disease, starvation and death.
1832 – Aug 1 – Battle of Bad Axe
1834 – Nonintercourse Act is the collective name given to six statutes passed by the United States Congress in 1790, 1793, 1796, 1799, 1802, and 1834. The Act regulates commerce between Native Americans and non-Indians.
1840 – The Constitution of The Hawai’ian Kingdom is formed, Oct 24 Colorado River Massacre
1843 – Hawai‘ian Kingdom’s independence recognized; Great Britain and France sign a reciprocal agreement in which both nations formally recognize the independence and sovereignty of the Hawaiian Kingdom.
1846 – Mar – Sacramento River Massacre
1847 – Feb 3–4 Storming of Pueblo de Taos
1848 – Hawai’ian King Kamehameha III divides land; paves way for foreign ownership
1850 – May 15 – Bloody Island MassacreKingdom of Hawai‘i – U.S. treaty ratified 
1851 – Feb 27 – Appropriation Bill for Indian Affairs allocated funds to move western tribes onto reservations
1853 – Before Dec 31 – “Ox” Incident Massacre
1854 – Aug 19 – Grattan Massacre
1855 – Sep 2 – Harney Massacre
1860 – Dec 18 Pease River Massacre
1861 – Jan 27 Bascom Affair a key event triggering the 25-year-long 1860s Apache Wars
1862 – Aug–Sep – Dakota War of 1862
1863 – Jan 29 – Bear River Massacre, Apr 19 – Keyesville Massacre
1864 – Nov 29 – Sand Creek Massacre
1865 – Mar 14 – Mud Lake Massacre
1866 – Apr 9 Civil Rights Act of 1866 is a U.S. federal law declaring that everyone born(except certain Native Americans) in the U.S. and not subject to any foreign power is a citizen, without regard to race, color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude, Jul 2 – Kidder Massacre
1867 – Aug 1  United States purchases Alaska from Russia
1868 – Nov 27 – Washita Massacre
1870 – Jan 23 – Marias Massacre
1872 – Dec 28 – Skeleton Cave Massacre
1875 – Apr 10 – Sappa Creek Massacre
1877 – Aug 8 – Big Hole Massacre
1879 – Jan 9–21  Fort Robinson Massacre
1879 – May 12 U.S. Federal Court rules that an Indian is a man with rights
1882 – The U.S. Navy shells Alaska Native villages
1883 – President Chester Arthur visits the Shoshoni and Arapaho Indians in Wind River, Wyoming
1884 –  After military abuses, the U.S. establishes a government in Alaska
1885 – Major Crimes Act  places 7 major crimes under federal jurisdiction if they are committed by a Native American against another Native American in Native territory.
1887 – Dawes Act adopted by Congress, authorized the President of the US to survey Indian tribal land, divide it into allotments for individual Indians and opeining up any “excess land” for settlement by non-Indians, Hawaiian King Kalākaua was forced to sign the 1887 Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaii, which stripped the king of much of his authority.
1887 – Jul 6 ‘Bayonet Constitution’ takes Kingdom of Hawaii’s Native’s rights
1890 – Businessmen plan for Hawai‘ian Kingdom’s annexation, Dec 29 Wounded Knee Massacre
1891 – Hawai‘ian Kingdom’s last monarch Queen Liliʻuokalani is crowned 
1893 – Businessmen call on U.S. military to invade Kingdom of Hawai‘i
1893 – Jan 17  Overthrow of the Hawai’ian Kingdom – local businessmen and politicians, composed primarily of American and European residents, overthrew the Queen Lili’uokalani, her cabinet and her marshal, and took over the government of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi
1896 – Hawai’ian language restricted
1898 – U.S. annexes Hawai‘i; seizes land; suppresses healers 
1898 – Curtis Act of 1898 an amendment to the United States Dawes Act that brought about the allotment process of lands of the Five Civilized Tribes of Indian Territory: the ChoctawChickasawMuscogeeCherokee, and SeminoleNelson Act of 1889  United States federal law intended to relocate all the Anishinaabe people in Minnesota to the White Earth Indian Reservation in the western part of the state, and to expropriate the vacated reservations for sale to European Americans.
During the 19th and early 20th centuries, the U.S. government attempted to control the travel of Native Americans off Indian reservations. Since Native Americans did not obtain U.S. citizenship until 1924, they were considered wards of the state and were denied various basic rights, including the right to travel.
1900 –  Native Hawaiians oppose U.S. annexation 
1905 – Native Hawai’ian healing practices are outlawed 
1906 – Burke Act designed to correct certain defects in the General Allotment Act (“GAA”), May 17 Alaska Native Allotment Act permitted individual Alaska Natives to acquire title to up to 160 acres, Former Indian reservations in Oklahoma The US Federal government broke up collective tribal landholdings through the allotment process before the establishment of Oklahoma as a state in 1907. Instead of reservations, Oklahoma Indian tribes have tribal jurisdictional areas, with Osage Nation being the one exception, June 8 Antiquities Act passed meant for the preservation of American antiquities
1907 – Mar 2  Lacey Act of 1907 revised federal Indian Law to provide for the allotment of tribal funds to certain classes of Indians.
1915 – Alaska Natives must renounce cultures to become citizens
1917 – Dec 18  Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act  the largest land claims settlement in US history was signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon
1919 – Nov 6  The Act of November 6, 1919, Indian who had fought with honorable discharge after World War I was also considered a citizen
1921 – Jul 9  Hawai’ian Homelands  the US federal government set aside as approximately 200,000 acres  in the Territory of Hawai’i as a land trust for homesteading by Native Hawai’ians.
 1923 –  President Warren Harding visits Indian Country in Alaska
1924 – Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 granted full U.S. citizenship to America’s indigenous peoples
1927 – President Calvin Coolidge visits the Oglala Lakota dancers at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota
1928 – Meriam Report commissioned by the Institute for Government Research (IGR, better known later as the Brookings Institution) and funded by the Rockefeller Foundation. The IGR appointed Lewis Meriam as the technical director of the survey team, to compile information and report of the conditions of American Indians across the country
1934  – President Franklin D. Roosevelt  visited the Blackfeet Tribe, Montana, Apr 16  Johnson–O’Malley Act subsidize education, medical attention, and other services provided by states to Native Americans, especially those not living on reservations. It was effective only in Minnesota, Jun 18 The Indian Reorganization Act  sometimes known as the Indian New Deal, was U.S. federal legislation that secured certain rights to Native Americans (known in law as American Indians or Indians), including Alaska Natives.  These include actions that contributed to the reversal of the Dawes Act‘s privatization of communal holdings of American Indian tribes and a return to local self-government on a tribal basis. The Act also restored to Indians the management of their assets (being mainly land) and included provisions intended to create a sound economic foundation for the inhabitants of Indian reservations.
1936 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt  visited  The Cherokee Tribe, North Carolina, Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act a United States federal law that extended the 1934 Wheeler-Howard or Indian Reorganization Act to include those tribes within the boundaries of the state of Oklahoma.
1936 – Federal recognition extended to Alaska Native villages
1937 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited Quinault People, Washington State
1940 – Nationality Act of 1940 – Congress reaffirmed Native people’s citizenship
1941 – Hawai‘i under martial law; U.S. military takes sacred lands 
1944 – National Congress of American Indians established 
1945 – Alaska’s territorial legislature adopts Anti-Discrimination Act of 1945 
1952 –  President Harry S. Truman  stopped over at the Fort Peck Reservation, Montana
1953 – Aug 1 House concurrent resolution 108 declared it to be the sense of Congress that it should be policy of the United States to abolish federal supervision over American Indian tribes as soon as possible and to subject the Indians to the same laws, privileges, and responsibilities as other US citizens, Aug 15  Public Law 280 (Pub.L. 83–280, August 15, 1953, codified as 18 U.S.C. § 116228 U.S.C. § 1360, and 25 U.S.C. §§ 13211326, is a federal law of the United States establishing “a method whereby States may assume jurisdiction over reservation Indians,” as stated in McClanahan v. Arizona State Tax Commission. 411 U.S. 164, 177 (1973).
1956 – Indian Relocation Act of 1956 – Public Law 959 or the Adult Vocational Training Program was a United States law intended to encourage Native Americans in the United States to leave Indian reservations, acquire vocational skills, and assimilate into the general population.
1959 – Jan 3  Alaska becomes the 49th State of the United States of America, Aug 21 Hawai`i becomes the 50th State of the United States Of America
1966 Oct 15 National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 intended to preserve historical and archaeological sites in the US
1968 – Indian Civil Rights Act (ICRA) in 1968, also called the Indian Bill of Rights, Native Americans were guaranteed many civil rights they had been fighting for’
1971 – Alaska Native Claims Settlement ActAmerican Indian Religious Freedom Act (ANCSA) was signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon on December 18, 1971, the largest land claims settlement in United States history
1972 – The Indian Education Act empowers parents; funds student programs
1972 Native Hawai’ian group calls for reparations from U.S. 
1973 Feb 27- May 8  200+ Oglala Lakota and followers of the American Indian Movement (AIM) seized and occupied the town of Wounded Knee, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation to protest the corruption and abuse of of tribal president Richard Wilson and demand his impeachment.
1973 – Dec 22  Menominee Restoration Act returned federally recognized sovereignty to the Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin.
1975 – Jan 4  Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act of 1975 (Public Law 93-638) authorized the Secretaries of the Department of InteriorHealth, Education and Welfare and some other government agencies to enter into contracts with, and make grants directly to, federally recognized Indian tribes. The tribes would have authority for how they administered the funds, which gave them greater control over their welfare.
1976 – Tobeluk vs. Lind was a landmark case in Alaskan Native education. The 27 teenage plaintiffs brought suit against the State of Alaska, claiming that Native American boarding schools were discriminatory and unjust.
1978 – Aug 11 American Indian Religious Freedom Act Public Law No. 95-341, 92 Stat. 469, enacted to protect and preserve the traditional religious rights and cultural practices of American Indians,EskimosAleuts, and Native Hawai’ians., Sept 30 Rhode Island Claims Settlement Act  Aboriginal title claim, Nov 8  Indian Child Welfare Act (Pub.L. 95–608, 92 Stat. 3069, codified at 25 U.S.C. §§ 19011963.) is a Federal law that governs jurisdiction over the removal of Native American (Indian) children from their families.
1979 – 0ct 31 Archaeological Resources Protection Act of 1979 regulated access to archaeological resources on federal and Indian lands
1980 – Oct 10  Maine Indian Claims Settlement Act – Aboriginal title claim
1982 – Indian Claims Limitations Act The Indian Claims Limitations Act of 1982 (ICLA) is a United States federal statute of limitations that governs some types of claims by Native American tribes and claims by the federal government on behalf of tribes, Dec 31 Florida Indian (Miccosukee) Land Claims Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim
1983 – Oct 18  Connecticut Indian Land Claims Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim
1983 – U.S. denies responsibility for overthrow of Hawai’ian monarchy , First Gathering of Nations Pow-wow 
1985 –  President Ronald Reagan met with trival leaders in Albuquerque, New Mexico,
1986- Oct 27  Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians Supplementary Claims Settlement Act  – Aboriginal title claim
1987 – Aug 18  Massachusetts Indian Land Claims Settlement – Aboriginal title claim, Dec.31 Florida Indian (Seminole) Land Claims Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim
1988 – Aleut Restitution Act of 1988 a reparation settlement passed by the United States Congress in 1988, in response to the internment of Aleut people living in the Aleutian Islands during World War IIIndian Gaming Regulatory Act established the jurisdictional framework that governs Indian gaming
1989 – Jun 21  Washington Indian (Puyallup) Land Claims Settlement   – Aboriginal title claim
1990 – Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-644) is a truth-in-advertising law that prohibits misrepresentation in marketing of American Indian or Alaska Native arts and crafts products within the United States, Oct 30 – Native American Languages Act of 1990 Public Law 101-477 of 1990 gave historical importance as repudiating past policies of eradicating Indian Languages by declaring as policy that Native Americans were entitled to use their own languages., Nov 3 – Seneca Nation (New York) Land Claims Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim, Nov 16 – Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act  requires federal agencies and institutions that receive federal funding  to return Native American “cultural items” to lineal descendants and culturally affiliated Indian tribes and Native Hawai’ian organizations, Nov 26 – Aroostock Band of Micmacs Settlement Act – Aboriginal title claim
1993 – Nov 23  President Bill Clinton (D) signs legislation apologizing for the U.S. role in the 1893 overthrow of the Hawai’ian monarchy. The apology, known as the Apology Resolution , meant as a means of reconciliation with Native Hawai’ians, acknowledges the historic significance of the event—but the apology does not provide federal recognition to Native Hawai’ians as other federal laws provide to American Indian tribes, Nov 16 President Bill Clinton (D) signs The Religious Freedom Restoration Act of 1993,  Pub. L. No. 103-141, 107 Stat. 1488; the Supreme Court soon struck down RFRA as an unconstitutional exercise of Congressional powers in City of Boerne v. Flores
1994 – Oct 19  Mohegan Nation (Connecticut) Land Claims Settlement – Aboriginal title claim, Nov 2  Crow Boundary Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim
1996 – Oct 26  Native American Housing Assistance and Self-Determination Act of 1996 simplifed and reorganized the system of providing housing assistance to Native American communities to help improve the unsatisfactory conditions of infrastructure in Indian country. The legislation proposed to accomplish this reform by reducing the regulatory strictures that burdened tribes attempting to use their housing grants, and created a new program division of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) that combined several previously used programs into one block grant program committed to the task of tribal housing.
1996 – U.S. Court recognizes land rights of Venetie Tribe of Neetsaii’ Gwich’in Indians 
1997 – Jun 5 – Secretarial Order #3206 American Indian Tribal Rights, Federal-Tribal Trust Responsibilities, and the Endangered Species Act.
1998 – Former Indian reservations in Oklahoma are the Indian reservations in the lands that are now the state of Oklahoma. Prior to statehood, both Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory contained suzerain Indian Nations that had legally established boundaries,  Supreme Court overturns Neetsaii’ Gwich’in tax levy
1999 -President Bill Clinton visits the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, Montana
2000 – Nov 1  Santo Domingo Pueblo Claims Settlement – Aboriginal title claim, Dec 20 Native American Code Talkers Receive Congressional Gold Medal, Dec 27  Torres-Martinez Desert Cahiilla Indian Claims Settlement – Aboriginal title claim, President Bill Clinton visits the Navajo Nation in Shiprock, New Mexico
2002 – Dec 13  Cherokee, Choctaw, and Chickasaw Nation Claims Settlement  – Aboriginal title claim
2001 – Jan 19 – Secretarial Order # 3225 Endangered Species Act and Subsistence Uses in Alaska (Supplement to Secretarial Order 3206)
2004 – Western Shoshone Claims Distribution Act of 2004 established the legal framework for the distribution of the “Western Shoshone Judgement Funds” stemming from docket 326-K before the Indian Claims Commission
2005 – May 23  Secretarial Orde #3261 Realignment of Functions Relating to the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act
2006- Esther Martinez Native American Languages Preservation Act Public Law No: 109-394,  It authorized funding for new programs for tribes to prevent the loss of heritage and culture, Sept 27 Pueblo De San Ildefonso Claims Settlement – Aboriginal title claim
2007 – Sep 13 United Nations adopted The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
2009 – Apr 30 U.S. Senate passed a resolution apologizing to all Native Peoples on behalf of the United States for a long history of official depredations and ill-conceived policies by the Federal Government regarding Indian tribes, May 8  President Barack Obama (D) signed a law repealing the Bennett Freeze section10(f) of Public Law 93-531, Nov 5  President Barack Obama hosts the first White House Tribal Nations Conference 
2010 – Mar 23 President Obama (D) signed into law the The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA),commonly called Obamacare  thus  making The Indian Health Care Improvement Act (IHCIA), the cornerstone legal authority for the provision of health care to American Indians and Alaska Natives permanent, Jul 29  Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 signed into effect by President Obama (D) that expands the punitive abilities of tribal courts across the nation. The law allows tribal courts operating in Indian country to increase jail sentences handed down in criminal cases. This was a major step toward improving enforcement and justice in Indian country. Before this law, tribal courts were limited in the scope of punishment they could hand down in criminal cases, giving them the impression of a lower, less serious court. They now possess the power under the Tribal Law and Order Act to pass increased sentences in order to incarcerate defendants longer, Dec 8 President Obama (D)  signed into law the Claims Resolution Act which includes the Cobell, Keepseagle, and other settlement agreements, Dec 16 President Obama (D) endorses the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples2010 White House Tribal Nations Conference
2011 – Jul 5 Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act rule 10.11 moderated requirements for cultural affiliation causing museums to consult with tribes that request the repatriation of culturally unidentifiable human remains. Dec 2  White House Tribal Nations Conference
2012 – Dec 5  White House Tribal Nations Conference
2013 – Mar 5  Federal Agencies Announce Action Plan to Guide Protection of Indian Sacred Sites, Mar 7 Pres Obama signs VAWA 2013 and Tribal Jurisdiction Over Crimes of Domestic Violence ,Nov 8 Interior Expands Land Buy-Back Process Across Indian Country, Nov 13 –  White House Tribal Nations Conference, Nov 20  Native American Code Talkers Receive Congressional Gold Medal
 2014 – Jan 6 Native Language Immersion Student Achievement Act, S. 1948. The legislation “would establish a grant program to fund Native language educational programs, May 9 Jewell announces $700K in tribal energy grants, May 28  Sandia Pueblo Settlement Technical Amendment Act is a bill that would transfer to the Sandia Pueblo of New Mexico some land from the United States Forest Service, provided that land remains an “open space in its natural state.”, Jun 8 Attorney General Eric Holder office consults with tribes to increase voting access for American Indians and Alaska Natives, Jun 13  President Obama visits the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, Cannon Ball, North Dakota, Jun 18 Washington Redskins football team’s trademark registration for its nickname was canceled by a U.S. Patent and Trademark Office appeals board, Jun 18 The Interior Department issued a press release announcing it is taking “a first step to consider reestablishing a government-to-government relationship between the United States and the Native Hawaiian community, Jul 16 Senators introduce Tribal Adoption Parity Act,  Aug 20 Secretary Jewell Issues Secretarial Order Affirming American Indian Trust Responsibilities, Sep 8 USDA appoints members to Native Farming, Ranching Council,  Sep 26  “Tribal General Welfare Exclusion Act of 2014,”  excludes Indian general welfare benefits from gross income in calculating income tax; and establishes a Tribal Advisory Committee to advise the Treasury Department on matters relating to the taxation of Indians and “Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe – Fish Springs Ranch Settlement Act,” which ratifies a water settlement agreement between the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe and Fish Springs Ranch,  Dec 16 President Obama designated the pristine waters of Bristol Bay as off limits to consideration for oil and gas leasing, Dec 18 President Obama signed into law S. 1474, Alaska Safe Families and Villages Act of 2014, which repeals current law limitation on jurisdiction of Indian tribes in the State of Alaska over domestic violence,
2015 – Jan 13 Jodi Gillette, Special Assistant to President Obama for Native American Affairs, responds to the White House Petition “Stop Apache Land Grab, Feb 2 President Obama takes  historic step in recognizing and reaffirming true government-to-government relations and in honoring the trust responsibility to American Indian tribes pursuant to treaties and the U.S. Constitution., Feb 28 Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell, on behalf of the U.S., signed an historic agreement guaranteeing the water rights of the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes in NevadaRevised Guidelines of Indian Child Welfare Act, Mar 23 Tribes Get $6 Million in Federal Funds for Energy Efficiency Projects, Apr 29 Obama Administration designates  Pine Ridge Indian Reservation of the Oglala Sioux Tribe a Promise Zone,
Jun 12 US State Department launches initiatives to provide technical assistance and support to civil society organizations responding to hate crime and bias-motivated violence targeting LGBT persons globally, Jul 9 White House Youth Tribal Gathering, Jul 15 President Obama visits The Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma,  Aug 31 President Obama signs a “secretarial order” that the Federal Government has officially restored the Koyukon Athabascan name of Denali to the tallest mountain in North America (PNA Mt. McKinley).


.Source: Wikipedia,, &


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