Know Your Rights: Title IX Prohibits Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence Where You Go to School
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (“Title IX”), 20 U.S.C. §1681 et seq., is a Federal civil rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in education programs and activities. All public and private elementary and secondary schools, school districts, colleges, and universities (hereinafter “schools”) receiving any Federal funds must comply with Title IX. Under Title IX, discrimination on the basis of sex can include sexual harassment or sexual violence, such as rape, sexual assault, sexual battery, and sexual coercion.
Below is additional information regarding the specific requirements of Title IX as they pertain to sexual harassment and sexual violence.
What are a school’s responsibilities to address sexual harassment and sexual violence?
A school has a responsibility to respond promptly and effectively. If a school knows or reasonably should know about sexual harassment or sexual violence that creates a hostile environment, the school must take immediate action to eliminate the sexual harassment or sexual violence, prevent its recurrence, and address its effects.
Even if a student or his or her parent does not want to file a complaint or does not request that the school take any action on the student’s behalf, if a school knows or reasonably should know about possible sexual harassment or sexual violence, it must promptly investigate to determine what occurred and then take appropriate steps to resolve the situation.
A criminal investigation into allegations of sexual harassment or sexual violence does not relive the school of its duty under Title IX to resolve complaints promptly and equitably.What procedures must a school have in place to prevent sexual harassment and sexual violence and resolve complaints?
• Every School Must Have And Distribute A Policy Against Sex Discrimination
• Every School Must Have A Title IX Coordinator
• Every School Must Have And Make Known Procedures For Students To File Complaints Of Sex Discrimination.
“Mr. President, the last thing I want to say is, I want to thank you personally, you and the First Lady, for all you do to empower women. You have no idea. Every day, you both send a strong message that little girls can do anything they want to do, and they can be anything they want to be.“
It is the name for a holiday celebrating June 19, 1865, the day when Union soldiers arrived in Texas and spread the word that President Lincoln had delivered his Emancipation Procalamation. News traveled so slowly in those days that Texas did not hear of Lincoln’s Proclamation, which he gave on January 1, 1863, until more than two years after it was issued!
The proclamation declared “that all persons held as slaves” within the rebellious states “are, and henceforward shall be free.” Thus, the Emancipation Proclamation was limited in many ways. It applied only to states that had seceded from the Union, leaving slavery untouched in the loyal border states. It also expressly exempted parts of the Confederacy that had already come under Northern control. Most important, the freedom it promised depended upon Union military victory.
Although Juneteenth has been informally celebrated each year since 1865, it wasn’t until June 3, 1979, that Texas became the first state to proclaim Emancipation Day (Juneteenth) an official state holiday. But it is much more than a holiday. Juneteenth has become a day for African Americans to celebrate their freedom, culture, and achievements. It is a day for all Americans to celebrate African American history and rejoice in their freedom.
Hunger is one of the most severe roadblocks to the learning process. Lack of nutrition during the summer months may set up a cycle for poor performance once school begins again. Hunger also may make children more prone to illness and other health issues. The Summer Food Service Program is designed to fill that nutrition gap and make sure children can get the nutritious meals they need.
Want to help end hunger this summer? Here are a few ways you can help:
Local foods and agriculture-based activities at Summer sites can improve the quality and appeal of Summer Meals, address the summer learning and nutrition gap, bolster your Farm to School efforts with year-round programming, and support local and regional food systems all year long. USDA’s Farm to Summer team has a number of resources available for States interested in promoting the use of local foods their sponsors:
First Lady Michelle Obama to Travel to the United Kingdom and Italy First Lady Michelle Obama will travel to London, Milan, and Vicenza from June 15-21, 2015. Accompanying Mrs. Obama on this trip will be her mother, Mrs. Marian Robinson, and daughters, Malia and Sasha Obama. As part of the Let Girls Learn initiative and following her recent visits to Japan and Cambodia, the First Lady will visit London where she will meet with students and discuss how the UK and the U.S. are working together to expand access to girls education around the world – supporting adolescent girls in completing their education. As part of the First Lady’s Let’s Move! initiative, the First Lady will lead a Presidential Delegation to the Milan Expo 2015 representing our steadfast commitment to a healthier nation. The Presidential Delegation will tour the USA Pavilion, “American Food 2.0: United to Feed the Planet,” and participate in activities to lift up efforts to support healthier families and communities. And as part of the Joining Forces initiative, Mrs. Obama will visit members of the military and their families stationed in Vicenza, Italy. The First Lady will also visit cultural sites in Venice before returning to Washington, DC.
First Lady Michelle Obama, Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama travel to London
Tuesday, June 16th
First Lady Michelle Obama, Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama arrive in London
Stanstead Airport, London, England
Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama visit with students
Mulberry School for Girls, London, England
First Lady Obama delivers remarks on the ‘Let Girls Learn’ Initiative
Mulberry School for Girls, London, England
First Lady Michelle Obama hosts a roundtable discussion with representatives from the Research for Equitable Access and Learning Centre, Peace Corps, former prime minister of Australia Julia Gillard and students on expanding access to girls education around the world
Mulberry School for Girls, London, England
First Lady Michelle Obama meets with British Prime Minister David Cameron and his wife Samantha
Downing Street, London, England
First Lady Michelle Obama meets with The Prince Henry of Wales
Kensington Palace, London, England
Wednesday, June 17th
First Lady Michelle Obama, Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama travel to Milan
First Lady Michelle Obama, Mrs. Marian Robinson, Malia Obama and Sasha Obama arrive in Milan
First Lady Obama meets with Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi and his wife
Pollinators, such as most bees and some birds, bats, and other insects, play a crucial role in flowering plant reproduction and in the production of most fruits and vegetables.
Examples of crops that are pollinated include apples, squash, and almonds. Without the assistance of pollinators, most plants cannot produce fruits and seeds. The fruits and seeds of flowering plants are an important food source for people and wildlife. Some of the seeds that are not eaten will eventually produce new plants, helping to maintain the plant population.
In the United States pollination by honey bees directly or indirectly (e.g., pollination required to produce seeds for the crop) contributed to over $19 billion of crops in 2010. Pollination by other insect pollinators contributed to nearly $10 billion of crops in 2010.
A recent study of the status of pollinators in North America by the National Academy of Sciences found that populations of honey bees (which are not native to North America) and some wild pollinators are declining. Declines in wild pollinators may be a result of habitat loss and degradation, while declines in managed bees is linked to disease (introduced parasites and pathogens).
Bee Deaths May Have Reached A Crisis Point For Crops
May 07, 2013 6:03 PM by DAN CHARLES – NPR
Pettis says beekeepers can afford to lose only about 15 percent of their colonies each year. More than that, and the business won’t be viable for long.
According to a new survey of America’s beekeepers, almost a third of the country’s honeybee colonies did not make it through the winter.
That’s been the case, in fact, almost every year since the U.S. Department of Agriculture began this annual survey, six years ago.
Over the past six years, on average, 30 percent of all the honeybee colonies in the U.S. died off over the winter. The worst year was five years ago. Last year was the best: Just 22 percent of the colonies died.
“Last year gave us some hope,” says Jeffrey Pettis, research leader of the Agriculture Department’s Bee Research Laboratory in Beltsville, Md.
But this year, the death rate was up again: 31 percent.
Six years ago, beekeepers were talking a lot about “colony collapse disorder” — colonies that seemed pretty healthy, but suddenly collapsed. The bees appeared to have flown away, abandoning their hives.
Beekeepers aren’t seeing that so much anymore, Pettis says. They’re mostly seeing colonies that just dwindle. As the crowd of bees gets smaller, it gets weaker.
“They can’t generate heat very well in the spring to rear brood. They can’t generate heat to fly,” he says.
The most obvious need for pollinating species is a diversity of nectar and pollen sources. Consider the following when choosing plants for your garden:
Choose plants that flower at different times of the year to provide nectar and pollen sources throughout the growing season
Plant in clumps, rather than single plants, to better attract pollinators
Provide a variety of flower colors and shapes to attract different pollinators. NAPPC’s Pollinator Syndrome table provides information on the types of flowers that different pollinator groups (bats, hummingbirds, bees, butterflies, etc.) find attractive.
Pesticides can kill more than the target pest. Some pesticide residues can kill pollinators for several days after the pesticide is applied. Pesticides can also kill natural predators, which can lead to even worse pest problems. Consider the following when managing pests in your garden:
Try removing individual pests by hand if possible (wearing garden gloves)
Encourage native predators with a diverse garden habitat
Expect and accept a little bit of pest activity
If you must use a pesticide, choose one that is the least toxic to non-pest species, does not persist on vegetation, and apply it in the evening when most pollinators are not as active. Read and follow label directions carefully.
Follow these simple steps to create a pollinator-friendly landscape around your home or workplace.
Use a wide variety of plants that bloom from early spring into late fall.
Help pollinators find and use them by planting in clumps, rather than single plants. Include plants native to your region. Natives are adapted to your local climate, soil and native pollinators. Do not forget that night-blooming flowers will support moths and bats.
Avoid modern hybrid flowers, especially those with “doubled” flowers.
Often plant breeders have unwittingly left the pollen, nectar, and fragrance out of these blossoms while creating the “perfect” blooms for us.
Eliminate pesticides whenever possible.
If you must use a pesticide, use the least-toxic material possible. Read labels carefully before purchasing, as many pesticides are especially dangerous for bees. Use the product properly. Spray at night when bees and other pollinators are not active.
Include larval host plants in your landscape.
If you want colorful butterflies, grow plants for their caterpillars. They WILL eat them, so place them where unsightly leaf damage can be tolerated. Accept that some host plants are less than ornamental if not outright weeds. A butterfly guide will help you determine the plants you need to include. Plant a butterfly garden!
Create a damp salt lick for butterflies and bees.
Use a dripping hose, drip irrigation line, or place your bird bath on bare soil to create a damp area. Mix a small bit of table salt (sea salt is better!) or wood ashes into the mud.
Spare that limb!
By leaving dead trees, or at least an occasional dead limb, you provide essential nesting sites for native bees. Make sure these are not a safety hazard for people walking below. You can also build a bee condoby drilling holes of varying diameter about 3 to 5 inches deep in a piece of scrap lumber mounted to a post or under eaves.
You can add to nectar resources by providing a hummingbird feeder.
To make artificial nectar, use four parts water to one part table sugar. Never use artificial sweeteners, honey, or fruit juices. Place something red on the feeder. Clean your feeder with hot soapy water at least twice a week to keep it free of mold.
Butterflies need resources other than nectar.
They are attracted to unsavory foodstuffs, such as moist animal droppings, urine and rotting fruits. Try putting out slices of overripe bananas, oranges and other fruits, or a sponge in a dish of lightly salted water to see which butterflies come to investigate. Sea salt provides a broader range of micronutrients than regular table salt.
Learn more about pollinators
Get some guidebooks and learn to recognize the pollinators in your neighborhood. Experiment with a pair of close-focusing binoculars for butterflies, bees and hummingbirds.
The North American Pollinator Protection Campaign’s Pollinator Partnership™ has launched a new curriculum, Nature’s Partners: Pollinators, Plants and You, designed to help students in grades 3-6 study the interactions of plants and pollinators. The North American Pollinator Protection Campaign is coordinated by the non-profit Pollinator Partnership, formerly known as the Coevolution Institute. The Fish and Wildlife Service has partnered with the two groups to protect pollinators by working together to help conserve pollinators and raise awareness of the importance of pollinators.
June 03, 2015
Remarks by The First Lady at The White House Kitchen Garden Harvest Event
3:35 P.M. EDT
MRS. OBAMA: I’m excited that you guys could be here. I really am. Unfortunately — we usually do our garden harvest where? Outside in the White House Kitchen Garden. But the weather is bad, and we didn’t — wouldn’t want you guys to get soaked. We didn’t want to put you in inclement weather. So we had some folks go down and harvest everything — all of the vegetables you see here were harvested this morning from the garden.
So we’re going to do the fun part today, and we’re going to cook — chop, cook, eat, celebrate, okay? Is that okay with you guys?
MRS. OBAMA: I’m excited about it too. But we’re also celebrating the fifth anniversary of Let’s Move! And one of the things that I issued was a challenge — I called it my Gimme Five Challenge. Have you all heard of that? I’m challenging folks across the country to do five new healthy things. And when we planted the White House garden earlier in the season, we planted five new vegetables and challenged other people to do the same. And we also got some help from our friends at the National Pollinator Garden Network.
Now, do you guys know about pollinator gardens? Tell me something about pollinator gardens. Don’t be shy. Why are they important?
CHILD: Because they pass pollen around —
MRS. OBAMA: They do. And as a result, it helps our food grow. One out of every three bits of food that we take in this country is the result of a pollinator garden somewhere. So if we don’t make sure we have enough of those gardens for pollinators like butterflies — didn’t you have a sign for butterflies? You were supposed to do something when I said “butterflies.” (Laughter.) Okay. Butterflies, bats, bees, birds — all of those, they get attracted to the gardens, and then they go and sprinkle life around so that food grows.
So we planted a pollinator garden in the White House Kitchen Garden last year, but we challenged others to do the same. So there is the Pollinator Network have issued so that we get millions of more pollinator gardens planted out there around the country so that we don’t lose these important pollinating species.
6/24/14 American Beekeeping Federation President Tim Tucker “On behalf of the American Beekeeping Federation, I would like to express our appreciation to President Obama for his recent Presidential Memorandum, “Creating a Federal Strategy to Promote the Health of Honey Bees and Other Pollinators.”