Immigration, the movement of non-residents to the United States, has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of American history. The economic, social, and political aspects of immigration have caused controversy regarding ethnicity, economic benefits, jobs for non-immigrants, settlement patterns, impact on upward social mobility and voting behavior. As of 2006, the United States accepts more legal immigrants as permanent residents than all other countries in the world combined. Since the liberalization of immigration policy in 1965, the number of first- generation immigrants living in the United States has quadrupled, from 9.6 million in 1970 to about 38 million in 2007. 1,046,539 persons were naturalized as U.S. citizens in 2008.
For more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Immigration
Castle Island or Castle Garden, today known as Castle Clinton National Monument, is the major landmark within The Battery, the 25 acre waterfront park at the tip of Manhattan. From 1830 to 1892, the Castle was America’s first official immigration center, a pioneering collaboration of New York State and New York City.
Donate to Castle Garden Battery Conservancy: http://castlegarden.org/support.php
Angel Island is a site of great history, culture, and heritage. The island lies off the coast of the city of Tiburon in Marin County, California, and is the largest island in the San Francisco Bay with an area of 640 acres. The War Department provided space to build the immigration center in 1905. Often referred to as the “Ellis Island of the West”, Angel Island was the location of the major immigration station from 1910 to 1940 for those arriving from Pacific routes, especially from Asia.
Donate to Angel Island Association: http://angelisland.org/donate/
Ellis Island in New York Harbor was the gateway for millions of immigrants to the United States as the site of the nation’s busiest immigration station from 1892 to 1954. Prior to that, the much smaller original island was the site of Fort Gibson and later a naval magazine. The island was greatly expanded with landfill between 1892 and 1934. Since 1990, restored buildings on the island host a museum of immigration run by the National Park Service as part of Statue of Liberty National Monument. A 1998 United States Supreme Court decision found most of the island to be part of New Jersey. To see the immigration events of Ellis Island documented in this timeline: http://www.ellisisland.org/genealogy/ellis_island_timeline.asp.
Donate to the STATUE OF LIBERTY-ELLIS ISLAND FOUNDATION: https://www.ellisisland.org/membership/donation.asp?otherAmt=0
The National Archives at New York City
- New York Passenger Arrival Records, 1820 – 1957
- Complete list of passenger arrival film for the Port of New York, available at NARA’s Northeast Region – New York office
- Select List of Microfilm of Genealogical Value for lists of microfilm available at NARA’s Northeast Region – New York office pertaining to Census, naturalization, and passenger arrival records and more
- Complete list of passenger arrival microfilm available at the National Archives
- National Archives online Microfilm Catalog, Immigrant and Passenger Arrivals
- National Archives main pages: Research in Immigration Records
- Canadian Border Crossing Records, an article in Prologue
- Boston passenger lists held by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
- German Immigration to the U.S., 1850-1897, data files in the Access to Archival Databases (AAD)
- Irish Famine Passenger Records in the Access to Archives Databases (AAD).
- Italian Immigration to the U.S., 1855-1900, data files in the Access to Archival Databases (AAD)
- Russian Immigration to the U.S., 1834-1897, data files in the Access to Archival Databases (AAD)
- Great Lakes Crew Lists
- Naturalization Records
- Alien Records
Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Utah
The Family History Library (FHL) is a genealogical research facility in downtown Salt Lake City. The library is open to the public free of charge and is operated by FamilySearch, the genealogical arm of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
The Family History Library catalogs family histories of Mormons and Non-Mormons and is the largest genealogical collection of it’s kind in the world.
President Obama’s Immigration Timeline:
- 4/7/15 U.S. appeals court rejects challenge to 2012 Obama deportation relief
- 2/24/15 DHS Extends Eligibility for Employment Authorization to Certain H-4 Dependent Spouses of H-1B Nonimmigrants Seeking Employment-Based Lawful Permanent Residence
- 2/23/15 U.S. Justice Department asks for stay to allow immigration action
- 2/5/15 Pres Obama hosts DREAMers from around the nation who qualified for his Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program
- 2/2/15 Pres Obama recognizes and reaffirms true government-to-government relations and in honoring the trust responsibility to American Indian tribes pursuant to treaties and the U.S. Constitution
- 1/15/15 Mexican government began issuing birth certificates to its citizens at its consulates in the US
- 1/5/15 Secretary of Homeland Security Johnson’s revised guidance on Policies for the Apprehension, Detention and Removal of Undocumented Immigrants
- 11/21/14 FACT SHEET: The Economic Benefits of Fixing Our Broken Immigration System
- 11/21/14 Presidential Memorandum — Creating Welcoming Communities and Fully Integrating Immigrants and Refugees
- 11/21/14 Presidential Memorandum — Modernizing and Streamlining the U.S. Immigrant Visa System for the 21st Century
- 11/21/14 Department of Homeland Security Fixing Our Broken Immigration System Through Executive Action – Key Facts
- 11/21/14 President Obama delivered remarks and signs the Executive Orders on Immigration Reform
- 11/20/14 President Obama addressed the Nation on his Immigration Reform Presidente Obama Se Dirige a la Nación (Subtitulado al Español)
“We are a proud Nation of immigrants, home to a long line of aspiring citizens who contributed to their communities, founded businesses, or sacrificed their livelihoods so they could pass a brighter future on to their children. Each year on Citizenship Day, we welcome the newest members of the American family as they pledge allegiance to our Constitution and join us in writing the next chapter of our national story.
Throughout our history, immigrants have embraced the spirit of liberty, equality, and justice for all — the same ideals that stirred the patriots of 1776 to rise against an empire, guided the Framers as they built a stronger republic, and moved generations to bridge our founding promise with the realities of our time.
The pursuit of this promise defines our history; with amendments that trace our national journey, the Constitution bears witness to how far we have come. As we celebrate the world’s longest surviving written charter of government, let us remember that upholding our founding principles requires us to challenge modern injustices. Let us accept our responsibilities as citizens, our obligations to one another and to future generations. Let us move forward with the knowledge that in the face of impossible odds, those who love their country can change it. “