U.S. Minorities Civil Rights Timeline 1863-1963

US Minorities Civil Rights Timeline 1863-1963
ProPresObama.org Civil Rights Timelines ™
1863 – Jan 1 The Emancipation Proclamation is an order issued to all segments of the Executive branch (including the Army and Navy) of the United States by President Abraham Lincoln,  Wilberforce University, Ohio is first college owned & operated by African Americans
1864- Apr 8  The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution outlaws slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime
1865 – Black Codes were laws passed by Southern states in 1865 and 1866, after the Civil War. These laws had the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans‘ freedom, and of compelling them to work in a labor economy based on low wages or debt. President Abraham Lincoln  signed the Freedmen’s Bureau that established the Freedman’s Saving and Trust Company to help the newly emancipated black community, Black Codes were part of a larger pattern of Southern whites trying to suppress the new freedom of emancipated African American slaves, the freedmen.
1866 – Civil Rights Act of 1866 is a U.S. federal law declaring that everyone born(except certain Native Americans) in the U.S. and not subject to any foreign power is a citizen, without regard to race, color, or previous condition of slavery or involuntary servitude, Sep 21 ‘Buffalo Soldiers‘ members of the U.S. 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army serving at Fort LeavenworthKansas were formed.
1868 – First African American elected to the U.S. House of RepresentativesJohn Willis Menard
1870 – Feb 3  Fifteenth Amendment that gave African-American males the right to vote. Mar 3  Thomas Mundy Peterson first African-American to vote in an election under the provisions of the 15th Amendment.
1871 – Civil Rights Act of 1871, sometimes called The Second Ku Klux Klan Act, is a U.S. federal law where several of its provisions still exist today as codified statutes; the most important still-existing provision is 42 U.S.C. § 1983.  The act was the second of three Enforcement Acts passed by the United States Congress from 1870 to 1871 during the Reconstruction Era to combat attacks on the suffrage rights of African Americans from groups like the Ku Klux Klan.
1876 – 1965  The Jim Crow laws were state and local laws in the United States that mandated de jure racial segregation in all public facilities in Southern states of the former Confederacy, with, starting in 1890, a “separate but equal” status for African Americans.
1882 – May 8  Chinese Exclusion Act signed by Chester A. Arthur was a U.S. federal law following revisions made in 1880 to the Burlingame Treaty of 1868. Those revisions allowed the U.S. to suspend immigration, and Congress subsequently acted quickly to implement the suspension of Chinese immigration, a ban that was intended to last 10 years. This law was repealed by the Magnuson Act on December 17, 1943.
1885-86 Anti-Chinese Riots Washington
The China Town in Seattle was burned down on October 24. That year there were also violent riots against Chinese in Washington, Alaska, California, Wyoming, South Dakota and Nevada1889 Wong Kim Ark, born of Chinese parents, wins Supreme Court case establishing that a person born in the U.S. is a citizen regardless of parentage
1896 Plessy v. Ferguson,  landmark United States Supreme Court decision upholding the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of “separate but equal
1905 Anti-Japanese Movement
Japanese and Korean Exclusion League formed in San Francisco by 67 labor unions, barring employing Japanese, pressuring School Board to segregate Japanese from white children
1907 Asian Exclusion Act League
Japanese and Korean Exclusion League renamed the Asian Exclusion League to combat the influx of Indian immigrants
1910 – First African-American woman millionaire: Madam C. J. Walker
1911 – First African-American attorney admitted to the American Bar AssociationWilliam Henry Lewis
1913 – Mar 3  Woman Suffrage Parade of 1913 was a march down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C. on  organized by the suffragist Alice Paul for the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
1917 – Feb 5 Immigration Act of 1917 (aka Asiatic Barred Zone Act) was passed by the US Congress with an overwhelming majority, overriding President Woodrow Wilson’s December 14, 1916, veto. This act banned homosexuals, idiots, feeble-minded persons, criminals, epileptics, alcoholics, professional beggars, anyone “mentally or physically defective”, polygamists, anarchists, anyone over the age of sixteen who were illiterate, people from much of Asia and the Pacific Islands from entering the country.
1919 Jun 1, Red Summer refers to the race riots that occurred in more than three dozen cities in the United States during the summer and early autumn of 1919. In most instances, whites attacked African Americans. In some cases many blacks fought back, notably in Chicago, where, along with Washington, D.C. and Elaine, Arkansas,
1920 – Aug 18  The Nineteenth Amendment to the U. S. Constitution prohibits each state and the federal government from denying any citizen the right to vote based on that citizen’s sex.
1922 – Nov 13  Ozawa v. U.S. Supreme Court rules that Takao Ozawa is ineligible for citizenship because of his “Mongolian” ancestry
1923 The U.S. rules that Asian Indians are ineligible for citizenship. Filipinos are ruled ineligible for citizenship and therefore are barred from immigrating to the U.S.
1924 May 25 The Immigration Act of 1924, or Johnson–Reed Act, including the National Origins Act, and Asian Exclusion Act was a United States federal law that limited the annual number of immigrants who could be admitted from any country, Jun 2 Fisk University Protests resulted in the school’s principal trying to force the school to abide by and teach the Jim Crow Laws and not try to challenge or reject them.
1925 Hidemitsu v. U.S. Supreme Court rules that to maintain distinction of race and color in naturalization laws, a Japanese person cannot be naturalized.
1929 – Charles Hamilton Houston, a prominent African-American lawyer, Dean of Howard University Law School, and NAACP Litigation Director who played a significant role in dismantling the Jim Crow laws, which earned him the title “The Man Who Killed Jim Crow”. He is also well known for having trained almost a quarter of the nation’s black law students, one of whom was Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall. Through his work at the NAACP, Houston played a role in nearly every civil rights case before the Supreme Court between 1930 and Brown v. Board of Education (1954).
1931 – Mar 25 Nine black teenage boys accused of rape in Alabama in 1931 they came to be known as the Scottsboro Boys. The case included a frameup, an all-white jury, rushed trials, an attempted lynching, an angry mob, and is an example of an overall miscarriage of justice.
1938 – Jun 25  The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938
1940 – First African American to be portrayed on a U.S. postage stampBooker T. Washington
1942 – Feb 19 Executive Order 9066, which allowed local military commanders to designate “military areas” as “exclusion zones,” from which “any or all persons may be excluded.” This power was used to declare that all people of Japanese ancestry were excluded from the entire Pacific coast, including all of California and much of Oregon, Washington and Arizona, except for those in internment camps.
1948 – May 3 Shelley v. Kraemer, 334 U.S. 1 (1948), is a landmark United States Supreme Court case which held that courts could not enforce racial covenants on real estate , Jul 26  Executive Order 9981, which states, “It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin.”
1949, the Japanese American Citizen’s League initiated efforts in the U.S. Congress to gain the right of Japanese immigrants to become naturalized citizens of the U.S., a right denied to them for over fifty years.
1949 and 1950 The American G.I. Forum initiated local “pay your poll tax” drives to register Mexican American voters. Although they were unable to repeal the poll tax, their efforts did bring in new Hispanic voters who would begin to elect Latino representatives to the Texas House of Representatives and to Congress during the late 1950s and early 1960s.
1950 – First African American to receive a “lifetime” (officially “during good behavior”) appointment as federal judge: William H. Hastie of  U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit, First African American to win Nobel Peace PrizeRalph Bunche
1951 – Dec 24 The 1951 Christmas Eve Ku Klux Klan bombing of the home of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) activists Harry and Harriette Moore in Mims, Florida, resulting in their deaths.
1952 – Jun 27  The Immigration and Nationality Act of 1952 aka The McCarran-Walter Act repeals the racial restriction of the 1790 Naturalization Law. First generation Japanese receive the right to become naturalized citizens.
1954 – May 17, The Supreme Court rules on the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas., unanimously agreeing that segregation in public schools is unconstitutional.
1955 – Aug 28 Fourteen-year-old Chicagoan Emmett Till is visiting family in Mississippi when he is kidnapped, brutally beaten, shot, and dumped in the Tallahatchie River for allegedly whistling at a white woman., Dec 1 Rosa Parks (Montgomery, AL) NAACP member,  refuses to give up her seat at the front of the “colored section” of a bus to a white passenger, defying a southern custom of the time. This act set off the The Montgomery Bus Boycott, a political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation on the public transit system of MontgomeryAlabama   The campaign lasted from Dec 1, 1955 to Dec 20, 1956, when a federal ruling, Browder v. Gayle, took effect, and led to a United States Supreme Court decision that declared the Alabama and Montgomery laws requiring segregated buses to be unconstitutional.
1957 – Jan 23 The 1957  Ku Klux Klan murder of Willie Edwards, Jr. Klansmen forced Edwards to jump to his death from a bridge into the Alabama River. Jan–Feb  Martin Luther King Jr., Charles K. Steele, and Fred L. Shuttlesworth establish the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, of which King is made the first president. Sept 4 (Little Rock, AR)  Nine black students are blocked from participating in integration of a formerly all-white  Central High School on the orders of Governor Orval Faubus. President Eisenhower sends federal troops and the National Guard to intervene on behalf of the students, who become known as the “Little Rock Nine.
1959 – The Mexican American Political Association (MAPA), founded in Fresno, California came into being in 1959 and drew up a plan for direct electoral politics. MAPA soon became the primary political voice for the Mexican-American community of California. Hiram Fong, one of Hawaii’s first senators, was the first Asian American elected as US Senator
1960 – Feb 1 (Greensboro, NC) Four black students from North Carolina Agricultural and Technical College begin a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth’s lunch counter. Apr  (Raleigh, NC) The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) is founded at Shaw University, providing young blacks with a place in the civil rights movement.
1961  – May 4  Over the spring and summer, student volunteers begin taking bus trips, Freedom Rides, through the South to test out new laws that prohibit segregation in interstate travel facilities, which includes bus and railway stations.
1962 – Oct 1  James Meredith becomes the first black student to enroll at the University of Mississippi. Violence and riots surrounding the incident cause President Kennedy to send 5,000 federal troops.
1963 – St. Augustine Movement  became the stage for a great drama leading up to the passage of the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964 Apr 16 Martin Luther King, Jr., is arrested and jailed during anti-segregation protests in Birmingham, Ala.; he writes his seminal “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” arguing that individuals have the moral duty to disobey unjust laws. May During civil rights protests in Birmingham, AL, Commissioner of Public Safety Eugene “Bull” Connor uses fire hoses and police dogs on black peaceful demonstrators that included children. Jun 11 Pres John F. Kennedy addresses Americans from the Oval Office proposing the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that would revolutionist American society. Proposing equal access to public facilities, end segregation in education and guarantee federal protection for voting rights.  Jun 12  Jackson, Mississippi’s NAACP field secretary, 37-year-old Medgar Evers, is murdered outside his home by the Ku Klux Klan. Byron De La Beckwith is tried twice in 1964, both trials resulting in hung juries. Aug 28  Martin Luther King, Jr. (Washington, D.C.) About 200,000 people join the March on Washington. Congregating at the Lincoln Memorial, participants listen as Martin Luther King delivers his famous “I Have a Dream” speech. Sep 15 (Birmingham, AL) Four young girls (Denise McNair, Cynthia Wesley, Carole Robertson, and Addie Mae Collins) attending Sunday school are killed when a bomb set by the Ku Klux Klan explodes at the 16th Street Baptist Church, a popular location for civil rights meetings.
Sources: Wikipedia.comInfoplease.com and USA.gov
To Continue the Timeline: US Minorities Civil Rights Timeline 1964-2009
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145 thoughts on “U.S. Minorities Civil Rights Timeline 1863-1963

  1. WH

    Friday Apr. 8, 2011

    All Times Eastern

    President Obama and Vice President Biden attend meetings at the White House.

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    Vice President Biden addresses the Hearst Magazines Management Conference at the Newseum.
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  2. Minorities Civil Rights Timeline 1866- 1963

    I apologize if I have left out any important people or groups from my posting; let me know and I will add them.

    • ‘The Forgotten Hero’ Of The Civil Rights Movement

      October 24, 2010 NPR

      A century before the civil rights protests in Selma and Birmingham, a 27-year-old African-American named Octavius Catto led the fight to desegregate Philadelphia’s horse-drawn streetcars.

      He did it in 1866 with the help of other prominent activists, including Lucretia Mott and Frederick Douglass. Catto raised all-black regiments to fight in the Civil War; he pushed for black voting rights; and he started an all-black baseball team — all before the age of 32.

      And if you visit Octavius Catto’s grave at Eden Cemetery, just outside Philadelphia, his epitaph reads: “The Forgotten Hero”

      It was that forgotten history that prompted two reporters, Dan Biddle and Murray Dubin, to dig deeper. They talked to NPR’s Guy Raz about their new book, Tasting Freedom: Octavius Catto and the Battle for Equality in Civil War America.

      For the entire article and audio interview: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=130722484

    • Japanese American Citizens League

      Japanese American Citizens League (日系アメリカ人市民同盟 Nikkei Amerikajin Shimin Dōmei?) was formed in 1929 to protect the rights of Japanese Americans from the state and federal governments. It fought for civil rights for Japanese Americans, assisted those in internment camps during World War II, and led a successful campaign for redress for internment from the U.S. Congress.

      Following the war, the JACL began a long series of legislative efforts to win the rights of Japanese Americans. In 1946, the JACL embarked on a hard-fought campaign to repeal California’s Alien Land Law, which, enacted in the early years of the 20th century, prohibited all Japanese aliens (i.e. immigrants) from purchasing and owning land in the state, one of the most discriminatory statutes enacted in California against Japanese Americans. In 1948, the JACL helped found the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights and, in the same year, succeeded in gaining passage of the Evacuation Claims Act, the first of a series of efforts to rectify the losses and injustices of the World War II internment. In 1949, the JACL initiated efforts in the U.S. Congress to gain the right of Japanese immigrants to become naturalized citizens of the U.S., a right denied to them for over fifty years. The 1951 Walter-McCarren Act, which was essentially a JACL-initiated bill, included language that opened a back door to give women in the United States a foothold on broadening their rights of participation in the democratic process. Among its major accomplishments, the organization committed its lobbying efforts for passage of the landmark 1964 Civil Rights Act, the culmination of the great civil rights movement of the 1960s.

      Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_American_Citizens_League#Civil_rights

    • American GI Forum

      The American G.I. Forum (AGIF) is a Congressionally-chartered Hispanic veterans and civil rights organization. Its motto is “Education is Our Freedom and Freedom should be Everybody’s Business”. AGIF currently operates chapters throughout the United States, with a focus on veteran’s issues, education, and civil rights.

      It was established in Corpus Christi, the seat of Nueces County, Texas, on March 26, 1948 by Dr. Hector P. Garcia to address the concerns of Mexican-American veterans, who were segregated from other veterans groups. Initially formed to request services for World War II veterans of Mexican descent who were denied medical services by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, the AGIF soon spread into non-veteran’s issues such as voting rights, jury selection, and educational desegregation, advocating for the civil rights of all Mexican Americans. Today, the AGIF advocates on behalf of all Hispanic veterans.

      The AGIF’s first campaign was on the behalf of Felix Longoria, a Mexican American private who was killed in the Philippines in the line of duty.

      For the entire article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_GI_Forum#Origin

    • Brown vs Board of Education

      School Life, Before and After ‘Brown’

      For some insight on segregation, integration and race relations, NPR’s Tavis Smiley talks with a man who has experience in what kids thought back during the days of segregation, and what they think today. Dale Cushinberry was a student at an all-black school in Topeka from 1952 to 1956 — before and after the Brown v. Board of Education ruling. He’s now the principal of Highland Park High School in Topeka.
      


      Commentary: After ‘Brown,’ More School Choice Needed

    • County Apologizes to Emmett Till Family

      October 2, 2007 by AUDIE CORNISH – NPR

      More than 50 years ago, Emmett Till, a black teenager from Chicago, was kidnapped and murdered by two white men in the Mississippi community where he’d been visiting family. The killers were acquitted by an all-white jury at the Tallahatchie County courthouse. And it was at that courthouse on Tuesday that community leaders in the rural town of Sumner apologized to Till’s family.

      Till’s mother, his killers and many of the people involved have long since died. But it is clear that his case still hangs over the community.

      The events surrounding the Till case “defined to the world who we are in Tallahatchie County,” said local bank president O.T. Sherman.

      Till was a 14-year-old black Chicago teenager kidnapped from a relative’s home in Money, Miss., in August 1955. He was snatched from his bed, beaten, tortured and killed, allegedly for having whistled at the white shopkeeper’s wife in a local grocery store a few days earlier. Federal officials declined his family’s pleas to get involved.

      For the entire article and audio interview: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=14904083

    • Civil Rights Icon Rosa Parks Dies

      October 25, 2005 Cheryl Corley – NPR

      Rosa Parks, the woman known as the “mother of the civil rights movement,” has died. Parks turned the course of American history by refusing in 1955 to give up her seat on a bus for a white man.

      In 1999, when former President Bill Clinton presented Parks with the Congressional Gold Medal, he said her short bus ride went a long way for civil rights.

      Born Rosa Louise McCauley on Feb. 4, 1913, she married Raymond Parks in 1932. By the early 1950s, Rosa Parks and her now deceased husband were long-time activists in Montgomery Alabama’s chapter of the NAACP.

      Parks worked as a seamstress at a local department store, and on her way home from work one day, she engaged in a simple gesture of defiance that galvanized the civil rights movement.

      It was nearly 50 years ago, Dec. 1, 1955, when Parks challenged the South’s Jim Crow laws — and Montgomery’s segregated bus seating policy — by refusing to get up and give her seat to a white passenger.

      For the entire article and audio interview: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4973548

    • Little Rock Nine

      The Little Rock Nine were a group of African-American students who were enrolled in Little Rock Central High School in 1957. The ensuing Little Rock Crisis, in which the students were initially prevented from entering the racially segregated school by Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus, and then attended after the intervention of President Eisenhower, is considered to be one of the most important events in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. On their first day of school, troops from the Arkansas National Guard would not let them enter the school and they were followed by mobs making threats to lynch.

      The U.S. Supreme Court issued its historic Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, 347 U.S. 483, on May 17, 1954. The decision declared all laws establishing segregated schools to be unconstitutional, and it called for the desegregation of all schools throughout the nation. After the decision the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) attempted to register black students in previously all-white schools in cities throughout the South. In Little Rock, the capital city of Arkansas, the Little Rock School Board agreed to comply with the high court’s ruling.

      For the entire article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Rock_Nine

    • Mexican American Political Association

      Mexican American Political Association (MAPA) is an organization that promotes the interests of Mexican-Americans, Mexicans, Latinos, Chicanos, Hispanics and Latino Economic Refugees in the United States.

      The Mexican American Political Association (MAPA) was organized by 150 volunteer delegates at Fresno in April 1960[1] as a means to elect Mexican American candidates to public office. Edward R. Roybal, later elected to the United States House of Representatives, served as its first chair/president. Throughout the 1960s, MAPA was active in the Civil Rights Movement and the Chicano political movement. MAPA members also aided Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers in political and labor negotiations

      To accomplish the goal of political empowerment for Mexican Americans, MAPA trains campaign workers, registers voters, raises funds, lobbies officials, endorses candidates, and monitors judicial appointments. They have also used grassroots tactics, public relations, and demonstrations.

      For the entire article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mexican_American_Political_Association#History

    • Fifty Years Later, SNCC Renews Its Youth

      April 18, 2010 by KATHY LOHR – NPR

      The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee has its 50th reunion this weekend. The civil rights group dates back to the first lunch counter demonstrations in Greensboro, N.C., that quickly spread across the South. One of the goals of the reunion is to get young people involved in tackling social, political and economic issues.

      LIANE HANSEN, host:

      This is WEEKEND EDITION from NPR News. I’m Liane Hansen.

      The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee is commemorating its 50th anniversary. The civil rights group known as SNCC dates back to the first lunch counter demonstrations in Greensboro, North Carolina, that quickly spread across the South. For the past few days, SNCC has been celebrating its history at a conference. But veterans say they also want to inspire a new generation of activists.
      NPR’s Kathy Lohr has more from Raleigh.

      KATHY LOHR: One of the founders of SNCC, Georgia Congressman John Lewis, recalled the marches, the violence and the progress.

      Representative JOHN LEWIS (Democrat, Georgia, Co-Founder, SNCC): Without the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, without the vision and the leadership of Martin Luther King, Jr., I don’t know where we would be today.

      For the entire article and audio interview: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=126086295

    • Ahead Of Anniversary, Freedom Riders Remember

      April 7, 2011 by ALLISON KEYES – NPR

      Fifty years ago this May, 13 people boarded a bus in Washington, D.C. The Freedom Riders, as they are called, challenged segregation on buses and in waiting rooms throughout the South. Some of those riders are using their experiences to motivate students today — to show them that the actions of one person can make a difference.

      Joan Trumpauer Mulholland stood alongside her fellow Freedom Riders staring at a picture of a black man on a bus who is watching two National Guardsmen.

      “There’s Dave Dennis,” she says, “looking up at the guys with the bayonets.”
      The picture was among the many framed in the windows of a 1960s-era bus sitting in the middle of University of Mary Washington’s Fredericksburg, Va., campus. The Freedom Riders and some students examined photos showing the struggles of the more than 400 Freedom Riders who risked their lives in nonviolent protests beginning in May 1961.

      For the entire article and audio interview: http://www.npr.org/2011/04/07/135096701/ahead-of-anniversary-freedom-riders-remember-

    • Ole Miss: Presidential Debate Host, Cultural Treasure

      September 27, 2008 Scott Simon – NPR

      Scott Simon reflects on Friday night’s debate and the town where it was held: Oxford, Miss

      SCOTT SIMON, host:

      There’s a circumstance worth noting about last night’s encounter between John McCain and Barack Obama that reminds us, as much as the debate, that democracy hands us the chance to make history, even move dark history ahead into sunlight. Last night’s debate was in Oxford, Mississippi, on the campus of the University of Mississippi.

      In 1961, an Air Force veteran named James Meredith applied for admission to Ole Miss, as it’s known. And when officials there realized the color of Mr. Meredith’s skin, they refused to enroll. James Meredith is African-American.

      The fall of 1962, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld Mr. Meredith’s right to attend the school. President Kennedy sent U.S. marshals and the Mississippi National Guard to enforce the rule of the court. The old, leafy campus roiled with ugly protest, which can only be called riots. Two people, including a French reporter, were killed by gunfire coming from a crowd, which should be called a mob.

      For the entire article and audio interview: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=95128720

      • The Legacy of James Meredith

        Published on Jul 9, 2012

        A short documentary honoring the legacy of James Meredith for the 2012 Ole Miss Alumni Association’s Black Alumni and Family Reunion. Produced by Media and Documentary Projects at the University of Mississippi.

    • Taking a Tour of the MLK Collection at Sotheby’s

      June 28, 2006 by ED GORDON – NPR

      Ed Gordon takes a tour of the personal papers and books of the Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr., on display at Sotheby’s auction house. The collection, valued at about $30 million, was meant to be auctioned this week. Instead, private donors purchased the collection and will donate it to Morehouse College in Atlanta, the civil rights icon’s alma mater.

      ED GORDON, host:

      From NPR News, this is NEWS AND NOTES. I’m Ed Gordon.

      Tomorrow is the last day Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s collections of books and documents will be on display at Sotheby’s auction house in New York. The massive collection was bought a week before it slated sale this Friday. The buyers, a collection of philanthropists and corporate donors. The buying effort was led by Atlanta Mayor Shirley Franklin and Andrew Young, one Dr. King’s closest advisors.

      After doors closed on the exhibit at Sotheby’s, it will head to its new home -King’s alma mater – Morehouse College in Atlanta. Earlier this week, I toured the King collection, which includes report cards, sermons, notes, and speeches. Sotheby’s Vice Chairman David Redden was one of my tour guides. He described one major discovery he made as he looked over the collection. But first a note: this piece has language that will offend some listeners.

      Mr. DAVID REDDEN (Vice Chairman, Sotheby’s): I was going through a folder, and inside that folder was a magazine called the Christian Century. And it had on its cover, Letter from Birmingham Jail, which was printed inside. So I opened it up and looked for the letter, and I turned the page, and then some pieces of paper fell out, too, which were covered with King’s handwriting. And what I had in front of me was a complete revision of Letter from Birmingham Jail.

      For the entire article and audio interview: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5517803

    • A Fire You Can’t Put Out

      January 16, 2000 Weekend Edition Sunday – NPR

      Liane speaks with Andrew Manis about his book “A Fire You Can’t Put Out: The Civil Rights Life of Birmingham’s Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth.” (University of Alabama Press) Fred Shuttlesworth was instrumental in leading the many demonstrations which challenged segregation in Birmingham, Alabama, throughout the 1950s and 60s. He clashed with Birmingham’s staunchly segregationist Police Commissioner, Eugene “Bull” Connor on several occasions and suffered constant harassment and personal injury in his efforts to end segregation. Rev. Shuttlesworth now lives in Cincinnati where he is a pastor.

      For the audio interview: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1069229

    • The Civil Rights Legacy of Medgar Evers

      June 13, 2005 NPR

      On June 12, 1963, civil rights leader Medgar Evers was shot dead in the driveway of his Mississippi home. The assassination made Evers the first in a line of civil rights leaders to be cut down in the 1960s, and his murder prompted President Kennedy to ask Congress for a civil rights bill, which was signed into law by President Johnson the next year.

      ED GORDON, host:

      On June 12th, 1963, civil rights leader Medgar Evers was shot dead in the driveway of his Mississippi home. The assassination made Evers the first in a line of civil rights leaders to be cut down in the 1960s. His murder prompted President John F. Kennedy to ask Congress for a civil rights bill, which was signed into law by Lyndon Johnson the next year. But while his death has become legendary, his life of activism and his accomplishments have been somewhat overlooked, so says his widow, Myrlie Evers-Williams.

      Mrs. MYRLIE EVERS-WILLIAMS (Widow of Slain Civil Rights Leader Medgar Evers): Every time I pick up a book about civil rights and civil rights leaders, and I will see Medgar has simply a sentence, I found that rather offensive as his widow and one who knew what he went through and the sacrifices he made.

      For the entire article and audio interview: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4700724

    • On His Day, King’s ‘Dream’ Speech In Its Entirety

      January 17, 2011 Neal Conan – NPR

      As millions of Americans honor his legacy today with a national day of service, we take a moment to reflect on Martin Luther King Jr.’s legacy, in his own words. We revisit his “I Have a Dream” speech, delivered on August 28, 1963, on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial.

      NEAL CONAN, host:

      Today, we celebrate the birthday of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Every year, we take a few minutes to reflect on Dr. King’s legacy and life by listening again to, perhaps, his most famous speech, “I Have A Dream.” And each year, we look through the lens of recent experience.

      Two years ago, an historic vote that elected the first African-American president. Last year, just days after a devastating earthquake in Haiti, after which many felt moved to the service which was so much of a part of Dr. King’s message. This year, it’s a little over a week after the deadly shootings in Tucson that, in some ways, echoed the violence of the 1960s.
      Here’s Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., August 28, 1963, on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial.

      (Soundbite of archived recording)
      Dr. MARTIN LUTHER KING, JR. (Civil Rights Leader): Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation. This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice. It came as a joyous daybreak to end the long night of their captivity.

      For the entire article and audio: http://www.npr.org/2011/01/17/133000851/on-his-day-kings-dream-speech-in-its-entirety

      • This is all so timely and inspiring, CR. I’m watching the final part of PBS’ “The Civil War” this evening, and treasure the memory of President Lincoln and all others who helped get our country on track toward a “more perfect union.” So fitting just now to read from Dr. King’s great speech, “Five score years ago, a great American, in whose symbolic shadow we stand today, signed the Emancipation Proclamation.”

        We have an amazing and sometimes awful history in this country, to treasure and grapple with, respectively. One of our current national treasures now sits tall in the White House. God bless him and his family, and give them strength in the incredible task they have undertaken.

    • Jury Selection Begins For Civil-Rights Cold Case

      November 15, 2010 by KATHY LOHR – NPR

      Jury selection begins Monday for a 45-year-old civil rights case in Alabama.
      A former state trooper is charged with murder in the shooting death of Jimmie Lee Jackson, a black protester who was killed in 1965. Jackson’s death united civil rights leaders across the country and led to the historic Selma-to-Montgomery march.

      Marion, Ala., 1965

      In the Deep South of 1965, segregation was the law of the land. Anyone who protested against the system was met with violence.

      Not far from Selma, Ala., in Marion, a group of African Americans was gathering in a church at night. Alabama state troopers, including James Bonard Fowler, were called in to break up the meeting, and, using billy clubs, they began beating protesters, including 26-year-old Jimmie Lee Jackson.
      Jackson fled to Mack’s Cafe, and some witnesses said he was being beaten as he tried to protect his mother and grandfather.

      For the entire article and audio interview: http://www.npr.org/2010/11/12/131270196/jury-selection-begins-for-civil-rights-cold-case

    • Dorothy Height, Civil Rights Hero, Has Died

      April 20, 2010 MARK MEMMOTT- NPR

      Breaking news from Howard University Hospital in Washington, D.C.:

      Dorothy Irene Height, long-time civil rights activist, chair and president emerita of the National Council of Negro Women (NCNW) and “godmother of the women’s movement,” died of natural causes at 3:41 am. Tuesday, April 20, at Howard University Hospital, 27 days after her 98th birthday.

      As NPR’s Allison Keyes reports, Height had been working on the issues of equality and fairness since the 1930s and was an icon of the civil rights movement.

      Howard University reminds us that Height:

      Was a key figure throughout the civil rights movement. She was the female team leader in the Civil Rights Leadership, along with the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., Whitney H. Young, A. Philip Randolph, James Farmer, Roy Wilkins and John Lewis. At the 1963 March on Washington, Height was on the platform when King delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech.

      For the entire article and audio interview: http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2010/04/dorothy_height_civil_rights_he.html

    • Pullman Porters Helped Build Black Middle Class

      May 7, 2009 NPR

      Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall and former San Francisco Mayor Willie Brown were descendants of Pullman porters — that distinctive and distinguished figure from yesteryear — the uniformed African-American train worker, who forged his way into the middle class.

      As part of this year’s National Train Day celebration on Saturday, Amtrak is honoring the legacy of Pullman porters in Philadelphia. The porters served first-class passengers traveling in the luxurious Pullman sleeping cars, and the safe, steady work that allowed tens of thousands of African-Americans access to middle-class life.

      The legacy of Pullman porters is complex, author Larry Tye tells NPR’s Steve Inskeep.

      George Pullman, the entrepreneur who invented the sleeping car and began hiring porters for them in 1868, “was looking for people who had been trained to be the perfect servant, and these guys’ backgrounds [were] as having been chattel slaves. He knew that they knew just how to take care of any whim that a customer had.”

      Tye, who wrote Rising from the Rails: The Pullman Porters and the Making of the Black Middle Class, says Pullman “knew they would come cheap, and he paid them next to nothing. And he knew that there was never a question off the train that you would be embarrassed by running into one of these Pullman porters and having them remember something you did that you didn’t want your wife or husband, perhaps, to remember during that long trip.”

      For the entire article and audio interview: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=103880184

    • Underground Railroad

      The Underground Railroad was an informal network of secret routes and safe houses used by 19th-century black slaves in the United States to escape to free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists and allies who were sympathetic to their cause. The term is also applied to the abolitionists, both black and white, free and enslaved, who aided the fugitives. Other various routes led to Mexico or overseas.[4] Created in the early 19th century, the Underground Railroad was at its height between 1850 and 1860.[5] One estimate suggests that by 1850, 100,000 slaves had escaped via the “Railroad”. British North America, where slavery was prohibited, was a popular destination, as its long border gave many points of access. More than 30,000 people were said to have escaped there via the network at its peak,[6] although US Census figures account for only 6,000. The Underground Railroad fugitives’ stories are documented in the Underground Railroad Records.

      For the entire article;http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Underground_railroad

      • History In Our Front Yard: Standing on the Underground Railroad

        Uploaded by EASTHQ on Jun 3, 2009
        Video produced by Conwell-Egan Catholic HIgh School’s EAST program in 2009

    • 2:15 PM ET
      President Obama signs a bill designating the Congressional Gold Medal commemorating the lives of the four young girls killed in the 16th Street Baptist Church Bombing of 1963.

      ————

      H.R.360

      One Hundred Thirteenth Congress

      of the

      United States of America

      AT THE FIRST SESSION

      Begun and held at the City of Washington on Thursday,
      the third day of January, two thousand and thirteen

      An Act

      To award posthumously a Congressional Gold Medal to Addie Mae Collins,
      Denise McNair, Carole Robertson, and Cynthia Wesley to commemorate the
      lives they lost 50 years ago in the bombing of the Sixteenth Street
      Baptist Church, where these 4 little Black girls
      ‘ ultimate sacrifice
      served as a catalyst for the Civil Rights Movement.

      Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the
      United States of America in Congress assembled,
      SECTION 1. FINDINGS.
      The Congress Finds the following:
      (1) September 15, 2013, will mark 50 years since the lives of
      Addie Mae Collins, Denise McNair, Carole Robertson, and Cynthia
      Wesley were suddenly taken by a bomb planted in the Sixteenth
      Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama.
      (2) The senseless and premature death of these 4 little Black
      girls sparked “The Movement that Changed the World”.
      (3) On that tragic Sunday in September of 1963, the world took
      notice of the violence inflicted in the struggle for equal rights.
      (4) The fact that 4 innocent children lost their lives as they
      prepared for Sunday School shook the world’s conscience.
      (5) This tragedy galvanized the Civil Rights Movement and
      sparked a surge of momentum that helped secure the passage of the
      Civil Rights Act of 1964 and later the Voting Rights Act of 1965 by
      President Lyndon B. Johnson.
      (6) Justice was delayed for these 4 little Black girls and
      their families until 2002, 39 years after the bombing, when the
      last of the 4 Klansmen responsible for the bombing was charged and
      convicted of the crime.
      (7) The 4 little Black girls are emblematic of so many who have
      lost their lives for the cause of freedom and equality, including
      Virgil Ware and James Johnny Robinson who were children also killed
      within hours of the 1963 church bombing.
      (8) The legacy that these 4 little Black girls left will live
      on in the minds and hearts of us all for generations to come.
      (9) Their extraordinary sacrifice sparked real and lasting
      change as Congress began to aggressively pass legislation that
      ensured equality.
      (10) Sixteenth Street Baptist Church remains a powerful symbol
      of the movement for civil and human rights and will host the 50th
      anniversary ceremony on Sunday, September 15, 2013.
      (11) It is befitting that Congress bestow the highest civilian
      honor, the Congressional Gold Medal, in 2013 to the 4 little Black
      girls, Addie Mae Collins, Denise McNair, Carole Robertson, and
      Cynthia Wesley, posthumously in recognition of the 50th
      commemoration of the historical significance of the bombing of the
      Sixteenth Street Baptist Church.

      For more: http://beta.congress.gov/bill/113th-congress/house-bill/360/text

  3. Crucial White House meeting could decide budget crisis

    4/7/11 8:17 PM EDT Updated: 4/7/11 8:27 PM EDT By DAVID ROGERS – POLITICO

    Congressional leaders returned to the White House on Thursday night, having substantially narrowed their differences on spending but still anticipating a government shutdown Friday because of a serious divide over anti-abortion and environmental policy riders demanded by House Republicans.
    The increased pessimism sparked angry comments from Senate Democrats toward a man they had warmly praised only days ago: House Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio). At the same time, President Barack Obama’s leverage appeared to grow, as the focus moved beyond spending toward social policy. Calling the GOP’s bluff and thereby protecting fellow Democrats, Obama promised to veto a last effort by House Republicans seeking political cover from the fallout that is sure to follow any government shutdown at a time when the nation is at war.

    Adopted 247-181 in the House, the measure would have put the Defense Department on permanent footing through the remainder of this fiscal year but demanded an additional $12 billion in immediate cuts to keep the rest of the government open for a week. Republicans, trumpeting patriotic themes, called on the president to relent, but Obama insisted that he would veto any such short-term answer, absent at least a tentative deal on the budget.
    Adopted 247-181 in the House, the measure would have put the Defense Department on permanent footing through the remainder of this fiscal year but demanded an additional $12 billion in immediate cuts to keep the rest of the government open for a week. Republicans, trumpeting patriotic themes, called on the president to relent, but Obama insisted that he would veto any such short-term answer, absent at least a tentative deal on the budget.

    Read more: http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0411/52781.html

  4. US to use Facebook, Twitter to issue terror alerts

    4/7/11 EILEEN SULLIVAN, AP

    WASHINGTON – Terror alerts from the government will soon have just two levels of warnings — elevated and imminent — and those will be relayed to the public only under certain circumstances. Color codes are out; Facebook and Twitter will sometimes be in, according to a Homeland Security draft obtained by The Associated Press.

    Some terror warnings could be withheld from the public if announcing a threat would risk exposing an intelligence operation or an ongoing investigation, according to the government’s confidential plan.

    Like a gallon of milk, the new terror warnings will each come with a stamped expiration date.

    The new system, replacing the five color-coded levels, is expected to be in place by April 27.

    A 19-page document, marked “for official use only” and dated April 1, describes the step-by-step process that would occur behind the scenes when the government believes terrorists might be threatening Americans. It describes the sequence of notifying members of Congress, then counterterrorism officials in states and cities, then governors and mayors and, ultimately, the public.

    For the entire article: http://yhoo.it/i29pbr

    • Hope we never have to see an “imminent” alert, but this sounds so much more reasonable than the previous multi-pronged Bush scheme. This is similar to a tornado “watch” and a tornado “warning,” and even less confusing – once people hear about it and spread the word.

  5. Happy weekend everybody..!!

    FIRED UP..!!

    READY TO GO..!!!

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  6. West Wing Week: 4/8/11 or “Windmills? Call Them Wind Turbines!”

    Uploaded by whitehouse on Apr 7, 2011

    This week, President Obama focused on securing our nation’s clean energy future, making stops at facilities in Maryland and Pennsylvania; met with Congressional leadership, hoping to avoid a government shutdown in the face of budget disagreements; and kept his eye on foreign policy, discussing world events with foreign heads of state.

  7. Good Friday morning everyone! HOPE that we get a budget agreement today!
    I HOPE that you have a good day! 🙂

    • Hi Sandy, CR, & ‘O’Team….
      “GOP….cutting services for women, elderly, and the poor.”
      Daughter from Salem, OR is visiting this long-weekend…
      (not the ‘world traveler’ daughter!).

      She is head of an office which is a “quasi-Fed-City of Salem” agency, but funded by HUD Federal dollars.

      She tells me that their group, which provides housing for elserly & infirm, is being cut back to 62% of regular, by the GOP Budget plans…..
      …..& that their agency cannot operate at that level.

      Their funds are payments to landlords for the rentals for the people in need of subsidized housing.
      It is a food-chain to the community…
      From people who need a home, to landlords who need rental income, to those who sell food and products….
      But it would all be gone….

      She said imagine ALL the HUD agencies around the nation which will be severely reduced & cut-back….
      Will we have “tent ciies” springing up for those who lose housing, but can’t afford to rent?
      Will forclosures increase on rental properties?
      Another double-dip recession?

      • Hi AZGrammy,

        The GOP would rather see part of America go into a third world living conditions then increase taxes on their rich buddies- we know where their loyalty lies.

      • AZgrammy – Our cities will look like ghost towns. This is not paranoia, either. Wish it were.

        Even if we get control of the House back and keep the White House and Senate in 2012, so many federal dollars are going to be lost while the GOP (as Nero did) fiddles, we will need a couple of years to get back to where we are in 2011.

        And, of course, the media just started reporting on this in the last few weeks, if at all. They are such imbeciles, I can barely stand it.

  8. April 07, 2011

    Remarks by the First Lady at the Military Child of the Year Award

    Ritz Carlton Pentagon City

    Arlington, Virginia

    6:04 P.M. EDT

    MRS. OBAMA: Thank you. Thank you so much. (Applause.) Thank you. Thank you all. Thank you so much. Please sit down. Thank you. And good evening, everyone. Let me tell you, it is a pleasure and an honor to be here tonight for the 2011 Military Child of the Year Award. These aren’t children, they’re young adults, but, you know, we know the difference.

    I want to start by thanking Jim for that very kind introduction and for his leadership as CEO of Operation Homefront.

    I also want to recognize the leaders from each of our services who are here tonight to present these awards: General Schwartz, General Dunford, Admiral Greenert, Lieutenant General William Troy, and Vice Admiral Sally Brice-O’Hara. Thank you all for your leadership and for your continued commitment to the families.

    I also want to thank my partners in these efforts, some of them who are here: Deborah Mullen, Bonnie Amos, Susan Schwartz, and all of the other spouses who have been so supportive to me and to Jill. They have been partners with us every step of the way, and I love them like they are sisters. But I want to commend them for their championship, for their leadership for military families. Let’s give them a round of applause. (Applause.)

    And finally, I want to thank everyone at Operation Homefront for the vital work that you all are doing for military families across the country, including hosting this beautiful event for the five outstanding young people that we’re honoring tonight.

    For the entire article: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/04/07/remarks-first-lady-military-child-year-award

    • Military Children Award

      Uploaded by DODvClips on Apr 8, 2011

      Five Military children were awarded for their strength and character April 7 during Operation Homefront’s ”Military Child of the Year” awards in Arlington, VA

  9. Gates Q & A

    From: DODvClips | Apr 7, 2011

    Secretary of Defense Robert Gates speaks with and answers questions from troops in Baghdad, Iraq.

      • hehe… The Pro Pres.Obama is famous on the twitters…I’ve been posting it regularly…If u get a chance just go on and type #PrObama in the site search box and watch all your post pop up…It’s very cool 😀

    • Ya know, it’s almost time for a march on Congress by all available Democrats – an anti-war-against-the-middle-class sit-in. Just like in Wisconsin and the other states. Of course, it’s not just the middle class this time. It’s the elderly, women, children, disabled – even cultural programs and the arts. All of the social programs are biting the dust, if Republicans aren’t stopped.

      I have no answers – just fury.

  10. How A Government Shutdown Would Play Out

    4/6/11 LIZ HALLORAN- NPR

    The nation’s military forces would continue working in the event of a government shutdown, senior government officials said Wednesday, but they would be expected to forego receiving any pay until Congress approves a budget for the current fiscal year.

    But as many as 800,000-plus civilian federal workers — including those employed by the Department of Defense — would be furloughed if the government shuts down Friday at midnight for lack of funding.

    As Congress and the White House continued today to negotiate on a budget while time ticks down to the end of the government’s current budget authority, the officials, who spoke on background, laid out how a shutdown would affect departments and agencies.

    The Federal Housing Administration, for example, would stop processing loan guarantees, affecting about 30 percent of the housing market, the officials said. And the Small Business Administration would stop processing direct small business loans.

    For the entire article and audio interview: http://www.npr.org/blogs/thetwo-way/2011/04/07/135180184/how-a-government-shutdown-would-play-out

  11. Listening to American Businesses

    Posted by Secretary Gary Locke on April 08, 2011

    Helping U.S. companies grow and create new American jobs is a singular priority for all of us in the Commerce Department and the Obama Administration.

    But you can’t do it all from Washington, DC. You’ve got to get out and hear from the entrepreneurs and business owners doing the producing, innovating and hiring in our economy. That’s a lot what I’ve been doing as Commerce Secretary. In the last few weeks alone, I’ve met with business leaders in Minneapolis, Columbus, Dallas and Los Angeles.

    These business leaders understand the challenges and opportunities in today’s global economy. And trust me, they aren’t shy about suggesting what they want to see more of — or less of — from Washington.

    This type of business outreach has been occurring throughout the administration, but now, it’s being taken to the next level. Yesterday, 130 senior officials from dozens of agencies throughout the Obama administration met to kick off a series of “Winning the Future Roundtables with American Businesses.”

    For the entire article: http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2011/04/08/listening-american-businesses

    • Remarks to the Press on the Release of the 2010 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices

      Hillary Rodham Clinton -Secretary of State
      Washington, DC

      April 8, 2011

      SECRETARY CLINTON: Good morning, everyone. I’m here today to present the 35th annual report to Congress on the state of human rights around the world. The struggle for human rights begins by telling the truth over and over again. And this report represents a year of sustained truth-telling by one of the largest organizations documenting human rights conditions in the world, the United States State Department.

      I want to thank Assistant Secretary Mike Posner and the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, and our hundreds of colleagues and embassies around the world for working so hard to make this report an honest compendium of global human rights issues. I also want to thank the many people around the world who monitor and fight for human rights in their own societies, and from whose information and recommendations we greatly benefit.

      In recent months, we have been particularly inspired by the courage and determination of the activists in the Middle East and North Africa and in other repressive societies who have demanded peaceful democratic change and respect for their universal human rights. The United States will stand with those who seek to advance the causes of democracy and human rights wherever they may live, and we will stand with those who exercise their fundamental freedoms of expression and assembly in a peaceful way, whether in person, in print, or in pixels on the internet. This report usually generates a great deal of interest among journalists, lawmakers, nongovernmental organizations, and of course, other governments, and I hope it will again this year.

      For the entire article: http://www.state.gov/secretary/rm/2011/04/160363.htm

  12. SOCIAL SECURITY

    April 6, 2011 Mark Lassiter, Press Officer – socialsecurity.gov

    Using Social Security’s Online Services Are So Easy “Even Kirk Could Do It”

    Cyberspace: the final frontier. These are the voyages of George Takei and Patty Duke. Their mission: to seek out baby boomers and people of all ages and tell them to Boldly Go to http://www.socialsecurity.gov

    Entertainment icons George Takei and Patty Duke have teamed up to tell Americans to Boldly Go to http://www.socialsecurity.gov to apply for retirement, disability, Medicare, and so much more. The two celebrities are joining forces in a new campaign to help the Social Security Administration promote its online services as an easy and secure way for people to do business with the agency.

    “Social Security has a great website and the top-rated online services in the U.S.,” said Michael J. Astrue, Commissioner of Social Security. “We now have a fun new way to get the word out. Having George join forces with Patty will help us reach the millions of people who can take advantage of this convenient way of doing business with Social Security. Boldly Go to http://www.socialsecurity.gov to plan for your retirement and to apply online so that you too may live long and prosper.”

    For the entire article: http://www.ssa.gov/pressoffice/pr/boldlygo-pr.htm

    It’s so easy, even Kirk could do it.

    From: SocialSecurityOnline | Mar 22, 2011

    Patty Duke tells George Takei how easy it is to apply for Social Security benefits online. Just go to http://www.socialsecurity.gov to find out.

    • There you go! We have a celebrity culture, so why not have our celebrities out there speaking to the people on these Republican riders! (Plus, celebrities are union members!)

    • Kathleen Sebelius: GOP actions could increase abortions

      4/8/11 11:58 AM EDT By KATE NOCERA- POLITICO

      HHS Secretary Kathleen Sebelius had some strong words for House Republicans as Democrats said the continuing budget negotiations were held up over Title X and Planned Parenthood funding.

      “I think it’s really unfortunate Congress can’t come to a resolution on this year’s budget … cutting [Title X] funding would increase the number of unintended pregnancies and increase the number of abortions, so the people who say they’re having this battle about abortion are actually not looking at what the statistics have indicated,” Sebelius told POLITICO Friday. “Federal funds have never supported abortion, do not support abortion, will not support abortion.”

      She credited Democratic leaders for their work on the negotiations and said she hoped they would “resolve this issue today.”

      “There is an agreement generally on the budget number. I think the Democrats have come a long to say, ‘We’re willing to restrict resources in a smart way but we’re not going to slash programs that slash education and innovation and important health services.’ To have these ideological battles make no sense at all in this budget context,” she said.

      Read more: http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0411/52804.html

  13. US extends sanctions to 5 more Libyan officials

    4/8/11 AP

    WASHINGTON – The Obama administration is imposing economic sanctions on five additional Libyan officials, including the prime minister and the ministers of oil and finance. The chief of staff to longtime leader Moammar Gadhafi (MOO’-ah-mahr gah-DAH’-fee) and a security director are included.
    The Treasury Department said Friday that the sanctions also apply to two entities owned or controlled by Gadhafi’s children.

    Obama froze the assets of Gadhafi and members of his regime in February to try to force Libya’s longtime ruler from office. The Treasury Department said it has already frozen more than $34 billion in assets.

    Earlier this week, the administration lifted financial and travel sanctions on Libya’s foreign minister Moussa Koussa following his decision to defect and sever ties with Gadhafi.

  14. Latest developments in Arab world’s unrest

    4/8/11 By The Associated Press – 4 mins ago
    _____

    SYRIA
    Syrian security forces open fire on tens of thousands of protesters across several cities, killing at least 20 people, wounding hundreds and forcing residents to turn mosques into makeshift hospitals, witnesses and a human rights group say.
    _____

    LIBYA
    Anti-government fighters battle forces loyal to Moammar Gadhafi for control of a key roadway in the only major rebel-held city in western Libya, a witness says. International relief efforts are stepped up for civilians caught in the crossfire.
    _____

    YEMEN
    Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh rejects a mediation offer by Gulf nations that called on him to resign, denouncing the proposal in a speech before tens of thousands of cheering supporters in the capital. An even larger group of demonstrators nearby and hundreds of thousands of protesters across the country demand his ouster.
    _____

    EGYPT
    Protesters hold a mock trial of Hosni Mubarak, his family and his top aides in Cairo’s central Tahrir Square, where tens of thousands of Egyptians demand the ruling military prosecute the old regime’s stalwarts for corruption. It’s one of the country’s largest rallies since the longtime president was ousted two months ago.
    ____________________

    UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
    Authorities in the United Arab Emirates detain a blogger and rights activist who says he’s gotten death threats for calling for political freedoms in the Gulf nation.

    • Libyan rebels paint vehicles pink to avoid NATO friendly fire

      4/8/11 By Laura Rozen- TheEnvoy

      After Libyan rebel forces suffered their second deadly “friendly-fire” attack from NATO air strikes, rebel leaders have taken an unusual step in trying to protect themselves from their global protectors. Soldiers in the rebel campaign have now started to paint the roofs of their vehicles bright pink in order to alert NATO air forces that they are not allied with the Gadhafi regime–and therefore should not be singled out for attacks from the air. For its part, NATO’s leadership today offered an grudging apology for accidentally killing at least four Libyan rebels in an air strike on Thursday.

      At first, NATO had refused to apologize for its air strike on a Libyan rebel tank convoy en route to front lines in the oil-rich town of Brega. NATO officials said that no one had informed NATO forces that Libyan rebels were deploying tanks and characterized military conditions around the Brega operation as extremely volatile and confusing. “I am not apologizing,” Rear Adm. Russell Harding, the British deputy commander of the NATO-led Libya air campaign told journalists in Naples Friday, according to the New York Times. “The situation on the ground was extremely fluid and remains extremely fluid, and until yesterday we did not have information.”

      For the entire article: http://yhoo.it/fmbLHy

  15. Developments in Japan’s disasters, nuclear crisis

    4/8/11 By The Associated Press – 1 hr 27 mins ago

    • AFTERSHOCK PILES ON MISERY. Shoppers empty stores, traffic snarls and drivers wait for scarce gasoline as a 7.1-magnitude aftershock brings new misery to northeast Japan. The quake kills three people and a half-million homes lack power, including some spared in the first quake.

    • POWER PLANTS STABLE. The Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant reports no fresh problems.

    • SEARCH FOR BODIES. Hundreds of police, many from Tokyo, use their hands or small shovels to pull out bodies in the evacuation zone near the Dai-ichi plant.

    • CAR PRODUCTION TO RESUME. Toyota will resume making cars at all plants in Japan at half capacity for several days before breaking for a holiday. Its parts shortage is improving; Toyota is struggling to procure 150 types of parts, down from a peak of 500. Nissan will start up domestic production at half capacity starting Monday.

  16. HHS Announces Plan to Reduce Health Disparities

    National Partnership for Action launches strategy to strengthen and expand community-led efforts to achieve health equity

    April 8, 2011 hhs.gov

    The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services today launched two strategic plans aimed at reducing health disparities.

    The HHS Action Plan to Reduce Health Disparities outlines goals and actions HHS will take to reduce health disparities among racial and ethnic minorities.

    HHS also released the National Stakeholder Strategy for Achieving Health Equity, a common set of goals and objectives for public and private sector initiatives and partnerships to help racial and ethnic minorities and other underserved groups reach their full health potential. The strategy, a product of the National Partnership for Action (NPA), incorporates ideas, suggestions and comments from thousands of individuals and organizations across the country. The NPA was coordinated by the HHS Office of Minority Health.

    Racial and ethnic minorities still lag behind in many health outcome measures. They are less likely to get the preventive care they need to stay healthy, more likely to suffer from serious illnesses, such as diabetes or heart disease, and when they do get sick, are less likely to have access to quality health care.

    The Affordable Care Act offers the potential to address the needs of racial and ethnic minority populations, by bringing down health care costs, investing in prevention and wellness, supporting improvements in primary care, and creating linkages between the traditional realms of health and social services.

    For the entire article: http://www.hhs.gov/news/press/2011pres/04/20110408a.html

    • HHS releases $311 million to states to help low-income households with energy costs

      April 7, 2011 hhs.gov

      Today U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius announced the release of $311 million to states to help low-income homeowners and renters meet home energy costs under the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP). The continuing resolution currently in place directs HHS to release these funds to states, territories, tribes and the District of Columbia.

      “Many families are burdened with making difficult financial decisions when it comes to their home energy needs,” said Sebelius. “The release of these funds will help those low-income individuals and families pay their energy bills, reduce those high energy costs and get the basic essentials they need to sustain a healthy and quality standard of living.”

      LIHEAP assists qualified families with their home energy needs such as heating in the winter, cooling their homes in the summer, and insulating their homes to make them more energy efficient. By doing so, families are able to pay for heating and electricity, make weather related improvements to their homes and prevent service interruptions.

      The $311 million in block grant funds released today supplement the previous LIHEAP funding made available to states under the continuing resolutions since October 1, totaling $4.2 billion for Fiscal Year 2011.

      “Countless families across the country continue to endure tough economic conditions,” said David A. Hansell, HHS acting assistant secretary for children and families. “These additional LIHEAP funds will provide assistance to individuals who face the troubles of paying their electric, natural gas or other energy bills while meeting other essential household expenses.”

      For a complete listing of state allocations of funds released today go to: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/news/press/2011/fy11apr_liheap_funds_cr.html

      Individuals interested in applying for energy assistance should contact their local/state LIHEAP agency. For more information, go to:

      http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ocs/liheap http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ocs/liheap/brochure/brochure.html

  17. Government shutdown: John Boehner brushes off budget deal talk

    4/8/11 9:12 AM EDT Updated: 4/8/11 1:32 PM EDT By JAKE SHERMAN & JOHN BRESNAHAN – POLITICO

    With the government on the verge of a shutdown, the two parties backed further into their corners Friday afternoon, as Democrats insisted abortion policy was the only hangup while Republicans contended there was still no real agreement on how deep to cut government spending.

    Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.) blamed the crisis on Republicans, claiming the GOP wants to shut down the government over a policy rider dealing with Planned Parenthood. Reid also said Friday morning that there is agreement to cut $38 billion from fiscal 2011.

    Republicans are countering that there is still a dispute over actual spending numbers and that no agreement has been achieved on how deep to slash the 2011 federal budget.

    For the entire article: http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0411/52798.html

      • WA Senator Patty Murray said “We (Democrats) understand the debt and deficit in getting our spending in line but no one in this country should be given the horrendous of you will not have a job on Monday unless you give away women’s rights away in this country. As a caucus we stand together and say “No”.

  18. Off-the-charts income gains for super-rich

    4/8/11 By Zachary Roth- TheLookOut @ NewsYahoo.com

    In recent years, we’ve been hit with a barrage of statistics, charts, and even full-length books, documenting how inequality is on the rise in America.

    But very few of them capture what’s happened over the last 30 years or so as well as this image:

    Inequality of incomes 4/2011

    Put together by the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, a liberal Washington think tank, the chart is pretty self-explanatory. It shows that the 30 years following the Second World War were a time of broadly shared prosperity: Income for the bottom 90 percent of American households roughly kept pace with economic growth.

    But over the last 35 years, there’s been an abrupt shift: Total growth has slowed marginally, but the real change has been in how the results of that growth are distributed. Now, the bottom 90 percent have seen their income rise only by a tiny fraction of total growth, while income for the richest 1 percent has exploded by upwards of 275 percent.

    One can argue about why this is happening. Some say it’s the result of a decline in workers’ bargaining power as labor unions have weakened, while others blame the rise of offshoring and outsourcing. But despite the best efforts of some commentators, there’s really no serious debate about the overall realignment of income in our age: The already super-rich have vastly increased their share of the pie–at the expense of everyone else.

    Source: http://yhoo.it/gKTzk5

  19. April 08, 2011

    White House, Department of Education Announce 2011 Race to the Top High School Commencement Challenge Finalists

    Six Public High Schools Selected to Compete for Presidential Commencement Address; Finalists Enter Next Phase of Competition Led by the Get Schooled Foundation

    WASHINGTON – Today, the White House and the U.S. Department of Education announced the six high schools selected as finalists for this year’s Race to the Top High School Commencement Challenge. As part of the next step of the Commencement Challenge, the Get Schooled Foundation will now work with each school to produce a video for the online voting portion of the challenge.
    The President set a goal of having the highest proportion of college graduates in the world by 2020 and the Commencement Challenge invited the nation’s public high schools to submit applications that demonstrate their commitment to preparing students for college and a career. Hundreds of applications were received and were judged based on the schools’ performance, essay questions and supplemental data. The six finalists were selected for their creativity in engaging and supporting students, academic results, and progress in preparing students to graduate college and career ready.

    For the entire article: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/04/08/white-house-department-education-announce-2011-race-top-high-school-comm

  20. April 07, 2011

    Presidential Proclamation–National Volunteer Week

    NATIONAL VOLUNTEER WEEK, 2011

    BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    A PROCLAMATION

    America’s story has been marked by the service of volunteers. Generations of selfless individuals from all walks of life have served each other and our Nation, each person dedicated to making tomorrow better than today. They exemplify the quintessential American idea that we can change things, make things better, and solve problems when we work together.

    Volunteers are the lifeblood of our schools and shelters, hospitals and hotlines, and faith-based and community groups. From mentoring at-risk youth and caring for older Americans to supporting our veterans and military families and rebuilding after disasters, these everyday heroes make a real and lasting impact on the lives of millions of women and men across the globe.

    For the entire article: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/04/07/presidential-proclamation-national-volunteer-week

  21. Facebook shares design of energy-efficient data center

    4/07/2011 By Mike Swift – SanJose MercuryNews

    Having designed and built a new energy-efficient data center in Oregon, Facebook is sharing the technology for the center and its customized servers with other Internet companies, hoping to cut the huge amounts of electricity consumed by the industry.

    Facebook’s new data center in Prineville, Ore., is 38 percent more energy-efficient than industry standards, resulting in a 24 percent savings in building cost, the company said at a media event at its Palo Alto headquarters Thursday. Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg and company executives and engineers said the social network is sharing the more efficient server technology and data center designs with anyone interested in using it, an effort Facebook is calling the Open Compute Project.

    “We’re really proud of our achievement today,” said Amir Michael, manager of hardware design for Facebook. “We did all this work, and I feel we didn’t just do it for ourselves; we’re opening it up for the community at-large.”

    Among the groups that said they were interested in adopting Facebook’s technology were the federal government through the Department of Energy, and social-game maker Zynga. Advanced Micro Devices, Dell, Hewlett-Packard (HPQ) and Intel (INTC) worked with Facebook to develop the technology.

    For the entire article: http://www.mercurynews.com/business/ci_17794583

  22. Just spotted a conference call with eight Democratic Senate women about the budget (Title X, Planned Parenthood, other programs) beginning in a few minutes – dial 1-888-886-6603 Extension 16494 to participate. Sorry for lack of notice – hope you already know this.

  23. Veteran of 1995 shutdown says don’t repeat

    4/8/11By Tim Reid – Reuters

    WASHINGTON – The official who carried out the last government shutdown has a warning for squabbling lawmakers — another one now could be disastrous for the economy.

    John Koskinen, who organized federal operations during two government shutdowns in 1995, said failure by Republican and Democratic lawmakers to reach a budget deal could plunge the United States back into recession.
    “Things are very different today than they were in 1995,” Koskinen, a former deputy director at the White House Office of Management and Budget, told Reuters.

    “In 1995, we had a budget deficit of $200 billion, which these days looks like a rounding error. The world then was relatively peaceful — today we are involved in three wars. The economy today is extremely fragile. We have just gone through the biggest economic challenge in 80 years. In 1995 the economy was beginning to stabilize.

    “A government shutdown will take up to a million workers — government workers and contractors — out of the economy. Another recession is a real possibility,'” he said.

    For the entire article: http://yhoo.it/fgZj1Q

  24. 3: Number of Opportunities House Democrats Offered Republicans Today to Keep the Government Open While Negotiations Continue

    April 7, 2011 by Karina – democraticleader.gov

    Today, Leader Pelosi said this on the possibility of a government shutdown:

    …we do not want government to shut down, that we have made every compromise. In fact, we had cut $41 billion from the President’s budget at the end of last year. The President and Senator Reid have gone much farther than that in meeting the Republicans more than halfway…

    In fact, just today, Democrats offered three opportunities for Republicans to keep the government open for one week while budget negotiations continue:

    The first opportunity was a previous question by Rep. McGovern providing for a common-sense, simple 1 week extension of funding for government operations with no controversial policy riders attached to it, and no additional cuts, so that negotiations can continue without the immediate threat of a government shutdown. Republicans voted down the previous question by a vote of 238-185.

    Whip Hoyer offered a second opportunity by offering a unanimous consent agreement to pass a common-sense, simple 1 week extension of funding for government operations with no controversial policy riders attached to it, and no additional cuts, so that negotiations can continue without the immediate threat of a government shutdown. Republicans rejected this request.

    The third opportunity was offered by Whip Hoyer providing for a common-sense, simple 1 week extension of funding for government operations with no controversial policy riders attached to it, and no additional cuts, so that negotiations can continue without the immediate threat of a government shutdown but it was ruled of order by the Chair. Whip Hoyer appealed the ruling of the Chair so he could offer the extension. Republicans voted to table the appeal by a vote of 236-187.

    Any one of these three bills could have passed the Senate and be signed by the President before midnight tomorrow.

    In addition, Democrats believe elected officials should not receive their taxpayer-funded paycheck if they can’t do their jobs and keep public services up and running. The Senate has already passed legislation to prevent Members of Congress from being paid, but last Friday Republicans in the House voted down a Democratic Motion to Recommit that if Republicans force a government shutdown, Members of Congress and the President would not get paid by a vote of 188-237.

    For the entire article: http://www.democraticleader.gov/blog/?p=3839

  25. Whip Hoyer Discusses GOP Refusal to Compromise on Spending Deal on Fox News

    4/7/11 democraticwhip.gov

    WASHINGTON, DC – House Democratic Whip Steny H. Hoyer (MD) discussed the Republicans’ refusal to compromise on a spending deal because of social policy today on Fox News.

    “We tried to have a unanimous consent for resolution that would in fact have kept the government open without question. The President would have signed it and the Senate would have passed it. It was what we usually do. That is a bridge to allow you to cross over and not fall into the river until you get an agreement. Unfortunately, it was not passed. And what we did pass is a resolution that the President said he would veto. Not on numbers, not on cutting spending, not on keeping troops in place, but social policy being adopted unrelated to numbers, which the President clearly indicated he was not for. I frankly think what we’re doing is playing chicken. We’re driving down the road. We agreed to 70% of the cuts proposed. 70% of the cuts they proposed. And the other side says–the founder of the [Tea Party Patriots] said today that if John Boehner brought in $99 billion, he said that wouldn’t be enough.”

    For the entire article: http://www.democraticwhip.gov/content/whip-hoyer-discusses-gop-refusal-compromise-spending-deal-fox-news

  26. Who’s really to blame for no budget?
    Time to Remind Republicans What Really Happened…

    4/8/11 democrats.senate.gov

    Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell:
    “I am actively working to defeat it [omnibus]…This bill should not go forward.” [The Hill, 12/14/10]

    · 2010: Democrats Passed Eleven FY2011 Appropriations Bills Out of Committee.

    · December 14: Democrats combined these appropriations bills into one bipartisan omnibus spending bill that significantly reduced spending by $20 billion, a level endorsed by a bi-partisan group of Senators. Incoming Speaker John Boehner, however, launched a campaign to oppose the bill. Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell joined Boehner to block the omnibus: “I am actively working to defeat it. I think there are many Senate members who have provisions in it for their states who are also actively working to defeat it … This bill should not go forward.” [The Hill, 12/14/10]

    · December 16: Republicans ramped up their opposition to the bill and instead offered a short-term extension.

    · December 21: Congress passed a short term continuing resolution funding the government at FY 2010 levels through March 4, 2011.

    · February 3: Republicans Offer A Long-Term Continuing Resolution With $32 Billion In Cuts. Appropriations Committee Chairman Hal Rogers Called The Package “A Responsible, Judicious CR That Will Significantly Reduce Government Spending,” And Budget Committee Paul Ryan Said It Would “Restore Sanity To A Broken Budget Process”

    · February 10: Tea Party Republicans Reject $32 Billion In Cuts, Forced Leadership To Make Deeper Cuts They Knew And Openly Admitted Were Both Dangerous To The Economy And Unlikely To Pass The Senate

    Appropriations Committee Chairman Hal Rogers: Cutting Any Deeper Than Original House Proposal Could Have “Substantial Consequences.” According to the New York Times, “Mr. Rogers and other Republicans warned that doubling the cuts could have substantial consequences for federal agencies, resulting in layoffs and furloughs of federal law enforcement officers and air traffic controllers, steep cuts in education and medical research programs and major changes at the Food and Drug Administration.” [New York Times, 2/10/11]

    GOP Rep Tom Latham: Initial $32 Billion in Spending Cuts “Enactable” But Deeper Cuts Unlikely to Fly. According to the Washington Post, “Rep. Tom Latham (R-Iowa), a senior Appropriations Committee member and close friend of Boehner’s, said Rogers’ initial package was probably ‘enactable’ in a deal with the Senate, where a large number of Democrats face reelection in 2012 from states that voted Republican last fall. Deeper cuts are unlikely to fly, however, Latham said, raising the prospect that Congress will merely extend spending at current levels to keep federal agencies open – denying Republicans a victory on their most important campaign promise.” [Washington Post, 2/11/11]

    · March 2: Congress Passes A Two-Week Extension Containing $4 Billion In Cuts; White House Enlisted Vice President Biden To Aid In Bipartisan Negotiations.

    · March 3: After A Meeting Between Congressional Leadership And Vice President Biden, Democrats Offered $6.5 Billion In Cuts, Which The Republicans Immediately Rejected.

    · March 9: As Leading Republicans Predicted, The Senate Rejected The Tea-Party-Fueled $61 Billion In Cuts, And Also Rejected Democrats’ $6.5 Billion Counter-Offer.

    · March 15: With The Help Of Democrats, House Republicans Passed A Three-Week Extension That Contained Another $6 Billion In Cuts.

    · March 28: Democrats Offered Another $20 Billion In Cuts.

    · March 30: After Another Meeting With Congressional Leaders, Vice President Biden Confirmed Both Parties Were “Working Off The Same Number” – $33 Billion.

    · March 31: At A Rally, Tea Party Republicans Demanded Deeper Cuts And Controversial Ideological Riders While Chanting “Shut It Down”.

    · April 1: Republicans Waste Valuable Time on a Political Stunt of “Deeming” HR.1 Passed, Delaying a Compromise Measure Even Longer.

    · April 3: Speaker Boehner Ups The Stakes And Demands Cuts That He Can Pass With 218 Republican Votes.

    · April 5: Boehner Changed the Goal Posts Again, Demanding $40 Billion Cuts Instead Of $33 Billion.

    · April 6: Boehner Insists on an Extreme Social Agenda Being Added to Spending bill.

    Boehner Says ‘No Daylight’ Between Tea Party And Him. “Speaker of the House John Boehner said he is in lockstep with the Tea Party on budget negotiations despite claims from Democrats that there could be a deal if only he could buck the Tea Party. ‘Listen, there’s no daylight between the Tea Party and me,’ Boehner told me today during our exclusive interview. ‘None?’ I asked. ‘None. What they want is they want us to cut spending. They want us to deal with this crushing debt that’s going to crush the future for our kids and grandkids. There’s no daylight there,’ he said.” [ABC, 4/6/11]

    Source: http://www.democrats.senate.gov/newsroom/record.cfm?id=332397&

  27. What happens if the government shuts down

    April 8, 2011 Marketplace.publicradio.org

    The possibility of a government shutdown is still pending. So what does this really mean for Washington, its agencies and its employees?

    BOB MOON: Just two words tell the story of the hour: No progress. We’re only hours away from a government shutdown, which will have serious consequences for financial operations throughout the country.

    Our D.C. bureau chief John Dimsdale is here. Hey John.

    JOHN DIMSDALE: Hey Bob.

    MOON: First off — this being Marketplace — I’m wondering what’s going to happen to the financial cops on the beat when the government closes up shop?

    DIMSDALE: Well there are two different types of regulators; those that are funded through user fees paid by businesses don’t have to rely on the federal budget. So that means business as usual at bank regulators, like the Federal Reserve or the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. But the Securities and Exchange Commission is another story. They oversee stocks and bonds and those employees will be furloughed. Now all the routine filings and reports that companies are required to submit to the SEC will continue; that’s all done electronically these days. But nothing is going to be done with those filings.

    I talked today to a former SEC staffer who was there during the last shutdown back in 1996. Jim Moloney is now a partner at Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher in Los Angeles, and he says the backlog will quickly become a problem.

    For the entire article and audio interview: http://marketplace.publicradio.org/display/web/2011/04/08/pm-what-happens-if-the-government-shuts-down/

      • CR, I always come here for your many informative articles. Sometimes I don’t post but I am here everyday. You have the good stuff here. 🙂 Every night before I log off, I always check your site for the next day’s schedule. You have me spoiled.

  28. April 08, 2011

    Statement from the President on the Violence in Syria

    I strongly condemn the abhorrent violence committed against peaceful protesters by the Syrian government today and over the past few weeks. I also condemn any use of violence by protesters. The United States extends our condolences to the families and loved ones of all the victims. I call upon the Syrian authorities to refrain from any further violence against peaceful protestors. Furthermore, the arbitrary arrests, detention, and torture of prisoners that has been reported must end now, and the free flow of information must be permitted so that there can be independent verification of events on the ground.

    Throughout this time of upheaval, the American people have heard the voices of the Syrian people, who have demonstrated extraordinary courage and dignity, and who deserve a government that is responsive to their aspirations. Syrians have called for the freedoms that individuals around the world should enjoy: freedom of expression, association, and peaceful assembly; confidence in the rule of law and the equal administration of justice; and a government that is transparent and free of corruption. These rights are universal, and they must be respected in Syria.

    For the entire article: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/04/08/statement-president-violence-syria

  29. April 08, 2011

    President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts, 4/8/2011

    WASHINGTON – Today, President Barack Obama announced his intent to nominate Timothy Massad for Assistant Secretary for Financial Stability, Department of the Treasury.

    The President also announced his intent to appoint the following individuals to key Administration posts:

    Herbert Block, Member, Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad

    Patrik Johansson, Member, Advisory Group on Prevention, Health Promotion, and Integrative and Public Health

    Theresa Arevgaq John, Member, National Advisory Council on Indian Education

    Ellen Semonoff, Member, Advisory Group on Prevention, Health Promotion, and Integrative and Public Health

    Gary P. Zola, Member, Commission for the Preservation of America’s Heritage Abroad

    For the entire article: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/04/08/president-obama-announces-more-key-administration-posts-482011

  30. Gates Wraps Up Iraq Visit, Arrives in UAE

    April 8, 2011 By John D. Banusiewicz – American Forces Press Service

    ABU DHABI, United Arab Emirates, – Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates concluded a three-day visit to Iraq with two stops in the north today before flying here to meet with Crown Prince Mohammad bin Zayed Al Nubayan.
    The meeting with the crown prince, who is the deputy supreme commander of the United Arab Emirates armed forces, was the latest in a series of visits Gates has made to Middle East leaders in recent weeks to exchange perspectives during a period of regional unrest.

    Gates left Baghdad for northern Iraq this morning to meet in Irbil with President Masoud Barzani of the Kurdish regional government. He then traveled to Mosul where he spoke with soldiers of the 1st Cavalry Division’s 4th Advise and Assist Brigade working in U.S. Division North.

    The secretary thanked the soldiers for their work in mentoring Iraq and Kurdish forces. As the person who signed their deployment orders and those of all other service members sent into harm’s way, he added, his highest priority has been to get them what they need to complete their mission successfully and go home safely.

    Noting that he was pleased to be able to offer his gratitude to them in person, Gates asked that the soldiers pass his personal thanks to their families the next time they email or call home.

    For the entire article: http://www.defense.gov//News/NewsArticle.aspx?ID=63493

  31. DOD Officials Detail Closure Effects, Plans

    By Jim Garamone – American Forces Press Service

    WASHINGTON, April 8, 2011 – While still hoping to be spared a shutdown, Defense Department officials are making plans should the government close over the fiscal 2011 budget impasse, a senior Pentagon official said here today.

    “We are a country of laws, and if we go through a government shutdown, we will follow the laws,” the official said on background.

    Without an appropriations act, the department cannot disperse funds except for very narrow exceptions for safety of life and protection of property.

    “Based on these exceptions, we can maintain key national security functions –- the war in Afghanistan, the transition in Iraq, Libya operations and humanitarian operations in Japan, and other key national security missions,” he said.

    All military personnel are “excepted” if the government is closed and will report to work. Only civilians in excepted positions would be directed to report to work.
    “All others will be placed on no-notice, non-paid furlough status,” the official said. “We estimate about 400,000 civilians will be furloughed.”

    For the entire article: http://www.defense.gov/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=63498

  32. EPA riders axed, lawmakers say

    4/8/11 By DARREN GOODE – POLITICO

    An evolving deal to avoid a government shutdown would include a study of the economic effect of environmental regulations rather than Republican riders to block EPA rules on climate change and mountaintop mining, senior Senate Democrats and a key House Republican say.

    That would be a major victory for Democrats and environmental groups who have been fighting to keep policy riders on a host of regulations out of any deal.

    “EPA riders as proposed by the House will not be included,” Senate Majority Whip Dick Durbin (D-Ill.) told reporters. He said the deal could include a study instead.

    “It’s one of the proposals. It isn’t all done until it’s all done,” he said.

    Senate Environment and Public Works Chairwoman Barbara Boxer (D-Calif.) told POLITICO she believes the deal would be to study the economic costs of environmental regulations.

    For the entire article: http://www.politico.com/news/stories/0411/52823.html

  33. Possible deal in works as shutdown deadline nears

    4/8/11 By DAVID ESPO, AP Special Correspondent – 4 mins ago

    WASHINGTON – Perilously close to a government shutdown, the White House and congressional leaders closed in on a possible deal to cut tens of billions of dollars in federal spending and avert the closure, officials said Friday night.
    House Republican leaders summoned their rank and file to a late night meeting for what aides said would be an update on the talks.

    Democrats said they were reviewing the details of a possible tentative agreement.

    The developments unfolded as the administration readied hundreds of thousands of furlough notices for federal workers and warned that federal services from national parks to tax-season help centers would be shuttered without a deal by midnight.

    “We know the whole world is watching us today,” said Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, D-Nev., during a day that featured incendiary, campaign style rhetoric as well as intense negotiation.

    Rep. Jeb Hensarling, R-Texas, told reporters gathered outside House Speaker John Boehner’s office there was no agreement yet, and there was no claim to the contrary from the White House or Senate Democrats.

    • Hi, CR – I’m actually watching MSNBC for “news” (bleck). They’re saying (who believes ’em?) that the Planned Parenthood rider is OUT. That was said to be the stumbling block last evening, but – of course – the tea party freshmen might come up with another stumbling block tonight.

      The President apparently may speak later this evening.

        • Not Beck on FOX – Rachel Maddow on MSNBC. I wouldn’t watch Beck if my paycheck depended on it! Ha ha.

          • … and Congressman James Clyburn (D) is confirming what’s being said on MSNBC.

    • April 08, 2011

      Remarks by the President on the Budget

      Blue Room

      11:04 P.M. EDT

      THE PRESIDENT: Good evening. Behind me, through the window, you can see the Washington Monument, visited each year by hundreds of thousands from around the world. The people who travel here come to learn about our history and to be inspired by the example of our democracy — a place where citizens of different backgrounds and beliefs can still come together as one nation.

      Tomorrow, I’m pleased to announce that the Washington Monument, as well as the entire federal government, will be open for business. And that’s because today Americans of different beliefs came together again.

      In the final hours before our government would have been forced to shut down, leaders in both parties reached an agreement that will allow our small businesses to get the loans they need, our families to get the mortgages they applied for, and hundreds of thousands of Americans to show up at work and take home their paychecks on time, including our brave men and women in uniform.

      This agreement between Democrats and Republicans, on behalf of all Americans, is on a budget that invests in our future while making the largest annual spending cut in our history. Like any worthwhile compromise, both sides had to make tough decisions and give ground on issues that were important to them. And I certainly did that.

      For the entire article: http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/04/08/remarks-president-budget

    • Details of the Bipartisan Budget Deal

      Posted by Dan Pfeiffer on April 09, 2011

      Last night, President Obama announced that the federal government will remain open for business because Americans from different beliefs came together, put politics aside, and met the expectations of the American people. Today, small businesses will no longer worry or have to wait on a loan to open or expand their business, families will receive the mortgages they applied for, and hundreds of thousands of government workers, including our brave men and women in uniform, will continue to receive paychecks on time.

      This deal cuts spending by $78.5 billion from the President’s FY 2011 Budget request — the largest annual spending cut in our history. These are real cuts that will save taxpayers money and have a real impact. Many will be painful, and are to programs that we support, but the fiscal situation is such that we have to act.

      The two sides agreed to cut $13 billion from funding for programs at the Departments of Labor, Education, and Health and Human Services as well as over $1 billion in a cut across non-defense agencies, forcing everyone to tighten their belt. There will be reductions to housing assistance programs and some health care programs along with $8 billion in cuts to our budget for State and Foreign Operations. These significant cuts to the State Department and foreign assistance will mean we will not meet some of the ambitious goals set for the nation in the President’s Budget.

      For the entire article: http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2011/04/09/details-bipartisan-budget-deal

  34. No thanks, DCCC. The Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee keeps sending out fundraising emails relating to fighting the Republicans on the budget cuts. Unfortunately, tonight one was “from” James Carville. First of all, I emailed back that I would never favorably consider anything signed by James Carville. And, secondly, what connection could he have with the DCCC? If he’s working with them, I’m cancelling my email subscription!

    • Hey Jacqueline, I got that email earlier today. I think that is tacky; even for my party. Are we that desperate for money?

      • I agree, COS!

        Hey, I just went back over to OFA and looks as though they somewhat fixed the new blog appearance and usability. Posted a couple of comments because the trolls are few and far between, but not sure how much I’ll go back there. Still making up my mind because I need and crave harmony in my life, and that site was so out of hand!

        • Jacqueline, I have been over there more frequently. They have really improved it a lot. Now, you can sort the oldest, the newest and something else but it is much more user friendly. BTW, when I signed up over there on that disqus, I had to change my log in name and it is “blessed47” over there. Just want to mmake sure you know me in that forum. 🙂 I love simplicity also. I even like simplicity in the way I dress, i.e. lots of black and white. LOL

          • blessed47 – I’ll make a note of that! For some reason, I didn’t have to change my name and my ProPresObama avatar “followed” me over there, without my doing anything. Go figure.

            I, too, absolutely love black and white clothes! So glad I’m out of Florida, so it looks good all winter (even though it kind of looks good in the hot Florida summer, but not as much!).

  35. Congressman Barney Frank is on MSNBC right now. He’s discussing the system of checks and balances under which we’re supposed to be operating. He’s claiming Boehner is unable to work around the tea party freshmen congresspeople.

  36. I’m sure you’ve heard: no government shutdown.

    President coming up soon, apparently.

    • Yes, I just saw “boner” make the announcement. PBO will be speaking at some point. Did you notice for a change Jacqueline how the Dems won the message around “plan parenthood”? I was appaled to see that group of republican women coming out against women rights. I hope people remember this when they vote in 2012.

      • COS – The Dems won the message on Planned Parenthood, EPA regs, and the entire process, from my perspective!

        Republican women need to bring themselves kicking and screaming into the 18th century!

          • Please excuse my language just for tonight, but:

            Screw the debt ceiling!

            I’ll try to go back to being good now! G’night again, all.

    • All’s well that ends well. The President looked jubilant.

      Yee-haw!

      G’night, CR and my O’friends here.

  37. WH

    Saturday Apr. 9, 2011

    All Times Eastern

    Pres Obama receives the presidential daily briefing

    8:00 AM
    9:00 AM
    10:00 AM
    11:00 AM
    12:00 PM
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    3:00 PM
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    5:00 PM
    6:00 PM

  38. Remarks of President Barack Obama
    As Prepared for Delivery
    Saturday, April 9, 2011
    Washington, DC

    Last night, after weeks of long and difficult negotiations over our national budget, leaders of both parties came together to avert a government shutdown, cut spending, and invest in our future.

    This is good news for the American people. It means that small businesses can get the loans they need, our families can get the mortgages they applied for, folks can visit our national parks and museums, and hundreds of thousands of Americans will get their paychecks on time – including our brave men and women in uniform.

    This is an agreement to invest in our country’s future while making the largest annual spending cut in our history. Like any compromise, this required everyone to give ground on issues that were important to them. I certainly did. Some of the cuts we agreed to will be painful – programs people rely on will be cut back; needed infrastructure projects will be delayed. And I would not have made these cuts in better circumstances. But we also prevented this important debate from being overtaken by politics and unrelated disagreements on social issues. And beginning to live within our means is the only way to protect the investments that will help America compete for new jobs – investments in our kids’ education and student loans; in clean energy and life-saving medical research.

  39. African-Americans And The Civil War

    4/8/11 CLAIRE O’NEILL-NPR

    In April 1961, Charleston, S.C., commemorated the 100th anniversary of the start of the Civil War. But at the same time, a contemporary war was under way — in the form of the civil rights movement. While white Charlestonians gathered to cheer the fireworks and re-enact the assault on Fort Sumter, certain aspects of the war, i.e. slavery, were largely overshadowed.

    On Tuesday, April 12, Charleston will mark the sesquicentennial of the first shots of the war. For some, it’s an opportunity to remember all facets of the story. All Things Considered host Melissa Block traveled to Charleston in advance of the 150th anniversary and found that the war is still a source of debate and strong emotions. Listen to the story on Friday’s show.

    Meanwhile, Life is commemorating African-Americans and the Civil War with a gallery on their site. In addition to many other anniversary photos, these tell the story of the minority population that was, in many ways, at the very crux of the Civil War.

    To see photos: http://www.npr.org/blogs/pictureshow/2011/04/08/135218064/african-americans-and-the-civil-war

    • The Supreme Court’s Failure To Protect Blacks’ Rights

      February 24, 2011 by NPR STAFF

      After the Civil War, 4 million former slaves were looking for social equality and economic opportunity. It wasn’t clear initially whether they would enjoy full-fledged citizenship or would be subjugated by the white population.

      In the 1860s, it was the Republican Party in Washington — the home of former abolitionists — that sought to grant legal rights and social equality to African-Americans in the South. The Republicans — then dubbed radical Republicans — managed to enact a series of constitutional amendments and reconstruction acts granting legal equality to former slaves — and giving them access to federal courts if their rights were violated.

      The 13th Amendment, which was ratified in 1865, abolished slavery. Three years later, the 14th Amendment provided blacks with citizenship and equal protection under the law. And in 1870, the 15th Amendment gave black American males the right to vote.

      Five years later, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1875, a groundbreaking federal law proposed by Republican Sen. Charles Sumner of Massachusetts, which guaranteed that everyone in the United States was “entitled to the full and equal enjoyment” of public accommodations and facilities regardless of race or skin color.

      For the entire article and audio interview: http://www.npr.org/2011/02/24/133960082/the-supreme-courts-failure-to-protect-civil-rights

  40. Good morning/afternoon CR, Jackie and O friends. Vero has me hooked on this blog. She use to post links often on the old OFA blog. I think this is worth reading because it will force the dems who are complaining about the deal to look at the big picture.

    http://www.boomantribune.com/

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    NBLB Come on over to my newest post

    titled: “Civil Rights Timeline 1964-2008”
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