A National Monument in the United States is a protected area that is similar to a National Park except that the President of the United States can quickly declare an area of the United States to be a National Monument without the approval of Congress. National monuments receive less funding and afford fewer protections to wildlife than national parks. However, areas within and extending beyond national parks, monuments, and national forests can be part of wilderness areas, which have an even greater degree of protection than a national park would alone, although wilderness areas managed by the United States Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management often allow hunting and grazing.
National monuments can be managed by one of several federal agencies: the National Park Service, United States Forest Service, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, or Bureau of Land Management. National monuments can also be privately managed.
National monuments can be so designated through the power of the Antiquities Act of 1906. President Theodore Roosevelt used the act to declare Devils Tower in Wyoming as the first national monument. He thought Congress was moving too slowly and it would be ruined by the time they made it a national park.
Obama to make Organ Mountains national monument
Obama to create largest national monument of his presidency
5/19/14 Justin Sink – thehill
President Obama on Wednesday will designate nearly half a million acres in New Mexico as a national monument, the latest in a series of executive actions intended to improve environmental protections of federal lands.
The president will sign a proclamation establishing the Organ Mountains Desert Peaks National Monument, the largest such designation of his presidency, during a ceremony at the Department of the Interior, the White House said Monday.It will be the 11th time the president has established a national monument during his term, and the largest designation in terms of land mass during his presidency.
By contrast, former President George W. Bush established only four national monuments during his eight years in office.
The site will include areas used as training sites for the Apollo astronauts, as well as the Butterfield Overland Mail Trail, along which passengers and mail traveled toward San Francisco in the mid-1800s.
Press secretary Jay Carney touted the economic benefits of the designation, which is expected to boost tourism to the region.
“A recent, independent study found that a new national monument could generate $7.4 million in new economic activity annually from new visitors and business opportunities while preserving access for sportsmen, ranchers and recreational users,” Carney said. “This signing is part of our larger weeklong focus on helping businesses invest here in America to further grow our economy and create jobs.”
The Obama Administration is committed to protecting the air we breathe, water we drink, and land that supports and sustains us. From restoring ecosystems in the Chesapeake Bay and the Everglades, to reducing mercury pollution from power plants, we are bringing together Federal agencies to tackle America’s greatest environmental challenges. Learn more: http://www.whitehouse.gov/energy/our-environment
National Monuments Established by President Obama
- Prehistoric Trackways National Monument
- Fort Monroe National Monument
- Fort Ord National Monument
- Chimney Rock–Scotts Bluff National Monument
- Cesar E. Chavez National Monument aka La Paz National Monument
- Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument
- First State National Monument
- Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument
- Río Grande del Norte National Monument
- San Juan Islands National Monument
- California Coastal National Monument
- Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument
- San Gabriel Mountains National Monument
- Pullman National Monument
- Browns Canyon National Monument
- Honouliuli Internment Camp National Monument
- Waco Mammoth National Monument
- Nevada’s Basin and Range National Monument
- Berryessa Snow Mountain National Monument
- Castle Mountains National Monument
- Mojave Trails National Monument
- Sand to Snow National Monument
- The Belmont-Paul Women’s Equality National Monument
- The Stonewall National Monument
- Katahdin Woods and Waters
- The Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument
- Bears Ears National Monument
- Gold Butte National Monument
- California Coastal National Monument
- Freedom Riders National Monument
- Reconstruction Era National Monument
- Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument
- National Monuments
- National Conservation Areas
- Wilderness Study Areas
- Wild and Scenic Rivers
- National Scenic and Historic Trails
- Science on the National Conservation Lands
- BLM Partnerships
- Learning Landscapes
- Take It Outside
- Resources and Statistics
- Wilderness Act of 1964 – 50th Anniversary
Wednesday, May 21, 2014
President Obama signs a proclamation establishing the Organ Mountains Desert Peaks National Monument