On June 17, 2014 President Obama annouced a Presidential Memorandum that increases the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument ocean preserve to 782,000 square miles (2,030,000 km2), making it the largest ocean preserve in the world while banning drilling, fishing and other activities. On September 25, 2014 President Obama signed a proclamation designating Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument off-limits to development
June 17, 2014
FACT SHEET: Leading at Home and Internationally to Protect Our Ocean and Coasts
“We’ve already shown that when we work together, we can protect our oceans for future generations. So let’s redouble our efforts. Let’s make sure that years from now we can look our children in the eye and tell them that, yes, we did our part, we took action, and we led the way toward a safer, more stable world.”
President Barack Obama, June 17, 2014
President Obama is committed to protecting the ocean and its marine ecosystems. Americans all over the country depend on the ocean for food, jobs, and recreation. But the health of our ocean is under threat on multiple fronts, from overfishing to carbon pollution. The recently released National Climate Assessment confirms that climate change is causing sea levels and ocean temperatures to rise. Changing temperatures can harm coral reefs and force certain species to migrate. In addition, carbon pollution is being absorbed by the oceans, causing them to acidify, which can damage coastal shellfish beds and reefs, altering entire marine ecosystems. In fact, the acidity of our ocean is changing 50 times faster than any known change in millions of years. And black market fishing—fishing that is illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU)—continues to pose a major threat to the sustainability of our world’s fisheries, economies and to global security.
Recognizing these significant challenges, President Obama launched the National Ocean Policy early in his first term. The National Ocean Policy seeks to streamline more than 100 laws that govern our oceans and create a coordinated, science-based approach to managing the many resources and uses of our coasts and oceans. National Ocean Policy initiatives range from voluntary marine planning to releasing more federal data to supporting offshore renewable energy projects to making our ports more resilient to sea level rise.
This week, the State Department is hosting the “Our Ocean” conference, an international conference on sustainable fisheries, marine pollution, and ocean acidification that concludes today. Secretary Kerry has also issued a global call to action to protect the oceans. As part of the conference, the President is announcing several steps that the United States is taking to answer that call. During the closing events of the conference, the State Department will announce additional steps and commitments it has secured to protect our oceans.
New Actions to Protect and Preserve the Ocean
Today, in a video message to conference participants, President Obama is announcing new executive actions to preserve and protect the oceans.
* New protections for world-class marine areas
* Combating black market fishing and supporting fishermen
* Establishing a pathway to new marine sanctuaries
* Meeting diverse coastal needs with regional marine planning
* Understanding the impacts of ocean acidification
* $102 million to build resilience in coastal communities
* Bolstering domestic shellfish aquaculture
* National Strategic Plan for Federal Aquaculture Research
6/17/14 Presidential Memorandum — Comprehensive Framework to Combat Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated Fishing and Seafood Fraud
Reaction to President Obama’s Presidential Memorandum
President Obama Announces Plan to Create the Largest Marine Protected Area in the World with Help from Marine Conservation Institute Marine Conservation Institute
UPDATE: Secretary Kerry and President Obama Show Deep Commitment to Blue Legacy Ocean Conservancy/
Obama also vowed to combat seafood fraud, illegal fishing, and black market fish in his announcement today, directing federal agencies to work together to tackle this issue. Oceana
“We applaud President Obama’s proposal to create the world’s largest marine sanctuary in the central Pacific Ocean and therefore double the area of protected ocean globally; the establishment of a new trust fund dedicated to ensuring reliable and long-term funding for protected areas management in the Bahamas; the Coral Triangle Initiative and the many other commitments. The Nature Conservancy
President Obama announced that he will expand the Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument. This Monument contains some of the most pristine tropical ecosystems in the world, but is vulnerable to ocean acidification and climate change. The Associated Press
Obama to create world’s largest ocean preserve Yahoo News