19th Amendment – 95th Anniversary Women’s Right to Vote

The  Nineteenth Amendment (Amendment XIX) to the United States Constitution prohibits each state and the federal government from denying any citizen the right to vote based on that citizen’s sex. It was ratified on August 18, 1920.

The Constitution allows the states to determine the qualifications of voters, subject to limitations imposed by later amendments. Until the 1910s, most states disenfranchised women. The amendment was the culmination of the women’s suffrage movement in the United States, which fought at both state and national levels to achieve the vote. It effectively overruled Minor v. Happersett, in which a unanimous Supreme Court ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment did not give women the right to vote.

The Nineteenth Amendment was first introduced in Congress in 1878 by Senator Aaron A. Sargent. Forty-one years later, in 1919, Congress approved the amendment and submitted it to the states for ratification. It was ratified by the requisite number of states a year later, with Tennessee‘s ratification being the final vote needed to add the amendment to the Constitution. In Leser v. Garnett(1922), the Supreme Court rejected claims that the amendment was unconstitutionally adopted.

” The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”

For more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nineteenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution

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18 thoughts on “19th Amendment – 95th Anniversary Women’s Right to Vote

  1. WH

    Monday, August 17, 2015

    All Times Eastern

    President Obama receives the presidential daily briefing
    Chilmark, Massachusetts

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  2. 19th Amendment – 95th Anniversary Women’s Right to Vote

    The Nineteenth Amendment

    The Nineteenth Amendment (Amendment XIX) to the United States Constitution prohibits each state and the federal government from denying any citizen the right to vote based on that citizen’s sex. It was ratified on August 18, 1920.

    The Constitution allows the states to determine the qualifications of voters, subject to limitations imposed by later amendments. Until the 1910s, most states disenfranchised women. The amendment was the culmination of the women’s suffrage movement in the United States, which fought at both state and national levels to achieve the vote. It effectively overruled Minor v. Happersett, in which a unanimous Supreme Court ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment did not give women the right to vote.

    The Nineteenth Amendment was first introduced in Congress in 1878 by Senator Aaron A. Sargent. Forty-one years later, in 1919, Congress approved the amendment and submitted it to the states for ratification. It was ratified by the requisite number of states a year later, with Tennessee‘s ratification being the final vote needed to add the amendment to the Constitution. In Leser v. Garnett(1922), the Supreme Court rejected claims that the amendment was unconstitutionally adopted.

    ” The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.

    Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”

    For more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nineteenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution

    • These are the Army’s first female Ranger School graduates

      August 18, 2015 By Dan Lamothe – washingtonpost

      For more than 120 days, Capt. Kristen Griest and 1st Lt. Shaye Haver have ground it out at Ranger School, the Army’s famously difficult school designed to build elite leaders capable of withstanding the rigors of combat. They’ve withstood fearsome weather, exhausting hikes, sleepless nights and simulated combat patrols designed to test their reaction time, teamwork and tenacity under fire.

      On Friday, the two women will become the first female soldiers ever to graduate from the course at Fort Benning, Ga., receiving the coveted black and yellow Ranger Tab alongside 94 male counterparts. Griest, a military police officer from Orange, Conn., and Haver, an Apache helicopter pilot from Copperas Cove, Tex., are among a group of 20 women who qualified to attend the first gender-integrated Ranger School beginning April 20, and the only two female soldiers to complete it to date.

      The graduation of Haver and Griest, both in their 20s and alumnae of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point, N.Y., increases pressure on the Army to integrate women into more combat jobs. They have not previously been identified by the Army, but The Washington Post, Christian Science Monitor and Columbus Ledger-Enquirer in Georgia were able to do so after observing Ranger School training several times this year.

      Ranger School was opened to women for the first time in April as the Army assesses how to integrate women into more jobs in combat units across the service. That followed a January 2013 decision by senior Pentagon leaders to open all jobs to women, with the services granted until this fall to make recommendations on whether anything should remain closed. Defense Secretary Ashton B. Carter is expected to rule on each request by Jan. 1.

      For more: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/checkpoint/wp/2015/08/18/these-are-the-armys-first-female-ranger-school-graduates/?hpid=z5

  3. =

    US Housing Market Index

    Released On 8/17/2015 10:00:00 AM For Aug, 2015

    Prior Consensus Consensus Range Actual
    Housing Market Index 60 61 59 to 62 61

    Highlights
    The new home sector is increasingly a central source of strength for the economy and builders are increasingly optimistic. The housing market index rose 1 point to a very strong 61 in August with the future sales component leading the way at 70. Current sales are at 66 with traffic continuing to lag but less so, at 45 for a 2 point gain in the month. By region, the South and West show the greatest composite strength at 63 each followed by the Midwest at 58 and the Northeast, which is the smallest region for new homes, still showing contraction at a sub-50 reading of 46.

    For more: http://mam.econoday.com/byshoweventfull.asp?fid=467047&cust=mam

    • US E-Commerce Retail Sales

      Released On 8/17/2015 10:00:00 AM For Q2.15

      Prior Prior Revised Actual
      E-Sales Q/Q Change SAAR 3.5 % 3.7 % 4.2 %

      Highlights
      Growth in e-commerce retail sales continues its ascent, up a very strong 4.2 percent in the second quarter compared to the first quarter. Year-on-year, e-commerce sales rose 14.1 percent. These readings dwarf growth in total retail sales where the quarter-to-quarter gain in the second quarter rose 1.6 percent with the year-on-year rate up a very weak 1.0 percent. E-commerce now makes up a record 7.2 percent of total retail sales, up from 7.0 percent in the first quarter.

      For more: http://mam.econoday.com/byshoweventfull.asp?fid=467445&cust=mam

  4. “We must harness new ideas and technology to remake our government.”

    President Barack Obama, January 21st, 2013

    .Presidential Innovation Fellows

    Presidential Innovation Fellows

    The Presidential Innovation Fellows program pairs top innovators from the private sector, non-profits, and academia with top innovators in government to collaborate on solutions that aim to deliver significant results in six months. These projects have straightforward goals: to improve the lives of the American people, save taxpayer money, and fuel job creation. This is innovation aimed at making a difference for all Americans.

    For more: http://www.whitehouse.gov/innovationfellows/opendata

    • August 17, 2015

      FACT SHEET: President Obama Signs Executive Order Making Presidential Innovation Fellows Program Permanent

      “My hope is this continues to encourage a culture of public service among our innovators, and tech entrepreneurs, so that we can keep building a government that’s as modern, as innovative, and as engaging as our incredible tech sector is. To all the Fellows who’ve served so far – thank you. I encourage all Americans with bold ideas to apply. And I can’t wait to see what those future classes will accomplish on behalf of the American people.” –- President Barack Obama

      Today, President Obama signed an executive order that makes the Presidential Innovation Fellows Program a permanent part of the Federal government going forward. The program brings executives, entrepreneurs, technologists, and other innovators into government, and teams them up with Federal employees to improve programs that serve more than 150 million Americans.

      The Presidential Innovation Fellows Program is built on four key principles:

      * Recruit the best our nation has to offer
      * Partner with innovators inside government
      * Deploy proven private sector strategies:
      * Focus on some of the Nation’s biggest and most pressing challenges

      For more: https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/08/17/fact-sheet-president-obama-signs-executive-order-making-presidential

  5. Bernie Sanders takes Black Lives Matter activist up on offer to talk racial justice

    8/17/15 12:23 PM EDT By NICK GASS politico

    Democratic presidential candidate Bernie Sanders tweeted on Monday that he would meet with civil rights activist DeRay Mckesson and others to discuss his racial justice platform.

    ”.@BernieSanders, the first draft of your racial justice platform has promise. When will you be available to discuss enhancements w/ folks?,” McKesson tweeted this morning.

    Sanders responded: “@deray Let’s do it. We will PM you this week to arrange.”

    Sanders’ back-and-forth with Mckesson comes as the Democratic presidential candidate has had two of his events disrupted by Black Lives Matter protesters, who are pressuring Sanders and other White House contenders to prioritize remedies for institutional racism.

    Read more: http://www.politico.com/story/2015/08/bernie-sanders-black-lives-matter-deray-mckeeson-meeting-121431.html?hp=lc3_4

  6. August 17, 2015

    Statement by NSC Spokesperson Ned Price on the Explosion in Thailand

    The United States extends our deepest condolences to all of those affected by the explosion in Bangkok, Thailand. The United States condemns this deplorable act of violence, and our thoughts are with the victims, their families and loved ones, and the Thai emergency personnel responding to the incident. The United States will remain in close contact with the Thai authorities as they investigate this attack.

  7. WH

    Tuesday, August 18, 2015

    All Times Eastern

    President Obama receives the presidential daily briefing
    Chilmark, Massachusetts

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  8. Starts in U.S. Climb to an Almost Eight-Year High

    August 18, 2015 Sho Chandra – bloomberg

    New-home construction in the U.S. climbed in July to the highest level in almost eight years, indicating the industry will pick up in the second half of the year.

    Residential starts rose 0.2 percent to a 1.21 million annualized rate, the most since October 2007, from a 1.2 million pace in the prior month that was higher than previously estimated, a Commerce Department report showed Tuesday in Washington. The median forecast of 77 economists surveyed by Bloomberg was 1.18 million. A drop in permits, a proxy for future construction, signals additional gains will take time to develop.

    Rising employment and historically low mortgage rates are enticing buyers, while increasing prices induced by a lack of homes on the market is an incentive to start new developments. Data showing builder sentiment at a decade high in August underscores the view that the housing rebound will stay on track even as the Federal Reserve is poised to boost borrowing costs.

    “There’s enough demand and there’s a little catch-up going on here in terms of housing construction,” said Eric Green, head of U.S. economic research at TD Securities in New York, who projected a 1.2 million pace. “When we’re adding homes like this, it has a significant multiplier effect on the economy, in housing-related retail sales, jobs, consumption. We are exactly where we want to be in housing.”

    For more: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-08-18/housing-starts-in-u-s-climbed-in-july-to-almost-eight-year-high

  9. HURRICANE KATRINA: TEN YEARS OF RECOVERY IN THE GULF
    A snapshot of recovery a decade after the unprecedented natural disaster

    August 18, 2015 Brian Sullivan hud.gov

    WASHINGTON – On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina slammed into the Gulf Coast of the United States, forcing more than a million people from their homes and tragically taking more than 1,800 lives. Katrina remains the most devastating and costliest natural disaster in our nation’s history. Today, U.S. Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Secretary Julián Castro and a team of recovery experts briefed reporters on the progress of long-term disaster recovery efforts and the lessons learned over the past decade. Read Hurricane Katrina: By the Numbers.

    “The road to recovery has been long and not without serious challenges, but it’s also shown that though the storm was strong, the resilient spirit of the Gulf Coast was even stronger,” Secretary Castro said. “And as long as there are people who want to come home and communities that need to be rebuilt our job is not done.”

    Over the last 10 years, HUD investments have had a major impact on the recovery in the Gulf region. Working closely with state disaster recovery leaders in Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, Alabama and Florida, HUD’s allocated nearly $20 billion through the Community Development Block Grant Disaster Recovery (CDBG-DR) Program. This funding greatly contributed to long-term recovery of the region’s housing stock, economy, and infrastructure.

    Housing: More than $14 billion in HUD recovery funds supported State-run housing programs:

    * 158,000 households received direct compensation for their economic loss
    * 2,894 families received help to purchase homes
    * 12,660 rehabilitated/reconstructed housing units
    * 767 newly constructed housing units
    * 35,597 affordable rental housing units

    Infrastructure: Using CDBG-DR funds, States invested a combined $1.6 Billion to replace/improve streets, utilities, sewer lines, schools, hospitals dikes and dams. For example, the State of Louisiana used HUD investments to construct or rehabilitate:

    * 82 new schools
    * 11 higher education facilities
    * 13 healthcare facilities (including the redevelopment of former Charity, Methodist and VA Hospitals in New Orleans).
    * 20 parks and recreational facilities
    * 52 water and sewer projects
    * 22 fisheries in nine coastal parishes

    Economic Development: CDBG –DR funds helped thousands of businesses responsible for creating and retaining thousands of jobs in the Gulf Region. Through a variety of programs, its estimated HUD funds assisted nearly 5,500 businesses, creating 6,500 permanent jobs. This assistance helped to sustain Gulf Coast economies during the more recent economic downturn as well as the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010.

    For more: http://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/HUD?src=/press/press_releases_media_advisories/2015/HUDNo_15-108

  10. Hillary Clinton meets with Black Lives Matter activists

    August 18, 2015 Dylan Stableford – Yahoo Politics

    After interrupting a Bernie Sanders campaign event in Seattle, Black Lives Matter activists met privately with Hillary Clinton in New Hampshire, confronting the Democratic frontrunner on her response to the movement and mass incarceration legislation passed during her husband’s administration.

    The five activists had hoped to disrupt last week’s event in Keene, N.H., but were stopped by the Secret Service — and agreed to meet with Clinton after her speech.

    Video of the exchange shows the former secretary of state defending her record on racial issues.

    “I’ve spent most of my adult life focused on kids,” Clinton said, “to try to give kids — particularly poor kids, particularly, you know, black kids and Hispanic kids — the same chance to live up to their own God-given potential as any other kid.”

    Clinton was pressed about how she plans to address the tensions between white police officers and black communities on the campaign trail.

    “Once you say that this country has still not recovered from its original sin, which is true, the next question by people who are on the sidelines, which is the vast majority of Americans, is ‘So, what do you want me to do about it?’” she said. “I’m trying to put together in a way that I can explain it and I can sell it, because in politics if you can’t explain it and you can’t sell it, it stays on the shelf.”

    Clinton added: “You can get lip service from as many white people you can pack into Yankee Stadium and a million more like it who are going to say, ‘We get it, we get it. We are going to be nicer.’ That’s not enough, at least in my book.”

    The former first lady was also pressed about what she would do to change American “hearts and minds” about black lives.

    “I don’t believe you change hearts,” she said. “I believe you change laws, you change allocation of resources, you change the way systems operate. You’re not going to change every heart. You’re not. But at the end of the day we can do a whole lot to change some hearts and change some systems and create more opportunities for people who deserve to have them.”

    For more: https://www.yahoo.com/politics/hillary-clinton-meets-with-black-lives-matter-126999333761.html

  11. In first, White House hires openly trans staffer

    August 18, 2015 at 9:00 am EDT | by Chris Johnson – washingtonblade

    The White House for the first time has hired an openly transgender person as a member of its staff, LGBT advocates and the Obama administration announced Tuesday.

    Raffi Freedman-Gurspan, who formerly served in trans advocacy as policy adviser for the National Center for Transgender Equality’s Racial & Economic Justice Initiative, has been appointed to a senior position in the White House Office of Presidential Personnel. She’s set to begin her new role as an outreach and recruitment director in the Presidential Personnel Office on Tuesday.

    Valerie Jarrett, senior adviser to President Obama, welcomed the addition of Freedman-Gurspan to the White House in a statement to the Washington Blade.

    “Raffi Freedman-Gurspan demonstrates the kind of leadership this administration champions,” Jarrett said. “Her commitment to bettering the lives of transgender Americans, particularly transgender people of color and those in poverty, reflects the values of this administration.”

    According to the White House website, the Office of Presidential Personnel oversees the selection process for presidential appointments and works to recruit qualified candidates for service in departments and agencies across the government.

    Mara Keisling, executive director of the National Center for Transgender Equality, said she’s “elated” about the addition of Freedman-Gurspan to the White House staff.

    “That the first transgender appointee is a transgender woman of color is itself significant,” Keisling said. “And that the first White House transgender appointee is a friend is inspiring to me and to countless others who have been touched by Raffi’s advocacy.”

    See more at: http://www.washingtonblade.com/2015/08/18/in-first-white-house-hires-openly-trans-staffer/

  12. August 18, 2015

    Statement by the National Security Advisor Susan E. Rice on the Peace Agreement in South Sudan

    The United States welcomes the signing yesterday by the opposition and other stakeholders of the South Sudan peace agreement. However, we are deeply disappointed that the Government of South Sudan under President Kiir yet again squandered the opportunity to bring peace to their people by refusing to sign the agreement. The U.S. deplores this failure of leadership.

    The U.S. greatly appreciates the critical role that Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) leaders are playing in supporting the talks. Their persistence and united approach has brought the parties closer to an agreement that can lead them down the path to peace. The United States will continue to support IGAD as it strives to secure the full and final agreement of the Government of South Sudan within the agreed 15 days. The U.S. calls upon the Government of South Sudan and President Kiir to sign the agreement before IGAD’s deadline without reservation or condition.

    For more: https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/08/18/statement-national-security-advisor-susan-e-rice-peace-agreement-south

  13. *******************
    THIS POST IS NOW CLOSED NBLB

    Come on over to my newest post titled: ”World Humanitarian Day 2015 ″

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