Clean Water Act of 1972 – 43rd Anniversary

Clean Water Act

The Clean Water Act

This Act [ voted into law on October 18, 1972 by Congress’ supermajority vote  over riding President Nixon’s (R) veto]  , is the principle law governing pollution control and water quality of the Nation’s waterways. The objective of this Act is to restore and maintain the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the Nation’s waters (33 U.S.C. 1251). The Act has been amended numerous times and given a number of titles and codification. It was originally enacted as the Water Pollution Control Act in 1948 (P.L. 80-845), and was completely revised by the 1972 amendments, the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments (P.L. 92-500). The 1972 amendments gave the Act its current form, and established a national goal that all waters of the U.S. should be fishable and swimmable. The goal was to be achieved by eliminating all pollutant discharges into waters of the U.S. by 1985 with an interim goal of making the waters safe for fish, shellfish, wildlife and people by July 1, 1983 (86 Stat. 816, 33 U.S.C. 1251) . The 1977 amendments (the Clean Water Act of 1977 (P.L. 95-217)) gave the Act its current title. Additional amendments were enacted in 1981 (Municipal Wastewater Treatment Construction Grants Amendments (P.L. 97-117)) and in 1987 (Water Quality Act of 1987 (P.L. 100-4).  The Act regulates discharges to waters of the United States through permits issued under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permitting program. The Water Quality Protection Division, issues the NPDES permits and the Water Enforcement Branch assures that all discharges comply with the NPDES permits.

 Learn more: http://www.epa.gov/region6/6en/w/cwa.htm

Clean Water Legislative History

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clean_water_act

.Water Pollution

#CleanWaterAct

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22 thoughts on “Clean Water Act of 1972 – 43rd Anniversary

  1. WH

    Sunday, October 18, 2015

    All Times Eastern

    President Obama receives the presidential daily briefing

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  2. Clean Water Act

    This Act, voted into law on October 18, 1972, is the principle law governing pollution control and water quality of the Nation’s waterways. The objective of this Act is to restore and maintain the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the Nation’s waters (33 U.S.C. 1251). The Act has been amended numerous times and given a number of titles and codification. It was originally enacted as the Water Pollution Control Act in 1948 (P.L. 80-845), and was completely revised by the 1972 amendments, the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments (P.L. 92-500). The 1972 amendments gave the Act its current form, and established a national goal that all waters of the U.S. should be fishable and swimmable. The goal was to be achieved by eliminating all pollutant discharges into waters of the U.S. by 1985 with an interim goal of making the waters safe for fish, shellfish, wildlife and people by July 1, 1983 (86 Stat. 816, 33 U.S.C. 1251) . The 1977 amendments (the Clean Water Act of 1977 (P.L. 95-217)) gave the Act its current title. Additional amendments were enacted in 1981 (Municipal Wastewater Treatment Construction Grants Amendments (P.L. 97-117)) and in 1987 (Water Quality Act of 1987 (P.L. 100-4).  The Act regulates discharges to waters of the United States through permits issued under the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permitting program. The Water Quality Protection Division, issues the NPDES permits and the Water Enforcement Branchassures that all discharges comply with the NPDES permits.

     Learn more: http://www.epa.gov/region6/6en/w/cwa.htm

    ————–

    Clean Water Act legislative history

    Introduced in the Senate as S. 2770 by Edmund Muskie(D–ME) on October 28, 1971
    Committee consideration by: Senate Public Works Committee
    Passed the Senate on November 2, 1971 (86-0)
    Passed the House on March 29, 1972 (passed)
    Reported by the joint conference committee on October 4, 1972; agreed to by the House on October 4, 1972 (366-11) and by the Senate on October 4, 1972 (74-0)
    Vetoed by President Richard Nixon (R) on October 17, 1972
    Overridden by the Senate on October 17, 1972 (52-12)
    Overridden by the House and became law on October 18, 1972 (247-23)

    • Our Water is Connected

      cleanwateraction.org

      If you drink water or like to swim or fish in rivers and lakes, you should be happy about recent actions by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). EPA has taken important steps toward clarifying what small streams, wetlands and other waters can be protected from pollution and development. For decades, Clean Water Action, our members, and allies have advocated for stronger protections for vulnerable headwater streams and wetlands that feed drinking water supplies for more than a third of all Americans and support water quality of downstream rivers, lakes and bays. But, for more than a decade, many of these water bodies have been at risk because of two Supreme Court rulings and subsequent Bush Administration policies that called into question whether or not they are protected by the Clean Water Act.

      On September 17, 2013, EPA released the first-ever report on the “connectivity” of smaller streams and wetlands to downstream rivers, lakes, and bays. This report is a synthesis of over 1000 peer-reviewed studies and articles about how these smaller streams and wetlands are connected to larger ones and perform critical functions that benefit whole watersheds.

      For more: http://cleanwateraction.org/feature/our-water-connected

    • Protecting Clean Water While Respecting Agriculture

      05/27/2015 Gina McCarthy & Jo-Ellen Darcy – epa.gov

      Today, EPA and the Army finalized a rule under the Clean Water Act to protect the streams and wetlands we depend on for our health, our economy, and our way of life.

      The Clean Water Act has protected our health for more than 40 years—and helped our nation clean up hundreds of thousands of miles of waterways that were choked by industrial pollution, untreated sewage, and garbage for decades.

      But Supreme Court cases in 2001 and 2006 put protection of 60 percent of our nation’s streams and millions of acres of wetlands into question. At the same time, we understand much more today about how waters connect to each other than we did in decades past. Scientists, water quality experts, and local water managers are better able than ever before to pinpoint the waters that impact our health and the environment the most.

      Members of Congress, farmers, ranchers, small business owners, hunters, anglers, and the public have called on EPA and the Army to make a rule to clarify where the Clean Water Act applies, and bring it in line with the law and the latest science. Today, we’re answering that call.

      Every lake and every river depends on the streams and wetlands that feed it—and we can’t have healthy communities downstream without healthy headwaters upstream. The Clean Water Rule will protect streams and wetlands and provide greater clarity and certainty to farmers, all without creating any new permitting requirements for agriculture and while maintaining all existing exemptions and exclusions.

      The agencies did extensive outreach on the Clean Water Rule, hosting more than 400 meetings across the country and receiving more than a million public comments. EPA officials visited farms in Arizona, Colorado, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas, and Vermont.

      Our nation’s original conservationists—our farmers, ranchers, and foresters—were among the most crucial voices who weighed in during this process. Farmers have a critical job to do; our nation depends on them for food, fiber, and fuel, and they depend on clean water for their livelihoods.

      Normal farming and ranching—including planting, harvesting, and moving livestock—have long been exempt from Clean Water Act regulation, and the Clean Water Rule doesn’t change that. It respects producers’ crucial role in our economy and respects the law.

      For more: http://blog.epa.gov/blog/2015/05/protecting-clean-water-while-respecting-agriculture/

  3. October 18, 2015

    Statement by the President on the Adoption of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action

    Today marks an important milestone toward preventing Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon and ensuring its nuclear program is exclusively peaceful going forward. On this Adoption Day of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) reached between the P5+1, EU, and Iran, JCPOA participants will make necessary arrangements and preparations for the implementation of their JCPOA commitments. Today, Iran begins to take the steps necessary to implement its JCPOA commitments, including removing thousands of centrifuges and associated infrastructure, reducing its enriched uranium stockpile from approximately 12,000 kilograms to 300 kilograms, and removing the core of the Arak heavy-water reactor and filling it with concrete so that it cannot be used again, among other steps. These next steps will allow us to reach the objectives we set out to achieve over the course of nearly two years of tough, principled diplomacy and will result in cutting off all four pathways Iran could use to develop enough fissile material for a nuclear weapon.

    For more: https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/10/18/statement-president-adoption-joint-comprehensive-plan-action

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    October 18, 2015 Presidential Memorandum — Preparing for Implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action of July 14, 2015 (JCPOA)

    October 18, 2015 Presidential Memoranda — Adoption Day for the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action

  4. WH

    Monday, October 19, 2015

    All Times Eastern

    President Obama receives the presidential daily briefing

    President Obama attends meetings at the White House

    Vice President Biden and Dr. Jill Biden welcomed the 2015 USO Honorees to the Vice President’s Residence
    Naval Observatory

    7:00 AM
    8:00 AM
    9:00 AM
    9:45 AM
    First Lady Michelle Obama Announces the Reach Higher Initiative “Better Make Room”
    The White House

    10:00 AM
    10:55 AM
    President Obama hosts a roundtable with CEOs to discuss efforts to tackle climate change
    Roosevelt Room

    11:00 AM
    12:00 PM
    12:30 PM
    White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest briefs the press

    1:00 PM
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    5:15 PM
    President Obama meets with Treasury Secretary Lew
    Oval Office

    6:00 PM
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    President Obama hosts the second White House Astronomy Night
    South Lawn

    7:35 PM
    President Obama delivers remarks at the White House Astronomy Night
    South Lawn

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    9:00 PM
    10:00 PM

  5. POTUS podium

    October 19, 2015

    WhiteHouse.gov http://www.whitehouse.gov/live

    9:45 AM ET
    First Lady Michelle Obama Announces the Reach Higher Initiative “Better Make Room”
    The White House

    12:30 PM ET
    White House Summit on Climate and the Road through Paris
    The White House

    12:30 PM RT
    White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest briefs the press

    7:35 PM ET
    President Obama delivers remarks at the White House Astronomy Night
    South Lawn

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    CSPAN http://www.cspan.org/

    10:55 AM ET
    President Obama hosts a roundtable with CEOs to discuss efforts to tackle climate change http://www.c-span.org/video/?328806-3/president-obama-remarks-climate-change

    11:00 AM ET
    Bipartisan Policy Center
    Syrian Refugee Crisis
    Advocates, academics, and officials from the State Department United Nations officials talked about the global response to the Syrian refugee crisis.  http://www.c-spanvideo.org/program/328761-1

    12:30 PM RT
    White House Press Secretary Josh Earnest briefs the press http://www.c-span.org/video/?328806-1/white-house-briefing

    1:30 PM RT
    State Department Daily Briefing
    Spokesman Marc Toner briefs reporters and answers questions on a range of international issues. http://www.c-span.org/video/?328807-1/state-department-briefing

    3:00 PM ET
    Justice Department officials and advocates testify at a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on sentencing laws, correctional facilities, and the prison population in the U.S. Senator Chuck Grassley (R-IA) chairs the committee. http://www.c-span.org/video/?328790-1/hearing-sentencing-laws-us-prison-system

    7:35 PM ET
    President Obama delivers remarks at the White House Astronomy Night

  6. Obama Huddling With CEOs to Shore Up Support on Climate

    October 16, 2015 — 2:00 PM PDT Justin Sink – politico

    President Barack Obama is bringing executives from five Fortune 500 companies to the White House on Monday in a bid to shore up business support for combating climate change.

    The roundtable discussion will include the chief executive officers of Johnson & Johnson, Intel Corp., Berkshire Hathaway Energy Co., Hershey Co., and PG&E Corp., as well as five other companies that act as suppliers to those corporations, a White House official said.

    The executives and Obama will discuss “carbon mitigation, sustainability and resiliency and how technologies are emerging to support and scale these efforts,” according to the president’s schedule.

    Obama is working to build public support for a global climate accord that he’s counting on as a legacy-defining achievement. At a United Nations-sponsored meeting in Paris in December, Obama and other world leaders will discuss an agreement that aims to limit global warming to 2 degree Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

    For more: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-10-16/obama-huddling-with-ceos-to-shore-up-business-help-on-climate

    • October 19, 2015

      Remarks by the President at Roundtable with Business Leaders

      Roosevelt Room

      12:00 P.M. EDT

      THE PRESIDENT: Well, I just had the opportunity to meet with CEOs from across the country who are acting on climate change.

      Historically, when you start talking about an issue like climate change, the perception is that this is an environmental issue, it’s for tree huggers, and that hard-headed businesspeople either don’t care about it or see it as a conflict with their bottom lines. And this conversation has confirmed what we’ve known for quite some time, which is that considerations of climate change, energy efficiency, renewable energies are not only not contradictory to their bottom lines, but for these companies, they’re discovering that they can enhance their bottom lines.

      For decades, our addiction to fossil fuels, to imported oil I think not only threatened our planet and our security, but also our economy. And what we’ve been able to do over the last seven years is, even as we’ve attained number-one status in the production of oil and gas, what we’ve also been able to do is to slowly begin the transition of our economy to a cleaner, smarter approach to using energy. And many of the companies sitting around here have been at the forefront of that process.

      We have now doubled our production of clean energy. We’ve been reducing our carbon footprint even as the economy grows. And this progress isn’t just creating a safer planet, it’s also creating jobs, it’s creating business opportunities, and it’s something that customers are increasingly looking for.

      For more: https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/10/19/remarks-president-roundtable-business-leaders

    • October 19, 2015

      FACT SHEET: White House Announces Commitments to the American Business Act on Climate Pledge

      Today, the White House will announce new commitments from companies from across the American economy who are joining the American Business Act on Climate Pledge. With this announcement, 81 companies will have signed the American Business Act on Climate Pledge to demonstrate their support for action on climate change and the conclusion of a climate change agreement in Paris that takes a strong step forward toward a low-carbon, sustainable future. These 81 companies have operations in all 50 states, employ over 9 million people, represent more than $3 trillion in annual revenue, and have a combined market capitalization of over $5 trillion.

      By signing the American Business Act on Climate pledge, these companies are:

      Voicing support for a strong Paris outcome. The pledge recognizes those countries that have already put forward climate targets, and voices support for a strong outcome in the Paris climate negotiations.

      Demonstrating an ongoing commitment to climate action. As part of this initiative, each company is announcing significant pledges to reduce their emissions, increase low-carbon investments, deploy more clean energy, and take other actions to build more sustainable businesses and tackle climate change.
      These pledges include ambitious, company-specific goals such as:

      o Reducing emissions by as much as 50 percent,

      o Reducing water usage by as much as 80 percent,

      o Achieving zero waste-to-landfill,

      o Purchasing 100 percent renewable energy, and

      o Pursuing zero net deforestation in supply chains.

      For more: https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/10/19/fact-sheet-white-house-announces-commitments-american-business-act

      October 19, 2015 FACT SHEET: White House Announces Commitments to the American Business Act on Climate Pledge

      • The Vice President Speaks at the White House Summit on Climate

        Published on Oct 23, 2015

        Vice President Joe Biden delivers remarks at the White House Summit on Climate and the Road through Paris: Business and Science Coming Together.

      • White House Summit on Climate & the Road through Paris

        Published on Oct 23, 2015

        The White House convened business leaders from companies across the country to join the American Business Act on Climate Pledge.

  7. White House Astronomy Night

    On October 19th, the White House is hosting the second ever Astronomy Night. We’ve invited students and educators to the South Lawn of the White House to stargaze with us and to participate in other hands-on activities.

    But the night’s activity won’t be limited to the White House. YOU can join a community of scientists, star gazers, and educators by hosting or attending your own Astronomy Night and following along with the events in Washington.

    TUNE IN ON OCTOBER 19:
    ASK A SCIENTIST YOUR QUESTION ABOUT SPACE:
    On Monday, October 19th, from 8:45 pm – 9:45 pm ET, space experts and special guests at Astronomy Night will be on Twitter to answer YOUR questions about space! Follow @WhiteHouseOSTP and use #AstronomyNight to ask questions and participate in the conversation!

    For more: https://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/whitehouse.gov/files/documents/White_House_Astronomy_Night_Event_Toolkit.pdf

    • October 19, 2015

      FACT SHEET: At White House Astronomy Night, President Obama Announces New Private-Sector Commitments to Get Students Excited about Science and Space

      WASHINGTON, DC – Today, President Obama will host the second-ever White House Astronomy Night and highlight the importance of inspiring more girls and boys with the wonder of science and space. The event will bring together students, teachers, astronomers, engineers, scientists, and space enthusiasts for an evening of stargazing – a cherished hands-on learning activity, and one that will spark the imagination of aspiring space explorers, young and old.

      As part of Astronomy Night, President Obama is also announcing new private-sector commitments to further his “Educate to Innovate” campaign to inspire and prepare more girls and boys – especially those from groups historically underrepresented in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) – to excel in the STEM fields. The announcements being made today include, among others:

      * NASA will work with students and citizen scientists to scout targets for the James Webb Space Telescope, which will launch in 2018.

      * The Charles Stewart Mott Foundation and Noyce Foundation will work with more than 30 states and support more than 500,000 youth in afterschool STEM experiences.

      * More than 350 organizations and funders are announcing a goal to create 100 city and regional “STEM ecosystems” over the next five years.

      * Bayer and National PTA are launching a national effort to engage parents in 100,000 STEM experiences.
      Boston is committing to a five-year campaign to give all middle-school students access to high-quality STEM experiences.

      For more: https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/10/19/fact-sheet-white-house-astronomy-night-president-obama-announces-new

    • October 20, 2015

      Remarks by the President at Astronomy Night

      South Lawn

      7:27 P.M. EDT

      THE PRESIDENT: Hello, everybody! (Applause.) Yay! (Applause.) Everybody, have a seat. Welcome to the White House. I love Astronomy Night. (Applause.) And we’ve got a very clear night to enjoy Astronomy Night. This is some of the most fun that I have on this job. They never let me tinker with the telescopes. They don’t let me hold the moon rocks when you guys aren’t around. Michelle is dying to know how they grow lettuce on the International Space Station. (Laughter.) But when you guys come, I get to have some fun.

      And we’ve got some space buffs here tonight. We have a number of members of Congress, including former astronaut, Senator Bill Nelson, from the great state of Florida. (Applause.) My science advisor, John Holdren, is here. Where is he? John — there he is. (Applause.) See, John is a superstar in this crowd. (Laughter.) The head of NASA, Charlie Bolden — (applause) — along with 11 of his fellow astronauts. Mae Jameson, the first African-American woman in space is here. (Applause.) We’ve got Bill Nye the Science Guy. (Applause.) We’ve got the Mythbusters in the house. (Applause.)

      But the most important thing we have here, in addition to this guy, is the young people who are here. (Applause.) Young people from across the country who are already focused on some of the greatest mysteries of the universe.

      And I’m going to begin with a quick story. A long time ago, in a galaxy far, far away– (laughter) — actually, it was in Brooklyn — a 14-year-old asked his parents, “What are the stars?” His parents replied, “They’re lights in the sky, kid.” The answer did not satisfy that young man, so he set out to answer his endless questions about the stars and the planets and possibilities of extraterrestrial life. And Carl Sagan grew up to become an astronomer who enlarged this country’s imagination and sense of wonder about the depths of outer space.

      For more: https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2015/10/20/remarks-president-astronomy-night

    • Astronomy Night at the White House

      Published on Oct 20, 2015

      President Obama hosted the second-ever Astronomy Night at the White House to highlight the power of science, innovation, and imagination in America. October 20, 2015.

  8. October 19, 2015

    Remarks by the First Lady at #BETTERMAKEROOM Launch

    East Room

    11:24 A.M. EDT

    MRS. OBAMA: Thanks, guys. (Applause.) Thank you all. (Applause.) Good morning. Rest yourselves.

    Welcome to the White House! (Applause.) It’s okay to be excited about that. Welcome to the White House! (Laughter and applause.) Don’t act like you all are proper people, all right? (Laughter.) Just loosen up a little bit.

    Look, I am thrilled to be here today as we launch Better Make Room. This is an amazing new campaign to empower young people to own their education and fulfill their dreams.

    And I want to start by thanking Chris for sharing his story, offering some good advice — which I hope my kids are listening to — and for giving us more than six seconds of your time today. (Laughter.) We really appreciate it, Chris. Who would have thought that you had so much to say? (Laughter.) Chris, we’re really impressed by everything that you’ve achieved, so thank you. Thanks for being here.

    And thank you also to Andra Day for her magnificent performance. (Applause.) Yes, Andra and her entire crew. Yes! (Applause.) Andra, you impressed everybody. My staff is buzzing off the chain about whatever you have just done. (Laughter.) So I don’t think this will be the last time we’ll see you here at the White House — if you’ll have us. (Laughter and applause.)

    For more:

    ——

    October 19, 2015 FACT SHEET: The First Lady Announces #BetterMakeRoom Campaign

    October 19, 2015 #BetterMakeRoom on the White House South Drive By Students from Washington DC’s Duke Ellington School of the Arts

  9. Homebuilder Confidence Reaches Decade High on U.S. Sales Outlook

    October 19, 2015 Victoria Stilwell – bloomberg

    Confidence among U.S. homebuilders climbed in October to a 10-year high, a sign demand for housing may remain solid in the months to come.

    The National Association of Home Builders/Wells Fargo sentiment gauge increased to 64 this month, the highest since October 2005, from 61 in September, the Washington-based group reported Monday. Readings above 50 mean more respondents said conditions were good.

    A labor market that’s added 1.8 million people to payrolls this year and mortgage rates at historic lows are combining to make home-buying a possibility for many Americans. Higher confidence levels among builders may lead to more construction, which would help alleviate a shortage of available homes and properties that’s pushing up prices.

    “We’re still expecting the trend to continue to improve,” Sarah House, an economist at Wells Fargo Securities LLC, said before the report. “Not only are more people working, but I think people are more secure in their jobs.”

    For more: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-10-19/homebuilder-confidence-reaches-decade-high-on-u-s-sales-outlook

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