National Missing and Unidentified Persons System
Although the problem of missing persons and unidentified human remains in this country has existed for a long time, significant progress has been made in recent years. In 2003, the DNA Initiative was launched. The Office of Justice Program’s National Institute of Justice (NIJ) began funding major efforts to maximize the use of DNA technology in our criminal justice system. Much of NIJ’s work has focused on developing tools to investigate and solve the cases of missing persons and unidentified decedents.
The NamUs databases are just one element of a broader program to improve the Nation’s capacity to address these cases. For example, NIJ also funds free testing of unidentified human remains and provides family reference-sample kits, at no charge, to any jurisdiction in the country. Other efforts include training law enforcement officers, medical examiners, judges, and attorneys on forensic DNA evidence.
In the spring of 2005, NIJ assembled Federal, State, and local law enforcement officials, medical examiners and coroners, forensic scientists, key policymakers, and victim advocates and families from around the country for a national strategy meeting in Philadelphia. The meeting, called the “Identifying the Missing Summit,” defined major challenges in investigating and solving missing persons and unidentified decedent cases. As a result of that summit, the Deputy Attorney General created the National Missing Persons Task Force and charged the U.S. Department of Justice with identifying every available tool—and creating others—to solve these cases. The National Missing Persons Task Force identified the need to improve access to database information by people who can help solve missing persons and unidentified decedent cases. NamUs was created to meet that need.
The NamUs reporting and searching system will improve the quantity and quality of—and access to—data on missing persons and unidentified human remains. Through NamUs, a diverse community of criminal justice professionals, medical examiners and coroners, victim advocates, families of missing persons, and the general public now can contribute to solving these cases.
For more: http://www.namus.gov/about.htm
- NamUs Fact Sheet
- NamUs Frequently Asked Questions
- NamUs Success Stories
- NamUs Email: email@example.com
- NamUs Phone: 1-855-626-7600
- NamUs Volunteer Information
ICMP works with governments, civil society organizations, justice institutions, international organizations and others throughout the world to address the issue of people who have gone missing as a result of armed conflict, human rights abuses, disasters, organized crime and other causes.
As the only international organization that is exclusively dedicated to this issue, ICMP is actively engaged in developing institutions and civil society capacity, promoting legislation, fostering social and political advocacy, and developing and providing technical expertise to locate and identify the missing.
ICMP works with governments to develop their institutional capacity to address the issue of missing persons efficiently and impartially.
ICMP helps governments develop legislation to safeguard the rights of families of the missing, and it works with civil society organizations to empower them to advocate for their rights.
ICMP assists the process of justice by ensuring that governments adhere to a rule of law-based approach to investigating disappearances and it provides evidence in criminal trials.
ICMP directly assists governments with fieldwork. It has been involved in the excavation of more than 3,000 mass and clandestine gravesites and has spearheaded the application of advanced forensic techniques to locate and recover missing persons.
ICMP maintains a unique, specialized online missing persons database (fDMS) that manages all data pertaining to its missing persons process.
It operates the world’s leading high-throughput DNA human identification facility. To date, more than 19,000 missing persons from around the world have been identified with ICMP’s assistance.
For more: http://www.icmp.int/about-us/
“As Commander-in-Chief, my highest responsibility is to provide for the safety and security of American citizens at home and abroad. My message to every American being held hostage and to their families is that we will spare no effort to secure the safety of our citizens. These policy and organizational changes will ensure that we are doing everything possible to safely recover Americans taken hostage overseas, while being responsive to the needs of their families. And no matter how long it takes, we will bring to justice those responsible for abducting Americans abroad.”
- June 2015 Report on U.S. Hostage Policy
- 6/24/15 Executive Order – Hostage Recovery Activities
- 6/24/15 Presidential Policy Directive – Hostage Recovery Activities
- 6/24/15 FBI — Hostage Recovery Fusion Cell Established
- 6/24/16 Statement by the President On the One-Year Anniversary of the Hostage Policy Review
- 9/30/16 Statement by NSC Spokesperson Ned Price on the Status Report on the Implementation of Executive Order 13698 Hostage Recovery Activities
August 1 – 6, 2016
National Missing Persons Week