Women’s Equality Day 2016

Women’s Equality Day is a day proclaimed each year by the United States President to commemorate the granting of the vote to women throughout the country. Women in the United States were granted the right to vote on August 26, 1920, when the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution was certified as law. The amendment was first introduced many years earlier in 1878. Every president has published a proclamation for Women’s Equality Day since 1972, the year after legislation was first introduced in Congress by Bella Abzug. This resolution was passed in 1971 designating August 26 of each year as Women’s Equality Day.

Equal Pay - Women Breadwinners

The Paycheck Fairness Act is proposed legislation that would add procedural protections to the Equal Pay Act of 1963 and the Fair Labor Standards Act as part of an effort to address male–female income disparity in the United States. A Census Bureau report published in 2008 stated that women’s median annual earnings were 77.5% of men’s earnings, newer studies suggest, when the data is controlled for certain variables, the residual gap is around 7%, the same study concludes that the residual is due to the fact that “hours of work in many occupations are worth more when given at particular moments and when the hours are more continuous. That is, in many occupations earnings have a nonlinear relationship with respect to hours.”

The House of Represen­tatives approved the bill in January 2009. The United States Senate failed to move the bill forward in November 2010. President Barack Obama said in March 2011 that he will continue to fight for the goals in the Paycheck Fairness Act. The bill was reintroduced in both houses of Congress in April 2011.

The 2010 bill had no Republican Party co-sponsors, though a group of four Republican senators had supported an earlier bill to address gender-based wage discrimination, including Susan CollinsKay Bailey HutchisonLisa Murkowski and Olympia Snowe. On June 5th, 2012 the bill fell short of the 60 votes necessary to override a filibuster and did not make it to the Senate floor for debate. The vote went along party lines, excluding a vote against by Democrat Harry Reid. (A vote which left Democrats the option to introduce the bill again at a later time.) On April 9, 2014, in another straight-party-line vote, the Paycheck Fairness Act (S. 2199; 113th Congress) was again blocked by a Republican filibuster in the U.S. Senate. Once again, Senator Reid changed his vote from support to oppose, as a tactical maneuver to keep the bill alive.

The 2010 Senate version of the bill had the support of the Obama administration and that of Democrats in the Senate. The American Civil Liberties Union supported S.182, citing the 2008 data from the United States Census Bureau that women’s median annual earnings were 77.5% of the male median, African-American women’s median annual earnings were 64% of the white male median, and Hispanic women’s median annual earnings were 54% of the white male median. The American Association of University Women also supported the bill, citing the organization’s 2007 research report, Behind the Pay Gap, which showed that women earn less than their male colleagues just one year out of college. The pay gap has widened 10 years after graduation.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paycheck_Fairness_Act


Did You Know That Women Are Still Paid Less Than Men?

On average, full-time working women earn just 77 cents for every dollar a man earns. This substantial gap is more than a statistic — it has real life consequences. When women, who make up nearly half the workforce, bring home less money each day, it means they have less for the everyday needs of their families, and over a lifetime of work, far less savings for retirement.

President Obama supports passage of the Paycheck Fairness Act, a comprehensive and commonsense bill that updates and strengthens the Equal Pay Act of 1963, which made it illegal for employers to pay unequal wages to men and women who perform substantially equal work.



GOP Blocks Equal Pay

Senate Republicans again kill Paycheck Fairness Act

4/09/14 01:06 PM – Steven Benen – maddowblog

The third time was not the charm. Democratic efforts to pass the Paycheck Fairness Act failed to overcome Republican opposition in the 111th Congress and the 112th Congress, and as of this morning, it failed once again at the hands of a GOP filibuster.

Senate Republicans filibustered a debate on a Democratic pay equity bill backed by President Barack Obama Wednesday.

Sixty votes were needed to allow the bill to be debated on the Senate floor, but Republicans refused to allow the bill to come up for debate after complaining Democrats weren’t allowing votes on their amendments.

The roll call from the vote is online here. Note that the final tally was 54 to 43 – six votes shy of the supermajority needed to end Republican obstructionism – but Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.) switched his vote for procedural reasons, leaving it at 53 to 44.

The legislation received exactly zero Republican votes, as was the case with previous efforts to pass the bill.I

In case anyone needs a refresher, the Paycheck Fairness Act is a perfectly credidble piece of legislation that would “enhance the remedies available for victims of gender-based discrimination and require employers to show that wage differences are job-related, not sex-based, and driven by business necessity. The measure would also protect employees from retaliation for sharing salary information, which is important for deterring and challenging discriminatory compensation.”

As we’ve discussed, the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act was an important step forward when it comes to combating discrimination, but it was also narrowly focused to address a specific problem: giving victims of discrimination access to the courts for legal redress. The Paycheck Fairness Act is a broader measure.

Republicans have responded that they endorse the idea of equal pay for equal work, but in recent years, much of the party remains opposed to policymakers’ efforts to do something about it. (This morning, some GOP senators also raised procedural objections about amendments.)

As for the electoral considerations, aren’t GOP lawmakers worried about rejecting measures like these in an election year?

Apparently not.

Senate Republicans aren’t sweating a ramped-up push by Democrats and President Barack Obama for new pay equity legislation – pushing forward women Republicans to rebut charges they have a woman problem and doubting the issue will resonate with voters. […]

Republicans argue that the Democrats’ bill – along with their so-called “Fair Shot” agenda for the year – is a political ploy that will not fool voters.

I’m not sure who’s trying to fool whom in this model. Dems put together a bill; the bill is popular; and they’ve pushed it repeatedly for six years. That sounds less like a p.r. stunt and more like an effort to address a problem.

As for the midterms, Republicans have struggled of late with the gender gap. At a minimum, today’s vote won’t help.


US Women’s Rights Movement Timeline 1848 – 2016 (ProPresObama.org Civil Rights Timelines ™)


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2016 Democratic National Convention – United Together

2016 DNCC

The 2016 Democratic National Convention will be held at the Wells Fargo Center in Philadelphia July 25th-28th, 2016. Working in partnership with the Philadelphia Host Committee, the City of Philadelphia and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, our goal is to make this the most engaging, innovative and forward looking convention in history. The 2016 Democratic National Convention will leverage technology to bring the convention experience well beyond the hall in an effort to engage more Americans than ever before in the event. With the birthplace of American Democracy as a backdrop, the Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia will highlight our shared Democratic values and help put the Democratic nominee on a path to victory.

The Democratic Convention is the formal nominating event for the Democratic candidates for President and Vice President. At the Convention, the Democratic Party also adopts the official Democratic Party platform.

For more: https://demconvention.com

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2016 Democrat Platform 


Monday, July 25th “United Together”

10:00 AM – 12:00 PM ET
Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders Caucus

10:00 AM – 12:00 PM ET
Native American Council

10:00 AM – 12:00 PM ET
Black Caucus

10:00 AM – 12:00 PM ET
Hispanic Caucus

10:00 AM – 12:00 PM ET
Ethnic Council

12:00 PM – 2:00 PM ET
Disability Council

12:00 PM – 2:00 PM ET
Small Business Owners Council

2:00 PM – 4:00 PM ET
Veterans and Military Families Council

2:00 PM – 4:00 PM ET
Labor Council


Gavel In 3:00 PM EDT

Pam Livengood

Karla & Francisca Ortiz

Anastasia Somoza

DREAMer Astrid Silva

First Lady Michelle Obama

Senator Senator Bernie Sanders

Gavel Out


Tuesday, July 26th “A Lifetime of Fighting For Children and Families”

10:00 AM – 12:00 PM ET
Women’s Caucus

12:00 PM – 2:00 PM ET
LGBT Caucus

12:00 PM – 2:00 PM ET
Senior Council

2:00 PM – 4:00 PM ET
Jewish Roundtable

2:00 PM – 4:00 PM ET
Rural Council

2:00 PM – 4:00 PM ET
Youth Council


Gavel In 4:00 PM EDT

Jelani Freeman

Thaddeus Desmond

Dynah Haubert

Kate Burdick

Students from Eagle Academy

Anton Moore

Dustin Parsons

Students from Eagle Academy

Joe Sweeney

Lauren Manning

Ryan Moore

Former President Bill Clinton

“Mothers of the Movement” featuring Gwen Carr, Mother of Eric Garner; Sybrina Fulton, Mother of Trayvon Martin; Maria Hamilton, Mother of Dontré Hamilton; Lucia McBath, Mother of Jordan Davis; Lezley McSpadden, Mother of Michael Brown; Cleopatra Pendleton-Cowley, Mother of Hadiya Pendleton; Geneva Reed-Veal, Mother of Sandra Bland

Gavel Out


Wednesday, July 27th “Working Together”

10:00 AM – 12:00 PM ET
Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders Caucus

10:00 AM – 12:00 PM ET
Native American Council

10:00 AM – 12:00 PM ET
Black Caucus

10:00 AM – 12:00 PM ET
Hispanic Caucus

10:00 AM – 12:00 PM ET
Ethnic Council

12:00 PM – 2:00 PM ET
Disability Council

12:00 PM – 2:00 PM ET
Small Business Owners Council

2:00 PM – 4:00 PM ET
Veterans and Military Families Council

2:00 PM – 4:00 PM ET
Labor Council


Gavel In 4:30 PM EDT

Erica Smegielski

Felicia Sanders & Polly Sheppard

Jamie Dorff

Tim Kaine

Vice President Joe Biden

President Barack Obama

Gavel Out


Thursday, July 28th “Stronger Together”

10:00 AM – 12:00 PM ET
Women’s Caucus

12:00 PM – 2:00 PM ET
LGBT Caucus

2:00 PM – 4:00 PM ET
Jewish Roundtable

2:00 PM – 4:00 PM ET
Rural Council

2:00 PM – 4:00 PM ET
Senior Council

2:00 PM – 4:00 PM ET
Youth Council


Gavel In 4:30 PM EDT

Henrietta Ivey

Beth Mathias

Jensen Walcott & Jake Reed

Khizr Khan

Chelsea Clinton

Hillary Clinton

Gavel Out


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July 25 – 28, 2016
2016 Democratic National Convention
United Together
 Pennsylvania Convention Center &
Wells Fargo Center, 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


Live Stream: https://demconvention.com/watch-live/





Democrats Plan to Register 50 Million New Voters


Democrats Have a Plan to Register 50 Million New Voters
If more people vote, Trump-Pence loses.

7/15/16 By Ari Berman – TheNation

ast week Democrats agreed on the strongest platform on voting rights in the party’s history. A key plank of that platform called for “universal automatic voter registration,” a potentially transformative electoral reform that could add 50 million unregistered Americans to the voting rolls.

Now congressional Democrats are backing that up by introducing the most comprehensive federal automatic-voter-registration bills in the House and Senate. The Automatic Voter Registration Act of 2016 is sponsored by Representative Bob Brady and Senators Patrick Leahy, Dick Durbin, and Amy Klobuchar. (A similar bill was introduced in the House last year by Rhode Island Democrat David Cicilline with 100 co-sponsors.) No Republicans have signed on to the House or Senate version.

Here’s how the legislation works, according to a summary from Leahy’s office:

Every time a person eligible to vote interacts with any one of numerous designated state and federal agencies, that person will be “automatically” registered to vote unless the person opts out of registration (that is, affirmatively declines).

The automatic registration system will go into effect at agencies currently required by the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (NVRA) to provide voter registration services, like the DMV, social service agencies, and agencies serving people with disabilities.

This will make voter registration far easier, cheaper, and more accurate. “There is no reason why every eligible citizen cannot have the option of automatic registration when they visit the DMV, sign up for healthcare, or sign up for classes in college,” says Leahy, the ranking Democrat on the Senate Judiciary Committee. “We live in a modern world, and we should strive to have a registration system that reflects that.”

For more: https://www.thenation.com/article/democrats-have-a-plan-to-register-50-million-new-voters/


Five reasons millennials must vote this November

It’s no secret that young people tend to shy away from voting more than older people do.

And this Election Day, extraordinary though the campaign season is, likely will be no different. The Public Policy Institute of California estimates that Americans ages 18 to 34 will make up only 17 percent of the country’s likely voters in November.

Those are the same millennials who flocked to former presidential candidate Bernie Sanders and his “political revolution.” Now that he has dropped out of the race for the Democratic nomination, many of his more ardent supporters have vowed to skip the polls in November, even though the senator from Vermont endorsed Hillary Clinton earlier this week.

Sanders might not be in the race anymore, but there are plenty of reasons to turn out at the polls. Here are five:


Sanders ignited his revolution with promises to help a generation of young people and their families who are drowning in debt from skyrocketing tuition and fees. It’s a real issue, as many millennials know.

Clinton wisely released a proposal that would forgive loans for at least 25 million borrowers. She also has promised to make in-state public colleges and universities tuition free by 2021 for families making less than $125,000 a year.

That’s a reason to vote that will actually pay off.


Millennials care about the health of a world they have to live in long after most baby boomers are gone. One of the most effective means of ensuring that is to elect leaders who will implement policies to combat climate change.

Nobody can solve this problem on his or her own. But by taking the simple step of voting for candidates at all levels of government who will make the environment a priority, the country can continue down the path laid out by President Barack Obama to cut carbon emissions.


This one might not be as obvious. For those who study abroad or enjoy traveling, the nation’s position on foreign affairs is vitally important to its relationships with other countries. That goes for countries in Europe, recently shaken by Britain’s exit from the European Union, and in the Middle East, Asia and Africa.

Millennials are globally engaged, understanding completely that the world is indeed flat. For this reason, it’s important to vote for leaders who represent those values.


The next president of the United States will decide who is appointed to fill the vacancy left by the late Justice Antonin Scalia in the U.S. Supreme Court. Critically important decisions hang in the balance.

Among them, laws that ensure the hard-fought rights of women and gays and lesbians remain intact. Campaign finance laws, another hot-button issue for Sanders and his young supporters, could to come before the court again. Vote for someone who will take you into consideration when nominating the next justice.


This year, more than in many years, there’s talk of how voting doesn’t make a difference. The system is “rigged,” some say. But millennials make up about 32 percent of the U.S. population, up there with baby boomers for the biggest group eligible to vote. It was the youngest of Americans, through their support for upstart Sanders, who got the Democratic Party and its presumptive nominee to consider a far more progressive agenda than planned.

For more: http://www.desertsun.com/story/opinion/editorials/2016/07/16/other-voices-sacramento-bee-millennials-must-vote/87144972/


The Civil Rights Act of 1964 – 52nd Anniversary


The Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Pub.L. 88–352, 78 Stat. 241, enacted July 2, 1964) is a landmark piece of civil rights legislation in the United States that outlawed major forms of discrimination against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women.  It ended unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public (known as “public accommodations”).

Powers given to enforce the act were initially weak, but were supplemented during later years. Congress asserted its authority to legislate under several different parts of the United States Constitution, principally its power to regulate interstate commerce under Article One (section 8), its duty to guarantee all citizens equal protection of the laws under the Fourteenth Amendment and its duty to protect voting rights under the Fifteenth Amendment. The Act was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson, who would later sign the landmark Voting Rights Act into law.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_Rights_Act_of_1964

6/24/14 US House and Senate leaders posthumously award the Congressional Gold Medal to Martin Luther King, Jr. and Coretta Scott King at a ceremony marking the 50th anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
6/24/14 US House and Senate leaders posthumously award the Congressional Gold Medal to Martin Luther King, Jr. and Coretta Scott King at a ceremony marking the 50th anniversary of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.


Desiline Victor, 102, stood in line for three hours to cast her vote on Oct. 28, 2012. Ms. Victor was a guest of First Lady Michelle Obama to listen to President Obama’s 2012 State of the Union address.
Desiline Victor, 102, stood in line for three hours to cast her vote on Oct. 28, 2012. Ms. Victor was a guest of First Lady Michelle Obama to listen to President Obama’s 2012 State of the Union address.

June 25, 2013

Statement by the President on the Supreme Court Ruling on Shelby County v. Holder

“I am deeply disappointed with the Supreme Court’s decision today. For nearly 50 years, the Voting Rights Act – enacted and repeatedly renewed by wide bipartisan majorities in Congress – has helped secure the right to vote for millions of Americans. Today’s decision invalidating one of its core provisions upsets decades of well-established practices that help make sure voting is fair, especially in places where voting discrimination has been historically prevalent.

As a nation, we’ve made a great deal of progress towards guaranteeing every American the right to vote. But, as the Supreme Court recognized, voting discrimination still exists. And while today’s decision is a setback, it doesn’t represent the end of our efforts to end voting discrimination. I am calling on Congress to pass legislation to ensure every American has equal access to the polls. My Administration will continue to do everything in its power to ensure a fair and equal voting process.”


Contact your legislator

The Supreme Court just gutted the most important civil rights law in our country — the Voting Rights Act. This decision is an extremely disappointing setback for voting rights in this country. Now it’s up to Congress to enact new legislation to protect the rights of voters, and it’s up to us to make them act.

Contact your Congress person to Republicans it’s time to pass laws to RESTORE and PROTECT VOTING RIGHTS!!!

U.S. Senators
U.S. Representatives
Tweet a Message to Your Representatives

US Minorities Civil Rights Timeline 1863-1963 (ProPresObama.org Civil Rights Timelines ™)

US Minorities Civil Rights Timeline 1964-2016 (ProPresObama.org Civil Rights Timelines ™)





Natl Organization for Women – 50th Anniversary

This Day in History: National Organization for Women was Founded


On June 30, 1966, the National Organization for Women was founded by a group of activists who wanted to end sex discrimination. Today, the organization remains as a cornerstone of the women’s rights movement.

“We, men and women who hereby constitute ourselves as the National Organization for Women, believe that the time has come for a new movement toward true equality for all women in America, and toward a fully equal partnership of the sexes, as part of the world-wide revolution of human rights now taking place within and beyond our national borders.”

—National Organization for Women’s 1966 Statement of Purpose

On June 30, 1966, Betty Friedan wrote three letters on a paper napkin: N O W. She invited fifteen women to her hotel room. Then, Catherine Conroy slid a five-dollar bill onto the table and said, “Put your money down and sign your name.” In that moment, the National Organization for Women became a reality.

As representatives at the Third National Conference of Commissions on the Status of Women, these women were disgruntled by the lack of commitment to the convention’s theme, “Targets for Action.” Inspired by the Civil Rights movement and historic marches such as in Selma, the women founded a parallel effort to ensure the equal treatment of both sexes. They brainstormed an alternate action plan to enforce Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits employers from discriminating against employees based on sex, race, color, nationality, and religion.

For more: https://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2015/06/30/day-history-national-organization-women-was-founded


We have to raise our voices to demand that women get paid fairly.  We’ve got to raise our voices to make sure women can take time off to care for a loved one, and that moms and dads can spend time with a new baby.  We’ve got to raise our voices to make sure that our women maintain and keep their own health care choices.

—President Obama, October 2014

As the , feminists reflect on progress, unfinished business

Jun 25 2016 8:00 am Deanna Pan – CBS

Two years after she was hired as a cub reporter for a local TV news station, Jennet Robinson Alterman asked for a raise.

It was 1975. She had been hired at the same time as two men, both fresh out of college with liberal arts degrees just like her. But despite having the same job, they made twice as much she did. When she approached her boss about a pay bump, he said something Alterman would never forget.

“I was told I would never get a raise because I would always be a secondary income because I would have a husband to support me,” she recalled. “So I quit.”

Times have changed since Alterman asked for her first raise. The National Organization for Women, founded in 1966 by a small group of activists to end gender discrimination, recognized its 50th anniversary this month with much to celebrate: Women now comprise close to 50 percent of enrollment in U.S. medical schools and law schools. One-third of federal judges are women, compared to just a handful in the 1960s. The U.S military is opening all combat jobs to women. Hillary Clinton will have the opportunity to this November by become the first woman elected president.

Despite this progress, the work of the women’s liberation movement is far from over.

Alterman, the former executive director of Charleston’s Center for Women, recalled her time at the White House’s United State of Women Summit in Washington, D.C., earlier this month.

“It made me really sad to see the issues they were addressing in 2016 are basically the same issues we’ve been talking about for 50 years: Equal pay for equal work, paid maternity leave, support for women entrepreneurs, sexual violence. You name it, it’s all still out there,” Alterman said. “Even the whole discussion of women in the military. And keep in mind we still don’t have an Equal Rights Amendment that’s been passed.”

For more: http://www.postandcourier.com/20160625/160629662/as-the-national-organization-for-women-turns-50-feminists-reflect-on-progress-unfinished-business




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#EqualPay.Forward For Equality_sml

Drafting the 2016 Democrat Platform Together

The Democratic Party wants every Democrat to have a voice in our Platform process.

Our goal is to make this year’s platform process the most representative and inclusive in history. With that aim, we announced a series of events across the country in the hopes of increasing participation. We are also encouraging people to submit their ideas online.

In an effort to welcome every voice in the Party, the DNCC has announced multiple ways in which the public can participate in the series of regional events. We welcome your input and invite you to contribute now. Please submit all written and video testimony by June 18th.

Democrats value substance, ideas and diversity and we hope you will help us ensure that our platform incorporates the best the Party has to offer!


Forums will be held in the following regions:


2016 Democratic Party Platform DRAFT

July 1, 2016

Raise Incomes and Restore Economic Security for the Middle Class

  • Raising Worker’s  Wages
  • Equal Pay, Paid Leave, and Caregiving
  • Expanding Affordable Housing
  • Protecting and Expanding Social Security
  • Ensuring and Expanding Retirement Security
  • Retivalizing Postal Service

Create Good-Paying Jobs

  • Infrastructure
  • Manufacturing
  •  Clean Energy Jobs
  • Research, Science, and Technology
  • Small Business
  • Youth Jobs

Fight for Economic Fairness and Against Inequality

  • Fixing our Financial System
  • Stopping Corporate Concentration
  • Taxes
  • Trade

Bring Americans Together and Remove Barrie rs to Create Ladders of Opportunity

  • Racial Justice
  • Racial Wealth Gap
  • Criminal Justice
  • Immigration
  • Civil Rights
  • LGBT Rights
  • Disability Rights
  • Faith and Service
  • Agricultural Communities
  • Poverty / Communities Left Behind
  • Honoring Indigenous Tribal Nations
  • People of the Territories
  • Puerto Rico

Protect Voting Rights, Fix Our Campaign Finance System, and Restore Our Democracy

  • Voting Rights
  • Campaign Finance
  • Judges
  • D.C. Statehood
  • Management of Federal Government

Combat Climate Change, Build a Clean Energy Economy, and Secure Environmental Justice

  • Clean Energy Economy
  • Environmental and Climate Justice
  • Public Lands and Waters

Provide Quality and Affordable Education

  • Higher Education
  • Student Debt
  • \Minority-Serving Institutions
  • For-Profit Schools
  • Early Childhood, Pre-K, and K-12

Ensure the Health and Safety of All Americans

  • Universal Health Care
  • Community Health Centers
  • Prescription Drug Costs
  • Medical Research
  • Drug and Alcohol Addiction
  • Mental Health
  • Reproductive Health, Rights, and Justice
  • Public Health
  • Violence Against Women and Sexual Assault
  • Gun Violence Prevention

Principled Leadership

Support Our Troops and Keep Faith with Our Veterans

Confront Global Threats

  • Terrorism
  • Iran
  • North Korea
  • Russia
  • Cybersecurity
  • Non-proliferation
  • Climate Change

Protect Our Values

  • Women and Girls
  • Trafficking and Modern Slavery
  • Young People
  • Religious Minorities
  • Refugees
  • Civil Society
  • Anti-Corruption
  • Torture
  • Closing Guantánamo Bay
  • Development Assistance
  • Global Health
  • HIV and AIDS
  • International Labor

For the entire draft: https://goo.gl/ned889


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Vote Forward

1966 March Against Fear – 50th Anniversary

1966 March Against Fear - Mississippi
1966 March Against Fear – Mississippi

The March Against Fear was a major 1966 demonstration in the Civil Rights Movement in the South. Activist James Meredith launched the event on June 6, 1966, intending to make a solitary walk from Memphis, Tennessee, to Jackson, Mississippi, a distance of 220 miles, to counter the continuing racism in the Mississippi Deltaafter passage of federal civil rights legislation in the previous two years and encourage African Americans to register to vote. He invited only black men to join him and did not want it to be a large media event dominated by major organizations.

On the second day of his walk, Meredith was shot by James Aubrey Norvell, a white gunman, and was hospitalized. Thornton Davi Johnson suggests that Meredith was a target for rituals of attack because he had made highly publicized challenges to Mississippi’s racial order, and his walk was framed as a confident repudiation of custom.

Major civil rights organizations rallied, vowing to carry on the march through the Mississippi Delta. The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP), the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) and the Medical Committee for Human Rights (MCHR) took part, with the Deacons for Defense and Justice from Louisiana providing armed protection. They struggled over tactics and goals, but also cooperated in community organizing and voter registration. They registered over 4,000 African Americans for voting in counties along the way. Some people marched for a short time, others stayed through all the events; some national leaders took part in intermittent fashion, having commitments in other cities.

For more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/March_Against_Fear