19th Amendment – 96th Anniversary Women’s Right to Vote

The  Nineteenth Amendment (Amendment XIX) to the United States Constitution prohibits each state and the federal government from denying any citizen the right to vote based on that citizen’s sex. It was ratified on August 18, 1920.

The Constitution allows the states to determine the qualifications of voters, subject to limitations imposed by later amendments. Until the 1910s, most states disenfranchised women. The amendment was the culmination of the women’s suffrage movement in the United States, which fought at both state and national levels to achieve the vote. It effectively overruled Minor v. Happersett, in which a unanimous Supreme Court ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment did not give women the right to vote.

The Nineteenth Amendment was first introduced in Congress in 1878 by Senator Aaron A. Sargent. Forty-one years later, in 1919, Congress approved the amendment and submitted it to the states for ratification. It was ratified by the requisite number of states a year later, with Tennessee‘s ratification being the final vote needed to add the amendment to the Constitution. In Leser v. Garnett(1922), the Supreme Court rejected claims that the amendment was unconstitutionally adopted.

” The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.”

For more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nineteenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution

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Social Security Act of 1935 – 81st Anniversary

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In the United States, Social Security is primarily the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) federal program. The original Social Security Act (1935) and the current version of the Act, as amended, encompass several social welfare and social insurance programs. Social Security is funded through payroll taxes called Federal Insurance Contributions Act tax (FICA) and/or Self Employed Contributions Act Tax (SECA). Tax deposits are collected by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and are formally entrusted to the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund, the Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund, the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund, or the Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund which make up the Social Security Trust Funds. With a few exceptions, all salaried income, up to a specifically determined amount by law (see tax rate table below) has an FICA and/or SECA tax collected on it.

For more: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Social_Security_(United_States)

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The Obama Administration’s Agenda on Seniors & Social Security

“To put us on solid ground, we should also find a bipartisan solution to strengthen Social Security for future generations. We must do it without putting at risk current retirees, the most vulnerable, or people with disabilities; without slashing benefits for future generations; and without subjecting Americans’ guaranteed retirement income to the whims of the stock market.”

-PRESIDENT BARACK OBAMA IN THE STATE OF THE UNION ADDRESS, JANUARY 25, 2011
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Social Security Timeline: http://www.ssa.gov/history/1930.html

Learn more about Social Security: http://www.socialsecurity.gov/

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Civil Liberties Act of 1988 – 28th Anniversary

US Japanese American Relocation Camp Map

Honouliuli Internment Camp, Kunia, Hawai'i
Honouliuli Internment Camp, Kunia, Hawai’i

The Civil Liberties Act of 1988 (Pub.L. 100–383, title I, August 10, 1988, 102 Stat. 90450a U.S.C. § 1989b et seq.) is a United States federal law that granted reparations to Japanese Americans who had been interned by the United States government during World War II. The act was sponsored by California‘s Democratic Congressman Norman Mineta, an internee as a child, and Wyoming‘s Republican Senator Alan K. Simpson, who first met Mineta while visiting an internment camp. The third co-sponsor was California Senator Pete Wilson. The bill was supported by the majority of Democrats in Congress, while the majority of Republicans voted against it. The act was signed into law by President Ronald Reagan.

The act granted each surviving internee about US $20,000 in compensation (or, $40,000 after inflation-adjustment in 2016 dollars), with payments beginning in 1990. The legislation stated that government actions were based on “race prejudice, war hysteria, and a failure of political leadership” as opposed to legitimate security reasons. A total of 82,219 received redress checks.

Because the law was restricted to American citizens or legal permanent residents, the ethnic Japanese that had been taken from their homes in Latin America (mostly from Peru) were not covered in the reparations, regardless of whether they remained in the United States, returned to Latin America or were deported to Japan after the war. In 1996, Carmen Mochizuki filed a class-action lawsuit, and won a settlement of around $5,000 per person to those eligible from what was left of the funds from the CLA. 145 of those affected were able to receive the $5,000 settlement before the funds ran out. In 1999, funds were approved for the attorney general to pay out to the rest of the claimants.

For more: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_Liberties_Act_of_1988

Japanese Americans Incarceration Camps

President Barack Obama signed S.1055, a bill to grant the Congressional Gold Medal, collectively, to the 100th Infantry Battalion and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, in recognition of their dedicated service during World War II. October 5, 2010
President Barack Obama signed S.1055, a bill to grant the Congressional Gold Medal, collectively, to the 100th Infantry Battalion and the 442nd Regimental Combat Team, in recognition of their dedicated service during World War II. October 5, 2010

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Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 – 26th Anniversary

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA) is a wide-ranging civil rights law that is intended to protect against discrimination based on disability. Enacted by the U.S. Congress in 1990, it affords similar protections against discrimination to Americans with disabilities as the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which made discrimination based on racereligionsex, national origin, and other characteristics illegal. In addition, unlike the Civil Rights Act, the ADA also requires covered employers to provide reasonable accommodations to employees with disabilities, and imposes accessibility requirements on public accommodations.

In 1986, the National Council on Disability had recommended enactment of an Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and drafted the first version of the bill which was introduced in the House and Senate in 1988. The final version of the bill was signed into law on July 26, 1990, by President George H. W. Bush. It was later amended in 2008 and signed by President George W. Bush with changes effective as of January 1, 2009.

For more:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Americans_with_Disabilities_Act_of_1990

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The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, transportation, public accommodation, communications, and governmental activities. The ADA also establishes requirements for telecommunications relay services.

The Department of Labor’s Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) provides publications and other technical assistance on the basic requirements of the ADA. It does not enforce any part of the law.

In addition to the Department of Labor, four federal agencies enforce the ADA:

For more: https://www.dol.gov/general/topic/disability/ada

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Democrats Plan to Register 50 Million New Voters

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Democrats Have a Plan to Register 50 Million New Voters
If more people vote, Trump-Pence loses.

7/15/16 By Ari Berman – TheNation

ast week Democrats agreed on the strongest platform on voting rights in the party’s history. A key plank of that platform called for “universal automatic voter registration,” a potentially transformative electoral reform that could add 50 million unregistered Americans to the voting rolls.

Now congressional Democrats are backing that up by introducing the most comprehensive federal automatic-voter-registration bills in the House and Senate. The Automatic Voter Registration Act of 2016 is sponsored by Representative Bob Brady and Senators Patrick Leahy, Dick Durbin, and Amy Klobuchar. (A similar bill was introduced in the House last year by Rhode Island Democrat David Cicilline with 100 co-sponsors.) No Republicans have signed on to the House or Senate version.

Here’s how the legislation works, according to a summary from Leahy’s office:

Every time a person eligible to vote interacts with any one of numerous designated state and federal agencies, that person will be “automatically” registered to vote unless the person opts out of registration (that is, affirmatively declines).

The automatic registration system will go into effect at agencies currently required by the National Voter Registration Act of 1993 (NVRA) to provide voter registration services, like the DMV, social service agencies, and agencies serving people with disabilities.

This will make voter registration far easier, cheaper, and more accurate. “There is no reason why every eligible citizen cannot have the option of automatic registration when they visit the DMV, sign up for healthcare, or sign up for classes in college,” says Leahy, the ranking Democrat on the Senate Judiciary Committee. “We live in a modern world, and we should strive to have a registration system that reflects that.”

For more: https://www.thenation.com/article/democrats-have-a-plan-to-register-50-million-new-voters/

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Five reasons millennials must vote this November

It’s no secret that young people tend to shy away from voting more than older people do.

And this Election Day, extraordinary though the campaign season is, likely will be no different. The Public Policy Institute of California estimates that Americans ages 18 to 34 will make up only 17 percent of the country’s likely voters in November.

Those are the same millennials who flocked to former presidential candidate Bernie Sanders and his “political revolution.” Now that he has dropped out of the race for the Democratic nomination, many of his more ardent supporters have vowed to skip the polls in November, even though the senator from Vermont endorsed Hillary Clinton earlier this week.

Sanders might not be in the race anymore, but there are plenty of reasons to turn out at the polls. Here are five:

STUDENT DEBT

Sanders ignited his revolution with promises to help a generation of young people and their families who are drowning in debt from skyrocketing tuition and fees. It’s a real issue, as many millennials know.

Clinton wisely released a proposal that would forgive loans for at least 25 million borrowers. She also has promised to make in-state public colleges and universities tuition free by 2021 for families making less than $125,000 a year.

That’s a reason to vote that will actually pay off.

CLIMATE CHANGE

Millennials care about the health of a world they have to live in long after most baby boomers are gone. One of the most effective means of ensuring that is to elect leaders who will implement policies to combat climate change.

Nobody can solve this problem on his or her own. But by taking the simple step of voting for candidates at all levels of government who will make the environment a priority, the country can continue down the path laid out by President Barack Obama to cut carbon emissions.

FOREIGN AFFAIRS

This one might not be as obvious. For those who study abroad or enjoy traveling, the nation’s position on foreign affairs is vitally important to its relationships with other countries. That goes for countries in Europe, recently shaken by Britain’s exit from the European Union, and in the Middle East, Asia and Africa.

Millennials are globally engaged, understanding completely that the world is indeed flat. For this reason, it’s important to vote for leaders who represent those values.

U.S. SUPREME COURT

The next president of the United States will decide who is appointed to fill the vacancy left by the late Justice Antonin Scalia in the U.S. Supreme Court. Critically important decisions hang in the balance.

Among them, laws that ensure the hard-fought rights of women and gays and lesbians remain intact. Campaign finance laws, another hot-button issue for Sanders and his young supporters, could to come before the court again. Vote for someone who will take you into consideration when nominating the next justice.

A VOICE IN SOCIETY

This year, more than in many years, there’s talk of how voting doesn’t make a difference. The system is “rigged,” some say. But millennials make up about 32 percent of the U.S. population, up there with baby boomers for the biggest group eligible to vote. It was the youngest of Americans, through their support for upstart Sanders, who got the Democratic Party and its presumptive nominee to consider a far more progressive agenda than planned.

For more: http://www.desertsun.com/story/opinion/editorials/2016/07/16/other-voices-sacramento-bee-millennials-must-vote/87144972/

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President Obama’s Town Hall on Race & Policing

President Obama to Participate in Town Hall on Race and Policing With David Muir

Jul 12, 2016, 6:39 PM ET By ABC NEWS

With the recent tragic events in Minneapolis, Baton Rouge and Dallas still fresh on the minds of Americans, President Obama is expected to participate in a Disney Media Networks town hall this week titled “The President and the People: A National Conversation.”

The town hall will be moderated by “World News Tonight” anchor David Muir and held in Washington D.C. It will focus on candid discussions on race relations, justice, policing and equality by the members of the community. ESPN’s Jemele Hill will join Muir.

The one-hour event will come just days after President Obama attended a Dallas memorial for five police officers shot dead last week by a sniper. It also comes after two black men were killed by officers in Louisiana and Minnesota — controversial shootings that sparked a wave of protests.

“We turn on the TV or surf the internet, and we can watch positions harden and lines drawn and people retreat to their respective corners,” Obama said today during the memorial. “We see all this, and it’s hard not to think sometimes that the center won’t hold. And that things might get worse. I understand. I understand how Americans are feeling. … I’m here to say we must reject such despair. I’m here to insist that we are not as divided as we seem. And I know that because I know America.”

For more: http://abcn.ws/29NwdJq 

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Thursday, July 14, 2016 at 8:00 PM ET
The President and The People Town Hall
Washington, D.C.

Streaming: ABC, ESPN, Freeform, Freeform Digital,
ESPN, Yahoo and YouTube channel

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The 14th Amendment – 147th Anniversary

Passed by Congress June 13, 1866, and ratified July 9, 1868, the 14th amendment extended liberties and rights granted by the Bill of Rights to former slaves.

Following the Civil War, Congress submitted to the states three amendments as part of its Reconstruction program to guarantee equal civil and legal rights to black citizens. The major provision of the 14th amendment was to grant citizenship to “All persons born or naturalized in the United States,” thereby granting citizenship to former slaves. Another equally important provision was the statement that “nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” The right to due process of law and equal protection of the law now applied to both the Federal and state governments. On June 16, 1866, the House Joint Resolution proposing the 14th amendment to the Constitution was submitted to the states. On July 28, 1868, the 14th amendment was declared, in a certificate of the Secretary of State, ratified by the necessary 28 of the 37 States, and became part of the supreme law of the land.

For more: http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=43

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